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His kindness to Mephibosheth.

B. C.

David's servants. And the LORD about 1010. preserved David whithersoever he

r ver. 6.

ch. 19. 13. & 29.3.

1 Chr. 11. 6.

& 18. 15.

t1 Kings 4. 3.
1 Or, remen-
brancer, of,
veriter of
1 Car. 24. 3.

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⚫ ch. 17. 27.

Sam 18. 3. that I may shew him kindness for

Jonathan's sake?

31. 14, 15, 15. 17, 42. Prov, 27. 10. ch. 16. 1. & 1. 17, 29.

2 And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.

3 And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I e1 Sam. 29. 14. may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet.

4 And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lo-debar.


1 Merib-baal,

1 Chr. 6. 94.


15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and 'Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

17 And "Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

f ver. 1, 3.

A See ch. 16.

4. & 19.29.

all that pertained to Saul and to all
his house.

David's messengers abused.

B. C. about 1040.

10 Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.

11 Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's


12 And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha.


David inquireth for the descendants of Saul. 6 His all that dwelt in the house of Ziba
were servants unto Mephibosheth.
13 So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jeru-
salem: for he did eat continually

kind reception of Mephibosheth. 9 The provision
made for him by David.

ND David said, Is there yet any

on both his feet.

5¶ Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lo-debar.

6 Now when "Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant!

7 ¶ And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.

ch 16.9.

8 And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou should-be i am 24.14. est look upon such a dead dog as I am? 9 Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's son


David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun, are shame-
fully treated. 6 The Ammonites, strengthened by
the Syrians, are overcome by Joab and Abishai. 15
The Syrians are again defeated.

And11 Chr. 8. 34.


i ver. 7, 11, 13. ch. 19. 28.

k ch. 19. 17.

about 1037.


that the king of the children 1 Chr. 19. 1, of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.

2 Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.

m ver. 7, 1.


thine eyes doth David.

3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth + Heb. In honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their bls. 20. 4. & buttocks, and sent them away.

47. 2.

5 When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards grown, and then return.

c Gen. 34. 30. Ex. 5. 21.

6 ¶ And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Beth-rehob, and|4 ch. 8. 3, 5. the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand

1 Sam. 13. 4.

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about 1036.

|| That is, Euphrates.

Il Or, Shophạch, 1 Chr. 19. 16.



11 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.

g Deut. 31. 6. h1 Sam. 4. 9.


12 Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and 1 Cor. 16. 13. for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.

i 1 Sam. 3. 18.

13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.

k1 Chr. 19. 18, footmen.

footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ish-tob twelve thousand men.

1 ch. 8. 6.

mighty men.

8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ish-tob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

9 When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Am

14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

15 ¶ And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river; and they came to Helam: and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.

18 And the Syrians fled before 1srael; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.

19 And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and 'served them.

The adultery of David.

B. C. about 1036.

So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.


Joab besiegeth Rabbah. 2 David committeth adultery with Bath-sheba. 6 His attempt to conceal his adultery. 14 He plotteth the death of Uriah. 17 Uriah is slain; and Joab sendeth word to David. 26 David taketh Bath-sheba to wife.

about 1035.

AND it came to pass, & after the + Fluh, at the

year was

return of

1 Kings 20.
22, 26. 2 Chr.
36. 10.


time when kings go forth to battle, that a David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they a1 Chr. 20. L. destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.

2 ¶ And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, band walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.

3 And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bath-sheba, the daughter Or, Bathof "Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?


1 Chr 3.5

Or. Ammiel.

4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; "for she was 'purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.


5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.

6¶ And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.

7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered.

8 And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and there + followed him a mess of meat from the king.

9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.

Deut. 22.8.

Gen. $4. 2.

Job 31. 1.
Matt. 5, 28.

d ch. 23. $9.

• Ps. 51. title.

James 1. 14. Or, and when she had purified herself, &c., she returned. f Lev. 15. 19, 28. & 18. 19.

