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The declaration of war bj Great Britain against this country was issued on the 13th October, about three months after their receiving the first notification of war terns: declared on the part of the United States.
The treaty of peace between Great Britain and Russia was signed on the 18th July, and has been published in London.
The English prints say, that the crops for the past summer were very abundant
Since the sudden retreat of the emperour Napoleon from Moscow, it is said he has arrived at Wiazma, which was his head-quarters on the 1st of November.
Sundry Frenchmen, discontented with their present form of government, have attempted during the absence of Bonaparte to raise the standard of revolt in the heart of his empire. This attempt was made at Paris by circulating a report that the emperour had been assassinated at Moscow. A great number of the conspirators have been seized and tried by a special tribunal: fourteen of them were condemned, and twelve were summarily executed; among whom are the generals Calorie, Mallet, and Guklal.
Joel Barlow, our ambassadour at the court of St. Cloud, it is expected is now with the emperour in the North. No different modification of affair? between France and ourselves has as yet taken place. Our commercial relations, the exorbitant duties to which our merchants are subjected, still remain the same: but we perceive licenses have been granted for admitting 5000 bales of cotton into France from England. ,
Previous to the emperour Napoleon's departure for the North, treaties of al. Sance were made between France, Prussia, and Austria.
The army destined to act against Russia, is stated by the War Office at Paris, to he as follows:
100,000 120,000 250,000 50,000 90,000 30,000
The coalition between the two great empires of Russia and France, in what is termed the " Continental system, has been at length broken, and a most bloody and destructive war commenced between the two nations. The emperour Napoleon, early in the month of June, marched into Poland, and concentrated a force of about 300,000 men. Among his commanders we notice agreat number of kings princes, dukes, etc. &C. But among these we look in vain for any of the Austrian generals. Indeed it is said that the Archduke Charles has refused to accept the command of the Austrian army, under the supposition that it would be ordered to act against Russia.
Napoleon having thus posted himself on the confines of Russia, the two armies first met at Romanow, on the 10th of July. The Russians, pursuing the Fabian mode of warfare, retired, after making but little resistance, and so continued to "tire, and Bonaparte to pursue,—bating however a few immaterial skirmishes, until the 7th of September, when, the Russians having their head-quarters at Borodino, and the French at Mojaisk, the battle of Moskwa was fought with a degree of enthusiasm on the part of the French, and of obstinate valour on the Russian *le, seldom seen in modern times. From the different statements, we calculate TMtthe total loss on each side must have been about 30,000 men. The French entered Moscow on the 15th September; but that city having been previously fired ■y the Russians, the advancing army found nothing but bare walls; except the inner *ele of the eity, which contains the palace of the Kremlin. Sixteen hundred 'torches, one thousand palaces, and immense magazines, are said to have been
eonsnmed by the flames. But the triumph of Napoleon, and his residence at Mos•ow, have been short. He abandoned it on the 19th October, having ordered the Kremlin to be mined and( blown up; and has been closely pursued by the Kusskos. On the first of November his head-quarters were at Wiazma, about 40 leagues front Smolensk, where he is stated to have been on the 8th of the same month. Articles of peace have beeu signed between Turkey and that country.
It is difficult to say what is the position now taken by Sweden, in the affairs of U> North. We can hardly suppose that, with her present sovereign, she will acl i part hostile to the emperour of France. Yet Russia and Great Britain, the enemies of Frauce, have free access to her ports.
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
The affairs of the Peninsula have for some time taken a turn highly pleasing Ls the friends of these two countries. The principal achievements of the allied arroiei Under Lord Wellington, for the past summer, have beeu the storming of Badajoz on the Gth of April, and his victory over Marmont, in the plains of Salamanca, on the 22d of July. The two great capitals of Madrid and Seville, though positions entirely unimportant as military posts, have been retaken by the allied arms.
The whole of Portugal, Galicia, Spanish Estremadura, and Andalusia, are inpos. session of the allies. Gen. Maitland is at Alicant, with a considerable English force.
The principal French generals now in Spain, are, Massena, Marmont, Sachet, and Soull; a junction of two of these generals it is said, has caused Lord Wellington to break up his camp before Burgos, the castle of which still held out agaiust the English and Portuguese forces.
The late king of Spain, Charles IV. was reported to be at Rome with his family, in the middle of June. His ex-majesty visited Italy by permission, for the benefit of his health.
The total of the British forces in the peninsula, is 19 regiments of cavalry; "3 battalions infantry; 3 brigades of horse artillery; 2000 foot artillery, engineers, staff corps, Sec. The Spanish state their armies to consist of 157,294 men, independent of 89,000 troops in the different provinces, forming corps de reserve.
The joint English and Portuguese force may probably amount to about 120,000 men.
Having considerably exceeded the number of pages stated in our proposals as the limits of this Magazine, we trust our subscribers will not be displeased at our saying that we defer giving any tiling under this head until our next Number; and that it ii •ur intention then to give a view of domestick occurrences, commencing with the first day of the present year, and so to continue furnishing our readers w ith a retrospect, at once concise and lucid, that will assist the memory in referring to the past events of this great and growing empire. The propriety also of commencing dia part of our labours with some definite period, will, we presume, strike every one.
CONTENTS OF NS». I.
Ufe of Archbishop Usher, ------.__ a
Life of Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray, ---... op,
HOMILIES AND SERMONS.
Sermon from Matt. xvi. 31, 5e
Un the Testimony, or rather, on the Silence of Josephus concerning Jesus
tiaei by St George Tucker, - - - - -
Polyflame Lamp of Count Rumford, - - - —
Remarkable Catacomb at Paris, ... . —
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
American Publications, - - - - - 904
Report of their Committee, -
An Address to the Christian publick on the subject of Missions to the Heathen
and translation of the Scriptures, ... 2S»
VOL. I. APRIL, 1813. NO. II.
LIFE OF ST. POLYCARP.
•T. Polycarp was born towards the latter end of Nero's reign; the place of his birth is not certainly known; some think it was at Smyrna. It is asserted, that he was sold in his youth, and purchased by a noble matron named Callisto, by whom he was brought up, and at her death made heir to her estate; which, though very considerable, he spent in works of charity. Several ancient authors affirm, that he was a disciple of St. John; and both Irenaeus, (who was his scholar,) and Jerome assure us, that he conversed familiarly with the apostles, and with many who had seen our Lord in the flesh.
He was first deacon and catechist of the church of Smyrna, an office which he discharged with great reputation; and vvas afterwards, as many of the ancients affirm, by St. John, made bishop of the same place; though Irenaeus, and the Alexandrian Chronicle, assert it to be done by the Apostles.
He is generally believed to be the person mentioned Rev. ii. 8. under the title of the Angel of the church of Smyrna; and if so, how well he discharged his duty in that important station, may be learned from the declaration of our Lord himself, (see Rev. ii. 8, &c.) in which it is observable, that he stands entirely unreproved, though all but one of the neighbouring bishops fell under censure; a remarkable proof of his fidelity and diligence.
With regard to his character in the world, it was excellent
Vol..I.—No. II. 3 K