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upon them.

d 2 Sam. 18. S2

n ver. 7.

o Ex. 14. 22 Job 1. 10.

at the feet of, &c. ver. 42


e Gen. 33. 11. ch. 31. 26.

p ch. 20. 7.

5.1 Chr. 11. 10, 25, & ch. 18. 17. h ch. 01



i Gen. 32. 13. Prov. 18. 16. & 21. 11.

midst of the

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after you.

gering. or.


B. C.

wilderness to salute our master; and own hand, now d let thine enemies, B. C. about 1060. he trailed on them.

and they that seek evil to my lord, about 1060. † Heb. fler

15 But the men were very good unto be as Nabal.

us, and we were not thurt, neither 27 And now this ! blessing which Or, present. Heb.shamed. missed we any thing, as long as we thine handmaid hath brought unto

were conversant with them, when my lord, let it even be given unto
we were in the fields.

the young men that + follow my + Heb. walk
16 They were "a wall unto us lord.
both by night and day, all the while 28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass Judg. 4. 19,

were with them keeping the of thine handmaid : for the Lord sheep.

will certainly make my lord a sure 2 Kings 5.15 17 Now therefore know and con- house; because lord &


(2 Sam. 7. 11 & fighteth

27. 1 Kings sider what thou wilt do; for Pevil is the battles of the Lord, and evil determined against our master, and hath not been found in thee all thy

against all his household : for he is days.
q Deut. 13. 13. such a son of . Belial, that a 29 Yet a man is risen to pursue
Judg. 19. 22
cannot speak to him.

thee, and to seek thy soul : but the
18 | Then Abigail made haste, and soul of my lord shall be bound in the
*took two hundred loaves, and two bundle of life with the Lord thy God;
bottles of wine, and five sheep ready and the souls of thine enemies, them i Jer. 10. 18.

dressed, and five measures of parch- shall he sling out, t as out of the mid- + Het in the || Or, lumpe. ed corn, and a hundred clusters of dle of a sling.

bought af a rajsins, and two hundred cakes of 30 And it shall come to pass, when sling. figs, and laid them on asses.

the Lord shall have done to my lord 19 And she said unto her servants, according to all the good that he > Gen. 32. 16, *Go on before me; behold, I come hath spoken concerning thee, and

But she told not her hus- shall have appointed thee ruler over band Nabal.

Israel ;
20 And it was so, as she rode on 31 That this shall be tno grief unto + Heb. no stag.
the ass, that she came down by the thee, nor offence of heart unto my

covert of the hill, and, behold, Da- lord, either that thou hast shed
vid and his men came down against blood causeless, or that my lord
her; and she met them.

hath avenged himself: but when
21 Now David had said, Surely in the LORD shall have dealt well with
vain have I kept all that this fellow my lord, then remember thine hand-
hath in the wilderness, so that nothing maid.
was missed of all that pertained unto 3:2 | And David said to Abigail,

him: and he hath 'requited me evil Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, Gen. 24. 2. Prov. 17. 13. for good.

which sent thee this day to meet me: 22 u So and more also do God unto 33 And blessed be thy advice, and the enemies of David, if I * leave of blessed be thou, which hast' kept me

all that pertain to him by the morn- | this day from coming to shed blood, y 1 Kings 14. ing light Yany that pisseth against and from avenging myself with mine the wall.

own hand. 2 Kings 9. 8.

