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who were assiduous in racommending the practice to their parishioners from the pulpit, as well as promoting it by every other exertion in their power. '.; ,

AMERICAN.

The production of an original and splendid American work, is announced" by a House in Philadelphia, entitled, The American Encyclopedia; whioh will be con-, ducted, with the assistance of a well chosen assemblage of the genius and talents of our country, by a learned and distinguished citizen of the United States. "• '*. *

We are authorized, in anticipation of the prospectus, to state, that as a book, of general science, the American Encydopsedia, will be second to no work of the kind . that has hitherto been published. That all the uninteresting foreign biography, and. • the geography of inconsiderable places in the old world will be suppressed, to give place for a copious selection of the lives of the excellent men, who were the founders of all the civil and religious institutions in the country; with a minute description of every city, town, and village in the United States. The history of the States and. Territories from their first settlement will be given, with an authentick account of our commerce, agriculture, manufactories, &c. &c. General history of all the kingHorns, states, and countries in the world, shall be in sufficient detail to satisfy the' American reader, while all the prominent places and persons in foreign countries that can at all be important and interesting to us will be preserved. ,. .,"

In short, every part of the design of the work, is calculated to excite the interest of every Ameri«an{ first, as an attempt to do our own country complete justice! and' secondly, as it will go to free so invaluable a publication from all uninteresting foreign matter.

A new series of the Emporium of Arts, lately edited by Dr. Coxe, is undertaken by Mr. Cooper, of Carlisle, and will be published by Kimber and Richardson, ot Philadelphia, on the first of the ensuing May, to be continued every two mpnflis. We extract the following from the author's address: ;■.'. .

There is hardly a manufacture that is not capable, in some way or other, of improving and throwing light upon some other manufacture, in appearance widely' different The art of the watchmaker has veiy greatly contributed to the perfecting of the cotton machines. Scheele's discovery of the oxy-muriatick acid, has added one fourth to the capital of all the bleachers and callico-printers of Great Britain^ the' theory of Lavoisier gave rise to D'Argand's lamp; the experiments on the distillation of pit coal for coal tar, promise fair to furnish a better, a brighter, a safer, a cheaper light, than any other known combustible; the barometer has greatly improved the. steam engine, and the water blast of the British iron works; the application of steam • has, in England, changed the face of the dye house, the distillery, and the soap, manufactory; it has improved the cooking apparatus of the kitchen, it has wartaep the publick buildings, it has been converted into' a medicinal application of great importance,—while the steam engine itself has given incalculable force and facility (V the manufactures of the kingdom, nearly without exception. • . '. .

In almost all this knowledge, and in this application of it, as in a thousand similar Instances that might be added to this short list, our own country is yet behind-hand, and has yet to learn. ■ »

Whether it be worth while to encourage manufactures in this country, or to turn .aside a part of the capital from the immediate employment of agriculture, is a question of great moment. All bounties and protecting duties, are taxes upon the rest oPthe community, in support of that employment of capital which, without them, would lie injudicious and unproductive. While so much land remains uncultivated, there can be no want of opportunities of employing capital in America. Generally speaking also, the interference of government is sadly misplaced, when it attempts t» direct the capitalist what he shall do with his money. Laissez noutfaire, is the proper reply. ''.

I must not forget, that for a book to be useful, it must be saleable. However desirous, therefore, I may be of making this a stock book for papers on the arts and manufactures, I shall not so crowd it with dry detail, and with matter but partially interesting, as to leave no room for miscellaneous information of a more general nature. I shall be glad to introduce notices of our own inventions and improvements,

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AMERICAN.

By Eastburn, Kirk & Co. New-York.

Discourses and Dissertations on the Scriptural Doctrine of Atonement and Sacrifice; and on the Principal Arguments advanced, and the Mode of Reasoning employed by the Opponents of those Doctrines, as held by the established Church With an Appendix: containing some Striclurts on Mr. Belsham's Account of the Unitarian Scheme, in his Review of Mr. Wilberforce's Treatise. By William Magee, D. D. Senior Fellow of Trinity College, and Professor of Mathematicks,m the University of Dublin. A new edition, on an improved plan; with large additions, from the third and last London edition. In one large volume, 8vo. price j§3.

By T. S. Armstrong, Boston.

The Young Minister's Companion; or a Collection of Valuable and Scarce Treatises on the Pastoral Office. Comprised in one Volume of 720 pages, price g2,50.

