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The evil reign of Ahaz.

B. C.

about 742.

42 Chr. 28. 1,


Deut. 12. $1.



2 Chr. 28.3. Pa. 196. 37, 32

3 But he walked in the way of the Lev. 18. 21. kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.

4 Dent, 12. 2 1 Kings 14.

742. 18.7.1, 4, to

ch. 15. 29.

+ Heb. Til pata-pilener, I Cor. 5. 3.


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The wicked reign of Ahaz. 5 He, assailed by Rezin

and Pekah, hireth Tiglath-pileser against them.

10 He goeth to Damascus, and sendeth thence the
pattern of an altar for the temple. 17 He spoileth
the temple. 19 Hezekiah succeedeth him.

the seventeenth year of Pekah


son of Jotham king of Judah began
to reign.

2 Twenty years old was Ahaz when
he began to reign, and reigned six-
teen years in Jerusalem, and did not
that which was right in the sight of
the LORD his God, like David his fa-

740. het. 12. 13. Bee 2 Chr.


4 And he sacrificed and burnt in-
cense in the high places, and on the
hills, and under every green tree.
5 Then Rezin king of Syria, and
Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel,
came up to Jerusalem to war: and
they besieged Ahaz, but could not
overcome him.

6 At that time Rezin king of Syria 'recovered Elath to Syria, and drave

8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.

9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria +Heb. Dam-went up against Damascus, and took


Am. 1.5.

ch 14 22

Heb. Eloth. the Jews from Elath: and the Syr-Pthe sea from off the brazen oxen

ians came to Elath, and dwelt there
unto this day.

that were under it, and put it upon
a pavement of stones.


7 So Ahaz sent messengers to + Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

18 And the covert for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he from the house of the LORD for the king of Assyria.

19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah?

10 And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.

11 And Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus : so Urijah the priest made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus.

He spoileth the temple.


B. C. 740.

altar and the king approached to
the altar, and offered thereon.


13 And he burnt his burnt offering 2 Chr. 26. 16, and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of this peace offerings, upon the altar.

12 And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the

14 And he brought also 'the brazen altar, which was before the LORD, from the forefront of the house, from between the altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the north side of the altar.

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it, and carried the people of it captive Hoshea's wicked reign. 3 Being subdued by Shalma-
to Kir, and slew Rezin.

neser, he conspireth against him with So king of
Egypt. 5 The ten tribes, for their sins, are subdued
and carried into captivity. 24 The strange nations
which were transplanted to Samaria. 25 Being
plagued with lions, they partially introduce the
worship of the true God."


17 And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the 2 Chr. 28. 24. laver from off them; and took down

• 1 Kings 7. 27, 28.

N the twelfth year of Ahaz king


of Elah to reign in Samaria over Is-
rael nine years.

† Heb. which

were his.

12 Chr. 4. 1.


20 And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in 42 Chr. 28. 27. the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.


2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him. 3¶ Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.

m Ex. 29. 39, 40, 41.

P1 Kings 7. 23, 25.


a ch. 15. 30.

b ch. 18. 9.
+Heb. render-

ed, 2 Sam. 8.


Or, tribute.

Israel is subdued and

B. C. 730.



c ch. 18. 9.


d ch. 18. 10, 11.

Hos. 13. 16.

e Lev. 26. 32.

$3. Deut. 28.

36, 64. & 29.
27, 28.

f 1 Chr. 5. 26.

g Lev. 18. 3. Deut. 18. 9. ch. 16. 3.

h ch. 18. 8.

m Ex. 20. 3, 4. Lev. 26. 1. Deut. 5, 7, 8. n Deut. 4. 19.

9 And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, h from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.

+ Heb. statues. i 1 Kings 14.

10 And they set them up images 23. 1s. 57. 5. and groves in every high hill, and

k Ex. 34. 13.
Deut. 16. 21.
Mic. 5. 14.
1 Deut. 12. 2.
ch. 16. 4.

+ Heb. by the hand of all.

r Deut. 29. 25.

4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.

5 T Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.

Deut. 32. 21. 1 Kings 16.13.

1 Cor. 8. 4.

6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and e carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.


13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, † by all the prophets, and by all the seers, sayTurn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. 14 Notwithstanding, they would not 4 Deut. 31. 27. hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.


Prov. 23. 1.

t Ps. 115, 8. Rom. 1. 21.


7 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,

8 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.

o 1 Sam. 9. 9.

P Jer. 18. 11.&ing, 25. 5. & 35.15.

under every green tree :

11 And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger:

12 For they served idols," whereof the LORD had said unto them, "Ye shall not do this thing.


15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning

carried into captivity.

whom the LORD had charged them, B. C. 721. that they should "not do like them.

16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, 2 and served Baal.

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u Deut. 12 $0 31.

x Ex. 32 8.

1 Kings 12.22

ch. 16. 3.

Ez. 23. 37.

17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the Lev. 18. 21. fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.


b Deut. 18. 10. c 1 Kings 21.


18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left d but the tribe of Judah only.

26 Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.

y 1 Kings 14.

15, 23. & 15

13, & 16. 33. 2 1 Kings 16. 31. & 22. 53.

ch. 11. 13.

27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from

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21 For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin.

22 For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them;

k ver. 6.


23 Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by 1 Kings 14. all his servants the prophets. * So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day. 24 And the king of Assyria brought men m from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.


25 And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew some of them.

81 Kings 11. 11, SI.

h1 Kings 12. 20, 28.

about 678. 1 Ezra 42, 10

m See ver. 30, n ch. 18. 34. Ivah.