23 And when Abigail saw David, 34 For in very deed, as the Lord z Josh. 15. 18. she hasted, and a lighted off the ass, God of Israel liveth, which hath Judg. 1. 14.

and fell before David on her face, mkept me back from hurting thee,
and bowed herself to the ground, except thou hadst hasted and come

21 And fell at his feet, and said, to meet me, surely there had "not n ver, 22.
Upon me, my lord, upon me let this been left unto Nabal by the morn-

iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, ing light any that pisseth against the + Heb. enrs. I pray thee, speak in thine t audience, wall.

and hear the words of thine hand- 35 So David received of her hand

that which she had brought him, and + He!. lay it 25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, tre- said unto her, °Go up in peace to

2 Sam 15 gard this man of Belial, even Nabal : thine house ; see, I have hearkened 2 Kings 5 ta That is,

Luke 7. 50. for as his name is, so is he; Nabal to thy voice, and have Paccepted thy is his name, and folly is with him : person.

p Gen. 19. 21. but I thine handmaid saw not the 36 ( And Abigail came to Nabal ; young men of my lord, whom thou and, behold, he held a feast in his 92 Sam. 13. 23 didst send.

house, like the feast of a king; and a 2 Kings 2. 2. 26 Now therefore, my lord, * as the Nabal's heart was merry within him,

Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, for he was very drunken: wherefore

seeing the Lord hath withholden she told him nothing, less or more, • Rom. 12. 19. thee from coming to shed blood, and until the morning light. + Heb, siring thysell. from t'avenging thyself with thine 37 But it came to pass in the morn

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Darid marrieth Abigail.


He spareth Saul's life.

ch. 17. 20.


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up, ch. 24. 18.

e ch. 21. 6, 7. 2 Sam. 1. 16.

Prov. 15.

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Ps. 94. 1, 2, 23. Luke 18. 7. Rom. 12.

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B.C. ing, when the wine was gone out of Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, B. C. about 1000. Nabal, and his wife had told him the captain of his host: and Saul lay about 1060. these things, that his heart . died in the il trench, and the people pitch

11 Or, midst of within him, and he became as a ed round about him.

his carriages, stone.

6 Then answered David and said to 38 And it came to pass about ten Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai bch; 14. 50. & days after, that the Lord smote Na- the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, c 1 Chr. 2. 16. bal, that he died.

saying, Who will go down with me d Judg. 7. 10, 39 | And when David heard that to Saul to the camp? And Abishai

Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed said, I will go down with thee. - Prov. 22. 23. be the Lord, that hath .pleaded the 7 So David and Abishai came to the

cause of my reproach from the hand people by night: and, behold, Saul i ver. 3, 34. of Nabal, and hath 'kept his servant lay sleeping within the trench, and

from evil : for the Lord hath "re- his spear stuck in the ground at his H. Pa 7. 16. turned the wickedness of Nabal upon bolster: but Abner and the people

his own head. And David sent and lay round about him.
communed with Abigail, to take her 8 Then said Abishai to David, God
to him to wife.

hath + delivered thine enemy into thine + Heb. shut
40 And when the servants of David hand this day: now therefore let me
were come to Abigail to Carmel, they smite him, I pray thee, with the
spake unto her, saying, David sent spear even to the earth at once,
us unto thee, to take thee to him to and I will not smite him the second

41 And she arose, and bowed her- 9 And David said to Abishai, De-

self on her face to the earth, and said, stroy him not : "for who can stretch ? Ruth 2. 10. Behold, let * thine handmaid be a serv- forth his hand against the Lord's an

ant to wash the feet of the servants ointed, and be guiltless ?
of my lord.

10 David said furthermore, As the
42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, Lord liveth, 'the Lord shall smite ích. 25. 38.

and rode upon an ass, with five dam- him; or 5 his day shall come to die; Web at her sels of hers that went tafter her; and or he shall "descend into battle, and

she went after the messengers of Da- perish.
vid, and became his wife.

