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1 Or. Thou

· perverse rebd.

4. Heb. Son

rebellion.

■ ch. 19. 5.

Matt 27.23.
Lake 23.22.

I ch. 18. 11. ! ver. 7.

I. SAMUEL.

•Heb, to pass

mer him.

27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?

thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness? 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him Heb is the unto me, for he shall surely die.

of death.

32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, "Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem :

29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.

30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that the son of Jesse

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David obtaineth hallowed bread.

B. C. about 1062.

38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.

ments.

40 And Jonathan gave his tartillery + Heb. instruunto this lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

41 T And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

Z

42 And Jonathan said to David, Goz ch. 1. 17. in peace, forasmuch as we have Or, the sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

LORD be
witness of
that which,
&c. See ver.
23.

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+ Heb. that was his.

2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.

3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present. + Heb. found. 4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. 5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the e vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified thisOr, especial day in the vessel.

f Lev. 8. 26.

e Ex. 25. 30. Lev. 24. 5.

Matt. 12. 4. d Ex. 19. 15. Zech. 7. 3.

1 Thess. 4. 4.

ly when this day there is other sanctified in the vessel.

6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, "that was taken Matt. 12.3, 4. from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Mark 2. 25, 26. Luke 6. 3, 4.

h Lev. 24. 8, 9.

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David feigneth madness.

I. SAMUEL.

Doeg accuseth Ahimelech.

B. C.

B. C.

7 Now a certain man of the servants | king of Moab, Let my father and my about 1062. of Saul was there that day, detained mother, I pray thee, come forth, and about 1062. before the LORD; and his name was be with you, till I know what God Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of will do for me. the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 8 ¶ And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.

4 And he brought them before the king of Moab and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

1 Chr. 21. 9. 2 Chr. 29.25

5 And the prophet Gad said unto 2 Sam. 24.11. David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.

6 When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that were with him; (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him ;)

7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse

give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;

corereth mine

8 That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that †sheweth me that my son hath made † Heb. a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is for sorry me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

9 ¶ Then answered & Doeg the Edom- 8 ch. 21. 7.

Ps. 52, title, & ver. 1, 2, 3

i ch. 22. 9.

Ps. 52, title.

9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, 'behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me. 10 ¶ And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Or, Abime-Achish the king of Gath.

lech,

Ps. 34, title.

ch. 17. 2, 50. 1 See ch.31. 10.

11 And the servants of Achish m Ps. 56, title. said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, sayn ch. 18. 7. & ing, "Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?

29. 5.

0

o Luke 2. 19.

12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

13 And Phe changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.

the

14 Then said Achish unto his serv-ite, which was set over the servants
Or, playeth ants, Lo, ye see the man is mad:
wherefore then have ye brought him
to me?

P Ps. 34, title.

II Or, made
marks.

15 Have I need of madmen, that ye have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house?

10 And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the

Philistine.

11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that were in Nob: and they came all of them to the king.

12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, + Here I am, my lord.

thence,

13 And Saul unto him,

DAVID therefore de perteve Adul: have ye conspired against me, thou

b

and the son of Jesse, in that thou
hast given him bread, and a sword,
and hast inquired of God for him,
that he should rise against me, to lie
in wait, as at this day?

CHAPTER XXII.

Many persons resort unto David at Adullam, 3 He
commendeth his parents unto the king of Moab. 5

Admonished by Gad, he cometh to Hareth. 6 Saul

pursuing him complaineth of his servants' unfaith

fulness. 9 Doeg accuseth Ahimelech, 11 Saul com-
mandeth to kill the priests. 17 His servants refu-
sing, Doeg slayeth them. 20 Abiathar escaping,
bringeth David the news.

a Ps. 57, title,
& 142, title.

b 2 Sam. 23. 13. lam: and when his brethren and all

his father's house heard it, they went
down thither to him.

a

e

e Judg. 11. 3.
+ Heb. had a
creditor.

