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353 South Kensington Museum, the, 145 Würtemberg, Catherine of, 86
122 Yore, 'the Held' of, -
17 Streets and Cellars, Music of the, 12
177 Struggle of Vaccination, the, - 263
ANECDOTES AND PARAGRAPHS.
Reckoning the Winnings, 369 "They Manage these Things better
239 Douglas Jerrold's Witticisms,
Royal Society, the New Home of Vegetable Kingdom, a Glance at Icebergs, Singular, -
62, 139, 206, 286, 348, 414 | Whale, very Like a,
74 Jeweller's Gold,
Season, the Highland,
148 Postage Envelopes,
to Tourists, a Few, 155 Working-men, Advice to Young, 64
Science and Arts.
SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1857.
sun's rays on the snows of the mountain-tops, which, THE BRIDE'S JOURNEY.
being again reflected upon the plains, affords that On the banks of the river Lerg, where it forms its dubious light which constitutes day. As soon as this estuary with the Great Fiord of the North Sea, stood light disappears, the heavens are illumined by the the quaint old town of Lerwig-a place that seemed aurora borealis, which, with the exception of the two from the rude harmony that characterised the build- hours at mid-day, is always present during winter in ings, to have sprung ready fashioned, ages before, out the Norwegian skies, affording a light more steady and of the primeval forest. So primitive was its whole perfect than the dim substitute that rules at noon. aspect, that, but for the vanity of each proprietor, The rivers, from the first setting in of the frost, are who had branded his initials and the year of erection locked in sheets of ice, while the fiords into which they in iron hooks over the chamber-window, the spectator flow, like all the harbours on the western coast, owing might have fancied the whole the work of a single to the warm sea-breezes, are, with rare exceptions, night.
always open, 80 that the inhabitants of the coast have Tall narrow houses of timber, with their overhanging a free traffic with such winter commodities as are gables towards the street, rudely carved, but warped brought down by the mountaineers during the frost, in every conceivable manner, extended in two lines by means of their sledges, when the rivers can no parallel to the river; while smaller streets, diverging longer float their rafts. The mountainous range that, north and south, led to the heavy wharfs and store- towering to a height of from 1000 to 2000 feet, encomhouses lining the primitive harbour, or to the few passes the little burg of Lerwig, and forms part of detached mansions that, standing in their own grounds, that alpine chain that stretches through the whole constituted the fashionable quarter, and comprised the extent of Norway, was, from pinnacle to base, covered wealth and aristocracy of the ancient burg. In the for several yards deep with snow, which in the centre of the main street, and built, like the town itself, valleys and rifts lay to the depth of fifty fathoms. of timber, stood the venerable church, or what had Along the plain, and spreading over the uneven streets once been the cathedral, a perfect marvel of pictur- of the grim old town, the snow lay compact as iron, esque architecture, from the stern Runic to the florid from the friction of the sledges, that, loaded with Norman. Not a foot of the heavy timber that com- merchandise or filled with chattering groups, were prised the building was left unadorned by carving or passing in rapid succession to and fro, the jingling unrelieved by grotesque tracery; while every beam or of their horses' copper-bells keeping up a perpetual lintel was terminated by a corbel head, perhaps that chime to their rapid and merry progress; while mounof a grinning satyr, which, with the towering roof, taineers and villagers in heelless boots or long arching open spire, and covering of red tiles, contrasted not skates, and every variety of costume, mingled with unpleasingly with the massive and sombre tone of the the inhabitants, and gave a singular animation to the structure below.
wintery noon. Facing the cathedral stood a double-gabled liouse of The room into which we beg the reader to follow a more pretentious appearance than its neighbours, us was large, and extended the whole length of the from the greater quantity of carving that ornamented house; the walls were lined from ceiling to floor with the wooden mullions of the windows and adorned the scantlings of pine, and so finely polished that they door-posts of the low-arched entrance, denoting the shone like dark mirrors. The floor, composed of the building to belong to some wealthy inhabitant or same material, was covered with a coarse carpet of official of the town.
