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house, and found the door of the kitchen 11.--High COURT OF JUSTICIARY. much shattered, and also the outer win. -The Court this day proceeded to the dow-shutter split, seemingly by a blow trial of Alexander Guthrie, quarrier, from the outside. Mr M'Neill said, that in the parish of Pentcaitland, East Lo. he did not, under these circumstances, thian, accused of the murder of James feel himself warranted in asking a verNewton, who had been in his employ. dict against the prisoner, and he there. inent as a labourer. Guthrie pleaded fore gave up the case. The Jury reNot Guilty. It appeared from the evi. turned a verdict of Not Guilty; and dence, that Guthrie and Newton, with Guthrie, after a solemn advice to abstain four other quarrymen, had gone to the from the use of spirits, was dismissed prisoner's house on the evening of Mon. from the bar. day the 9th of February last, where they The next case was that of Alexander drank whisky till a pretty late hour, M'Farlane. The indictment charged when the party broke up, leaving New. him with having, on the 16th of Fehton and Guthrie together in the house. ruary last, stolen from the shop of Rich. At that time there had been no quarrel ard Allan, grocer in the Potter-row, a kit betwixt them. Guthrie's mother also of butter; and, when apprehended a few left the house, and want with a neigh hours after, of having, in the Park-Place bour, Mrs Gowans, in whose house she watch-house, seized a pair of large iron stopped all night. In the course of the tongs, with which he assaulted James night, Mrs Guthrie becoming uneasy, Stirling, grocer in the Potterrow, who requested Mrs Gowans's daughter to go kad assisted in his apprehension, and to her son's house, and see what was struck him a dreadful blow on the head, going on. She went accordingly, and by which his life was endangered. M. finding the window of the room open,
Farlane pleaded Guilty of the assault, went in by it, and saw a man, whom but Not Guilty of the theft, and the she supposed to be Guthrie, lying on the Jury having found him Guilty accord. bed, and Newton lying on the kitchen ingly, he was sentenced to a year's hard floor, with his head cut, and the floor labour in Bridewell, and farther till he strewed with fragments of broken bot. find security in 500 erks to keep the tles, and covered with blood, vomitings, peace for three years. and other filth. Upon receiving this in. Benjamin Ross, shoemaker in the formation, Mrs Guthrie, with her neigh. Lawn-market of Edinburgh, who had bour, Mrs Gowans, returned to the house. been out on bail, now appeared at the They immediately awoke Guthrie, who bar, to answer to a charge of assaulting, seemed astonished and sorry at the situe striking, and wounding Jean Williams, ation of Newton, and declared he knew or Ross, his wife. He pleaded Not no more of it than the dead in the grave. Guilty. His wife stated, that he had Newton's wound was washed and dress. frequently abused and hurt her ; but on ed, and he was put to bed, in which the night of the 31st December last, Guthrie assisted. Newton died two days they had some words, and Ross lifted the after.
The only circumstance which tongs and struck her on the temple with could attach suspicion to Guthrie, was, them, to the effusion of her blood. She that his trowsers were stained with blood went to a neighbour's house, and by his about the legs; but this was accounted advice returned, and, having washed the for by Mrs Gowans, who stated, that blood from her face, went to bed with while she swept the blood and filth from her husband. Next morning, being un. the floor towards the hearth, Guthrie was able to rise, she refused when her hus. sitting by the fire ; and that from the band commanded her to do so; and he state of the floor no one could walk on then struck her with a large ellwand a. it without having their shoes soiled with cross the legs ; and afterwards, when she blood. All the witnesses, on their cross got up and said, “Benjy, you're surely examination, gave Guthrie a good cha not going to murder me!” he struck her racter, and deponed to his bearing no ill. on the left side of the head, knocked her will to Newton; but, on the contrary, down, and cut her. As soon as she was they had heard him speak frequently in able to rise, she went up stairs in her praise of him as a servant. Mr Lloyd, shift to a neighbour's, who wrapped a superintendant of police for the county covering over her, and went for a sur. of Haddington, had cxamined Guthrie's geon. She was afterwards twelve days
throw upon the more prominent trollers, secretaries, the middle men ground on which it first attracted the between the great lords of office and attention and indignation of man the inferior workmen,-are still in kind. But it will finally be effec- possession of inordinate, but conceal. tually suppressed ; for after its dis- ed, unobserved power: their respeccomšture on the great public stage, tive departments are kept in expen. every succeeding defeat within its sive disorder, in subservience to their weaker entrenchments must hasten, interested purposes ; unnecessary buwith tenfold force, the great catas- siness is designedly in constant course trophe. The insolence of office must of accumulation ; and as an inevitbe acknowledged to be something able consequence of a practice having more than an injury which affects its foundation in fraud and deceit, only the feelings of the mind : it is pride, partiality, and cupidity are ena component part of a general system gendered and encouraged, making alof positive wrong and oppression, together that complicated description of a deprivation of right, as it affects of grievance denominated the * in. both the happiness and fortunes of solence of office.” Where an abuse the injured party. It is never dis $0 deteriorative of public economy pensed but by the vile and unfeeling, still subsists, after all the bustle and - it is never inflicted but upon the parade it has from time to time crehelpless victims of misdirected power. ated, sufficient proof is shewn of the It is, therefore, of that class of evils peculiar inadequacy of the means by which it is an especial effect of an
which it has hitherto been attempted advanced stage of civilization to over to be destroyed. The fact is, Parthrow.
liamentary inquiries, upon matters Having predicted the eventual de of this nature, conducted, as they too cline of a species of wrong so hard to frequently are, under the controul be assailed, because so generally over. of a machinery impervious to the looked, we are, in conclusion, to ad- public eye, are altogether fruitless of vert to the means by which that good effects, and only serve to perpeeffect is to be accomplished. The tuate the old system of deception and Press will take the lead in this as in mismanagement. But it is impossiother salutary improvements; but ble long to delude an enlightened age its full attainment must be preced- by expedients as shallow as they are ed by a complete reformation of the iniquitous : a better day must at mode of conducting the public busi- length arrive,-one less notorious for
After all the multifarious what in vulgar parlance is called podiscussions upon the subject of offi- litical humbug, more sincerely facial abuses, it is astonishing how lit vourable to improvement; and pertle has in reality been hitherto done haps no surer means can be devised towards this end: mismanagement of hastening its introduction, than of the grossest kind still prevails frequent and seasonable appeals to throughout the various departments; the Press, which are never entirely and there has not even an approxima- destitute of utility, even when they tion been made towards an enlightappear in the slight form of desultory ened system of official economy and Essays, of which the present is : regulation. Commissioners, comp. feeble and unworthy example.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
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Dr Forbes, of Chichester, will shortly Speedily will be published, an Account publish his Translation of Avenbrugger, of the Royal Hospital and Collegiate and a series of original cases and dissec. Church of St. Katharine, near the Tower tions, illustrating the utility of the Ste. of London, by J. B. Nichols, F.S.A. thoscope and Percussion. F.L.S.
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In consequence, Dr Forbes has postponed The Czar, an historical tragedy, by J. the second edition of his translation. Cradock, Esq. M.A. F.S.A. formerly of Speedily will be published, an Enquiry Gumley, in Leicestershire, will appear in into the Duties and Perplexities of Me. a few days.
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few days. The Butterfly-Collector's Vade Mecum, A Tale of Paraguay, by R. Southey, or a Synoptical Table of English Butter LL.D. &c. is announced. Nies, illustrated with coloured plates, in a Speedily will be published, Memoirs of pocket volume, is in the press.
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