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PREFACE.

In forming the following compilation, the object has been, to furnish a copious collection of pieces of suitable character for exercises in declamation, and, at the same time, of convenient brevity for that purpose.—In doing which, it has been necessary to enter a wide field of research, but to gather with a sparing hand; for, short specimens of eloquence, which would not subject the speaker to the appearance of abruptness, are by no means abundant.

We well know how great is the influence of school exercises in the formation of young minds; and, perhaps, in no department of education does that influence operate with more force, than through the medium of exercises for recitation. The youthful speaker (if he feel at all) must feel like, and, for the time at least, become the character he attempts to personate. In this view of their importance, each extract has been the subject of inquiries like the following:—Has the piece force and spirit? Is its moral tendency unquestionable? Does it convey a complete sense, intelligible to an audience without the aid of title or note? Is the style in pure and good taste? Is it, in fine, of such a character, that a youth may enter fully into it?-Such pieces, and such only as in the opinion of the editor, possess these requisite qualities, are admitted into this work; and these without regard to the circumstance of their being introduced into prior compilations. So that, while the reader will find most of this collection to consist of new extracts, he will not be surprised, (after this explanation) if he find some, whose. merit has recommended them to the notice of former Compilers.

B. D. E. October, 1830.

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.

The rapid sale of the first edition of the Academical Speaker has induced the publishers to issue a stereotype edition of the work. In the meantime, it has been carefully revised and enlarged. Having thus received a permanent form, it will undergo no further change; in order that those teachers, who use it as a reading Class Book, may not hereafter be incommoded, by a diversified arrangement in succeeding editions.

CONTENTS

Page.

PROSE.

Speech in the Legislature of Virginia . . . . P. Henry. 13

The same . . . . . . . Ibid. 14

Defence of J. A. Williams - - - - Brougham. 16

Injudicious use of Military Power - - - - Byron. 17

Severity to the suffering Poor unwise and unjust . . Ibid. 18

The same - - - - - - - . . Ibid. 20

The Preservation of the Church . . . . Mason. 21

Speech of Mirabeau · · · · · - 25

Extract from a Speech of Lord Belhaven . . . . 26

Extract from a Speech of Æschines . . Ed. Review. 28

Second extract from the same . . . - - Ibid. 29

Greek Revolution - - ,

- Webster. 31

The same subject . . . . . . lbid. 32

Speech of Eprius Marcellus against Thrasea

- Tacitus. 39

Claims of Greece upon America . . . S. E. Dwight. 40

Defence of De Witt Clinton . . . Cunningham. 41

Freedom of the ancient Israelites . . . . Croly. 43

Surviving Wortbies of the Revolution - - - E. Everett. 44

Speech in the Convention of Virginia . .

Randolph. 45

Speech in the same Convention - .. . . Baldwin. 46

Homage paid by Philosophy to Theology . . Chalmers. 51

Address to the British Colonists 1767

. . Dickinson. 53

The Majesty of Law .. . . . . Hopkinson. 54

The End of the World - - - - - Tzschirner. 55

The same subject . . . . . . Ibid. 56

The Respect due to all Men . . . . . Fawcett. 57

Catholic Emancipation . . . . . Smith. 62

Defence of Madame Roland ,

. . . 64

Character and Fate of the American Indians - - - Story. 65

The world purified by Judgments . . . . Tzschirner. 73

Rolla to the Peruvians .

Sheridan.

Extract from a speech of G. Morris . . . . . 75

Second extract from the same

-

Extract fronı Mr. Jeffrey's Speech - . . . . 78

Extract from Mr. Hayne's Speech in Congress 1830 , . 82

Extract from Mr. Webster's speech in Congress 1830 - - - 83

Conclusion of the same Speech . . . . . 85

Fox on American Affairs . . . . . . . 86

Bonaparte to the Army of Italy .

Character of Michael Angelo . . . . . · Fuseli. 89

National Glory - - . . . . Clay. 99

Speech of Vindex against the tyrant, Nero . . Tacitus. 100

Salathiel to Titus - -

- Croly. 101

Character of William Penn . . . . Duponceau. 102

Speech of Ringan Gilhaize .

. Galt. 103

Speech in the National Convention of France

Mirabeau. 108

The same continued . .

• . - - - Ibid. 109

The same concluded

. . Ibid. 110

Pitt on American Affairs in 1777 . . . . . 111

Characteristics of Eloquence - . . . N. A. Review. 116

The same subject continued - - - - . lbid. 117

The same subject concluded . . . . . Ibid. 118

Mr. Hobhouse's castigation of the member from Orford . - 119

Extract from a Speech of Theophilus Parsons . . . 120

Necessity of National Morality - - - Beecher. 129

Speech of a Christian Martyr . . .

Croly. 130

General Washington to his Troops - - - - 132

Mr. Grattan's Reply-to Mr. Corry ..

133

Extract from “ Letters to Fabius ” . . . Dickinson. 134

Speech of the Duke of Argyle . . . . . . . 136

The final Triumph of Liberty - - - N. A. Review. 142

Education of the Poor . . . . . . Smith. 143

On Invasion -

- Ibid. 144

The same subject - - - - - . Ibid. 145

The same subject - - - - . . . Ibid. 146

Supposed Speech of John Adams in opposition to the Declaration

of Independence · · · · · Webster. 147

Supposed Speech of John Adams in favour of the Declaration of

Independence

- - - - - Ibid. 148

Moral Effects of Intemperance . . . . Beecher. 154

The Right of Free Discussion . . . .' Webster. 154

Extract from the Address of the American Congress to the

Inhabitants of Great Britain, 1775 . . . . 155

Second Extract from the same . . . . . . . 156

Sublimity of Mountain Scenery . . . . Croly. 164

· Political Cupidity reproved . . . . . Sheridan. 164

Republican Equality - .

Story. 166

Character of Blannerhagsett · · · · · Wirt. 167

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