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Moses smiteth the rock.

B. C.

statute unto them, that he that about 1471. sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.

u Hag. 2. 13.

x Lev. 15. 5.


a ch. 33. 36.

b Ex. 15. 20. ch. 26. 59.

h ch. 14. 5. & 16. 4, 22. 45.

i ch. 14. 10.

k Ex. 17. 5.

1 Neh. 9. 15. Ps. 78. 15, 16. & 105. 41. &


114. 8.

Is. 43. 20. & 48. 21.

m ch. 17. 10.


14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, THEN came the children of Is-Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou rael, even the whole congrega- knowest all the travail that hath be- Heb. found tion, into the desert of Zin in the first fallen us : month and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.


15 "How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers:

Deut. 2. 4, &c. & 23. 7. Obad. 10, 12. a Gen. 46. 6. Acts 7. 15. w Ex. 12. 40.


c Ex. 17. 1.

2 And there was no water for the d ch. 16. 19, 42. congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.

Deut. 26. 6.

Acts 7. 19.

16 And when we cried unto the Ex. 1.11, &c.
LORD, he heard our voice, and sent
an angel, and hath brought us forth
out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in
Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of
thy border.

e Ex. 17. 2.
ch. 14. 2.
f ch. 11. 1, 53.

3 And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren & 14.37. & 16. died before the LORD!


32, 35, 49.

g Ex. 17. 3.

n Ps. 106. 33.

22 And "whatsoever the unclean person toucheth shall be unclean; and the soul that toucheth it shall be unclean until even.


The children of Israel come to Zin, where Miriam
dieth. 2 They murmur for want of water. 7 Mo-
ses smiteth the rock at Meribah, and water cometh
forth. 14 Moses at Kadesh desireth a passage
through Edom, which is denied. 22 Aaron dieth at
mount Hor.

4 And why have ye brought up
the congregation of the LORD into
this wilderness, that we and our
tle should die there?

5 And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.

17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, cat-neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.

18 And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.

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His message to Edom.

B. C. 1453.

and with his rod he smote the rock
twice and the water came out
abundantly, and the congregation
drank, and their beasts also.

10 And Moses and Aaron gathered
the congregation together before the
rock, and he said unto them, "Hear
now, ye rebels; must we fetch you
water out of this rock?
11 And Moses lifted up his hand,

12 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because Pye believed Pch. 27. 14. me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.

Deut. 1. 37. & 3. 26. & 32.51. 9 Lev. 10. 3. Ez. 20. 41. & 36.23. & 38.16. 1 Pet. 3. 15.

See Ex. 17.7.

13 This is the water of Meribah; That is,
because the children of Israel strove
with the LORD, and he was sanctified Deut. 35. 8.
in them.

Ps. 95. 8. & 106. 32, &c. Judg. 11. 16,


o Ex. 17. 6.

Deut. 8. 15. 1 Cor. 10. 4.



Ex. 18. 8.

23 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,

y Ex. 2. 28. & 3. 7.

z Ex. 3. 2. &

14. 19. & 23.

20, & 33. 2

19 And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the highway: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: Ib Deut. 2. 6, will only, without doing any thing else, go through on my feet.




20 And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

a See ch. 21.22. Deut. 2. 27.

27, 29.

21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel See Deut. 2. passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him. 22 T And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from 'Kadesh, and came unto mount ch. 33. 37. Hor.

g ch. 21. 4.

e Judg. 11. 17.

e Deut. Judg. 11. 18.

27, 13, & 31. 2. Deut. $2.50.

24 Aaron shall be gathered untoh Gen. 25. 8. his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because 'ye i ver. 12 rebelled against my † word at the water of Meribah.

↑ Heb. mouth.

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The death of Aaron.


Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor:

26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.

27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.

28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.

B. C. 1453.

ich. 33. 38. Deut. 32. 50.

1 Ex. 29.29, 30.


ch. 33. 38. Deut 10.6. & 32.50.

29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they So Deut. 34. mourned for Aaron "thirty days, even all the house of Israel.


• ch. 33. 40. See Judg. 1. 16.

ch. 13. 21.

© Gen. 28. 20. Judg. 11.30.

d Lev. 27. 28.

Judg. 11. 18. 1 Or, grieved. Heb, shorteact

Ex. 6. 9.