By Bradford & Inskecp, Philadelphia.

An Exhortation to the Religious Observance of Good Friday. By Beilby Porteus, late Bishop of London. Adapted to the Church in America, by a few verbal alterations. First American from the tenth London edition.

The Highlanders, and other Poems. By Mrs. Grant, Laggan.

Rokeby, a Poem, by Walter Scott.

■WORKS PBOrOSED, AND IJf PTOSS.

By Eastburn, Kirk & Co. New-York, and IV. W. Wotdward, Philadelphia.

The Life of John Knox: containing Illustrations of the History of the Reformation in Scotland, with Biographical Notices of the Principal Reformers, and Sketches of the Progress of Literature in Scotland, during a great part of the Sixteenth century. To which is subjoined, an Appendix, consisting of Letters, and other Papers, never before published. By Thomas M'Crie, Minister of the Gosptl, Edinburgh.

By Eastburn, Kirk &f C*. New-York.

The Doctrine of the Greek Article, applied to the Criticism and the Illustration of the New Testament. By the Rev. T. F. Middleton, D. D. Rector of Tansorm Northamptonshire, and of Bytham in Lincolnshire. To be edited by the Kev. Job* M. Mason, D. D. Provost of Columbia College, New-York.

By W. W. Wood-ward, Philadelphia.

Serious Inquiries on Important Questions relative to this World, and that which a to come. To which are added, Reflections on Mortality, occasioned by the Death of the Rev. Thomas Spencer, who was drowned while bathing at Liverpool, August 5th, 1811. By Charles Buck.

kELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

FOREIGN. \

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BAPTIST MISSIONS IN INDIA.
(Continuedfrontpage 223.)

%E proceed with our extracts from the 22d Report of the progress of these Missions. Mr. Mardon writes thus from Goamalty:—

_•* On Monday, Nov. 12, Deep Chund and I went to Nazir-pore, and discoursed with a number of people, for nearly two hours, 'beneath the Banian shade.' No people wherever we go give us greater encouragement than do the inhabitants of this village. They seem to have a thirst for knowledge. I believe there is scarcely a person in the village that can read, a few brahmans perhaps excepted, but is ia possession of some part of the sacred volume. Several of them have been soliciting me to establish a school for the education of their children, which I very much wisU to do. A school was established in June last at another village called English, at the unanimous request of all the inhabitants. They consist mostly of invalid sepoys, and their families. Deep Chund and myself were there on Tuesday last. Several persons paid great attention while he gave them a brief outline of the life of Christ ia Hindoosthanee."

"Dr. Carey,in a letter to Mr. Fuller, Jan.22,1811, says,«The Church at Cutwa is now small; but they have lately had the addition of one member, a native, and I hear of six or seven more who are desirous of being baptized. One of these, Kreeshna Rosba, is a native merchant, of considerable property, who formerly had a house of gods. After hearing and reading the Gospel, he expelled his idols, tied them up in straw, and Bent them to brother Chamberlain, who sent them to Serampore. This was a year and a half ago. He also clave up a fine Rutha, or Car, of the god Krishna, and used it for fire-wood. His ci-devant temple is filled with merchandize. There are others who adhere to him, and who have received the word of God. These people, living too far from Cutwa to attend the Gospel, (about sixty miles,) have, I understand, sanctified the Lord's-day to reading the word and carrying on the worship of the true God In the best manner they are able. Their Heathen neighbours have taken every opportunity in their power to injure them, and have by some false charges in the Zilla Court of Bheerboom, occasioned one of them considerable expense. I hear, however, that the magistrate has been informed of this villainy, and obliged them to enter into security respecting theirfuture conduct. The place where they live, (Lakra-koonda,) is a large town lying on one side just at the entrance into the Mahratta country, and on another just at the entrance into South Bahar; both which countries the merchant often visits in the way of trade.—Brother Chamberlain has at our desire left Cutwa, and is going to attempt the forming of a mission station at Agra. We have obtained the consent of Government for his and brother Peacock's settling there. My son William is now at Cutwa. At present he almost sinks under the magnitude of the undertaking: but I trust the Lord' will strengthen and hold him up.'