2 And every one that was in dis-
tress, and every one that was in
+ Heb. bitter debt, and every one that was † dis-
contented, gathered themselves unto
him; and he became a captain over
them and there were with him about
four hundred men.

of soul.

of Saul, and said, I saw the son of
Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech
the son of Ahitub.

h

k

14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honour

3 ¶ And David went thence to Miz-able in thine house? peh of Moab and he said unto the

15 Did I then begin to inquire of

Or, grore is a high place.

e ch. 8. 14.

ear,

ch. 20. 2

f ch. 18. S. &

20. SO.

ch. 21. L.

i ch. 14. 3.

Num. 27. 21. 1ch 21.6, 9.

+ Heb. Behold

me.

The priests of Nob slain.

I. SAMUEL.

B. C.

|

God for him? be it far from me: let about 1062. not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew Heb. little nothing of all this, less or more. 16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father's house.

or greal

Heb. run

nere

17 And the king said unto the Or, guard. footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.

- See Ex. 1. 17.

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18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

19° And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.

ver. 4, 6, 9.

rh. 30.8.
2 Sam. 5. 19.

23.

20 ¶ And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after Da

vid.

21 And Abiathar shewed David that
Saul had slain the LORD's priests.
22 And David said unto Abiathar,
I knew it that day, when Doeg the
Edomite was there, that he would
surely tell Saul: I have occasioned
the death of all the persons of thy

father's house.

r

23 Abide thou with me, fear not for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.

CHAPTER XXIII.

David rescueth Keilah. 7 God shewing him the com

ing of Saul, and the treachery of the Keilites, he es

capeth from Keilah. 14 In Ziph Jonathan comfort-
eth him. 19 The Ziphites discover him to Saul. 25
At Moon he is rescued from Suul by the invasion
of the Philistines. 29 He dwelleth at En-gedi.

Josh. 15. 44. Keilah, and they rob the threshing

floors.

2 Therefore David 'inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.

The treachery of the Keilites.

B. C. about 1062.

3 And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah : how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?

4 Then David inquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.

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6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to c ch. 22. 20. David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.

7 ¶ And it was told Saul that David about 1061. was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars.

8 And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.

9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Num. 27. 21. Bring hither the ephod.

ch. 30. 7.

10 Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.

e

Thold, they follistings fightinguustness in strong holds, and remained

THEN David, saying, Be

14 David abode in the wilder

e ch. 22. 19.

11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He will come down.

12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up.

25. 13.

13 ¶ Then David and his men, which ch. 22. 2. & were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he forbare to go forth.

+ Heb. shut up.

h

h Josh. 15. 55.

in a mountain in the wilderness of Ps. 11. 1.
Ziph. And Saul sought him every
day, but God delivered him not into
his hand.

i Ps. 54. 3, 4.

15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.

16 ¶ And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.

17 And he said unto him, Fear not:

Saul pursueth David.

B. C. about 1061.

k ch. 24. 20.

1 ch. 18. 3. &

20. 16, 42.

2 Sam. 21. 7.

m See ch. 26.1. Ps. 54, title.

+ Heb. on the right hand. Or, The wil derness.

n Ps. 54. 3.

+ Heb. foot shall be.

o Josh. 15, 55, ch. 25. 2.

p Ps. 31. 22.

q Ps. 17. 9.

r See 2 Kings

19. 9.

I. SAMUEL.

for the hand of Saul my father shall
not find thee; and thou shalt be king
over Israel, and I shall be next unto
thee; and that also Saul my father
knoweth.

That is, The rock of divisions.

20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and "our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand.

rock.

25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told David: Or, from the wherefore he came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.

18 And they two 'made a covenant

before the LORD: and David abode in AND it came to pass, when Saul a ch. 23. 28.

the wood, and Jonathan went to his
house.

was returned from following + Heb. after.
the Philistines, that it was told him,
saying, Behold, David is in the wil-
derness of En-gedi.

19 ¶ Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?

21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion

on me.

22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his +haunt is, and who hath seen him there for it is told me that he dealeth very subtilely.

23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.

24 And they arose, and went to Ziph before Šaul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.

26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: Pand David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men 9 compassed David and his men round about to take them.

