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11 And they took Pall the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.

† Heb. souls.

12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

13 T And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.

15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the c king's dale.



18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.


19 And he blessed him, and said, 5 Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.

1 Ex. 6. 8. Dan. 12. 7.

m ver. 19.

ch. 21. 33. n So Esth. 9. 15, 16.

22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up mine hand Rev. 10.5, 6. unto the LORD, the most high God, m the possessor of heaven and earth, 23 That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:

God encourageth Abri

B. C

the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take about 1 their portion.

o ver. 13.

24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of


God encourageth Abram. 2 Abram complaineth for want of an heir. 4 God promiseth him a son, and a numerous seed. 6 Abram is justified by faith. 7 Canaan is promised again, and confirmed by a sign, 12 and a vision.

AFTER these things the word of


the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding d great reward.

a Dan. 10.

Acts 10.1 b ch. 26. 2 Dan. 10. Luke 1.1: C Ps. 3. 3. 12. & 84. & 91. 4. & 114.


2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is Ps. 16. 5 this Eliezer of Damascus ?

58. 11. Prov. 11.

e Acts 7. 5

3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, 'one f ch. 14. 14 born in my house is mine heir.

4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.

g 2 Sam. 7

& 16. 11.

2 Chr. 32.

5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

7 And he said unto him, I am LORD that brought thee out of of the Chaldees, to give thee land to inherit it.

8 And he said, Lord God, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?' 9 And he said unto him, Take me a heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

q See ch. 2 13, 14. Judg.6.17 1Sam.14.9 2 Kings 20 Luke 1. 18

10 And he took unto him all these, and 'divided them in the midst, and Jer. 34. 18 laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

12 And when the sun was going down, 'a deep sleep fell upon Abram; tch. 2. 21. and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Job 4. 13.

13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety "that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and " they shall afflict them four hundred years;



x Ex. 6. 6. Deut. 6. 22

14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge and afterward shall they come out with great y Ex. 12.36. substance.

Ps. 105. S7

z Job 5. 26.

15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers

a Acts 13. 3

h Ps. 147. 4 i Jer. 33. 2

k ch. 22. 17

Ex. 32. 13

Deut. 1. 10 10. 22.

1 Chr. 27.
Rom. 4. 11

Heb. 11. 1
See ch.13.

the UrRm. 4. 3 this


Gal. 3. 6.
James 2.

m Ps. 106. S
n ch. 12. 1.

o ch. 11. 28. p Ps.105.42 Rom. 4. 1.

s Lev. 1. 17

u Ex. 12. 40 Ps. 105, 23 Acts 7. 6. w Ex. 1. 11. Ps. 105. 25

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17 And it came to pass, that, when

the sun went down, and it was dark,
behold a smoking furnace, and
burning lamp that 'passed between
those pieces.

18 In the same day the LORD made
a covenant with Abram, saying, "Un-
to thy seed have I given this land,
from the river of Egypt unto the

11.24.&34.4. great river, the river Euphrates:

Num. 34. 3.

Deut. 1. 7. &

Josh. 1. 4.

19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites,

and the Kadmonites,

Prov. 15. 1.

1 Pel. S. 7.


2 Sam. 6. 16. despised in her eyes.

Prov. 90. 21,




? ch. 3. 17.

ch. 12. 5.

30 ch. 30. 3, Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after
Abram had dwelt ten years in the
land of Canaan, and gave her to her
husband Abram to be his wife.

9 And the angel of the LORD said
unto her, Return to thy mistress, and
submit thyself under her hands.
10 And the angel of the LORD said
unto her, 'I will multiply thy seed
exceedingly, that it shall not be num-
bered for multitude.

11 And the angel of the LORD said

taunto her, Behold, thou art with child, ch. 17. 19,

and shalt bear a son, 'and shalt call

his name Ishmael; because the LORD

hath heard thy affliction.

Matt. 21.

Luke 1.13,31.

That is, God

shall hear.

t ch. 21. 20.

12 And he will be a wild man;
his hand will be against every man,
and every man's hand against him:
"and he shall dwell in the presence
of all his brethren.

13 And she called the name of the

20 And the Hittites, and the Periz- LORD that spake unto her, Thou God
zites, and the Rephaim,
seest me for she said, Have I also

21 And the Amorites, and the Ca-

naanites, and the Girgashites, and the



OW Sarai, Abram's wife, bare

him no children and she had a

handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name

was Hagar.


2 d And Sarai said unto Abram, Be-
hold now, the LORD hath restrained
me from bearing: I pray thee, 'go in
unto my maid; it may be that I may
* obtain children by her. And Abram

ND when Abram was ninety


hearkened to the voice of wine, took A old whd mine, the Lonn appeared a ch. 12. 1.

b ch.28.3. & 35.

11. Ex. 6. 3.

Deut. 10. 17.

|| Or, upright,
or, sincere.


