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David recovereth the spoil.
10 But David pursued, he and four about 1056. hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;
19. ch. 14. 27.
12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of So Judg. 15. raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.
13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.
2 Sam. 8.18. 1 Kings 1.38,
14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, EL 25.16. and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.
Zeph. 2. 5. Josh. 14. 13. 15. 13.
Heb, their MOTTOMS.
15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.
16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad
11 Thes. 5. 3. upon all the earth, 'eating and drink-Jattir,
ing, and dancing, because of all the
17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.
18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.
His presents to his friends.
the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, about 1056. he saluted them.
19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: m David recovered all. 20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
21 And David came to the "two
hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet
22 Then answered all the wicked men, and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them aught of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.
23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand.
24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but Pas his part is P See Num. that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
31, 27. Josh. 22.8.
25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute + Heb. and and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
26 ¶ And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you Heb. blessof the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
Gen. 33. 11. ch. 25. 27.
27 To them which were in Beth-el, and to them which were in south 4 Josh. 19. 8. Ramoth, and to them which were in
| Or, asked them how they did, Judg. 18. 15. + Heb. men. o Deut. 13. 13. Judg. 19. 22.
28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshte-Josh. 15. 50. moa,
29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,
30 And to them which were in y Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,
31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
Saul's army defeated. 2 His sons slain. 4 He and
his armourbearer kill themselves. 7 The Philistines possess the forsaken towns of the Israelites. 8 They triumph over the dead bodies of Saul and his 11 The men of Jabesh-gilead recover the bodies by night, burn them, and bury their bones at Jabesh.
r Josh. 15. 48.
s Josh. 13. 16.
u ch. 27. 10.
I Judg. 1. 16.
y Judg. 1. 17.
z Josh. 14. 13.
2 Sam. 2. 1.
The death of Saul.
upon Saul and upon his sons; and about 1056. the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's
e ch. 14. 49.
1 Chr. 8. 33.
3 And the battle went sore against + Heb. shoot Saul, and the † archers + hit him; and
ers, men with bows.
he was sore wounded of the archers. 4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a h 2 Sam. 1. 10. Sword, and fell upon it.
g 2 Sam. 1. 14.
+ Heb. found him.
d See 2 Sam. 1. 6, &c.
So Judg.9.54. Or, mock me.
f ch. 14. 6. &
5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
7¶ And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled;
His body is burned.
and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.
10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
11 And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which Saul, the Philistines had done
12 PAll the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.
13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, ['and fasted seven days.
B. C. 1056.
+ Heb. What was, bre. 1 Sam. 4. 16.
SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL,
THE SECOND BOOK OF THE KINGS.
An Amalekite, bringing tidings of the overthrow of the Israelites, and claiming to have slain Saul, is put to death. 17 David's lamentation over Saut
Sam. 30.17, returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;
>ch. 4. 10.
2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, ba man came out 1 Sam. 4. 12 of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.
3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.
4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.
5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?
6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon 41 Sam. 31. 1. mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.
her 1 Sam. 31. 2, 3, 4
7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And Heb. Behold I answered, + Here am I.
8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.
of mail, or,
9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: Or, my coat for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me. 10 So I stood upon him, and 'slew that my, e him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and
red coat hinSereth me,
(Judg. 9. 54.
I took the crown that was upon his B. C. 1056. head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
11 Then David took hold his
clothes, and sent them, and like
wise all the men that were with him:
12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
13 ¶ And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.
14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD's anointed? 15 And
g ch. 3. 81. & 13. 31.
Num. 12. 8.
i 1 Sam. 31. 4.
k 1 Sam. 24. 6.
& 26. 9. Ps. 105. 15.
David called one of the1 ch. 4. 10, 12. young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.
16 And David said unto him, m Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD's anointed.
20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
21 Ye "mountains of Gilboa, there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is
m1 Sam. 26. 9. 1 Kings 2. 32, 33, 37.
n ver. 10. Luke 19. 22.
17 ¶ And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son :
18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written Pin the book of Jasher :)
19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the migh- | 4 ty fallen!
1 Sam. 31. 3. p Josh. 10. 13. Or, of the upright.
Mic. 1. 10. See Judg. 16.
See Ex. 15. 20. Judg. 11. 34. 1 Sam. 18. 6.
letti Sam. 31. 4.
u 1 Sam. 31. 1.
x So Judg. 5.
23. Job 3.3.
4. Jer. 20. 11.
David king of Judah.
B. C. 1056. vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.
y 1 Sum. 10. 1.
22 From the blood of the slain, from 1 Sam. 18.4. the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty. 23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights; who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.
25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.
I Or, sweet.
a Judg. 14. 18.
1 Sam. 18. 1, 3. & 19. 2. & 20. 17, 41. & 23. 16.
c ver 19.
d1 Sam. 27. 2, 3. & 30. 1.
