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regret that so much enterprise and valour had not letter, as I suppose that to be from a long-absent found a more fitting arena for their display in the mother, did not affect to tears. You are quite resolved, king's regular service.

I see, to go with me in this matter?' Captain Webbe was, I knew, extremely proud of "To the death!' Mr Wilson Croker's semi-official recognition of his “Yes, I know, but we'll contrive, if possible, to cast services; which, if a forgery, as some asserted-an anchor on this side of that mooring-ground: it is uncharitable hypothesis, but quite within the range of always, however, well to look the worst that can possibility-was, I may remark in passing, exceedingly happen boldly in the face; it tends to prevent flurry well executed, both in the imitation of the secretary's when the worst presents itself, and steadiness of nerve handwriting, with which I happened to be acquainted, is indispensable.' and the official seal.

“The letter intimates that you will inform me of all I returned the precious document with a few civil the circumstances which led to, or may throw light words of course; Captain Webbe replaced it in his upon, my father's unfortunate position.' pocket-book, and drew therefrom a sealed letter. *I am quite ready to do so, but you must say grace

•You doubted,' said he, 'that I passed last Monday first.' evening with your captive relatives in Havre de Grace. “Say grace first! What do you mean?' This letter will remove that doubt. Do you recognise,' Frankly this : If you are the lad of metal I have added Webbe-'do you recognise the hand which represented you to be, we are about to initiate a difficult traced this direction to Mr William Linwood ?' enterprise, in which I, moved by various considerations

‘My mother's!' I exclaimed, starting up, and rudely -an old regard for your oppressed, broken-spirited snatching the letter. It was the first I had ever father-a love of counterplot, if only for the excitereceived from her; and with uncontrollable emotion, ment and mischief of the thing—and, to be quite relieved by the scalding tears which fell upon the candid, the promise by your mother of a substantial paper, I, after many efforts, read it to the end. reward in the event of success-have determined to “MY BELOVED CHILD! for child you are still to me, as

engage.' when, ten sad weary years ago, you were awakened

I understand all that; and you but dally with my to receive your mother's yearning, last embrace. I impatience.' cannot as yet, my darling boy, realise you to be the

*Steady-steady, my fine lad! It is never wise to fine tall youth-tall as your suffering, persecuted father spread too much sail

, fair as the wind, and fine as the -described by Captain Webbe ; but the blessed time weather may be. That enterprise, I was about to say, will come when, strained in these clasping arms, my not hesitate to devote himself body and soul, will

to which any son who had a heart in his bosom would heart shall recognise in the manlike son, the developed, matured promise of the child of memory-yes, and necessarily bring you acquainted with certain business that it will come speedily, I have a lively hope and secrets of mine, which I must have a solemn guarantee faith. It is now almost openly said even here, that the from you shall never, under any circumstances, be power of the French emperor, but a brief time since, made known to my prejudice.' so colossal, seemingly unassailable, was irremediably

What guarantee can I give?' shattered by the Russian campaign-an afflictive yet

"That of your sacred word and honour.' merciful visitation of a just God, which gives assurance

• It is given already.' that the woful days of captivity are numbered. But

“You declare solemnly that, happen what will, you alas, my son! the restoration of peace to Europe will will never make known to my injury or prejudice any not bring peace to your father's bruised and fainting fact concerning me, or my transactions, which may by spirit; nor to mine, which is inseparable from his. My any chance become known to you.' pen runs on, dear boy, as if addressing one acquainted

I do solemnly make that declaration-bind myself with the nature of the burden beneath which we have by that promise.' for so many years hopelessly languished. The sad

As you shall answer to God at the last great day!' story will be related to you by Captain Webbe; and

"As I shall answer to God at the last great day!' you will, at the same time, hear from him that circum

'Enough! Now, then, to business.' stances have recently come to his knowledge, through which, with your aid, he may be enabled to restore