God reneweth the covenant. 5 The name of Abram
is changed in token of a greater blessing. 10 Cir-
cumcision is instituted. 15 The name of Sarai is
changed, and she blessed. 16 Isaac is promised.
23 Abraham and Ishmael are circumeised.

8 And PI will give unto thee, and

to thy seed after thee, the land

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r Ex. 6. 7.

Circumcision instituted.

B. C. 1898.


q ch. 23. 4. & 28. 4.

+4 wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting + Heb. of thy possession; and I will be their God. 9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in Deut. 4. 57. & their generations.

Lev. 26. 12.

14. 2. & 26.

18. & 29. 13.

10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; 'Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be 'a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

12 And the that is eight days old "shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised:

and my covenant shall be in your in the plains of Mamre: and he ach. 13. 18. &

ND LORD appeared unto him


flesh for an everlasting covenant.

14. 13.

sat in the tent door in the heat of the

14 And the uncircumcised man child
whose flesh of his foreskin is not
circumcised, that soul shall be cut
off from his people; he hath broken
my covenant.

2 And he lifted up his eyes and Heb. 13. 2. looked, and, lo, three men stood by him and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,



15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.

3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant :

43. 24.

4 Let a little water, I pray you, bed ch. 19. 2. & fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; † Heb. stay. after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast


$ Acts 7. 8.

t Acts 7. 8. Rom. 4. 11.

† Heb. a son of eight days. u Lev. 12, 3, Luke 2. 21. John 7. 22. Phil. 3. 5.

w Ex. 4. 24.

That is, Princess. I ch. 18. 10.

16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother shall become of nations; kings of people shall be

† Heb. she


of her.

y ch. 35. 11. Gal. 4. 31. 1 Pet. 3. 6.

17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, z ch. 18. 12. & and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

21. 6.

18 And Abraham said unto God, Oh that Ishmael might live before thee! 19 And God said, a Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

a ch. 18. 10. &
21. 2.
Gal. 4. 28.


b ch. 16. 10.

20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will ch. 25. 12, 16. multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

d ch. 21. 18.

21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.

22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

23 And Abraham took Ishmael

• ch. 21. 2.


Three men visit Abraham.

his son, and all that were born in his B. C. 1898.
house, and all that were bought with
his money, every male among the
men of Abraham's house; and cir-
cumcised the flesh of their foreskin
in the selfsame day, as God had said
unto him.

24 And Abraham was ninety years
old and nine, when he was circum-
cised in the flesh of his foreskin.

25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

27 And all the men of his house, ch. 18. 19. born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.


The Lord appeareth unto Abraham. 2 He entertain-
eth three strangers. 9 Sarah is reproved for laugh-
ing at God's promise. 17 The destruction of Sodom
is revealed to Abraham; 23 who maketh interces-
sion for the men thereof.

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.

c ch. 19. 1.

1 Pet. 4. 9.

e Judg. 6. 18. & 13. 15.

+ Heb. you

have passed. f Judg. 19. 5.

Ps. 104. 15.

Heb. Hasten. ch. 19. 8. &

33. 10.

h ch. 19. 3.

i ch. 24. 67. k ver. 14.

10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the 12Kings 4. 16. time of life; and, lo, m Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard

m ch. 17. 19,

21. & 21. 2. Rom. 9. 9.

He maketh intercession

B. C. 1898. it in the tent door, which was behind him.

a ch. 17. 17. Rom. 4. 19.

11 Now "Abraham and Sarah were Heb. 11. 11, old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

12, 19.

• ch. 31. 35.

p ch. 17. 17.

q Luke 1. 18.

r1 Pet 3. 6.

Jer. $2 17.
Zech. 8, 6.
Matt. S. 9. &
Luke 1. 37.

t ch. 17. 21.

ver. 10.
2 Kings 4. 16.

I ch. 123 & 22.18. Acts 3. 25. Gal. 3. 8. y Deut. 4. 9, 10. & 6. 7. Josh. 24, 15. Eph. 6. 4.

z ch. 4. 10. & 19. 13. James 5. 4.

a ch. 11. 5. Ex. 3. 8.


3 John 6.
Ps. 25. 14.
Amos 3. 7.
John 15. 15.

16 And the men rose up from
thence, and looked toward Sodom:
Rom. 15. 24. and Abraham went with them "to
bring them on the way.
17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide
from Abraham that thing which I


g Jer. 5. 1.

12 Therefore Sarah Plaughed within herself, saying, "After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

b Job 2, 20. Is. 3. 10, 11.

13 And the LORD said unto Abraharn, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a


15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

according to the cry of it, which is

b Deut. 8. 2 & come unto me; and if not, I will


13. 3.
Josh. 22. 22.
Luke 16. 15.