1 Chr. 12. 1.
e ver. 11. ch. f1 Sam. 31. 11,
g Ruth 2. 20. & 3. 10. Ps. 115. 15.
a Judg. 1. 1.
after this, that David inquired of the LORD, 4,9. & 30.7,8. saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said,
b 1 Sam.30.31. Unto Hebron.
ver. 11. ch. 5. 1, 3.
1 Kings 2. 11.
e 1 Sam. 30, 5.
b 2 Tim. 1. 16, 18.
+ Heb. be ye the sons of valour.
26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of
27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!
David, by God's direction, goeth up to Hebron, where he is made king of Judah. 5 He commendeth the men of Jabesh-gilead for their kindness to Saul. 8 Abner maketh Ish-bosheth king of Israel. 12 A skirmish between the men of Abner and of Joab. 18 Asahel is slain. 25 At Abner's request Joab soundeth a retreat. 32 Asahel's burial.
2 So David went up thither, and his e two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That 'the men of Jabesh-gilead were they that buried Saul. 5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that have shewed this kindye ness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.
6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also
Joab defeateth Abner.
B. C. about 1055
the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.
But Abner the son of Ner, captain of † Saul's host, took Ish-bosheth + Heb. The the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim ;
host which was Saufs ||Or, Eshbaal, 1 Chr. 8. 53. & 9.3.
9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jez-i1 Sam. 14.5€. reel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
10 Ish-bosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David. 11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months. 12 ¶ And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to 1 Gibeon.
14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them
15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which to Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.
1 Josh. 18.
13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and about 1053. the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: + Heb, them and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
m Jer. 41. 12
16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkath-hazzurim, which is in Gibeon.
17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.
20 Then Abner look and said, Art thou Asahel? answered, I am.
21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.
k ch. 5, 5.
behind him, And he
1 Kings 2 11.
22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the
+ Heb. aum ber of days.
18 And there were "three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot Pas a wild roe.
+ Heh, as one
of the roes that is in the
19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from fol- Heb. from lowing Abner.
after Abner P Ps. 18, S Cant. 2. 17, & 8. 14.
That is. The field of strong
a 1 Chr. 2. 16.
1 Chr. 12 &
+ Heb. of his
Or, spoil, Judg. 14. 13
Joab soundeth a retreat.
B. C. about 1053.
ground? how then should I hold up and stronger, and the house of Saul ! face to Joab thy brother? my waxed weaker and weaker.
1ch. S. 27. &
23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside : wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the 16 & 20.10 fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of a hill.
26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?
27 And Joab said, As God liveth, P. 17. 14. unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following
⚫ Heb, from
28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.
30 And Joab returned from following Abner and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.
31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.
32 ¶ And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Beth-lehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.
Abner revolteth to David.
During the war David wazeth stronger. 2 Six sons born to him in Hebron. 6 Abner, displeased with
Ish-bosheth, 12 seeketh terms of David. 13 David re
quireth him first to bring to him Michal his wife.
14 This being done, Abner is entertained by David, and dismissed. 22 Joab, returning from battle, kill eth Abner. 28 David curseth Joab, 31 and mourn
eth for Abner,
a 1 Chr. 3. 1-4.
2 ¶ Anda unto David were sons born in Hebron and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreel- b1 Sam. 25. 43. itess;
1 Chr. 3. 1.
3 And his second, " Chileab, of Abi- || || Or, Daniel, gail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king c of Geshur;
B. C. about 1053.
4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;
5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
6 ¶ And it came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong for the house of Saul.
7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of ch. 21. 8, 10. Aiah: and Ish-bosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou 'gone in unto my father's concubine?
1 Sam. 24. 14. ch. 9. 8. &
8 Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ish-bosheth, and said, Am I a dog's head, which against 8 Deut. 23. 18. Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?
14 And David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I OW there was long war between espoused to me for a hundred foreof David: but David waxed stronger 15 And Ish-bosheth sent, and took
c 1 Sam. 27. 8.
ch. 15. 37.
d 1 Kings 1. 5.
9 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD hath sworn to David, even so I do to him;
10 To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beer-Judg. 20. 1. sheba. 1 Kings 4. 25.
ch. 17. 11.
11 And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.
12 ¶ And Abner sent messengers to about 1048. David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.
13 ¶ And he said, Well; I will make a league with thee: but one thing I require of thee, that is, 'Thou shalt + Heb. saying. not see my face, except thou first bring Michal Saul's daughter, when thou comest to see my face.
1 So Gen. 43.3.
m 1 Sam. 18.20.
f ch. 16. 21.
h Ruth 1. 17.
1 Kings 19.2. 1 Sam. 15. 28.
& 16. 1, 12. &
1 Chr. 12. 23.
n 1 Sam. 18. 25, 27.