Heb. of the peace of, &c.

g Gen. 18. 4. & 19. 2.

+ Heb. teen! out after him.

10 And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house?

11 And Uriah said unto David, "The h ch. 7. 2, 6. ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the ch. 20, 6. servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou

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Uriah slain in battle.


The parable of Nathan.

B. C. livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will | Joab, Let not this thing + displease about 1035. not do this thing. thee, for the sword devoureth tone as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and in be evil overthrow it: and encourage thou+ Heb. so and him.

thine eyes.


26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. 27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to

his house, and she became his wife, a ch. 12. 9. and bare him a son. But the thing

12 And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and tomorrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the mor



13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and Gen. 1933, he made him drunk and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.



21. &, 9.

And it came to pass in the Seel Kings morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of

B strong. the hottest battle, and retire ye Heb, from†from him, that he may be smitten, and die.

after him. ch 12 9

observed the city, that he assigned
Uriah unto a place where he knew
that valiant men were.

17 And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.

ND the LORD sent Nathan unto about 1034.

And it came to pass, when Joab A David. And he came unto him, apod., the


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that David had done † displeased the + Heb. was LORD.

evil in the eyes of.


Nathan's parable of the ewe lamb. 7 He applieth it
to David, who confesseth his sin, and is pardoned.
15 David's conduct upon the sickness and death of
the child. 24 Solomon is born. 26 Rabbah is ta

B. C. about 1035.


and said unto him, There were two
men in one city; the one rich, and
the other poor.

2 The rich man had exceeding many
flocks and herds :

3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own + meat, and drank of his own cup, and † Heb. morsel. lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.

b See ch. 14. 5,

&c. 1 Kings 20. 35-41. Is. 5. 3.

4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.

5 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall Or, is wor surely die :

thy to die, or, is a son of death, 1 Sam. 26. 16.

6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

7 ¶ And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king 41 Sam. 16. over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;


8 And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.

© Ex. 22. 1. Luke 19. 8.

e See 1 Sam. 15. 19.

f Num. 15. 31.

9 Wherefore hast thou 'despised | the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed | 17, 27.

g ch. 11. 15, 16,

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11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this

q Ruth 3. 3.


12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.

n ch. 24. 10. Job 7. 21. Ps. 32. 1. Mic. 7.

14 Howbeit, because by this deed 18. Zech. 3.4. thou hast given great occasion to the

enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.

15 ¶ And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.

r Job 1. 20.

LORD also hath "put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

16 David therefore besought God Heb. fasted for the child; and David † fasted, and went in, and Play all night upon the earth.

a fast. P ch. 13. 31.

18 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: hurt. how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead?

17 And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.

19 But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.

20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and 'worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat. 21 Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for

The birth of Solomon.

B. C.

the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise about 1034. and eat bread.

22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether God will be gracious to me, that the child may live?

23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but the shall not return to me.

27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters.

24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and "she bare a u Matt. 1.6. son, and he called his name Solo-1 Chr. 22.9. mon: and the LORD loved him.

25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the That is. BeLORD.

lored of the LORD.

26 ¶ And Joab fought against Rab- 71 Chr. 20.1. bah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.

z Deut. & 11.

my name.

29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.

See Is. S&. 1. 5. Jonah S.9

t Job 7.8,9,10.

28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after + Heb. my

name be call

ed upon it

31 And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.


Amnon defileth Tamar his sister. 15 He thereupon hateth her, and turneth her away. 19 Absalom receiveth her, 23 and purposeth the death of his broth28 Amnon is slain. 30 David's grief at the news of it. 37 Absalom fleeth to Talmai at Geshur.



30 And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abun- Heb. very dance.


a 1 Chr. 20. 2

AND it came to pass after this about 1032.

a that Absalom the son of David a ch. 3. 2, S. had a fair sister, whose name was b Tamar; and Amnon the son of Da-b1 Chr. 3. 9. vid loved her.

