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Abner is slain by Joab.
B. C. about 1048.
+ Heb. going and weeping.
o 1 Sam. 25. 44, Phalti.
p ch. 19. 16.
† Heb. both yesterday and the third day.
q ver. 9.
. ver. 10, 12.
t 1 Kings 11. $7.
19 And Abner also spake in the ears r1 Chr. 12. 29. of Benjamin and Abner went also
x 1 Kings 2.5. So ch. 20.9, 10.
her from her husband, even from 28 ¶ And afterward when David
16 And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to P Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.
y ch. 4. 6.
z ch. 2. 23.
17 ¶ And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David tin times past to be king over you:
18 Now then do it: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.
24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou done? behold, Abner came unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, and he is quite gone?
25 Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, 1 Sam. 29.6. and to know "thy going out and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.
Is, 37. 28.
21 And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.
22 T And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop, and brought in a great spoil with them but Abner was not with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace. 23 When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.
David mourneth for him.
31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him,
ch. 1. 2, 11.
to speak in the ears of David in He-Rend your clothes, and gird you a Josh. 7.6.
e Gen. 37. 34.
+ Heb. bed.
20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.
29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, 1 Kings 2 32, 33. and on all his father's house; and let there not fail from the house of Joab + Heb. be cut one that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff, or that falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread.
b Lev. 15. 2
30 So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
† Heb. bloods.
26 And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not.
27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the
gate to speak with him "quietly, and AND when Saul's son heard that
smote him there under fifth rib,
c ch. 2. 23.
32 And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people wept.
33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a 'fool ch. 15. 12, 13, dieth?
34 Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into fetters: as a man falleth before wicked men, so fellest + He chilthou. And all the people wept again over him.
dren of iniquity.
35 And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or aught else, till the sun be down.
The Israelites being troubled at the death of Abner, 2
ch. 12 17.
Jer. 16. 7.
h Ruth 1. 17. ich. 1. 12.
36 And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them as what- Heb. was soever the king did pleased all the people.
good in their eyes.
37 For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner the son of Ner.
38 And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?
39 And I am this day †weak, though † Heb. tender. anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah * be too hard for me: the LORD shall reward the doer of 18ee ch. 19.15. 1 Kings 25, evil according to his wickedness. 6, 35, 34.
k ch. 19. 7.
Ps. 28. 4. &
2 Tim. 4. 14
Abner was dead in Hebron, his Ezra 4. 4. hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.
18. 13. 7. b Matt. 2. 3.
B. C. 2 And Saul's son had two men that about 1018. were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children Josh. 18. 25. of Benjamin: for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin :
3 And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.
4 And Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan 'out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Or, Merib. Mephibosheth.
baal, 1 Chr. 2.34. &9. 40.
4 Neb. 11. 33.
e ch. 9.3.
f1 Sam. 29. 1, 11.
ch. 2. 23.
Gen. 43. 16. P&. 31. 7.
ch. 1. 2, 4, 15. +Heb. he was
in his own eyes as a
was the reward I gave him for his tidings.
Gen. 9. 5, 6.
7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.
19, 11. & 23. 15. & 25, 29.
8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul thine 1 Sam 19.2, enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed. 9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
ch. 1. 15.
5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ish-bosheth, who lay on a bed at noon.
& 12. 23.
THEN came all the tribes of Is- a1 Chr. 11. 1. rael to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy b Gen. 29. 14. bone and thy flesh.
2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that led-1 Sam. 18. 13. dest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD and they anointed David king over Israel. 4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 1 Chr. 26. 31. forty years.
& 29. 27.
6 And they came thither into the
1 Chr. 3. 4.
6 T And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in Or, saying, hither.
10 When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings:
11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now 'require his blood of your hand, and take you away from
David king over Israel.
B. C. about 1048.
12 And David mcommanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in HeBut they took the head of Ish
bosheth, and buried it in the "sepul-
The tribes come to Hebron to anoint David king over
n ch. 3. 32.
& 1 Sam. 16. 1,
12. Ps. 78.71.
See ch. 7. 7.
e 1 Chr. 11. 3.
2 Kings 11.
Judg. 11. 11.
1 Sani. 23. 18.
Judg. 1. 21. Josh. 15. 63. Judg. 1. 8. & 19. 11, 12.
7 Nevertheless, David took the strong hold of Zion: "the same is the city of David.
8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind | Or, Because they had said, and the lame shall not come into the even the blind house. and the lame, He shall not come into the house.
o ver. 7.
m ver. 9.
n1 Chr. 11. 69.