# Ps. 73. 19. b Ex. 16. 3. & 17.3.



3 And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he callThatia, Uttered the name of the place Hormah. 4 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.


• ch. 20. 22. & 33. 41.



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Israel destroy the Canaanites at Hormah. 4 The people murmur and are plagued with fiery serpents. 7 They repent, and are healed in looking upon the brazen serpent. 10 Sundry journeys of the Israelites. 21 Sihon is overcome, 33 and also Og.

≈ Pa. 72. 34.

AND when wing Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came bby the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners. 2 And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy

their cities.

5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.

6 And the LORD sent 'fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.

a ver. 5. • Ex. 1. 8, 28. 1 Sem. 12. 19.

7 Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for "we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the 1 Kings 13.6. LORD, that he take away the serpents

Acts 2. 24.

from us. And Moses prayed for the people.

The brazen serpent.

8 And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.

John 3. 14, 15.

9 And P Moses made a serpent of P 2 Kings 18.4. brass, and put it upon a pole; and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

10 ¶ And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in Oboth. 11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and 'pitched at Ije-abarim, in the wilderness which is before Moab, toward the sunrising.

12 From thence they removed, and pitched in the valley of Zered. 13 From thence they removed, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, which is in the wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of the Amorites for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.


14 Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, "What he

did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,

16 And from thence they went to Beer: that is the well whereof the LORD spake unto Moses, Gather the people together, and I will give them water.

17 Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it: 18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by the direction of the lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness they went to Mattanah :

19 And from Mattanah to Nahaliel : and from Nahaliel to Bamoth:

20 And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.


21 ¶ And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,


22 Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink of the waters of the well but we will go along by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders.


B. C. 1452.

q ch. 33. 43.

ch. 33. 44. Or, Heaps of


$ Deut. 2. 13.

t ch. 22. 36. Judg. 11. 18.

15 And at the stream of the brooks that goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, "and lieth upon the border of Heb.leaneth. Moab.

u Deut.2.18,29.

Judg. 9. 21.

Or, Vaheb in Suphah.

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Sihon and Og are overcome.

B. C. 1452.

Deut. 2. 33.

& 29.7. Josh.

12. 1, 2. & 24. 8. Neh. 9. 22.

Ps. 135, 10, 11.

& 136. 19.

Am. 2. 9.

Heb. daugh- the villages thereof.


g Jer. 48. 45, 46.

i Judg. 11. 24. King,

33. 2
23. 13. Jer.
48. 7, 13.

k Jer. 48. 18, 22.

h Deut. 2. 9,

28 For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon it hath consumed Ar of 18. 18. 15. 1. Moab, and the lords of the high places of Arnon.

29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites.

30 We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto 'Medeba. 31 Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites.

32 And Moses sent to spy out Jazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that were there.

33 And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.

1 Is. 15. 2.

m ch. 32. 1. Jer. 48. 32.

n Deut. 3, 1. & 29 7.

o Josh. 13. 12.

P Deut. 3. 2.

24 And 'Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.

25 And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all


a ch. 33. 48.

26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.

b Judg. 11. 25.

27 Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared :

q ver. 24. Ps. 135,

34 And the LORD said unto Moses, P Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt 11. & 196. 20. do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.



r Deut. 3. 3, 4, 35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.


Balak sendeth for Balaam, who at first refuseth to

come. 15 He sendeth again and obtaineth him. 22 The angel of the Lord would have slain Balaam, if his ass had not turned aside. 36 Balak entertaineth Balaam.

Balak sendeth for Balaam.

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Josh. 13. 21.


4 And Moab said unto the elders ch. 31. 8. of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time. 5 He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me.

6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.

c Ex. 15. 15.

13 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and said unto the princes of Balak, Get you into your land: for the LORD refuseth to give me leave to go with you.

14 And the princes of Moab rose up, and they went unto Balak, and said,

e Deut. 23. 4. Josh. 13. 22 & 24. 9. Neh. 13. 1, 2 Mic. 6. 5. 2 Pet. 2. 15. Jude 11. Rev. 2. 14.

AND the children of Israel set Balaam refuseth to come with inc

forward, and pitched in plains of Moab on this side Jordan by Jericho.

15 And Balak sent yet again princes, more, and more honourable than they. 16 And they came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak the

2 ¶ And Balak the son of Zippor

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9 And God came unto Balaam, and Gen. 20. 3. said, What men are these with thee?

ver. 20.