22 And the men turned their faces 2 Cor. 11. 11. from thence, and went toward Sod

e ch. 19. 1.

d ver. 1.

om: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. 23 And Abraham drew near, and (Num. 16. 22 said, 'Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

• Heb. 10. 22.

2 Sam. 24. 17.


for the men of Sodom.

| be far from thee. Shall not the Judge
of all the earth do right?

25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked; and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that

26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

27 And Abraham answered and said, 'Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am m but dust and ashes:

19 For I know him, that he will
command his children and his house-
hold after him, and they shall keep
the way of the LORD, to do justice
and judgment; that the LORD may
bring upon Abraham that which he
hath spoken of him.

20 And the LORD said, Because
the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is
great, and because their sin is very
21 go down now, and

ND there came to

whether they have done "il together A Sodom at even, two antgelt in

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake.

30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.

31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake. 32 And he said, "Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I willo James 5. 16. not destroy it for ten's sake.

n Judg. 6. 39.

33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham and Abraham returned unto his place.


Lot entertaineth two angels. 4 The Sodomites are
stricken with blindness. 12 Lot is commanded to
flee for safety to the mountain. 18 He is permitted
to go into Zoar. 24 Sodom and Gomorrah are
destroyed. 26 Lot's wife becometh a pillar of salt.
30 Lot dwelleth in a care. 31 The origin of Moab
and Ammon.

B. C. 1898.

i Job 8. 3. &

54. 17.
Ps. 58. 11. &
94. 2.

Rom. 3. 6. k Jer. 5. 1.

Ez. 22. 30.

1 Luke 18.

m ch. 3. 19.
Job 4. 19.
Ecc. 12. 7.
1 Cor. 15. 47,

2 Cor. 5. 1.

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24 $ Peradventure there be fifty
righteous within the city: wilt thou
also destroy and not spare the place
for the fifty righteous that are there-tered into his house; and he made fch. 18. 8.
them a feast, and did bake unleavened
bread, and they did eat.

3 And he pressed upon them greatly;
and they turned in unto him, and en-

d ch. 18. 4.

• See Luke 24. 28.

g Is. 3. 9.

Lot sent out of Sodom.

B. C. 1898. both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we I may know them.


h Judg. 19. 22.

i ch. 4. 1.

Rom. 1. 24,27.

Jude 7.

6 And Lot went out at the door * Judg. 19. 23. unto them, and shut the door after


7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.

8 'Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes only unto these men do m See ch. 18.5. nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. 9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.


1 See Judg. 19.


n 2 Pet. 2. 7, 8.

o Ex. 2. 14.

p See 2 Kings 6. 18. Acts 13. 11.

q ch. 7. 1. 2 Pet. 2. 7, 9. r ch. 18. 20.

x Ex. 9. 21. Luke 17. 28. & 24. 11.


12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place: 13 For we will destroy this place, because the 'cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; 1 Chr. 21. 15. and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.

t Matt. 1. 18.

14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married u Num. 16. 21, his daughters, and said, "Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.


↑ Heb. are found.

10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

|| Or, punish


11 And they smote the men Pthat were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.


Rev. 18. 4.

15 ¶ And when the morning arose, y Num. 16. 24, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.

Rom.9.15, 16. a Ps. 34. 22.

16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the Luke 18. 13. hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city. 17 ¶ And it came to pass, when

Destruction of Sodom.

B. C. 1898.


b1 Kings 19.3. c ver. 26.

they had brought them forth abroad,
that he said, Escape for thy life;
look not behind thee, neither stay
thou in all the plain; escape to the
mountain, lest thou be consumed.
18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, Phil. 3. 13, 14.
dnot so, my lord:

Matt. 24. 16,
17, 18.
Luke 9. 62.

d Acts 10. 14.

19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:

20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

e Job 42. 8, 9. Ps. 145. 19.


21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this + Heb. thy thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

{ See ch. 32.
25, 26.

Ex. 32. 10.
Deut. 9. 14.
Mark 6. 5.

22 Haste thee, escape thither; for 'I cannot do any thing till thou beg ch. 13. 10. & come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.

14. 2.
That is,
Little, ver.20.

Heb. gone forth.

23 T The sun was trisen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, m the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar k Luke 17. 32. of salt.

27¶ And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he 1 ch. 18. 22. stood before the LORD:

h Deut. 29. 23.

Is. 13. 19.

30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

Jer. 20. 16. &
50. 40.
Ez. 16. 49, 50.
Hos. 11. 8.
Am. 4. 11.

Zeph. 2. 9.
Luke 17. 29.
2 Pet. 2. G.
Jude 7.

32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with

i ch. 14. 3. Ps. 107. 34.

29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God "remembered Abraham, and sent ch. 8. 1. & Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

18. 23.

m Rev. 18. 9.

o ver. 17, 19.

31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth P to come in p ch. 16. 2, 4. unto us after the manner of all the earth:

& 38. 8, 9. Deut. 25. 5.

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