THE PEOPLE AT SARAWAK. your father to society—to cheerful, healthy life! God grant that it prove so! And whatever may be said of The inhabitants of Sarawak are of three different Webbe, he cannot be accused of idle boasting. What races—Dyaks, Malays, and Chinese. The Dyaks are the circumstances are, or how your assistance, dear the aborigines of the island; the Malays, a seafaring child, should be so absolutely necessary to the success race who have settled on the coast, and have to a of his design, he declined to say, and I feared to press considerable extent compelled the Dyaks to retire him for his grounds of hope. He assured me again and inland; and the Chinese are immigrants who have again that you would incur no serious peril; but what settled in the country, and form a distinct community may such a fearless man esteem to be serious peril? I must break off, for Captain Webbe waits only for this in the midst of either the Malays or Dyaks, as chance letter to be gone; and but a brief delay in the perilous may have placed them. The Malays and Chinese are position wherein, for the purpose of conferring freely so well known, that I shall say little concerning them, with us, he has placed himself, might compromise his but shall merely reproduce a parallel which I have safety. With fear and trembling, now that this letter sometimes mentally drawn between these two races will in a few minutes have passed from me beyond on the one hand, and the Scottish Highlanders and recall, I commend you, my beloved, my only son, to Lowlanders on the other. an enterprise in which your mother can only aid you clear-headed, 'persevering, industrious, and frugal

The Chinese, like the Lowland Scotch, are cautious, with her blessing and her prayers.

EMILY LINWOOD.'

without being niggardly. They lay hold of every

opportunity of bettering their circumstances, turn I thrust the letter into my pocket, and, turning everything to account, and stick all together. They from the window, reseated myself at the table.

have a keen relish for the humorous, are very hospiTake a sup of brandy and water,' said Captain table, and excessively proud-proud of themselves Webbe, pushing his glass towards me; it will do you and their attainments, proud of their country and its good. Never care to hide your tears. I should have greatness, reckoning themselves the first people, and e poor opinion of the spirit of a youth whom such a lit the first nation by many degrees on the face of the earth. They emigrate in great numbers to all the women, but most of them wear it short, while the countries with which they are acquainted; and a few shave the head completely bare. Both sexes though they strive to return to their own land with a are fond of adorning their hair or head-dresses with competence, they generally settle permanently abroad. flowers, generally large bright red and yellow blossoms, So far, I think, the characters of the two nations run which become their dark complexions exceedingly parallel; but beyond this point the comparison turns well. into a contrast. The Chinese are utterly unprincipled Of national ornaments, as they may be called, there and mendacious, and thoroughly selfish; and, though are no great variety, and most of them, though still many of them know that 'honesty is the best policy,' retained by the inland tribes, are being abandoned by it may be safely said that they are never honest from those who have come much in contact with Europeans. high principle.

The most striking to the eye of a stranger are the The Malays, on the other hand, are proud, hot- large and numerous ear-rings worn by the tribes of blooded, and revengeful; expert in the use of arms, Sarebas and Sakarran, and which are inserted not only fond of war, and averse to work; fierce and ferocious in the lobe, but also in the cartilage of the ear. Five when excited, but polite and gentlemanly in their or six large brass rings—the largest being sometimes ordinary conduct, always civil, and often obliging. four inches in diameter—are suspended in the lobe of They are very fond of their children-so fond, that the ear, and eight or ten more in regularly diminishing they never correct them; and the indulgence with order as they ascend, are inserted in the cartilage. which they are treated when young, is probably one The women do not wear these enormous ear-rings, cause of the high sense of personal dignity which their peculiar ornament being a circlet of painted rattan they possess, and why they so deeply feel anything hoops around the waist. Both sexes wear numerous like slight or insult. If they quarrel, they never bracelets and anklets of brass-wire, and frequently also apply abusive epithets to each other, like Chinese armlets of polished white shell, which contrast well or Hindoos; they are too proud to scold, and their with their dusky forms. On one occasion, I saw the resentment is too deep to be vented in words. They daughters of several Sakarran chiefs clothed in loose are not exactly brave, in our sense of the word; that dresses composed of shells, beads, and polished stones, is, they have not the cool calm courage of western arranged with great care and considerable taste. nations, at least of disciplined men; but when their The dress, which was very becoming, hung as low as blood is roused, they lose all regard for personal con- the knee, and as the young ladies walked along, the sequences, and fight like furies to the death. "You stones of which it was composed rung upon each other must surely give your men something to inspire like the chime of distant bells. These dresses are very courage,' said a Malay who witnessed Keppell's attack expensive, costing some seventy or eighty reals apiece on Patusan to one of the Europeans, ‘for they rush (about L.12), and are therefore not common. up right in face of the cannons. Now we Malays are Some of the young men wear head-dresses composed brave, but we cannot do that.' Yet this man bears a of the hair of their enemies, dyed red, with which high character for courage, and was the first to scale they also ornament the heads of their spears and the the enemy's palisade at Sungè Lang (Kite's River), handles and scabbards of their swords. Others adorn preceding even Europeans in the attack.

