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c Deut. 20.&
Jerubbesheth. I ver. S.
| Heb. clothed.
him. nch, 3. 10.
o Num. 10. 3. ch. 3. 27.
p See Ex. 4.
di Sam. 14.6.
B. C. about 1249. plead for him, let him be put to death the ears of the people, saying, " Who- about 1249.
whilst it is yet morning : if he be a soever is fearful and afraid, let him
32 Therefore on that day he called people twenty and two thousand; and
The people are yet too many; bring 33 | Then all 'the Midianites and them down unto the water, and I the Amalekites and the children of will try them for thee there : and it
the east were gathered together, and shall be, that of whom I say unto m Josh. 17. 16. went over, and pitched in the valley thee, This shall go with thee, the of Jezreel.
same shall go with thee; and of 34 But the Spirit of the LORD whomsoever I say unto thee, This
+ came upon Gideon, and he oblew a shall not go with thee, the same shall | Heb. was
trumpet; and Abi-ezer I was gathered not go. called after after him.
5 So he brought down the people 35 And he sent messengers through- unto the water: and the Lord said 2. Chr. 24. 28. out all Manasseh ; who also was gath- unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth
ered after him: and he sent messen- of the water with his tongue, as a dog
down upon his knees to drink.
mouth, were three hundred men : 37 P Behold, I will put a fleece of but all the rest of the people bowed 3, 4, 6,7.
wool in the floor; and if the dew be down upon their knees to drink wa-
lapped will I save you, and deliver
39 And Gideon said unto God, Let their hand, and their trumpets: and
9 [ And it came to pass the same
hand. CHAPTER VII.
10 But if thou fear to go down, go
thou with Phurah thy servant down
11 And thou shalt 'hear what they 1 ver. 19,14, 15.
14. 9, 10. all the people were with host Then went he down with him, rose up early, and pitched be- Phurah his servant unto the outside side the well of Harod : so that the of the larmed men that were in the Or, ranks host of the Midianites were on the host.
by Ase. Ex north side of them, by the hill of 12 And the Midianites and the AmMoreh, in the valley.
alekites and 5 all the children of the ch. 6. 5, 33. 2 And the Lord said unto Gideon, east lay along in the valley like grassThe people that are with thee are too hoppers for multitude; and their cammany for me to give the Midianites els were without number, as the sand into their hands, lest Israel "vaunt by the sea side for multitude. themselves against me, saying, Mine 13 And when Gideon was come, beown hand hath saved me.
hold, there was a man that told a
9 Gen, 18. 32.
. Gen. 46.23.
See Gen. 241 14. 1 Sam.
a ch. 6. 32.
& &. 10.
b Deut. 8. 17.
The Midianites defeated.
The Ephraimites pacified.
och. 3. 28.
sch. 8. 4.
Zalmunna are taken. 13 Succoth and Penucl are
And he divided the three hun: A unto him, "Why hast thou serv
+ Heb. What
hast of all
done unto us.
Phil. 2. 3.
B. C. dream unto his fellow, and said, Be- unto Beth-barah and Jordan. Then B. C. about 1249. hold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a all the men of Ephraim gathered about 1249.
cake of barley bread tumbled into the themselves together, and took the
14 And his fellow answered and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, - 18. 10. 25.
Gideon pacifieth the Ephraimites. 4 Succoth and Pet the interpretation thereof, that he nuel refuse to relieve Gideon's army. 10 Zebah and breaking Heroj worshipped, and returned into the
destroyed. 18 Gideon revengeth his brethren's death host of Israel, and said, Arise; for
on Zebah and Zalmunna. 22 He refuseth the otfice
of ruler. 24 He maketh an ephod which becometh the Lord hath delivered into your the cituse of idolatry, 29 Gideon's children, and hand the host of Midian.
death. 33 The Israelites' idolatry and ingratitude.
a See ch. 12. 1. ND the
2 Sam, 19.41. dred men into three companies, and Heb.tramp he put ta trumpet in every man's ed us thus, that thou calledst us not,
thing is this
thou hast hand, with empty pitchers, and il lamps when thou wentest to fight with the within the pitchers.