Finnish matting; a few heavy settles stood against the The house was the abode of Carl Underwaldent, the walls; while an arm-chair, stuffed with Lapland grass, burghgrave or mayor, who on the present occasion was was placed near the stove, and presented a most standing with some friends at the casement looking luxurious seat, being, from the warmth and nature out inquisitively on the busy street in front. The of the grass or hay, a perfect nest of downy softness. period at which our story opens is mid-winter-that About a dozen stools of all sizes were ranged about is, about the 20th of January 1740-a time of the year a table, or rather board, supported on trestles and when the most intense frost prevails, not only here, covered with a sheet of huckaback, engrossing the but over the whole of Norway and the adjacent whole middle of the apartment. To a series of brass countries. For nearly six weeks at this epoch, the nails round the walls hung pewter platters, irou sun never rises above the horizon; and the only light and horn spoons, trenchers, and such implements of during the brief day, is a faint glimmering that lasts domestic use as were to be seen in a remote Norway for barely two hours, caused by the reflection of the household, and went far to bespeak the refinement of
the owner a century ago. The skeleton of a walrus- softened light, sufficiently clear for the minutest offices the bones as black as the beams from which it hung of daily life. --afforded support to a set of iron lamps or cruses, It will be famous evening,' replied Christopher. that cast their light, when burning, directly on the With the air so light, we shall reach the second stove table beneath, while the cavity of the thorax formed a on the Lulians by midnight; and by starting early, receptacle for tobacco-pouches and sundry such articles. descend the Tornea by breakfast; after that, we can A round piece of bread like a Scotch bannock, hung easily cross the plain to Gora in time for dinner. But by a hank of blue silk on the polished wall, and from who are those people who seem older than Gustavus a label duly engrossed, set forth that it was baked by Adolphus, or even Vasa himself, so out of all memory • Margarita, the frau of Carl Underwaldent, on the is the shape of their garments ?' he inquired, pointing baptism of their first child, Gertruda, on the 17th day to several passengers, who moved on foot or in sledges of January 1721.'*
along the street. A flight of steps at the extremity of the room led to Here's Herr Peterhoff, he will tell thee the meaning the sleeping apartments, while, at the opposite side, a of these matters,' replied his father-in-law, who readily door opened on the hall and domestic offices; an elk's availed himself of the opportunity to pass to another head and antlers over the entrance completed the the explanation demanded of himself. appurtenances of the room, with one exception—the • Why, Christopher,' began Herr Peterhoff, turning stove, which, placed between the two doors at the end to his young friend, we Norwegians are very primiof the apartment, projected about six feet forward. tive in our habits, and like to remain as our fathers The stoves of the north are everywhere applied to the left us; and it is only in the towns that any change same purposes—they heat the house, bake, boil, and takes place at all, for in the mountains, things remain roast; and among the poorer classes, their fat tops stock still; and each parish is known by its costume ; invariably form a bed.