themselves with the feathers of the argus pheasant, The Dyaks are a branch of the Malay race, and and many with fantastic artificial plumes. At Sampro, differ little from the ordinary Malay type. They have I saw a woman wearing a long round hat, somewhat broad faces, flat noses, thickish lips, black eyes, and resembling the head-dress of a Parsee, but narrower, coarse lank black hair. They are fairer than the and much more lofty. The Malos and Kyans tattoo Malays, some of them when young being as fair as a themselves slightly, and generally each tribe has some European; but as they grow up and expose themselves trifling distinction in dress or ornament peculiar to to the sun, they become of a reddish brown, like the themselves. savages of the Amazon, whom, I have been told, they In disposition, the Dyaks are mild and gentle; they much resemble in many respects. They are smaller, are quiet and docile when well treated, but proud and and possess less physical strength than Europeans, apt to take offence if they think themselves slighted. but they have great powers of endurance, and great They are industrious, frugal, and accumulative, and, bodily activity, climbing rocks and trees like cats or were they not 80 poor, might even be reckoned monkeys. Their countenance is, as I have said, of stingy; but as each knows that, if from the failure of the Malay type, and it consequently takes some time his crop, or from any other unavoidable cause, he should before a European becomes accustomed to their appear- fall into debt, it will accumulate so rapidly, from the ance ;

but when his eye has been reconciled to their high rate of interest, that he will probably never get cast of features, he soon discovers in them intelligence, free from it, the carefulness and frugality which they openness, sprightliness, and good-humour. These display cannot be regarded otherwise than as being qualities never fail to commend themselves to the legitimate. At the same time, they are hospitable to favourable consideration of the spectator, and he soon the extent of their means, and consider themselves begins to consider them handsome, according as they bound to place before a visitor the best they can approach the ideal of the Malay type, just as he afford. They have a strong perception of the distinction considers a European handsome, according as he between meum and tuum, and scarcely ever violate it approaches the ideal of the Caucasian type. The either among themselves or towards Europeans. They ordinary dress of the men consists of a chawat, or piece never attempt such thefts and robberies as the Southof cloth, about six inches wide, and six or eight feet sea islanders were in the habit of committing upon long, passed once between the legs, and wrapped the early navigators; for their great self-esteem, their several times round the waist, one end of it hanging high sense of personal and family dignity, and the down in front, the other behind. They also wear a intense keenness with which they feel anything like jacket of thick cotton cloth of their own manufacture, degradation, would alone prevent their doing anything and a handkerchief or piece of bark-cloth tied like a to which infamy was attached. As they are thus turban around the head. The women wear a petticoat honest, so are they to a great extent truthful, though of much scantier dimensions than a Highlander's kilt, to this general character there are of course exceptions. together with a jacket like that of the men. Few of On one occasion, a Dyak said to a missionary: Your either sex, however, wear the jacket, except in cold religion is for sinners, is it not ?' 'Yes,' he replied, weather; the men, if on a journey, generally carrying it is for all men to teach them to be good, and to do theirs in a basket, while the women hang theirs over God's will.' 'Very well,' was the answer; 'you should one shoulder. Many men wear their hair long like try and convert that man,' pointing to one who passed

