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whether, in views of general expediency ed master of the field of battle, and the and policy, they are not justified in so Turks had fled in every direction. Aldoing

together, the affairs of the Greeks are PRUSSIA.-Now that plans for the going on in the most prosperous style. reduction of national debt are spoken of The military chiefs are submitting to the or carrying into execution in so many General Government, and the deliverance countries, his Majesty of Prussia has a. of the classical soil is every day rendered dopted a course whimsical one-to less doubtful. The Greeks have made effect the same end. Instead of a regu great progress lately in knowledge and larly operating sinking-fund, a lottery is literature. Five newspapers are now to be drawn twice a year, to determine published in Greece, viz. :-Two at Mis. what public bonds shall be paid off. The solunghi, one at Hydra, one at Athens, holders of the numbers drawn will then and one at Psara. receive the full nominal amount of their principal. The scheme appears to have

ASIA. had a favourable effect on the public se.

New South Wales.— Improvements curities, which rose to the unprecedented

of every description are multiplying in price of 95, before the official publica.

this colony ; a stage-coach, for instance, tion of the Royal ordinance. His Ma

with four horses, runs daily between the jesty has also been employed in a less

towns of Sydney and Paramatta, and a gracious duty, that of repressing the pe.

handsome two-horse spring caravan, fit. tition of his Rhenish subjects. It seems that the communes were in the habit of

ted up for passengers, also runs between

these places. They were paying so well, joining together to strengthen their re

that a second caravan was preparing to presentations, which are sometimes laid before the Government “ with signatures

run between Sydney and Paramatta, a

third between Paramatta and Liverpool, filling entire sheets of paper." This

and a stage-coach betweeen Paramatta course has given great offence to his Ma.

and Windsor, so that travellers could projesty, who, by a Cabinet order, has for.

ceed in daily stages to all the well-settled bidden it altogether ; in future, each com

parts of the colony. The outlet of a mune is to petition for itself alone. GREECE.--All the accounts, received

much larger river than any yet discover.

ed, has lately been found in Moreton through various channels, are favourable to the cause of independence in this

Bay, about the latitude of 28. It flows

through a rich, well-wooded country ; it country. Greek valour has again suc.

has usually from three to nine fathoms cessfully defended the passes of Thermo.

water; and as it comes from the scuthpylæ. The contest was one of the most obstinate by which even this sanguinary

west, in the direction of the Macquarrie struggle has been distinguished.

marshes, it is supposed to be the outlet

The Pacha was encamped at Larissa, whence

of the Macquarrie River. The discovery he proceeded to force the passes. The

cannot fail to prove of immense advan. Greeks defended them with the most de

tage to this colony, more especially if

it turn out to be the outlet of the Mactermined fortitude, and, notwithstanding a series of attacks of the most desperate

quarrie. fury, finally repulsed their assailants with considerable loss. The Pacha fell back

AFRICA. upon Larissa, where it was understood CAPE COAST.-It now appears, from he was waiting the arrival of some rein the dispatches of Major Chisholm, which forcements from Romelia. This event arrived at Earl Bathurst's office on the is of the highest importance to the Greek 17th June, in charge of Captain Laing

Dervish Pacha is not only the of the Royal African Colonial Corps, that Turkish Generalissimo, but confessedly the reports of Sir Charles M'Carthy's dee one of the best Captains in the Turkish feat and death, which reached this counarmy. His defeat, therefore, will pro. try in the beginning of May, were essenduce the most decisive effects through- tially correct, though they did not put out all the provinces of Greece. In or. us in possession of the particulars of the der to ensure the greatest advantages engagement, or of the previous movefrom this repulse, Prince Mavrocordato, ments of Sir Charles's army. The disthe President of the Greek Government, patches are dated Cape Coast Castle, marched with a body of picked troops March 16, and consist of a relation by against the Turks under Omer Vrione. Major Chisholm of the preparations The corps of Constantinc Bozzaris have made for opposing the Ashantees, of had an engagement with the troops un. some notice of the views which led to der the Pacha of Scutari. The Greeks the sending off of two divisions of the were again victorious. Bozzaris reinain. army, one for the Assin and the other for


