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SOUTH-WEST ESSEX AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY.

We notice this Society, among a long list which may not prove interesting to all our American readers. In truth, we have not room in our present number, to appropriate to their details. But we select from the account of the meeting in July of the above named Society, the following paragraph as worthy of notice.

“The gallant Admiral, who filled the chair, observed, in the course of his speech, that as a seaman, he was not much used to publick speaking, and his profession was not the most likely to lead him to speak on religious subjects; but he was convincert that the distribution of the Bible must be attended with the happiest effects; and he could add, from his own observation in the navy, that there was the highest state of discipline on board those ships in which the Bible was most read.”

A considerable sum of money was subscribed, and the proceedings of the day ap. peared to create a great interest in the minds of those who were present. This is the fourth Auxiliary Bible Society that has been established in the county of Essex.

SUPPLY OF BIBLES AND PRAYER-BOOKS TO THE NAVY.

The following paragraph relating to the British Navy we insert with pleasure:“ A distribution of books of devotion is to take place in the navy, in the following proportions, viz. one copy of the New Testament, two Common Prayer-Books, and two Psalters, for a mess of eight men; and one Bible to every two messes."

DOMESTICK

We must apologize to our readers for the very scanty portion of matter we have to ay before them under this head. Beside having already exceeded the bounds of pur proposed publication, which is one cause for our drawing more abruptly to a close, we have, in truth, no greut variety of domestiok religious intelligence before 1.8.---We should be glad if the religiously disposed, of all denominations, would favour us with any communications that may come under their notice, for this department. In particular, we hold out the invitation to the members of the Bible and Missionary Societies of our country, to forward to us an account of their different meetings and transactions. These will always be thankfully received, and faithfully inserted.

The following we extract from an Address delivered before the Washington Beno. volent Society of Princeton, by Samuel Bayard, Esq.--After having expatiated in glowing and affectionate language, the perusal of which has been not a little interesting to us--on the character of our beloved and lamented political Parent, the Oratour goes on to observe:

We have now contemplated our beloved WASHINGTON as a military chief, and as the first magistrate of our republick. Let us further view him in the retirement of private life, practising those useful and amiable virtues, which have given a finish to Nis exalted character.

"A Christian is the highest style of man," and Washington was a real Christian. Too sincere to profess what he did not believe, and wo profess what he did not believe, and too great to be ashamed of what

n his decided he did believe, he never bęsitated to afow, by an open profession, his decided

attachment to the religion of the cross.* How constant and regular was his attend. ance on the duties of publick worship, and how solemn and devout was his deportment while thus engaged! On entering on any important trust, with what reverence and humility did he look up to the Father of Light for his guidance and favour; and never did he announce any signal publick blessing to his country, without gratefully ascribing it to the merciful interposition of an Almighty Benefactor.

In his first official act as President of the United States, he addressed “his fervent supplications," (these are his own words,)“ tò that Almighty Being who rules over the universe, and who presides in the councils of nations, and whose providential aid can supply every human defect, for his benediction on the government of the United States, that every instrument employed in its administration, might execute with success the functions allotted to his charge."-And after having imparted to Congress his sentiments on the important occasion, which then brought them together, he would not “ take his leave of them without once more resorting to the benigu parent of the human race, in humble supplication that his divine blessing might be rendered conspicuous in the temperate consultations, and the wise measures on which the success of the government must depend.”

Oh, my country! when this immortal man resigned the robe of civil authority could he with his mantle, but have left to his different successors in office a “ por tion" of his pure and pious spirit, what an unspeakable benefit would have resulted to the American people!

Extract of a letter from the Eastward, dated March 5, 1813. « I received another letter from .................. yesterday-among other things be writes the revivals of religion in this region are greatly on the increase. The most grateful tidings constantly salute our ears from various other parts of our country. Many places in Massachusetts are blessed with copious showers of divine grace. In the town of Stockbridge, the work is wonderful, perhaps without a parallel-persons of all conditions of life, and of all ages, from ten years to upwards of seventy years, are monuments of the grace of God. The infidel and the universalist, equally with others, bow before the omnipotent arm of Jehovah. In many places in the western parts of the State of New York, the out-pouring of God's Spirit is mighty to pulling down the strong holds of Satan's kingdom. In the town of Homer, a few weeks since, 100 persons were admitted into the Church at one time, and as many more are expected to be admitted at the next communion; and, blessed be God, we are not without tokens of his mercy in this place. About four weeks ago, there was a day of prayer for the revival of religion, observed by the Church here. It had beer

The friends of infidelity have sometimes affected to question, whether, after ali the recognitions made by Washington of the providence of God, he was really a believer in divine revelation. Let them be answered and silenced by the following quotations from his circular letter to the governours of the several states, on ? signing his command of the American army,The free cultivation of letters the unbounded extension of commerce the progressive refinement of manners. the growing liberality of sentiment and above all, the pure and benign light of revelation, have had ā meliorating influence on mankind, and increased the blessings of society."