Midianites? And they did chide with 10., are brisda, or, 17 And he said unto them, Look on him tsharply.
| Heb. me, and do likewise : and, behold, 2 And he said unto them, What have strongly. when I come to the outside of the I done now in comparison of you? camp, it shall be that, as I do, so Is not the gleaning of the grapes of shall ye do.
Ephraim better than the vintage of 18 When I blow with a trumpet, I Abi-ezer ? and all that are with me, then blow 3 God hath delivered into your bch. 7. 24, 25. ye the trumpets also on every side of hands the princes of Midian, Öreb all the camp, and say, The sword of and Zeeb : and what was I able to do the Lord, and of Gideon.
in comparison of you? Then their 19 [ So Gideon, and the hundred to anger was abated toward him, when + Heb. spirit. men that were with him, came unto he had said that. the outside of the camp in the begin- 4 | And Gideon came to Jordan, ning of the middle watch ; and they and passed over, he, and the three had but newly set the watch: and hundred men that were with him, they blew the trumpets, and brake faint, yet pursuing them. the pitchers that were in their hands. 5 And he said unto the men of 20 And the three companies blew « Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of 1 Gen. 33. 17.
Ps. 60. 6. the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, bread unto the people that follow me; and held the lamps in their left hands, for they be faint, and I am pursuing and the trumpets in their right hands after Zebah and Zalmunna, king :3 of
to blow withal : and they cried, The Midian. 1, 2 Clar. a. sword of the Lord, and of Gideon. 6 And the princes of Succoth said,
21 And they hstood every man in Are the hands of Zebah and Zal- e See 1 Kings 12 Kings 7.7.
his place round about the camp: and munna now in thine hand, that 'we
22 And the three hundred k blew the 7 And Gideon said, Therefore when
throughout all the host : and the host will + tear your flesh with the thorns + Heb. thresh. !107, karda. fled to Beth-shittah ll in Zererath, and of the wilderness and with briers. to the border of Abel-meholah, unto 8 And he went up thence h to Pe- Gen. 32. 30.
1 Kings 12. Tabbath.
nuel, and spake unto them likewise :
of Penuel, saying, When I i come ' 1 Kings 22.
c Prov. 15. 1.
Ex 14 13
20. 11. ( See 1 Sam. 25. 11.
Josh 6.4, 16, 22. See 2 Cor. 4.7. Ps. 8.9.
• 1 Sam 14 202 Chr. 20.
Zebah and Zalmunna slain.
Gideon maketh an ephod.
I 1 Sam. 8. 7. & 10. 19. & 12. 12
Gen. 25. 13.
I ch. 7. 12.
1 Thess. 5. 3.
o Ps. 83. 11.
b Ps. 108. 2
p ver. 6.
9 ver. 7.
B. C. them, about fifteen thousand men, all my son rule over you: *the LORD B. C. about 1249. that were left of all the hosts of the shall rule over you.
about 1249. children of the east: for there fell 24 | And Gideon said unto them, I 1., OT, a hun; a hundred and twenty thousand men would desire a request of you, that
that drew sword. twenty thou.
ye would give me every man the 11 And Gideon went up by the way earrings of his prey. For they had one drawing a sword, of them that dwelt in tents on the golden earrings, because they were ch. 20. 2, 15,
& 37. 25, 23. east of m Nobah and Jogbehah, and Ishmaelites. 2 Kings 3.26. smote the host: for the host was 25 And they answered, We will will
ingly give them. And they spread a m Num. 32. 35,
12 And when Zebah and Zalmunna garment, and did cast therein every n ch. 18, 2m. fled, he pursued after them, and otook man the earrings of his prey.
the two kings of Midian, Zebah and 26 And the weight of the golden + Heb. terri- Zalmunna, and I discomfited all the earrings that he requested was host.
thousand and seven hundred shekels 13 | And Gideon the son of Joash of gold ; besides ornaments, and col- , Or; sweet
jewela. returned from battle before the sun lars, and purple raiment that was on
the kings of Midian, and besides the 14 And caught a young man of the chains that were about their camels'
men of Succoth, an inquired of necks. Heb. writ. him: and he described unto him 27 And Gideon ? made an ephod 2 ch. 17. 5.