10 And Balaam said unto God, Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto me, saying,

11 Behold, there is a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be Heb. I shall able to overcome them, and drive them out.


prevail fighting against him.

12 And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.

1 ch. 23. 20.

Rom. 11. 29.


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An angel opposeth Balaam.

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B. C. 1452.

Heb. Be not thou letted from, &c.

aver. 6.

# ch.24. 13.

* 1 Kings 22. 14

2 Chr. 18. 13.

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* 2 Pet 2. 16.


son of Zippor, Let nothing, I pray | Am not 1 thine ass, + upon which
thee, hinder thee from coming unto thou hast ridden ever since I was
thine unto this day? was I ever wont
to do so unto thee? And he said,


17 For I will promote thee unto very great honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.


18 And Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak, " If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of the LORD my God, to do less


or more.

19 Now therefore, I pray you, P tarry
ye also here this night, that I may
know what the LORD will say unto

me more.

20 And God came unto Balaam at
night, and said unto him, If the men
come to call thee, rise up, and go with
them; but yet the word which I shall
say unto thee, that shalt thou do.

21 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.

22 ¶ And God's anger was kindled because he went: and the angel of the LORD stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants were with hin

23 And 'the ass saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand; and the ass turned aside out of the way, and went into the field; and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her into the way.

24 But the angel of the LORD stood in a path of the vineyards, a wall being on this side, and a wall on that side.

25 And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she thrust herself unto the wall, and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall: and he smote her again.

26 And the angel of the LORD went further, and stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left.

27 And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she fell down under Balaam and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he smote the ass with a staff.

28 And the LORD "opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times?

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33 And the ass saw me, and turned from me these three times: unless she had turned from me, surely now also I had slain thee, and saved her alive.

34 And Balaam said unto the angel of the LORD, I have sinned; for I knew not that thou stoodest in the way against me: now therefore, if it displease thee, I will get me back † Heb. be evil again.

in thine eyes.

35 And the angel of the LORD said unto Balaam, Go with the men: but & ver. 20. only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So Ba laam went with the princes of Balak. 36 And when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he went out to e Gen. 14. 17. meet him unto a city of Moab, 'whichí ch. 21. 13. is in the border of Arnon, which is in the utmost coast.



Balak's sacrifices and Balaam's parables.

ND Balaam said unto Balak,

upon me. Or, ever since thou wast, &c. z See Gen. 21. 19.

2 Kings 6. 17. Luke 24. 16, 31.

29 And Balaam said unto the ass, Because thou hast mocked me: I

would there were a sword in mine and prepare me here seven oxen and Prov. 12. 10. hand, for now would I kill thee.

72 Pet. 2. 16.

30 And the ass said unto Balaam,


37 And Balak said unto Balaam, Did I not earnestly send unto thee to call thee? wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not able indeed to pro- 8 ver. 17. mote thee to honour?

ch. 24. 11.

38 And Balaam said unto Balak, Lo, I am come unto thee: have I now any power at all to say any thing? the h ch. 23. 26. & word that God putteth in my mouth, 1 Kings 22. that shall I speak.

24. 13.


2 Chr. 18. 13.

of streets.

39 And Balaam went with Balak, and they came unto Kirjath-huzoth. Or, A city 40 And Balak offered oxen and sheep, and sent to Balaam, and to the princes that were with him.

41 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up into the high places i Deut. 12 2. of Baal, that thence he might see the utmost part of the people.

b 2 Pet. 2. 14, 15.

seven rams.

2 And Balak did as Balaam had

e 1 Sam. 15. 24,

30. & 26. 21.

2 Sam. 12. 13. Job 34. 31, 32.

a Build me here seven altars, a ver. 29.

Balak's sacrifices and

B. C. 1452.

b ver. 14, 30.

c ver. 15.

d ch. 24. 1.

Or, he went solitary.

e ver. 16.

f ver.16. ch.22. 35.

Deut. 18. 18. Jer. 1. 9.

h ch.22.6,11,17. i1 Sam. 17. 10. k Is. 47. 12, 13.

5 And the LORD put a word in Balaam's mouth, and said, Return unto Balak, and thus thou shalt speak.

gver.18. ch.24. 3, 15, 23. Job

6 And he returned unto him, and, lo, he stood by his burnt sacrifice, he, and all the princes of Moab. 7 And he took up his parable, and 27. 1. & 29. 1. said, Balak the king of Moab hath brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the east, saying, Come, curse me Jacob, and come, defy Israel.