« Inow make it my earnest prayer, that God would have you, and the state over which you preside, in his holy protection; and that he would incline the hearts of the citizens to cultivate a spirit of subordination, and obedience to government, to entertain a brotherly affection and love for one another, for their fellow-citizens of the United States at large, and particularly for their brethren who have served in the field; and finally, that he would most graciously be pleased to dispose us all to do justice to love mercy and to demean ourselves with that charity, humility, and pacifick temper of mind which were the characteristicks of the divine author of our blessed religion, without a humble imitation of whose example in these things we can never hope to be a happy nation. I have the honour to be, with much esteem and respect, Sir, Your excellency's most obedient servant,

GEO, WASHINGTON: Head- Quarters, Newburgh, June 18, 1783.!.

appointed about a week, and so true is the word of God, that he will answer before we call, that at the prayer-meeting, we received the intelligence, that during the week preceding six persons were under solemn impressions. From that time, the work has been gradually on the increase there are probably as many as 20, who are inquiring the way to Zion: among these we have reason to hope three or four have passed from death unto life. The change for the better is very great among religious people. May a gracious God preserve us from despising the day of smai things, while we are anxiously looking forward for greater things than these." These are glad tidings indeed! What wonderful display of divine mercy is it, that in the midst of war, confusion, and wickedness, the Holy Spirit should be thus poured out on any part of our guilty land.

“The revival of religion continues here. It has not diminished; but it does not increase, as fast as we are anxiously looking for. Thirteen will be taken into our Church the next Sabbath, and about 14 or 15 in the upper Church; 100 attended at & laté meeting held for persons under religious exercises. Professor's appear to be roused as well as othergasa number meet every Thursday evening for prayer, &c. and appear much engaged. This is a token for good: may a Holy God cause the cloud to cover the whole land."

Esstrået of a letter from a prious friend in Elizabeth-Town, dated March

15th, 1813. “I have the happiness to inform you, that it has been a very solemn winter with us.

The Lord has done and is doing great things for us, whereof we are glad.Not less than 150 souls are now deeply impressed and seriously inquiring the way to Zion."

Extract of a letter from Mr. Wilberforce, of Great Britain, to a Member of the

Bible Society of New-Jersey, dated 10th Sepi. 1812. And now my dear Sir, let me hope that you will sympathize in the deep conbern with which my heart has been saddened in the afflicting prospect of a wat between our two countries. Would to God, (I use not this solemn narte, without the utmost seriousness,) that some son of meekness would cry out, “Sirs ye are Brethren,” and who might have weight enough with your rulers, to awaken them to a due impression of the evils of war and the blessings of peace. And I must say if any admonitions can have this effect, it may be expected from some admirable pae · pers, one of which, I think especially excellent, which was published in Boston Surely, my dear Sir, surely there is, both on your side of the water and on ours, so much consideration as to dispose each to enter fairly into the situation of the other. and to become sensible that granting there may be on each side cause for complaint, yet that nothing but the extreme degree of passion or some worse principle could lead to its being deemed an adequate motive for bringing on both countries the greatest of all human evils, the consummation, as it too commonly is, of mortal fole les and crimes, which generally produce their several punishments. I cannot but indulge a confident hope that the excellent institutions, which were the principal subject of your letter, may tend to cement a close and lasting friendship between our two countries, and have the blessed effect of diffusing with the word the Spirit also of the God of love assure you I consider our Bible Societies, and the support, which in spite of prejudice they have received, as an indication of a smiling Provin dence, which fills me with hope and joy."

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VIEW OF PUBLICK AFFAIRS.

FOREIGN

RUSSIA.

In our last number we left the Russians returning to Moscow which had been recently evacuated by the French forces. Smoe that time they have continued to pursue their invaders with a great degree of enthusiasm; and the battles of Nara, Krasnoy, Beresina, and Wilna, have been so many victories which they have gained over the retreating army.