the princes of Succoth, and the el- thereof, and put it in his city, even
thither a whoring after it: which
forty years in the days of Gideon.
city, and thorns of the wilderness, Joash went and dwelt in his own
30 And Gideon had e threescore and e ch 9.25 17 - And he beat down the tower ten sons tof his body begotten: for 1 Heb. going * 1 Kings 12 of • Penuel, and slew the men of the he had many wives.
out of his
31 And his concubine that was in ich. 9. 1. 18 [ Then said he unto Zebah and Shechem, she also bare him a son, Zalmunna, What manner of men were whose name he + called Abimelech. | Heb. set. they whom ye slew at 'Tabor ? And 32 1 And Gideon the son of Joash about 1209.
they answered, As thou art, so were died bin a good old age, and was + Heb. accord they ; each one t resembled the chil- buried in the sepulchre of Joash his
dren of a king. form, ar.
father, "in Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites. ver. 27. 19 And he said, They were my breth- 33 And it came to pass, 'as soon as ren, even the sons of my mother: as Gideon was dead, that the children the Lord liveth, if ye had saved them of Israel turned again, and went a
k ch.2 17. alive, I would not slay you.
whoring after Baalim, 'and made Ba- 1 ch. 9. 4, 46.
21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, hands of all their enemies on every
the man is, so is his strength. And 35 Neither shewed they kindness ch. 9 16, 17, Pa, 83 11. Gideon arose, and "slew Zebah and to the house of Jerubbaal, namely, il Or, orna: Zalmunna, and took away the lor- Gideon, according to all the good
naments that were on their camels' ness which he had shewed unto Is-
murder of his brethren, is made king. 7 Jotham by
a parable rebuketh them, and foretelleth their ruin. also: for thou hast delivered us from 22 Gaal conspireth with the Shechemites against
Abimelech, 30 Zebul revealeth it, 34 Abimelech the hand of Midian.
overcometh them, and soweth the city roith sall. 23 And Gideon said unto them, I 46 He burneth the hold of the god Berith. 50 At
Thebez he is slain by a piece of a millstone. 56 Jowill not rule over you, neither shall tham's curse is fulfilled.
Abimelech is made king.
The parable of Jotham.
o Is. 30, 2.
18. 2. 13. & 37. 24. Ez. 31. 3.
rch. 8. 35.
c Gen. 29. 14.
de 2. 15.
.ch 8.33 l. 11.3. 2 Clar. 13. 7. Pux. 12. 11. Acts 17,5
Phil. 3. 3.
15 And the bramble said unto the B. C. ANDA Abimelech the son of Jeruba about 1209 baal went to Shechem unto a his trees, If in truth ye anoint me king about 1209.
mother's brethren, and communed over you, then come and put your
vour the 'cedars of Lebanon. 2 Speak, I pray you, in the ears of 16 Now therefore, if ye have done thleb. What is all the men of Shechem, + Whether truly and sincerely, in that ye have 2 Kings 1.4 goeie wheth is better for you, either that all the made Abimelech king, and if ye have
sons of Jerubbaal, which are bthree- dealt well with Jerubbaal and his
Shechem all these words : and their 18 . And ye are risen up against my : ver. 5, 6. + Heb. after hearts inclined † to follow Abimelech; father's house this day, and have slain
for they said, He is our d brother. his sons, threescore and ten persons,
4 And they gave him threescore and upon one stone, and have made Abim-
19 If ye then have dealt truly and
bat Ophrah, and "slew his brethren the house this day, then rejoice ye in 18. 8.6. 12 Kinga 11. sons of Jerubbaal, being threescore Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in
and ten persons, upon one stone: not- you:
of Shechem, and the house of Millo;
Millo, and went and made Abimelech Millo, and devour Abimelech.