Ps. 78. 2.
Ez. 17. 2.
Mic. 2. 4.
Hab. 2. 6.

1 Deut. 33, 28. m Ex. 33. 16. Ezra 9. 2. Eph. 2. 14.

n Gen. 13. 16. & 22. 17. soul, or, my life.

o Ps. 116. 15.


spoken; and Balak and Balaam offered on every altar a bullock and a


3 And Balaam said unto Balak, Stand by thy burnt offering, and I will go peradventure the Lord will come to meet me, and whatsoever he sheweth me I will tell thee. And he went to a high place.

4 And God met Balaam: and he said unto him, I have prepared seven altars, and I have offered upon every altar a bullock and a ram.

q ch. 22 38

8 How shall I curse, whom God hath not cursed? or how shall I defy, whom the LORD hath not defied?

9 For from the top of the rocks I see him, and from the hills I behold him: lo, the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations.

10 Who can count the dust of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Israel? Let me die "the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his !


11 And Balak said unto Balaam,

& 24. 10.

P ch. 22. 11, 17. What hast thou done unto me? PI took thee to curse mine enemies, and, behold, thou hast blessed them altogether.

12 And he answered and said, 'Must I not take heed to speak that which the LORD hath put in my mouth?

r ver. 1, 2

13 And Balak said unto him, Come, I pray thee, with me unto another place, from whence thou mayest see them thou shalt see but the utmost part of them, and shalt not see them all and curse me them from thence. 14 ¶ And he brought him into the Or, The hill. field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, 'and built seven altars, and offered a bullock and a ram on every altar. 15 And he said unto Balak, Stand here by thy burnt offering, while I meet the LORD yonder. 16 And the LORD met Balaam, and ver. 5 ch. 22. put a word in his mouth, and said, Go again unto Balak, and say thus. 17 And when he came to him, behold, he stood by his burnt offering, and the princes of Moab with him.


the parables of Balaam.

And Balak said unto him, What hath the LORD spoken?

t Judg. 3. 20.

18 And he took up his parable, and said,' Rise up, Balak, and hear; hearken unto me, thou son of Zippor: 19" God is not a man, that he should 1 Sam. 15. 29. lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

Mal. 3. 6.
Rom. 11. 29.
Tit. 1. 2.
James 1. 17.

20 Behold, I have received commandment to bless and he hath blessed; and I cannot reverse it.

21 He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.


a Ps. 89. 15.

22 God brought them out of Egypt; b ch. 24. 8. he hath as it were the strength of a unicorn.

26 But Balaam answered and said unto Balak, Told not I thee, saying, All that the LORD speaketh, that I must do?

B. C. 1452.

x Gen. 12. 2. &

22. 17. Num.

23 Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any Or, in. divination against Israel: according to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, What hath God d Ps. 31. 19. & wrought!

44. 1.

29 And Balaam said unto Balak, Build me here seven altars, and prepare me here seven bullocks and sev

en rams.

30 And Balak did as Balaam had said, and offered a bullock and a ram on every altar.

22. 12.

y Rom. 4. 7, 8.

e Gen. 49. 9.

24 Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down Gen. 49. 27. until he eat of the prey, and drink the blood of the slain.

25 And Balak said unto Balaam, Neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all.


Balaam foretelleth the happiness of Israel. 10 Balak in anger dismisseth him. 15 He prophesieth of the Star of Jacob, and of the destruction of sundry nations.

z Ex. 13. 21. &

29. 45, 46. &
33. 14.


c Deut. 38, 17.

Job 39. 10, 11.

27 ¶ And Balak said unto Balaam, Come, I pray thee, I will bring thee hver. 13 unto another place; peradventure it will please God that thou mayest curse me them from thence.

28 And Balak brought Balaam unto the top of Peor, that looketh toward ich. 21. 20. Jeshimon.

& ver.12 ch.22

38. 1 Kings

22. 14.

k ver. 1.

AND when Balaam saw that it pleased the LORD to bless Israel, he went not, as at other times, to seek for enchantments, but he set his face toward the wilderness.

2 And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents b ch. 2 2. &c.

ch. 23. 3, 15. Heb. to the

meeting of enchantments.


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