by, ‘for he is a thief.' But though the Dyaks do not approach a village, surround it at night, or rather just steal, they are great beggars; for they have been so before morning, set fire to the houses, and massacre accustomed to receive things from white men, that indiscriminately men, women, and children, and then they think they have only to ask for anything they depart in triumph with their heads; or if a small may want. Their, pride, however, is so great, that a war-party of six or seven men embarked in a fast few rebuffs effectually check them; and they have, boat, they would conceal it in the umbrageous creeks besides, a delicacy of feeling, and an innate sense of near an enemy's house, and then prowling about in the becoming, which prevent their doing anything the jungle, would pounce upon any unfortunate who improper or contrary to natural good manners. When might stray near them. Sometimes they would even they receive a present, they never say "Thank you,' get into the wells of their enemies, and, covering but next day they will bring in return a little fruit or their heads with a few leaves, sit for hours in the some such trifle: it is their method of making an water waiting for a victim. Then when any woman acknowledgment.

or girl came to draw water, they would rush out When young, the Dyaks are acute and apt to upon her, cut her down, take her head, and flee into learn, but as they grow older, their intellect seems the jungle with it before any alarm could be given. to become deadened, and incapable of rising beyond Sometimes a war-party would decoy a party of traders, familiar subjects. The cause of this seems to be, and murder them for the sake of their heads; while that having neither religion nor poetry, having a trading-party, if opportunity offered, never failed nothing that can elevate the mind above the routine to act in a similar manner. Thus no party of Dyaks of ordinary life, or cause the past, the distant, or the was ever safe from any other party : they lived, as future to predominate over the present, their faculties I said before, in a state of chronic hostility with all are bowed down to the daily wants of their daily their neighbours, attacking and being attacked by all existence, and become incapable of expanding beyond around them. them. I have observed that those lads who are in the This was the general state of Dyak society before habit of associating with the missionaries, and have the coming of Sir James Brooke; but there are two been by them instructed in Christianity, are much tribes who, from the atrocities they perpetrated, from more acute and intelligent than their companions; the extent of country they devastated, and from the and I think it not unlikely that they may retain attacks to which Sir James Brooke was subjected, for through life that mental superiority which they having broken their power, merit a peculiar notice. now unquestionably possess. Let us hope, then, that These are the Dyaks of Sarebas and Sakarran. Christianity, which has done so much for every other These tribes were more numerous, more powerful, nation by whom it has been received, will do as much and better organised for purposes of aggression than for them, and that they will be elevated both morally any of the others, being to a considerable extent under and intellectually by being taught the sublime and the authority of Malay chiefs, who employed the headaffecting narrative of the Saviour's life and death. hunting propensities of the Dyaks to further their own