11 The Lord forbid that I should 43 David also took Abinoam Yof stretch forth mine hand against the 1 17.3.& Jezreel ; ? and they were also both Lord's anointed : but, I pray thee, of them his wives.

take thou now the spear that is at
44 [ But Saul had given a Michal his bolster, and the cruse of water,
his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti and let us go.
the son of Laish, which was of Gal- 12 So David took the spear and the

cruse of water from Saul's bolster;

and they gat them away, and no man
Saul, upon the information of the Ziphites, pursucth

saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked :
Durid, 5 Darid stayeth Abishai from killing Saul for they were all asleep; because ka
Abner, 18 and exhorteth Saul. 21 Saul acknouh deep sleep from the Lord was fallen
edgeth his sin.
AND the Ziphites came unto Saul

13 | Then David went over to the
to Gibeah, saying, "Doth not other side, and stood on the top of
David hide himself in the hill of a bill afar off; a great space being
Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon ? between them :

2 Then Saul arose, and went down 14 And David cried to the people,
to the wilderness of Ziph, having and to Abner the son of Ner, saying,
three thousand chosen men of Israel | Answerest thou not, Abner? Then
with him, to seek David in the wil- Abner answered and said, Who art
derness of Ziph.

I thou that criest to the king ?
3 And Saul pitched in the hill of 15 And David said to Abner, Art
Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, not thou a valiant man? and who
by the way. But David abode in is like to thee in Israel ? wherefore
the wilderness, and he saw that then hast thou not kept thy lord the
Saul came after him into the wilder- king? for there came one of the

people in to destroy the king thy
4 David therefore sent out spies, and lord.
understood that Saul was come in 16 This thing is not good that thou
very deed.

hast done. As the Lord liveth, ye
5 And David arose, and came to are + worthy to die, because ye have + Heb, the
the place where Saul had pitched: not kept your master, the Lord's
and Da vid beheld the place where anointed. And now see where the

Josh. 15.58.

& See Gen. 47.
29. Deut. 31.
14. Job 7. 1.
& 14. 5. Ps.
37. 13.
h ch. 31, 6.
i ch. 24. 6, 12

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sons of death, 2 Sam. 12. 5.

Saul acknowledgeth his sin.


David fleeth unto Achish.

1 ch 21. 16.

a ch. 25. 13. b ch. 21. 10.

• ch, 25, 3

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a 2 Sam. 16. 11. & 24. 1.

Gen. 8. 21.

o Deut. 4. 28.

Ps. 120. 5. | Heb. clear


P 2 Sam. 14. 16. & 20. 19.

9 ch. 24. 14.

24. 17.

i Josh. 16. 10.

B. C. king's spear is, and the cruse of water 2 And David arose, aand he passed B. C. about 1060. that was at his bolster.

over with the six hundred men that about 10.58. 17 And Saul knew David's voice, were with him bunto Achish, the son and said, 'Is this thy voice, my son of Maoch, king of Gath. David ? And David said, It is my 3 And David dwelt with Achish at voice, my lord, O king.

Gath, he and his men, every man mch. 24. 9, 11. 18 And he said, m Wherefore doth with his household, even David with

my lord thus pursue after his serv- his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreel-
ant? for what have I done? or what itess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Na-
evil is in mine hand ?

bal's wife.
19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let 4 And it was told Saul that David
my lord the king hear the words of was fled to Gath : and he sought no

his servant. If the Lord have "stir- more again for him.
+ Hob, smell, red thee up against me, let him tac- 5 | And David said unto Achish, If

1 Lev. 28. 31.

cept an offering : but if they be the I have now found grace in thine eyes,
children of men, cursed be they be- let them give me a place in some
fore the Lord; o for they have driven town in the country, that I may
me out this day from tabiding in the dwell there : for why should thy serv-
Pinheritance of the Lord, saying, Go, ant dwell in the royal city with
serve other gods.

20 Now therefore, let not my blood 6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that
fall to the earth before the face of day: wherefore a Ziklag pertaineth Sre Josh, 15.
the Lord: for the king of Israel is unto the kings of Judah unto this
come out to seek 4a flea, as when day.
one doth hunt a partridge in the

1 7 And † the time that David dwelt! | Heb. the

number of mountains. in the country of the Philistines was

days. rch. 15. 24. & 21 Then said Saul, "I have sinned : + a full year and four months.