2 And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar;

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Tamar defiled by Amnon.

B. C.

for she was a virgin; and † Amnon about 1032. thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.

The purpose of Absalom.

B. C.

with he hated her was greater than
the love wherewith he had loved her. about 1032.
And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be

16 And she said unto him, There
is no cause this evil in sending me
away is greater than the other that
thou didst unto me. But he would
not hearken unto her.

17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.

18 And she had a garment of divers colours upon her for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.

19 And Tamar put mashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath + Amnon thy brother + Heb. Ami


been with thee? but hold now thy
peace, my sister: he is thy brother;

7 Then David sent home to Tamar,
saying, Go now to thy brother Am-regard not this thing. So Tamar re-
non's house, and dress him meat.

8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. Or, paste. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes.

And she took a pan, and poured
them out before him; but he refused
to eat.
And Amnon said, "Have out
all men from me.
And they went
out every man from him.
10 And Amnon said unto Tamar,
Bring the meat into the chamber, that
I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar
took the cakes which she had made,
and brought them into the chamber to
Amnon her brother.

11 And when she had brought them G 39. 12 unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.

12 And she answered him, Nay, my

Heh, it was marvellous,

hidden in the eyes of


See 1 Sam.

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Heb. in

Heb, morn iny by mornIng.

Gen. 18.6.

Gen. 45.1.

3 But Amnon had a friend, whose
name was Jonadab, the son of Shim-
eah David's brother: and Jonadab was
a very subtile man.


4 And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, † lean + from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister. 5 And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.


So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick; and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat

at her hand.


2 • Heb. it might not so * be done. Ler. 12.9. 17. 21. 17.

*Ce 34.7.
Ade. 19. 23. Now

See Lev. 18.

Heb. with great hatred greatly.

mained desolate in her brother Ab

salom's house.

14 Howbeit he would not hearken Det 22. 25 than she, unto her voice: but, being stronger * forced her, and lay with

See ch. 12.11.


Then Amnon hated her ceedingly


all these things, he was very wroth.
21 ¶ But when king David heard of

22 And Absalom spake unto his
brother Amnon neither good nor

bad: for Absalom Phated Amnon, be-
cause he had forced his sister Tamar.

He humble brother, do not force me; for tno not go, but blessed him.

Gen. $4.



such thing ought to be done in Is-
do not thou this folly.
13 And I, whither shall I cause my
shame to go? and as for thee, thou
shalt be as one of the fools in Israel.
therefore, I pray thee, speak
unto the king; for he will not with-go with him.
hold me from thee.

24 And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant.

25 And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And

he pressed him: howbeit he would

26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray
thee, let my brother Amnon go with
And the king said unto him,
Why should he go with thee?

27 But Absalom pressed him, that
he let Amnon and all the king's sons

1 Gen. 37. 3. Judg. 5. 30. Ps. 45. 14.


23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheep-4 See Gen. 38. shearers in Baal-hazor, which is be

12, 13. 1 Sam.
25. 4, 36.

side Ephraim: and Absalom invited
all the king's sons.

m Josh. 7. 6.

ch. 1. 2. Job

2. 12.

n Jer. 2. 37.

; so that the hatred where-ageous, and be

+ Heb. set not
thine heart.
+ Heb. and

o Gen. 24. 50.

& 31. 24.

p Lev. 19. 17, 18.

r Judg. 19. 6,

9, 22. Ruth 3. 7. 1 Sam. 25.

28 Now Absalom had commanded

36. Esth. 1. 10. Ps. 104.


his servants, saying, Mark ye now
when Amnon's heart is merry with Or, will you
wine, and when I say unto you, Smite
Amnon; then kill him, fear not:


ex-have not I commanded you? be cour

have commanded you? Josh. 1. 9. + Heb. sons of valour.


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