There are in the Sarawak territory many different piratical inclinations. They would call out a fleet of tribes of Dyaks, named from the rivers on which they 100 or 200 war-boats—each containing on an average live, many of them speaking distinct languages, and about thirty-five men and with this formidable force almost all of them habitually regarding each other as they would plunder and devastate the whole coast enemies. These tribes, prior to the coming of Sir from Pontianak to Barram, a distance of 400 miles. James Brooke, lived in a state of chronic hostility Villages were surrounded and whole tribes cut off. with each other; whenever they met, they fought. Many communities were broken up, and their families They either fitted out numerous fleets to combat on forced to flee, some to more powerful tribes, others to a large scale, or they went out in small parties of remote fastnesses and distant countries. Men at their one or two boats, stealing upon their enemies by fishing-stakes, and women and children in their ricesurprise, and retreating as suddenly as they came. fields, were surprised and murdered, and the country The object of all these expeditions was to procure was fast becoming depopulated and desert. These human heads. The head of an enemy is the most fleets were led by the Malays, who appropriated the valued prize a Dyak can have, and is not only plunder that was captured, while the Dyaks received esteemed as a trophy of valour, but is also intimately what they prized most—the heads. Of these bloody connected with their superstitious customs. The trophies, great numbers were taken, sometimes as death of one of their tribe entailed an ulator ban many as 400 in a single expedition. Nor did they upon the whole country; and until this ulat was confine their attacks to other Dyaks against whom it removed, which it only could be by the capture of a might be supposed they had cause of war: they fell head, various restrictions were placed upon the whole upon all who had either plunder to gratify the Malays, community-for example, no widower could marry or heads to satisfy themselves. All whom they met again, nor could the appropriate, offerings at the tombs they attacked, Dyaks, Malays, Chinese, and Europeans; of their deceased relatives be made till the ulat was villages ashore, or vessels afloat, all were equally subremoved. There were therefore many excuses for ject to their indiscriminate ravages. To put a stop to head-hunting. If the near relative of a chief died, these ravages, and to break their aggressive power, he immediately organised a head-hunting expedition, was the first step towards the pacification of the viewing the heads captured probably, though now country; a step as absolutely indispensable as would unconsciously, as an offering to the manes of the be the destruction of a den of tigers in the vicinity of deceased. At other times, they went out to avenge an Indian village. No other tribe could cultivate the former attacks by hostile tribes, and often, again, merely arts of peace, or do anything else than prepare for war, for the love of war and the glory of taking heads. Nor when liable to be attacked any day or night by the were they at all particular whose head they took. men of Sarebas and Sakarran. Primarily, of course, their expeditions were directed Such were the tribes whom Sir James Brooke against enemies; but with them, every stranger was an attacked, and whose power he broke; and it was on enemy; and a disappointed war-party would sooner account of the severe chastisement which he inflicted take the head of a friend, than return without one. upon them that he was branded in this country as a Thus head-hunting became with them a passion ; and mercenary and blood-thirsty murderer. Fortunately in its palmy days, before it was so much put down by Sir for the interests of humanity, he was not deterred James Brooke, a young man could scarcely get married by the attacks made upon him from pursuing the before he had taken a head. If they fitted out a large line of conduct he had marked out for himself; fleet of war-boats, they would swiftly and silently but after having effectually broken the aggressive

power of the Dyaks, he took measures to pacify the alarming and painful illness, and sometimes sudden death. country and to give security to life and property. These things being so, let every family make it a point to This he has succeeded to a great extent in doing, assemble around the family board with kindly feelings, and the consequences have been most gratifying, and with a cheerful humour and a courteous spirit; and let that almost wonderful. The late outbreak of the Chinese member of it be sent from it in disgrace who presumes to has of course given a shock to the prosperity of the mar the ought-to-be blest reunion, by sullen silence, or settlement, and probably thrown it back about three impatient look, or angry tone, or complaining tongue. years; but I am sure it will not really injure it, Eat in thankful gladness, or away with you to the kitchen, though I can only speak of the country as I saw it you graceless churl, you ungrateful pestilent lout that last year. At that period, people from neighbouring you are !—There was grand and good philosophy in districts had flocked, and were flocking, into Sir the old-time custom of having a buffoon or music at the

dinner-table. James's territory to enjoy the benefits of his government; the resources of the country were being rapidly developed ; trade had increased, and was increasing, to an astonishing extent; tribes of savages whose only

ONE TRUE HEART IS MINE. delight was in bloodshed, and who regarded the possession of a human head as the summum bonum, have to

I will not murmur at my lot, a great extent been turned from their bloody courses,

Or deem it aught but good, and taught to devote their superfluous energies to the

Though I must toil with head and hands increased production of the fruits of the earth. Larger

To earn my daily food. breadths of land are being brought into cultivation, yet

I'will not fret though Fortune frown, all the crops are consumed in the country, and it is

Or at stern fate repine; necessary often to import rice for the increasing popu

Since I can say—0 Heaven, what joylation. Pepper and gambier, and many other crops,

That one true heart is mine! are being introduced ; sago is largely produced and manufactured; mines are wrought, and smelting establishments erected; gold is found in tolerable quantities,

The gay may cast their looks of scorn and antimony, and above all, coal will soon be wrought

Upon my humble garb; on a large scale. In short, Sarawak has become the

Such looks give wounds to some—for me, emporium of trade and the centre of civilisation to the

They bear nor point nor barb; whole north-west coast of Borneo, and so far as man

I've hidden armour o'er my breast, can presume to look into the future, Sir James Brooke

That seems almost divine; seems there to have laid the foundation of a great,

No sneer can scathe, while I have power and, let us hope, a durable and Christian empire.