+ Heb. a year return, my son David; for I will no 8 | And David and his men went days

Ser ch. 29. 3. more do thee harm, because my soul up, and invaded • the Geshurites, 'and . ch. 18. 30. was precious in thine eyes this day : the Gezrites, and the 8 Amalekites : Or, Gerzites.

behold, I have played the fool, and for those nations were of old the Josh. 18. 2.
have erred exceedingly.
inhabitants of the land, bas thou

Judg. 1. 2 22 And David answered and said, goest to Shur, even unto the land of & Ex. 17, 16.

Seech 15.7.8. Behold the king's spear! and let one Egypt. of the young men come over and 9 And David smote the land, and fetch it.

left neither man nor woman alive, 23 · The Lord render to every man and took away the sheep, and the his righteousness and his faithfulness: oxen, and the asses, and the camels, for the Lord delivered thee into my and the apparel, and returned, and

1 hand to day, but I would not stretch came to Achish. forth mine hand against the Lord's 10 And Achish said, || Whither have || Or, Did you anointed.

ye made a road to day? And David 24 And, behold, as thy life was much said, Against the south of Judah, and set by this day in mine eyes, so let against the south of the Jerahmeel. See 1 Chr. 2 1 my life be much set by in the eyes ites, and against the south of k the judg. 1. 16. of the Lord, and let him deliver me Kenites. out of all tribulation.

11 And David saved neither man 25 Then Saul said to David, Bless- nor woman alive, to bring tidings to ed be thou, my son David : thou shalt Gath, saying, Lest they should tell both do great things, and also shalt on us, saying, So did David, and so still "prevail. So David went on his will be his manner all the while he way, and Saul returned to his place. dwelleth in the country of the Philis


12 And Achish believed David, sayDarid Aleeth to Gath, and Satul seeketh no more for ing, He hath made his people Israel

5 Achish giveth Ziklag to David. 8 He de tutterly to abhor him; therefore he . Heb. to ceircth Achish.

shall be my servant for ever. about 1058

shall now + perish one day by
the hand of Saul : there is nothing

better for me than that I should Achish putteth confidence in David. 3 Saul, forsaken
speedily escape into the land of the uel appeareth, and maketh knoron to Saul his ap-
Philistines ; and Saul shall despair of

proaching ruin.
me, to seek me any more in any coast NDcame to pass in those days, a ch29. 1.

h Gen. 25. 18.

t Ps. 7. 8. & 18. 20.

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Saul resorteth unto a witch,


Samuel appeareth to him.


ch. 2.1

o Prov. 5. 11,

I ser..
Ex.2. 19.

hand of

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.ch. 31. 1.

Job 18.11.


Prov. 16. 4.

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hand. r ch. 15, 28.

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42. 1 Chr. 10. 13. Jer. 48. 10.

B.C. fight with Israel. And Achish said 14 And he said unto her, † What B. C. about 1056, unto David, Know thou assuredly, form is he of? And she said, An old about 1056. that thou shalt go out with me to man cometh up; and he is covered

+ Heb. What battle, thou and thy men.

with a mantle. And Saul perceived is his form ? 2 And David said to Achish, Surely that it was Samuel, and he stooped nch. 15. 27.

2 Kings 28, thou shalt know what thy servant with his face to the ground, and bowcan do. And Achish said to David, ed himself. Therefore will I make thee keeper of 15 | And Samuel said to Saul, Why mine head for ever.

hast thou disquieted me, to bring me 3 Now Samuel was dead, and all up? And Saul answered, 'I am sore Israel had lamented him, and buried distressed; for the Philistines make 13. 13. & 14. him in Ramah, even in his own city. war against me, and God is departed p ch. 18. 12.