the Akine country, as well as the cir. Vera Cruz. He is, it is said, charged cumstances which occasioned that divi. with unlimited powers to enter into a sion which Major Chisholm commanded treaty of friendship and alliance with to be disjoined from the body under Sir Great Britain. The Valorous also brought Charles, with the exertions made by him dispatches from Mr Licnel Harvey, his to rejoin upon receiving instructions to Majesty's Commissioner sent to that that effect, and of the usual favourable country, to ascertain whether its govern. mention of those officers who by their ment was in such a condition of perma. conduct have merited that distinction. nency as would warrant our Government This document was dictated by Major in acknowledging it as an independent Chisholin from a sick-bed. The account state. It is not known what are the reof the engagement is given in a letter to presentations made by Mr Harvey, but Major Chisholm, from Captain H. J. from all the information obtained, it apRicketts, wbo was present in it and es pears, that, although for a time longer caped, which letter is dated Cape Coast, that country may be divided by factious February 26. It is impossible, in our parties or revolutionary movements, it is narrow limits, to insert these documents; for ever separated from the mother counbut indeed they add little to what was try. There is not, nor has been for some previously known. The mischance ap time, a single soldier of Old Spain in the pears to have been entirely owing to the country. The Castle of Ulloa is still held unaccountable and criminal disobedience by a small Royalist force, but it may be of Mr Brandon, the Ordnance Store easily subdued, if it were at all a conkeeper, to the repeated orders of the la quest of much moment. The Ambassa. mented Governor, respecting the supply dor is come to this country to give our of ammunition ; in consequence of which, Government the strongest assurances of that needful article was exhausted almost the determination of his country to mainimmediately after the commencement of tain its independent state, of its ability the engagement.

That this officer is to resist all external enemies, and of dea himself among the sufferers, hardly qua sire on the part of the present Governlifies, in any great degree, the bitterness ment to cultivate the most friendly intiof the indignation which his intolerable macy with Great Britain. negligence excites against him.

COLOMBIA.By the way of Jamaica

a document of considerable importance AMERICA.

has been received from Colombia, nameUNITED STATES.— The system of re

ly, the message of the Vice-President striction in commerce which England has Santander, sent to the Colombian Conbegun to lay aside, other nations appear gress on the 6th of April. In this pa. to be taking up or confirming. The Ta per we have a general view of the state riff-Bill, which has for some time been in of the Colombian republic. The Condependence before the Congress of the gress is first congratulated on the triumph United States, has been passed into a law. of the republican arms, and the complete 'The Tariff goes so much into detail, that restoration of tranquillity by the estabwe cannot pretend to analyse it; but the lishment of independence. The State of general character is that of a protection Peru and Mexico is then noticed, and to native manufactures, and a discourage the necessity of sending succours to the ment to importation. It amounts to this, former country, for the purpose of wholly —that the Americans are willing to pay clearing the South American Continent dearer for American productions than of the enemy, is pointed out. The most for English. This would be a wise and marked gratitude is expressed to the politic principle, if their manufactures President of the United States for his de. were in so thriving a state as to afford a claration in favour of the general inde. prospect of outstripping those of foreign pendence of America, and his intimation nations, but we suspect that it is far that he would consider any attack against from being the case. The American it the same as if directed against the statesmen wish to anticipate the natural United States. The message alludes to growth of manufactures in their coun. the policy of Britain in the following try ; and the consequence will probably terms be, that, nationally speaking, they will “ The Executive had directed its re. pay dearer for manufactured articles than lation to Europe, with Great Britain if they had continued to receive them particularly, whose politics appear fafrom England.

vourable to the cause of South America, Mexico.-An Envoy Extraordinary and whose commercial relations have Don Jose Mariano Michelena) from the been more extensive and active. The Congress of Mexico to the Court of St. sympathy of the opinion of the British James's, has arrived in England from public and its Government inspire the VOL. XV.