To say : One heart is mine. This has he done, and thus has he earned for himself a place in the noble list of the benefactors of mankind, while in the government of his principality he

The rich may boast his golden storehas displayed a tact and an ability that have extorted

I envy none mere pelf; the commendation even of his enemies. He is one

But when I see it, I can smile, of her sons of whom England may well be proud, one

And whisper to myself: who in his lesser sphere has exhibited a courage and

Oh, joy of joys, how rich am I! a capacity not unworthy of a Clive or a Hastings,

Without such wealth as thine ; united to a purer if a less brilliant fame.

God prosper thee, and give beside

Such a true heart as mine.'

HOW TO EAT WISELY.

Now we must wait, that one and I, Dr Hall, in his journal, gives the following advice:

And work to earn a home, '1. Never sit down to a table with an anxious or disturbed mind; better a hundredfold intermit that meal, for there

Where hands as well as hearts may join; will then be that much more food in the world for hungrier

But the good time will come; stomachs than yours; and besides, eating under such

And though the waiting may be long, circumstances can only, and will always, prolong and

Why should I sigh or pine ? aggravate the condition of things. 2. Never sit down to

Doubt, fear, away! for I can say a meal after any intense mental effort, for physical and

That one true heart is mine. mental injury are inevitable, and no man has a right to deliberately injure body, mind, or estate. 3. Never go to Grimsby.

Ruth Buck. a full table during bodily exhaustion-designated by some as being worn out, tired to death, used up, done over, and the like. The wisest thing you can do under such circum

PAY OF MINISTERS OF THE CROWN. stances is to take a cracker and a cup of warm tea, either

An article in the last number of the Journal of the black or green, and no more. In ten minutes you will feel a degree of refreshment and liveliness which will be Statistical Society treats of this subject in a way that will pleasantly surprising to you ; not of the transient kind be new to many. The principal ministers of state should which a glass of liquor affords, but permanent ; for the enjoy incomes equal to that of the highest class of pro

fessional men. A successful barrister, for instance, makes tea gives present stimulus and a little strength, and before it subsides, nutriment begins to be drawn from the sugar bench is then ready to receive the judge ; and when the

a large income by the time he arrives at middle life; the and cream, and bread, thus allowing the body gradually, and by safe degrees, to regain its usual vigour. Then, in powers of the judge fail, he may retire on a pension of a couple of hours, you may take a full meal, provided it L.3500 or L.5000 a year. A cabinet minister, on the does not bring it later than two hours before sundown ; if other hand—with the exception of the Lord Chancellorlater, then take nothing for that day in addition to the has a most precarious income of from L.2000 to L.5000 a cracker and tea, and the next day you will feel a freshness year, during his uncertain tenure of office, and then retires and vigour not recently known. "No reader will require upon a pension ranging from L.1000 to L.2000 a year. to be advised a second time who will make a trial as above, whilst it is a fact of no unusual observation among Printed and Published by, W. and R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paterintelligent physicians, that eating heartily, and under

noster Row, London, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also

sold by WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUPLIN, bodily exhaustion, is not unfrequently the cause of and all Booksellers.

OF POPULAR

LITERATUREN

Science and Arts.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 189.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 15, 1857.