And Saul had put away those that from me, and answereth me no more, q ver. 6. Lt.19.31.4 had familiar spirits, and the wizards, neither + by prophets, nor by dreams : † Heb. by the 2. 7. Deut. out of the land.

therefore I have called thee, that thou

prophets. 4 And the Philistines gathered them- mayest make known unto me what

selves together, and came and pitched I shall do.
Jash. 19. 18. in Shunem: and Saul gathered all 16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore

Israel together, and they pitched in then dost thou ask of me, seeing the

Lord is departed from thee, and is
5 And when Saul saw the host of become thine enemy?
the Philistines, he was afraid, and 17 And the Lord hath done to him, || Or, for him.

self, his heart greatly trembled.

as he spake by + me : for the LORD 6 And when Saul inquired of the hath rent the kingdom out of thine + Heh, mine Lord, the Lord answered him not, hand, and given it to thy neighbour,

neither by "dreams, nor ' by Urim, nor even to David : Sun. 12.6. by prophets.

18 . Because thou obeyedst not the ch. 15. 9.

1 Kings 20. 71 Then said Saul unto his serv- voice of the Lord, nor executedst his ants, Seek me a woman that hath a fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore familiar spirit, that I may go to her, hath the Lord done this thing unto and inquire of her. And his servants thee this day. said to him, Behold, there is a wo- 19 Moreover the LORD will also deman that hath a familiar spirit at liver Israel with thee into the hand En-dor.

of the Philistines : and to morrow 8 And Saul disguised himself, and shalt thou and thy sons be with me: put on other raiment, and he went, the Lord also shall deliver the host and two men with him, and they of Israel into the hand of the Philis

came to the woman by night: and tines. De 13. he said, I pray thee, divine unto 20 Then Saul + fell straightway all + Heb. made me by the familiar spirit, and bring along on the earth, and was sore afraid, I felt scieho the

up, whom I shall name unto because of the words of Samuel : and Julness of his thee.

there was no strength in him ; for he
9 And the woman said unto him, had eaten no bread all the day, nor
Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath all the night.
done, how he hath 'cut off those that 21 [ And the woman came unto Saul,
have familiar spirits, and the wizards, and saw that he was sore troubled,
out of the land: wherefore then layest and said unto him, Behold, thine
thou a snare for my life, to cause me handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and
to die?

I have 'put my life in my hand, and 1 Judg. 12. 3.
10 And Saul sware to her by the have hearkened unto thy words which
Lord, saying, As the Lord liveth, thou spakest unto me.
there shall no punishment happen to 22 Now therefore, I pray thee, heark-
thee for this thing.

en thou also unto the voice of thine i
11 Then said the woman, Whom handmaid, and let me set a morsel of
shall I bring up unto thee ? And he bread before thee; and eat, that thou
said, Bring me up Samuel.

mayest have strength, when thou go-
12 And when the woman saw Sam- est on thy way.
uel, she cried with a loud voice: and 23 But he refused, and said, I will
the woman spake to Saul, saying, not eat. But his servants, together
Why hast thou deceived me for with the woman, compelled him; and
thou art Saul.

he hearkened unto their voice. So he
13 And the king said unto her, Be rose from the earth, and sat upon the
not afraid: for what sawest thou ? bed.
And the woman said unto Saul, I 24 And the woman had a fat calf
saw "gods ascending out of the in the house; and she hasted, and

killed it, and took flour, and kneaded

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The Philistines suspect David.


The Amalekites spoil Zikiag.



a ch. 28. 1.

a 2 Sam. 4.4

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b ch. 4. 1.

c ch, 28, 1, 2,

3 Then said the princes of the Phi; A vid and his men were come


a See ch.15.1 & 7. 8.

e Dan. 6. 5,

B. C. it, and did bake unleavened bread | Philistines have said, He shall not go B. C. about 1056. thereof:

up with us to the battle.

about 1056. 25 And she brought it before Saul, 10 Wherefore now rise up early in and before his servants; and they did the morning with thy master's serveat. Then they rose up, and went ants that are come with thee: and away that night.

as ye be up early in

the morning, and have light, deCHAPTER XXIX.