27 ¶But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and Heb. spread come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.

themselves upon, &c.

28 Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place #Sela-hammahlekoth. 29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at 2 Chr. 20. 2. En-gedi.

He spareth Saul's life.

B. C. about 1061.

CHAPTER XXIV.

David in a cave at En-gedi eutteth off Saul's skirt,
but spareth his life. 8 He sheweth thereby his in-
nocency. 16 Saul, acknowledging his fault, taketh
an oath of David, and departeth.

2 Then Saul took three thousand
chosen men out of all Israel, and
went to seek David and his men
upon the rocks of the wild goats.
3 And he came to the sheepcotes
by the way, where was a cave; and
Saul went in to cover his feet and
David and his men remained in the
sides of the cave.

4 And the men of David said unto
him, Behold the day of which the
LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will
deliver thine enemy into thine hand,
that thou mayest do to him as it shall
seem good unto thee. Then David
arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's + Heb. the
robe privily.

robe which

was Sauls.

5 And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart smote him, be- & 2 Sam. 24.10. cause he had cut off Saul's skirt.

6 And he said unto his men, The h ch. 26. 11. LORD forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the LORD's anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.

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Saul's acknowledgment.

B. C. yet thou huntest my soul to take about 1061. it.

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m ch. 26. 20.

n Gen. 16. 5. Judg. 11. 27. ch. 3. 10. Job 5. 8.

• ch. 17. 43.

2 Sam. 9. 8.

P ch. 26. 20.

4 ver. 12

72 Chr. 24. 22.

+ Heb. judge.

Ps. 35. L. &

4.1. & 119,

154. Mic.7.9.

1 ch. 26. 17.

• ch. 26. 21.

I Gen. 38. 26.

y Matt. 5. 44.

1 ch. 25. 23.

+ Heb shut up, d. B. 12. & 3.2

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a ch. 23. 17.

4 ch. 23. 29.

18 And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand, thou killedst me not.

19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me this day.

a

20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine hand. 21 Swear now therefore unto me 2Sam 21.6,8. by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.

b

Gen. 21. 23.

с

about 1060. ach. 22. 3.

am, 20, 29. Det 34. 8.

* Gen. 21. 21.

Pa. 120. 5.

4 ch. 23, 24

David's message to Nabal.

B. C.

had three thousand sheep, and a thou-
sand goats: and he was shearing his about 1060.
sheep in Carmel.

3 Now the name of the man was
Nabal, and the name of his wife
Abigail; and she was a woman
of good understanding, and of a
beautiful countenance: but the man
was churlish and evil in his do-
ings; and he was of the house of
Caleb.

4 And David heard in the wilPaderness that Nabal did shear his Gen. 38. 13. sheep.

2 Sam. 13. 23.

5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my + Heb. ask him in my name: name of of peace, ch. 17.

22.

6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.

Or, business
Josh. 15. 55.

I. SAMUEL.

12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee but mine hand shall not be upon thee.

13 As saith the proverb of the an-
cients, Wickedness proceedeth from
the wicked: but mine hand shall not
be upon thee.

14 After whom is the king of Is-
rael come out? after whom dost thou
pursue? after a dead dog, after
flea.

15 The LORD therefore be judge,
and judge between me and thee, and
'see, and plead my cause, and † de-
liver me out of thine hand.

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8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes; for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.

9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.

k

10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants nowadays that break away every man from his

master.

+

11'Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be?

& Samuel all the And

Israelites were gathered togeth-sword; and David also girded on er, and lamented him, and buried him

his sword: and there went up after

in his house at Ramah. And David David about four hundred men ;

12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.

13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword.

g 1 Chr. 12. 18. Ps. 122. 7.

Luke 10. 5.

14 ¶ But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the

+Heb.shamed. ver. 15, 21.

i Neh. 8. 10. Esth. 9. 19.

+ Heb. rested.

k Judg. 9. 28. Ps. 73. 7, 8. & 123. 3, 4.

Judg. 8. 6. + Heb.slaugh

ter.

and two hundred m abode by them ch. 30. 24. stuff.

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