Executive with the most flattering hopes. favour this, because the great Generals I am sorry that I cannot communicate who support the pretensions of Spain to you what may be the ultimate resolu there are Constitutionalists, and it would tion of the Government of his Britannic seem these Chiefs were not disinclined Majesty with respect to the republic, to throw off their allegiance to Spain, and A commission from the English Go maintain their power in Peru. But be. vernment is now actually in this capital, fore such a negotiation could be carried in. from whom we have received satisfactory to effect, Canterac appears to have got in. proofs of the interest with which our telligence of a squadron coming to assist State inspires the mind of the magnani. him from Spain, and there the matter mous people of England. The security dropped. A scandalous transaction in which it has given us against the ru the meanwhile changed the state of affairs mour that France will assist in the war at Lima ; a black regiment, consisting of which Spain intends to begin anew, to

twelve-hundred men, Buenos Ayrean. reduce us to her obedience, places us in troops in the Peruvian service, had long a situation of not fearing such an occur. been neglected in their pay. This regi. rence. The Executive, as well as the ment was marched into Callao to garri. Republic, have highly estimated their de. son the place, and on the 3d of February clarations, and I can assure the Congress, the men and non-commisioned officers that, in the progress of the negociation mutinied, secured their officers and the which may come on the carpet, I will Governor of the Castle, and thus got comnot lose sight of the dignity of the Go. plete possession of the Fort. The muti. vernment, nor of the interests of the Co. neers were headed by a serjeant of their lombian people. If the union of the own corps, and their first demand of the physical and moral power of the inde. Government of Lima was for 100,000 pendent States of America, the order and dollars in money, and vessels to convey regularity of our association, respect to them to Buenos Ayres. This was rethe law, uniformity of opinion, the pro fused ; a negotiation was attempted, but gress of learning, and the adherence of failed ; and the insurgents having libera. the Governinent to the path prescribed ted about ten Spanish officers, a Colonel by our fundamental laws, ought to weigh Casa-Riego took the command, and the in the political balance of nations, we Spanish flag was hoisted at the forts on ought to hope, with entire confidence, Ilth February. All vessels were prohithat neither Great Britain nor the other bited from leaving the port, and one or Powers will disavow the power and mo. two that escaped during the night were ral force which the republic of Colombia fired at incessantly, until without reach of has acquired to put herself upon a level the hatteries. In the meantime, British with them. I am determined to take goods were allowed to be embarked from advantage of any favourable opportunity Callao, on paying a small duty to Casato extend our relations with other powers, Riego, though considerable pillage took whose friendship can be of sufficient in place, and British vessels remained under terest and utility to the republic.” the protection of his Majesty's ship Fly

The other parts of the message relate in the harbour. The Royalist General to the internal affairs of the Republic, Rodil, being at Yea, no great distance and the necessary arrangement of its af. from Lima, Casa-Riego sent him a disfairs, greatly deranged by the revolution, patch, informing him of what had taken and the war consequent on it.

The es

place, and he having been joined by Gen. tablishing proper seminaries of education Monet, with two thousand men from seems to be an object in which the Co. Jauga, marched on Callao and Lima, and Jombian rulers are intent, though at pre took possession of both on the 27th of sent they rather Jack the means of car. February. Previously to this, Admiral rying their intentions into effect. Great Guise, of the Patriot frigate La Prueba, reforms are meditated also in the admi who was blockading Callao, made a galnistration of justice, the collection of the lant attack on the Venganza and anorevenue, and the finance departments of ther vessel of war in the ports, and in the Republic. To complete this, time the hands of the insurgents, and he sucwill be required, as the new Government ceeded in entirely destroying both. This has, in many cases, to begin de novo to event is not considered as likely to operate organize the civil institutions of the coun. much in favour of the Royalist cause ultitry.