11 So David and his men rose up
The lords of the Philistines mistrust David. 6

Achish dismisseth him, with commendations of his early to depart in the morning, to

return into the land of the Philis-
TOW a the Philistines gathered tines. And the Philistines went up

together all their armies bto to Jezreel.
Aphek: and the Israelites pitched
by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

2 And the lords of the Philistines
passed on by hundreds, and by thou- The Amalekites spoil Ziklag. 4 Darid by God's

direction pursueth them. 11 and recovereth the spoil,
sands : but David and his men passed 22 David's law for diriding spoil. 20 He sendeth
on in the rearward 'with Achish. presents to his friends.

ND it Da-
listines, What do these Hebrews here?
And Achish said unto the princes of Ziklag on the third day, that the
the Philistines, Is not this David, the Amalekites had invaded the south,

servant of Saul the king of Israel, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and d See ch. 27.7. which hath been with me these days, burned it with fire ;

or these years, and I have found no 2 And had taken the women cap-
fault in him since he fell unto me un- tives, that were therein : they slew
to this day?

not any, either great or small, but
4 And the princes of the Philistines carried them away, and went on their

were wroth with him; and the princes way.
Si Chr. 12. 19. of the Philistines said unto him, 'Make 3 | So David and his men came to

this fellow return, that he may go the city, and, behold, it was burned
again to his place which thou hast with fire; and their wives, and their

appointed him, and let him not go sons, and their daughters, were taken 5 As ch. 14. 21. down with us to battle, lest 5 in the captives.

battle he be an adversary to us : for 4 Then David and the people that
wherewith should he reconcile him- were with him lifted up their voice
self unto his master ? should it not be and wept, until they had no more
with the heads of these men ?

power to weep.
5 Is not this David, of whom they 5 And David's btwo wives were bch. 35. 42,
sang one to another in dances, saying, taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreel-
- Saul slew his thousands, and David itess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal
his ten thousands ?

the Carmelite.
6 [ Then Achish called David, and 6 And David was greatly distressed;
said unto him, Surely, as the LORD ' for the people spake of stoning him,

liveth, thou hast been upright, and because the soul of all the people i 2 Sam. 3. 25. thy going out and thy coming in was + grieved, every man for his sons + Heb, bitter, 2 Kings 19.

with me in the host is good in my and for his daughters : d but David Judg. 18. a sight: for k I have not found evil in encouraged himself in the Lord his

2 Kings 4.27. thee since the day of thy coming unto God.

me unto this day: nevertheless + the 7 e And David said to Abiathar the art not good lords favour thee not. in the eyes of

priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, 7 Wherefore now return, and go in bring me hither the ephod. And ech. 3. 6, 9. + Heb. do not peace, that thou tiisplease not the Abiathar brought thither the ephod lords of the Philistines.

to David. cyes of the

8 | And David said unto Achish, 8 'And David inquired at the LORD, ich. 23. 2, 4. But what have I done ? and what saying, Shall I pursue after this troop?

hast thou found in thy servant so shall I overtake them? And he an+ Heb. before long as I have been t with thee unto swered him, Pursue: for thou shalt thee.

this day, that I may not go fight surely overtake them, and without
against the enemies of my lord the fail recover all.
king ?

9 So David went, he and the
9 And Achish answered and said six hundred men that were with

to David, I know that thou art good him, and came to the brook Besor, 20. am.9.4.217 in my sight, 'as an angel of God: where those that were left behind

notwithstanding, “ the princes of the stayed.

2 Sam 22

h ch. 18. 7. 8 21. 11,

• Ex. 17. 4.

27. k ver. 3.

ch. 1. 10. 2 Sam. 17.&

+ Heb, thou

d Ps. 42.5.& 56. 3, 4, 11. Hab, S. 17, 18.

the lords.

eril in the


m ver. 4.

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