and some of the dresses have come down unaltered in "The sun has set, Christopher, and taken his last fashion or material for several hundred years. That kiss of purple Luhea, who is now as white as Hecla’s strile (farmer or peasant) with his breeches and night-cap,' exclaimed Carl Underwaldent, a broad-stockings all of one piece, and his loose jerkin of faced, jovial-looking man, as he turned' his good wadmel and braided waistcoat, comes from the Salten humoured countenance from the window and addressed Fiord ; that Herdanger beside him, as you see, wears a tall muscular youth, who, seated beside his young all black, with a bordering of red; the man in black wife-a handsome girl of nineteen-was adjusting a and yellow is from Sogneford : so we know by his shaggy bear's skin over the back of the hard seat, so as colours where the strile comes from; but as every to protect her from the rough unpadded settle. "You'll Norwegian is his own smith and carpenter, each man have a prime night for your travel, Chris,' he continued, has got his axe, saw, and gimblet hanging in a chain as Christopher Steinhoff, the young man addressed, by his side.' kissing the approving lips of his blushing bride, joined Thank you,' cried Christopher, in return for the his father-in-law at the casement. There's a sky explanation. I have only one more question, which, for you!' he went on, pointing to the firmament with a as I'm a Swede, you will excuse my asking. Why feeling of exultation. Talk of your sun all day, and have so many men letters chalked on their backs? Is your moon all night-ah, bosh ! he added contemptu- it some trick of the boys, or do your people make ously. I wouldn't give a dried ling or a cod's sound slates of each other's coats to cast their accounts on?' for such; boo! There, you have all the colours of the and he pointed to several persons hurrying along, who rainbow. See! how they shoot like jets of purple and with the utmost circumspection avoided the least orange flame! It's a good augury, lad, and sent to contact, as with bent shoulders, and their coats on the light you homewards. There's a dart of blue, now, stretch, they hastened on their several destinations. might shame the brightest amethyst !' And, in his
“Ha! ha!' shouted his father Carl, in boisterous enthusiasm, Carl slapped his listener's shoulder, to merrriment. Now, by St Nicholas, the patron of rouse him to a keener sense of the beauties of the salt-fish, thou hast made a great mistake, son Chris. aurora borealis, as, the moment the sun faded from the Trick, quotha! A slate; no, no!' and 'he laughed tops of the mountains, it began shooting its dazzling again at the conceit of his son-in-law. "Tell him, streamers over the sky--at first, in darts and leaping Frantz; tell him, neighbour;' and referring the explancoruscations, that, bounding here and there in puffs of ation to one of his friends, he indulged in an inward coloured light, seemed to break the whole face of chuckle at his son's remark. heaven into dimples; then converging over the Polar
"Why, friend Christopher, observed the person Star, spread out their belts of luminous colour like a addressed, “our strile farmers are better skilled at the vast fan, and waving in stately undulations, looking saw and adze than at the horn-book ; so, when they like Juno's bird majestically walking the heavens ; bring down their deals in exchange for goods for the again, with erratic bounds, streaking the vault with frau's housekeeping, the store-keeper chalks on their separate rainbows, that, blending into one whole of backs so many lippards of rosin, or so many lengths of mingled colours, seemed to carpet the entire sky with deal; and as that is their only voucher for the delivery, interlacing gold and purple, till, with a leap and they are careful not to get it rubbed out on their way flash like lightning, the whole vanished, leaving the to the pay-office, where all they have to do is to preexpanse a leaden darkness. * You don't get such sent their back to the clerk, who runs up the figures, lights as those in Sweden, Chris,' resumed Carl, in pays down the thalers, and brushes out the reckoning a triumphant tone, to his son-in-law. Now, having But, neighbour,' he added, turning to Carl, and snuffhad their frolic, they'll come out soberly. There! I ing with considerable gusto the aroma that issued from told you so. And, as he spoke, a bright trembling the stove, 'I smell the odour of roast-meats, and think blush of the most exquisite rose began to gradually the good frau has gotten dinner waiting in the oven; intensify round the north pole, till a deep belt of and it is a sin to do meat a shade too much, when the orange skirted the northern half of the firmament, appetite is ready, and the time come for eating.' when, like darts from a bow, it shot out a thousand 'You are right, Frantz; so now, wife, set out the pencils of colour, the whole pouring down a toned and table at once, for I've a hunger on me as sharp as an
east wind. Help yourselves, neighbours, and waeshail * The Norwegian housewives are justly proud of their breadto all!' So saying, Carl turned, and taking from the making: they bake but seldom, and their bread will generally wall his platter, knife, and spoon, invited his guests to keep good a year. It is a common custom to bake bread at the help themselves in the same manner, an invitation christening of their first child, and preserve it for the feast given that required no second urging. In the meantime, the on the coming of age or marriage of the child.