"On Jan. 23d, Mr. W. Carey writes thus to Mr. Ward. • I set out on the 11th instant to pay a visit to Lakra-koonda, and on my way went to Kendooli. I think I never saw such a concourse of people before. We spoke to a good number, and gave away some papers. From Kendooli we went to Lakra-koonda, and found some of our friends. The principal person, however, was not there. He had been falsely accused, and was gone to the court. The people around them are doing all in their

power to injure them. On account of this opposition, those who were desirous of baptism were rather intimidated: but after we had been there two days, the principal person returned; and his presence emboldened the rest. I was much pleased with his conversation. I baptized two, and left them the same day. I was from home about nine days. We have received into the Church the man whom Kangalee baptized. He has given me much pleasure. He was a Vishnuva. We expect to receive another soon. Kangalee has been very ill since his return, but is better now.'"

On the 27th March, Mr. Ward adds?

• A few days ago I received a letter from Lakra-koonda, and am sorry to say the opposition continues. Kreeshna-Rosha is a rich man, and I have reason to think a Christian. Since he has renounced idolatry and destroyed the idols he had set up, the Jemindar of the place has accused him of many things of which he is perfectly clear. They have lodged a complaint against him for the rent of land to the amount of ninety rupees, of which he knows nothing. All the people of the court are his enemies, by which he has lost and is losing a great deal, and I fear will soon be ruined., if something cannot be done for him."

The accounts of the mission at Jessobx, are very favourable.

"By the indefatigable labours of C. C. Aratoon, the Church at this station," say the Missionaries, " is greatly increased. At the close of 1810, it consisted of nearly sixty members, thirty-two of whom were baptized in that year; namely, fourteen Mussulmans, and eighteen Hindoos of various casts. Six more were baptized on Jan. 6,1811, and eight more were to have been baptized on March 17; but from Aratoon's wishing to administer the ordinance in their own villages, it was deferred in respect of six of them.

"This church consists of four branches, each about thirty miles distance from the other, the whole comprehending an extent of country little less than a hundred miles in diameter. Partly to relieve the poor members from travelling, and partly to diffuse the Gospel, this amiable man goes the whole circuit every month; preach' ing and administering the Lord's Supper at one branch, then in the course of the week travelling to the next, and so on. At his request four native brethren have been stationed at these different branches, who dispense the word, and converse with inquirers when he is absent: viz. Seetaram, of whom honourable mention has often been made; Manik, who has itinerated for several years; Fran-Krishna, bap-.' tized at Serampore, who has suffered much for the Gospel; and Manik-sha, a steady man, baptized by Aratoon himself.

*' These people are very poor. 'Their pastor himself, (says Mr. Marshman,) is a poor man, nor have they a rich man amongst them. The hardships they encounter in embracing the Gospel, are truly serious? Of these the following examples,from the journals and letters of Aratoon, may suffice.

. "Chaugacha, Aug. 2,1810.—Brother Pran-Krishna and his family came hither, in consequence of their being turned out of the house and village in which they lived. The Zemindar, or Head-man in the village, stirred up a number of persons to turn him out- He told Pran-Krishna,' that he brought other persons thither to preach the Gospel, and that others in the village would embrace Christianity: they would therefore turn him out of the village, for it was hetter to lose, him than to lose a number of others.'"

"March 20,1811.—The Zemindars of Sooryadeeya called on Manik-sha, and asked him why he was making a house? He answered, Minis Christian, and am making a house to worship in,' They then flogged him, and kept him in prison three days, without giving him any thing to eat At length one of them, being afraid of ther consequence of treating him thus, persuaded' the others to let him out of prison. They then took four rupees from him, and left him, saying, 'Go home; you may make your house; but do not preach in these parts. If you do, we will kill you some day.' Manik-sha replied,' You are able to kill my body, but you are not able to de« stroy my soul.' One of their servants then struck him, saying, * Go away from this place; we do not want to hear you.'

** At some places, however, (hey are treated more kindly. 'On Sept 10th, (says Aratoon,) I went to a village called Dotopara, where the Head-man invited me to preach in his house, which I did; and on the 4th of October, he sent me another invitation, and promised to prepare a place for me to preach in.' Pran-Krishna, on returning to his village about a week after, was allowed by the Head-man to preach even in his, (the Head-man's,) house.

"If any of the members through fear or shame disown Christ, the discipline of Aratoon is, when they profess to repent, to require, as the test of their sincerity, that they go in company with one or two of the brethren, to the same place, sjap there pubUckly acknowledge him."

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