Price 11d.

plative, are apt to form ideals, making a very pretty WHAT ONE LEARNS IN THE WORLD. show in reverie, but as totally unfit for practical use THERE is a good deal of spurious knowledge of the and guidance as the paper constitutions of Abbé world. A crafty, manæuvring kind of personage Sièyes. Social life, like the glorious British constimay frequently be met with, whose half-closed eyes tution, is a system of balancings, compensations, and twinkle with astuteness and suspicion. He will patchwork. If the greatest intellects, from Plato sometimes, in a confidential mood, take you by the downwards, have failed to contrive a perfect commonbutton-hole, and assert, with a mysterious modulation wealth, how can we expect to imagine, much less to of his voice, that he knows the world. The proba- realise, perfect social relations between man and man? bility is, that he imparts this interesting fact in conse- It is our wisest plan to make the best of society as it quence of your having dropped some remark in which is, and reform it as we can. To this end it is necessary you gave some one credit for common honesty and to win knowledge of the world, and take care how we uprightness of intention, or advocated a fair, straight- use it, bearing in mind that there is another knowforward line of conduct. If you should unfortunately ledge, spiritual and divine, with which we must also have business relations with a 'party' of this stamp- take counsel, and the veto of which we must respect. I fancy the word 'party' was first used in this odious Now, let us think of one or two things which the sense by some Mr Worldly Wiseman-he will be found freshman will learn in the school of experience. a sharp practitioner in matters of traffic, barter, and It is a good old custom in some Elizabethan founexchange. In case you wish to make a purchase, he dations, to bump new-comers. The unwary youth will perhaps exhibit a coarse sort of skill in tickling entering the playground, and contemplating his future your vanity and self-esteem. The little foibles of school-mates with mingled feelings of awe, interest, your character will be tenderly propitiated. If you and curiosity, is suddenly seized by some half-dozen are fond of outspeaking candour, the cunning bargainer all at once. Two lusty lads are told off to his head will play the 'downright' inimitably. If your nature and shoulders, two to each leg, and he is hurried off contains an element of Indian gravity, and you like a to a venerable tree-stump, smooth and polished by palaver, he will be loquacious on things in general the frequent ceremony, and there he is bumped—not with a particular view to commercial morality, and faintly, in make-believe fashion, but soundly bumped. deliver a succession of texts for as many homilies. Now, a school is a microcosm, and I believe we When the preliminary negotiations have been duly may anticipate a great deal of what we have to completed, your sympathising friend will wind up by endure in the world by inference from school-experiasking fifty per cent. more than the price he would be ence. I apprehend the ceremony above mentioned willing to take, and will thus place you in the dis- has two principal aims-namely, the measurement advantageous position of a beater-down—a haggler. and gauging of pluck and spirit, and the reduction Wearied and disgusted, you are glad to terminate the of self-importance. In like manner, on entering the transaction by splitting the difference. The vender world—that is, on passing from the partial and gets 25 per cent. more than a fair price, and goes indulgent little home-circle to the mart, the pulpit, away pleasantly simpering ; and you, the vendee, or the forum-a youth generally finds that certain think yourself fortunate in getting a reduction on the initiatory ordeals must be submitted to. He will learn upset price, and a lesson in knowledge of the world— amongst his first scraps of knowledge of the world, caveat emptor.

that he must endure considerable curtailment of his But I beg the reader's pardon for supposing, even self-conceit. Political theorists lay down that each momentarily, that he can believe this sort of low citizen must yield up a portion of his liberty, for the cunning to be genuine knowledge of the world. It is more secure enjoyment of the remainder. In like the knowledge of an unluckily large class in the world, manner, a man must give up in private life a part of and, such as it is, is easily picked up, and scarcely his self-conceit, or else it will all be knocked out of worth acquiring.

him rather roughly. One of the advantages--among If knowledge of the world makes men perfidious,

many disadvantages-of public schools I take to be,

that a very good elementary lesson on this point is May Juba ever live in ignorance!

derivable from companionship. Boys, like men, find Nevertheless, there is a worldly wisdom which is their level, and learn to know their position, rights, extremely valuable, and must be learned by every and duties, by being thrown into a multitude, and left prudent man, regardless of any cost but degradation. to fight it out. An old essayist has with partial truth Persons whose manner of life is secluded and contem-remarked that the shyness and reserve so noticeable

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