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Zeph. 1. 5.

sy from thrace.

33 They feared the LORD, and served their own gods, after the manner Oro car of the nations whom they carried away from thence.

ried thems

34 Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel; 35 With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, "Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them:

Gen 32 28. 4 53, 10, 1 Kings 11. 31.

Judg. 6. 10.

1 Ex. 20. 5.


Deut. 5. 32.

thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land.

28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Beth-el, and taught them how they should fear the LORD. 29 Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt. 30 And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,


Deut. 4. 23.

!ver. 32, 33.

Ex. 6.6.

36 But the LORD, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a stretched out arm, Deut 10. 20. him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice.

32 So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.

37 And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, 'ye shall observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods.

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Hezekiah's good reign.

B. C. about 726.


Hezekiah's good reign. 4 He destroyeth idolatry, and prospereth. 9 The ten tribes are carried away captive for their sins. 13 Sennacherib invading Judah is pacified by a tribute. 17 Rab-shakeh, sent by Sennacherib, revileth Hezekiah, and exhorteth the people to revolt.

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b 2 Chr. 29. 1, Abijah.

2 Chr. 31. 1. +Heb.statues.

11 PAnd the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the

cities of the Medes:

4 Num. 21. 9.

5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.

g Deut. 10. 20. Josh. 23. 8.

6 For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following him, Heb. from but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses.

after him.

That is, A piece of brass. e ch. 19. 10. Job 13. 15. Ps. 13. 5.

f ch. 23. 25.

7 And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him ch. 16. 7. not.

11 Chr. 4. 41. Is. 14. 29.

8 'He smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, + Heb. Azzah. "from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.

m ch. 17. 9.

about 723.

9 And it came to pass in the ch. 17. 3. fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.

10 And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.

h 2 Chr. 15. 2.

i 1 Sam. 18. 5, 14. Ps. 60. 12. about 725.

about 721.

a ch. 17, 6.

p ch. 17. 6.

41 Chr. 5. 26.

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Sennacherib invadeth Judah.

B. C. 713.

of king Hezekiah did †Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all +Heb. San- the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.


t ch. 16. 8.

Heb. them.

about 710.

17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rab-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with Heb. heavy. a great host against Jerusalem: and they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, “which is in the highway of the fuller's field.

u Is. 7. S.


II Or, secre tary.

14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.

15 And Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house.

16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

18 And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.

19 And Rab-shakeh said unto them, Speak ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Asx 2 Chr. 32. 10. syria, * What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?


z ver. 4.

2 Chr. 31. 1. & 32. 12.

of the lips.

Or, But counsel and strength are for the war. +Heb. trustest thee.

Or, talkest. 20 Thou sayest, (but they are but Heb. wordt vain words,) "I have counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?

y Ez. 29. 6, 7.

21 Now, behold, thou † trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.

22 But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God is not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem ?

23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give || Or, hostages. pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thouIsand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. 24 How then wilt thou turn away

Rab-shakeh's insulting speech.

B. C. about 710.

the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen ?

25 Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, Go up against this land, and destroy it. 26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

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31 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Maker, Seek my an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern :


Heb. Make with me a blessing, Gen. 32. 20. & 38. 11. Prov. 18. 16. I Or, pit.

32 Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land Deut. 8. 7, 8. of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, The LORD will deliver us.


33 Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? 34 Where are the gods of Hamath, ch. 19. 13. and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?


Or, deceiv


ch. 19. 12

2 Chr. 32. 14. Is. 10. 10, 11.

e ch. 17. 24 Ava

35 Who are they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that Dan. 3. 15. the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?

36 But the people held their peace,

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The distress of Hezekiah.

B. C.

and answered him not a word: for about 710. the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.

8 Is. 35. 7.

a Is. 37. 1, &c.

Lake 3. 4, Exide

Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.

2 And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.

3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of Or, provoca- trouble, and of rebuke, and blasphemy for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.

+25am. 16. 12.

4 ch. 18. 35.

4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rab-shakeh, d whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the ⚫Heb. found. remnant that are left.


5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.


6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. 7 Behold, I will send a blast upon 3. Jer. 51.1. him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

Amer. 35, 38,

• Pe. 50. 21.

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(ch. 18. 17.


ch. 13. 14. 710. * See 1 Sam.

37 Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rab-shakeh.

Te 18.5.


Hezekiah sendeth to Isaiah to pray for deliverance. 6 Isaiah comforteth him. 8 Sennacherib sendeth a

blasphemous letter to Hezekiah. 14 Hezekiah's prayer. 20 Isaiah foretelleth the destruction of

Sennacherib, and the safety of Zion. 35 An angel slayeth the Assyrians. 36 Sennacherib is slain at Nineveh by his own sons.

8 So Rab-shakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.

9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee; he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,

His prayer for deliverance.

delivered into the hand of the king of B. C. 710. Assyria.

10 Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be

11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered?


12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of " Eden which were in Thelasar?

and read it: and Hezekiah went up into the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.

13 Where is the king of Hamath, ch. 18. 34. and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?

14 PAnd Hezekiah received the pls. 37. 14, &c.

m ch. 18. 33.

n Ez. 27. 23.

15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, cherubim, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.

16 LORD, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, LORD, thine eyes, and see and hear the words of Sennacherib, " which hath sent him to reproach the living God.

17 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands,

18 And have cast their gods into + Heb. given. the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.

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