mately, for, to retain possession of the PERU.- Some time ago, it was be castles, they must weaken their main lieved, that a cessation of hostilities was force, and the fate of the country will upon the point of taking place in Peru. not be decided by who has possession of The news of the overthrow of the Con. Lima, but by a general engagement. stazionalists in Spain was expected to On the 21st or 22d of February Con

gress was dissolved, Torre Tagle depo. consul to Peru, who was to go to his dessed, and Bolivar proclaimed Dictator. tination over land. One of the first fruits The Colombian forces in Peru amount. of Mr Parish's establishment at Buenos ed to 950) men. The Peruvians, under Ayres has been a regulation for the more La Mar, were rather more than 3000. easy communications of the packets. The The total amount of the Spanish forces captains are allowed to land the mails in Peru is not 13,000 men, and they are without waiting for the visit of the portwidely scattered over that immense coun. officer. The postage is reduced onetry. The head-quarters of La Serna were third. The consul-general is allowed a at Cusco, where he had only 500 men. box in his office for the receipt of British Canterac was at Tarija with 4500 ; Val. letters, which he may deliver to the capdez at Arequipa with 4000; Olaneta had tains without the intervention of the gene2000 under him; and there were at Ica ral post-office. The British packets are 1600. Such are the details of the last exempted from port duties. A mail is advices from Lima, and so far they are to be dispatched for Chili three days after more favourable to the Royalists than to the arrival of a packet, and is to convey the Patriots.

the dispatches to the public agents of the BUENOS AYRES.-Whatever may be King of England in Chili and Peru free the state of things in Peru, there are of expence, the consul-general at Buenos some facts communicated from other Ayres putting them into a separate bag, parts of America, which, taken together, arıd sealing it. On the 1st of April, Don seem to contain materials of gratifying Juan G. de las Heras was elected Goverinterest. Among these may especially nor, by twenty-six votes out of thirty-six. be mentioned the friendly reception of It was said that the Charge des Affaires the British consul, Mr Woodbine Parish, of Colonbia was authorised to negotiate by Don B. Rivadivia, minister of Foreign a loan at Buenos Ayres for Peru, of 3 or Affairs for the republic. Mr Parish, on 500,000 piastres, under the guarantee of the followingday, presented Mr Rowcroft, General Bolivar.


HOUSE OF LORDS.-April 2. The diminishing the emoluments of the Estab. Marquis of Lansdowne moved the second lished Clergy (to a serious extent in popu. reading of the Bill permitting the cele. lous towns), but as severing a very eu. bration of Marriages between Unitarians, dearing connection between them and the by their own Minister, and in their own Dissenters among their parishioners. The Chapels. The Archbishop of Canterbury Earl of Harrowby and Lord Calthorpe voted for the second reading, with the defended the Bill. The Bishop of London, understanding that the bill should be open in voting that the Bill should go to a to modification in the Committee. He Committee, did not pledge himself to give voted for it, because he was willing to it any farther support. Lord Holland .concede, whatever was reasonable to the supported the Bill. The House divided scruples of the Unitarians. The Lord on the second reading, which was carried Chancellor opposed the motion, because, by a majority of 2. if the principle were recognised in this April 5.- The Silk Duties Bill went case, indulgence must be extended to all through the Committee, and was reported other sectarians, and a beginning would without any amendment. Petitions against be thus made to the utler subversion of it were presented by the Lord Chancellor the Established Church. The Earl of from two silk-weaving districts in London, Liverpool objected to the Bill in its pre- expressive of the fears of the petitioners, sent shape, because it went to permit that the value of houses and other pro. marriages, celebrated according to its par. perty in those places would be greatly ticular forms, where one of the parties deteriorated, in consequence of the injury might be a Member of the Established which the bill is calculated to inflict on Church. The Bishop of Chester detailed the numerous population engaged in the at some length the particular passages of silk manufacture. the Matrimonial Liturgy, which were said 6.-The Silk Duties Bill was read a to offend the consciences of the Unitarians; third time and passed. and, in doing so, demonstrated the utter 8.-State of Ireland. - The Earl of futility of the scruples which were the Darnley, pursuant to notice, moved for groundwork of the Bill before the House. the appointment of a Committee, to inHe objected to the measure, not only as quire how far the measures lately adopted

for the relief and benefit of Ireland bad division, the motion was rejected by a succeeded ; and also to consider what mea. majority of 57 to 17. sures would be necessary to remedy the