The eraperour Napoleon made this retreat under greater disadvantages than any with which he has had to contend in his astonishing course of military exploits. His armies, drawn almost into the heart of the Russian empire by the system of retreat which the Russians so steadily pursued, found themselves not only unable to support the rigours of the climate, but entirely deprived of provisions for themselves, and provender for their horses. In this starving condition he commenced hig retreat, pursued by clouds of Russians, among whom the Cossacks have made themselves very conspicuous, harassing the enemy in all directions, hovering on his flanks, and intercepting him in all his passes.—The accounts of such a precipitate and disastrous retreat must of course be confused, and it would be difficult for us to give a plain and concise statement of it, which would at the same time be entitled to the claim of accuracy. Suffice it to say that the Russians had doubtless passed the Nieren, but we have no authentick accounts of their having reached the Vistula. Memel and Koningsberg were in their possession. • By the despatches of Lord Cathcart to his government, dated St. Petersburg, December 31st, it appears that after the battle of Kowno, which was fought on the 13th of December, the Russians were in possession of

41 Generals,
1,298 Officers, · Prisoners,
167,516 Privates,

and 1,131 Cannon. . . It is stated, that in the short space of two days, the French lost 30,000 horses, by deverfty of weather and for want of provisions.

The carnage of this dreadful retreat and pursuit, has been indeed horrible to contemplate; and though we have no means of ascertaining with precision the number of killed, yet it appears from the various statements before us that they cannot be less on both sides than the number of prisoners above stated. Whole corps have fallen in the field of battle; and, to use the phrase applied by the French to denote the utter extinction of some Bavarian and Saxon corps ils n'existent plus. From all this devastation the Emperour of France narrowly escaped, and arrived at Paris in the night of the 18th December.

The Emperour Alexander had ordered a levy of 300,000 fresh troops. Gen. D'Yorck, commanding the Prussian forces, had deserted to the Russians with the whole force under his command, consisting of 30,000 men,

GREAT BRITAIN. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has issued his Declaration against this country, dated January 9th, 1813, which is to be considered as his manifesto, to the powers of the continent, explanatory of the causes of the war, and as his reply to the message of our Executive, which preceded the declaration of war. This document, drawn up, we understand, by Sir Vicary Gibbs, his majesty's attorney-general, has been translated into most of the languages of Europe. We pass over those parts

which are merely criminative of our administration, or which are intended as retorts
on the message above alluded to. But we cannot so slightly notice the principles
which the declaration holds out to the world, as those from which the British go-
vernment can never depart. “A blockade duly notified, and supported by an ade
quate naval force,”--the right of neutrals to trade with Great Britain without sub-'
jecting the neutral flag to be denationalized, by a foreign power,--the right of Great
Britain to retort on a belligerent, although such retaliation may affect the interests
of a neutral,--and her claim to search neutral merchant-ships in time of war, and
take from them her own subjects, are the only pretensions brought forward in this
• declaration.'-These points have never, we believe, been disputed by our govern-
ment.

In addition to this temperate, and we hope, on both sides conciliatory state paper, it is with much pleasure we notice that the orders in council were rescinded by the cabinet of St. James, previous to its having received information of a declaration of War on our part. When, to these, we add the reflection, that the two governments were once nearly agreed on an adjustment of the present only remaining subject of contention, the impressment of seamen from our merchant vessels by British ships of war, we cannot conceal the joy with which we anticipate that peace will shortly again extend her olive wand between the two countries.

By the last accounts the greatest activity reigned in the navy yards of Great Br. tain in preparing ships of war for the American station; a considerable number of 74's were cutting down, intended for frigates capable of coping with ours.

FRANCE.

After the return of the emperour Napoleon to his capital, he remained two days without appearing in publick, and then, (on Sunday,) received his Conservative Senate, who, from the foot of his throne, felicitated him on his return. They then decreed 100,000 men to be levied from the different former conscriptions, and 100,000 from the conscription of 1814; beside placing at the disposal of his majesty the 100 cohorts of national guards which form a body of 50,000 men. With this additional force it appears France intends again meeting the Russian forces in a

spring campaign: and, if we may credit the statements in the Moniteur, she has · been enabled to march a considerable additional body of troops into the Peninsula.

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.

The French have abandoned Valentia, and the English and Spanish forces which have remained in considerable numbers at Alicant, are now assembling in that pro. vince.

Lord Wellington has been to Cadiz, to confer with the Cortes on the plan of fu. ture operations for the combined armies. The result of this visit has been, that 50,000 Spaniards are to be placed at the disposal of his lordshi

disposal of his lordship, to be disciplined and commanded by British officers. All the Spanish generals are placed by the Cortes under the command of Lord Wellington. Gen. Ballesteros, who refused to obey this order, has been imprisoned in the fortress of Ceuta, His lordship is now with the army on the frontiers of Portugal.

DOMESTICK.

Our National Legislature which met in November, rose on the 4th of March, at which time their functions expired. In looking over the acts of the session, the most striking appear to be, that by which the bonds given to the government for property imported from Great Britain were cancelled, by which act a vast number of our merchants have been relieved from partial distress, or ruin; an act for obtaining a loan of sixteen millions of dollars, and an act for the regulation of seamen on

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