9 So David dwelt in the fort, and
10 And David went on, and grew† Heb. went going and great, and the LORD God of hosts was growing. with him.
11 ¶ And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David a house.
12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake. 13 T And David took him more
+ Heb. hewers
of the stone of the wall.
P1 Kings 5.2.
1 Chr. 14. 1.
q Deut. 17. 17.
1 Chr. 3. 9. & 14. 3.
The Philistines smitten.
concubines and wives out of Jerusaabout 1043. lem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in JerusaOr, Shimea, lem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and
1 Chr. 3. 5.
r1 Chr. 3. 5. & 14. 4.
|| Or, Elishama, 1 Chr. 3. 6.
1 Chr. 14. 7.
1 Chr. 11. 16. & 14. 8.
t ch. 23. 14.
u Josh. 15. 8. Is. 17. 5.
I ch. 2. 1.
1 Sam. 23. 2, 4. & 30. 8.
y Is. 28. 21.
That is, The plain of breaches.
b ver. 19.
e So 2 Kings 7.6.
d Judg. 4. 14.
Or, took them away. z Deut. 7. 5, 25. 1 Chr. 14.
And the Philistines came up
a 1 Chr. 14. 13. yet again, and spread themselves in
the valley of Rephaim.
23 And when David inquired of
a 1 Chr. 13. 5, 6.
19 And David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
Nathan, and Solomon,
3 And they set the ark of God c
17 ¶ But when the Philistines heard
5 And David and all the house of
6 And when they came to Na- 1 Chr. 13. 9, chon's threshingfloor, Uzzah fput forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.
Chidon. I See Num. 4. 15.
20 And David came to Baal-perazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim.
21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the e 1 Chr. 14. 16, Philistines from 6 'Geba until thou Gibeon. come to Gazer.
f Josh. 16. 10.
The ark brought to Zion.
all the people that were with him B. C. 1042.
David fetcheth the ark from Kirjath-jearim on a new
10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite.
11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months: and the LORD
Or, Baalah, that is, Kir jath-jearim, Josh. 15. 9, 60. | Or, at which the name,
even the name of the LORD of hosts, was called upon.
2 And David arose, and went with of the trumpet.
+ Heb. made to ride.
Or, The hill. † Heb. with
b 1 Sam. 4. 4. Ps. 80. 1.
7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah, and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.
8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon + Heb. broken. Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perez-uzzah to this day. 9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark b Ps. 119. 120, of the LORD come to me?
See Luke 5. 8, 9.
with shouting, and with the sound
c See Num. 7.
9. 1 Sam. 6. 7.
d 1 Sam. 7. 1.
be, when thou hear-blessed Obed-edom, and all his house-1 Gen. 30. 27. est the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
8 1 Sam. 6. 19. Or, rashness.
|| That is, The breach of Uzzah.
13 And it was so, that when "they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.
• See 1 Kings 8.5.1 Chr. 15. 26.
14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David Pee Ex. 15. was girded with a linen ephod. 1
20. Ps. 30. 11. q 1 Sam. 2, 18. 1 Chr. 15, 2. r1 Chr. 15, 28.
AGAIN, David gathered together 15 David and art of the use of
So all the
i1 Chr. 13. 13. k1 Chr. 13. 14.
12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obed-edom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. "So David went and brought 1 Chr. 15.25. up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of David with gladness.
n Num. 4. 15.
Josh. S. S.
1 Chr. 15, 2 15.
Michal reproveth David.
B. C. 1042.
1 Chr. 15. 29.
1 Chr. 16. 1.
1 Chr. 15. 1.
Ps. 132. 8.
And they brought in the ark
offered burnt offerings and peace of-
18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings 71 Kings 8.55. and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of
1 16. 2.
* 1 Kings 8.5, €2,63.
#1 Chr. 16. 3.
about 1042. ▲ P. 30, title.
b ver. 14, 16.
1 Sam. 19. 24.
Judg. 9. 4. | Or, openly.
41 Sam. 13. 14. 15. 28.
16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
4 Ex. 25. 1. &40. 21.
• See 1 Sam.
23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day 15.15 18. 22 of her death.
14. Matt. 1.
19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.
20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!
21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.
22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.
God's promises to David.
that the word of the LORD came unto B. C. 1042. Nathan, saying,
5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, 'Shalt thou build me a house for me to dwell in? 6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in
2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, Kings 8.17, do all that is in thine heart; for the
18. 1 Chr. 22. 7.& 28.2.