9.- The presentation of some petitions existing evils in that kingdom. The produced a short conversation upon the noble Earl iutroduced his motion in a long suppression of the Freemason lodges in speech, in which, besides the other topics Ireland, effected by the Secret Society Bill usually employed upon the subject, he of last Session. The opinion of the Lords confessed the cruelty and tyranny of Eng. who spoke, (the Earl of Liverpool and land, impeached the administration of the Marquis of Lansdowne,) seemed to be, justice in Ireland, condemned the police that the hardship imposed upon the Free. bill, complained of the church establish masons was unavoidable. ment, urged the necessity of catholic 12.-.The Marquis of Lansdowne emancipation, and professed his compas- brought in a Bill to enable the English sionate respect for the well-disposed but Roman Catholics to vote for the election inefficient government in the sister king of Members of Parliament, and to give dom. The Earl of Liverpool, without them the same right of suffrage as en. disputing the unjust and selfish policy joyed by the Catholics of Ireland. formerly observed towards Ireland, vindi. 13-Lord Bathurst moved the second cated the present generation of English. reading of a Bill to regulate the admini. men from any participation in it, and re stration of justice in Newfoundland. The cited a vast number of generous conces. principal provisions of the measure are sions, which, since the commencement the enlargement of the Supreme Court of the late King's reign, had been made by two additional Judges, the appointfor the benefit of Ireland. He maintained ment of Circuit Courts, and the restora. that the present depression of that king tion of the Trial by Jury. The motion dom was wholly unconnected with the was unanimously agreed to. disqualification of the Catholics ; and op 15.-The Bishop of Limerick read a posed all the arguments upon that subject, letter of some length from the Archbishop drawn from the analogy of other States, of Dublin, in which his Grace, in allusion by observing, that in Ireland alone was to the observations made upon his conthe religious division of the people -ac duct in the debates upon the Irish Sepul. companied by a parallel division of pro ture Bill, denied, in the most distinct and perty, intelligence, and manners. In positive manner, that he had ever given Ireland, it was notorious that the great any orders, or advice, or intimation of an bulk of the property, and all the qualifi. opinion, on the subject of the perform. cations naturally associated with property, ance of the Catholic funeral ceremonies belonged to the Protestants. Much of in Protestant church-yards, up to the the suffering of Ireland he ascribed to a time when he was accused of having inpremature introduction of the English terdicted such celebrations, at which time constitution ; but for the omission of one he was in England. The letter went on part of the English code-the Poor Laws to say, that the practice lately attempted -he avowed his regret. He professed by the Catholics was wholly an innovato hope the best results from the exten. tion; no such celebration, according to the sion of Christian education ; but begged experience of all the Protestant Clergy in to remind the House, that in the nature Dublin, having occurred during forty years. of things this result could not be very In conclusion, the Archbishop's letter exspeedily felt. In conclusion, he opposed plained, that, when consulted by his the motion. The Marquis of Lansdowne Clergy, after the matter had been so spoke at considerable length in support of angrily agitated, his advice had uniformly the motion. The Earl of Limerick ear. been, to abstain from every thing like a nestly deprecated the introduction of poor forcible resistance to the Catholic Clergy, rates into Ireland. He said the effect of and to rest contented with a protest such a measure would be, to make of the against the illegal invasion of the rights Irish peasantry six millions of beggars ; of the Protestant church. Before he sat because no Irishman, who could live idly, down, the Bishop of Limerick pronounced would work. The Marquis of Downshire, a glowing and well-merited panegyric upon the Earl of Carnarvon, and Lord Clifden, the learning, genius, and Christian temper supported the motion. The Earls of of the most reverend prelate (Dr Magee.) Carberry, Mayo, and Roden, opposed it ; The House adjourned to the 28th of the last, in a speech of some length, gave April, when it re-assembled, On that and a most gratifying description of the recent the two following days there was no in. progress of education in Ireland. On a portant business before the House.

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