king, 1 by the plain of the pillar that 21 And Jotham ran away, and fled,
and went to *Beer, and dwelt there, 12 Sam. 20. 14. 7 I And when they told it to Jo- for fear of Abimelech his brother. 1 tham, he went and stood in the top 22 1 When Abimelech had reigned about 1206. Date 11. 29. of imount Gerizim, and lifted up his three years over Israel,
voice, and cried, and said unto them, 23 Then y God sent an evil spirit
chem, that God may hearken unto you. Shechem; and the men of Shechem The Kings 8 * The trees went forth on a time to ? dealt treacherously with Abimelech:
anoint a king over them; and they 24 - That the cruelty done to the lid 2.222. said unto the olive tree, 'Reign thou threescore and ten sons of Jerubbaal 318, 3.1
might come, and their blood be laid, 9 But the olive tree said unto them, upon Abimelech their brother, which
Matt. 23.35, Should I leave my fatness, "where- slew them, and upon the men of with by me they honour God and Shechem, which taided him in the Heb.
strengthened the man, and t go to be promoted over killing of his brethren. the trees?
25 And the men of Shechem set
with his brethren, and went over to
13 And the vine said unto them, 27 And they went out into the fields,
and went into bthe house of their
28 And Gaal the son of Ebed said,
Jox2.33. Jaen 4. 20.
y 1 Sam. 16. 14. & 18. 9. 10. See 1 Kings 12. 15. & 22. 22. 2 Chr. 10. 15. & 18. 19, &c. Is. 19. 2, 14.
a 1 Kings 2.32. Esth. 9. 25. Ps. 7. 16.
Abimelech is slain.
e 2 Sam. 15. 4.
1 Kings 12
B. C. “Who is Abimelech, and who is She- 42 And it came to pass on the B. C. about 1206. chem, that we should serve him ? is morrow, that the people went out about 1206.
not he the son of Jerubbaal ? and Zebul into the field ; and they told Abime-
divided them into three companies,
44 And Abimelech, and the company
the city heard the words of Gaal the and stood in the entering of the gate || Or, hot son of Ebed, his anger was I kindled. of the city: and the two other com
31 And he sent messengers unto panies ran upon all the people that + Heb. crafti- Abimelech + privily, saying, Behold, were in the fields, and slew them. ly, or, to Tor- Gaal the son of Ebed and his brethren 45 And Abimelech fought against
be come to Shechem; and, behold, the city all that day; and she took & ver. 20. they fortify the city against thee. the city, and slew the people that
32 Now therefore up by night, thou was therein, and beat down the city, 5 Deul 29. 23. and the people that is with thee, and and sowed it with salt.
25. 2 Kings lie in wait in the field :
46 | And when all the men of the 33 And it shall be, that in the morn-tower of Shechem heard that, they ing, as soon as the sun is up, thou entered into a hold of the house i of ich. 8. 8. shalt rise early, and set upon the city: the god Berith. and, behold, when he and the people 47 And it was told Abimelech, that that is with him come out against all the men of the tower of Shechem
thee, then mayest thou do to them were gathered together. + Heb. as thy | tas thou shalt find occasion.
48 And Abimelech gat him up to 34 1 And Abimelech rose up, and mount * Zalmon, he and all the peo- *Ps. 68. 14. all the people that were with him, by ple that were with him; and Abimenight, and they laid wait against She- lech took an axe in his hand, and cut chem in four companies.
down a bough from the trees, and
See, there come people down by the 50 | Then went Abimelech to The| Heb. navel. t middle of the land, and another bez, and encamped against Thebez,
company come along by the plain and took it. 1 Or, The re- of | Meonenim.
51 But there was a strong tower garders of
38 Then said Zebul unto him, Where within the city, and thither fled all
hand shall find, 1 Sam. 10. 7. & 25. 8. Ecc. 9. 10.
Heb. I have done.
should serve him ? is not this the and gat them up to the top of the
39 And Gaal went out before the tower, and fought against it, and
to burn it with fire.
That is, the entering of the gate.
54 Then m he called hastily unto
altogether. 41 And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah: the young man his armourbearer, and and Zebul thrust out Gaal and his said unto him, Draw thy sword, and brethren, that they should not dwell | slay me, that men say not of me, A in Shechem.
woman slew him.
Ånd his young
m So 1 Sam. 31.4