LORD is with thee.
4¶ And it came to pass that night,
7 In all the places wherein I have i walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me a house of cedar?
Heb. to my
servant, to David.
12 T And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
See 1 Kings
5. 3. & 8. 19.
1 Chr. 22. 8.
& 28. 3.
g1 Kings 8.16.
h Ex. 40. 18,
any of the
14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the chil
1 Chr. 17. 6.
8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, 'I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the Heb. from sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
ch. 5. 10. & 8. 6, 14.
9 And I was with thee whither- m1 Sam. 18.14. soever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight,† Heb. from and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
n 1 Sam. 31.6. Ps. 89. 23.
• Gen. 12. 2.
80. 8. Jer. 24.
6. Am. 9. 15.
10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant P Ps. 44. 2. & them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wick- a Ps. 89. 22. edness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
ch. 5. 2.
Matt. 2. 6.
11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have 'caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make Ex. 1. 21. thee a house.
1 Kings11.38. u 1 Kings 2. 1.
Deut. 31. 16.
1 Kings 1,21. Acts 13. 36.
1 Kings 8.20.
Ps. 132. 11.
11 Sam. 16. 11, 12. Ps. 78. 70.
r Judg. 2. 14,
15, 16. 1 Sam. 12. 9. 11. Ps. 106. 42. s ver. 1.
13 He shall build a house for my z 1 Kings 5.5. name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
& 6. 12. & 8. 19. 1 Chr. 22. 10. & 28. 6.
a ver. 16.
Ps. 89. 4, 29, 36, 37.
Ps. 89. 26, 27.
Heb. 1. 5.
e Ps. 89. 30, 31, 32, 33.
B. C. 1042.
f Gen. 32. 10.
g ver. 12, 13.
h Is. 55. 8.
+ Heb. law.
i Gen. 18. 19. Ps. 139. 1.
k1 Chr. 16. 25. 2 Chr. 2. 5. Ps. 48. 1. & 86. 10. & 96. 4. & 135, 5. & 145.3. Jer. 10.
1 Deut. 3. 24.
39. 1 Sam. 2.
2. Ps. 86. 8. &
5, 18, 22.
m Deut. 4. 7,
o Deut. 26. 18.
P Ps. 48. 14.
+ Heb. opened 4.4. 1 Sam.9.
the car, Ruth
q John 17. 17.
+ Heb. be thou pleased and bless.
r ch. 22. 51.
19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord God; § but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
18 Then went king in,
sat before the LORD, and he said AND after this it came to pass,
Who am I, O Lord God? and what
that David smote the Philistines,
c ver. 6, & 14.
2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's Ps. 72. 10. servants, and brought gifts. 3 David smote also Hadadezer, Or, Hadathe son of Rehob, king of * Zobah, as rezer, 1 Chr. 18. 3. he went to recover 'his border at the river Euphrates.
See 1 Sam. 10. 27.
4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred | horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them 5 Josh. 11. 6, 9. for a hundred chariots.
23, 24, 25,
5 And when the Syrians of Da- 1 Kings 11. mascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus : and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved Da-k ver. 14. ch. 7. vid whithersoever he went.
7 And David took the shields of 1 See 1 Kings gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
He subdueth his enemies.
27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee a house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. 28 And now, O Lord GoD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant :
29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
B. C. 1010.
a1 Chr. 18. 1,
Or, The "bridle of Ammah.
b Num. 24. 17.
David subdueth the Philistines and the Moabites. 3
14 ¶ And he put garrisons in Edom;
ents and the spoil David dedicateth to God. 14 He
sons, and all they of Edom became
ch. 10. 6. Ps. 60, title.
Or, of his.
As 1 Chr. 18.
! See Gen. 15.
8 And from Betah, and from " Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
9 ¶ When Toi king of Hamath To, 1 Chr. heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
10 Then Toi sent m Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and Heb. ask him of peace. to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him : for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. † Heb, was a And Joram + brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
man of wars with.
11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
i ver. 2.
Or, Chun, 1 Chr. 18. &
m 1 Chr. 18. 10, Hadoras.
+ Heb. in his hand were.
n 1 Kings 7.
51. 1 Chr. 18. 11. & 26. 26.
• 2 Kings 14. 7.
13 And David gat him a name when he returned from tsmiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, P being Or, slaying. eighteen thousand men.
p See 1 Chr.
18. 12. Ps. 60, title.
+ Heb. his
q Gen. 27. 29,
37, 40. Num 24. 18.