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to an agreement with him, that he should be emperor in Britain. Cum Carausio


I mention the years of those emperors here, on account of some of their medals Mrs. Benlow speaks ot •

Note, Jewks, though I fay the great and excellent Julian, where I mentioned this emperor, yet I am far from thinking his apcjlacy a little Ipot in his character. He is culpable indeed in this article. It is impossible to excuse his fine undeistanding in that transaction ; as it was easy for it to distinguish the Christ, the fan of the living God, from that Chrijt the athanaftan priests had invented in their horrible confession of faith. 'Julian had done gloriously to reject the Jesus of those fathers of the church, who made our Lord to be equal in power, and all perfections, to his God and Father: But as it is so extremely evident in the sacred writings, that the true Jesus was a most perfect pattern of all kinds of virtue, and of the most steady abstinence from all kinds of evil; his whole life a continued course of piety and goodness, and his sole concern for the honor and glory of the universal father;— that he was at all times ready to do, or to suffer, the hs 'j •will of the blessed God ; — that his doctrines, precepts, and promises, are admirably adapted to reform the life, to purify the heart, to exalt the affections, and restore the will to its true liberty; that the gospel enjoined the greatest simplicity and spirituality of divine worship ; and the whole fyjlem and claims of our Lord were supported by great and numerous miracles; criminal was Julian in renouncing Christianity. In this respect, he is culpable indeed. But this excepted, he was, without all peradventure, as upright and excellent a man as ever honoured human nature. *« Faites pour un moment abstraction des verites revclecs; cherchez dans toute la nature, & nous n'y trouverez pas de plus grand objet que fulien meme. II n'y a point eu apres lui de prince plus digpe de gouverner les hommes. Laying aside for a

moment tamert, cui bella frustra tenata essent contra virum rei militaris peritissimum, ad extre

moment reveled truths, let us search through all nature, and we (hall not find a nobler object than Julian himself. There has not been a prince since his reign more worthy to govern mankind. Julian was a Stoic: And if I could for a moment cease to think that I am a christian, (says the baron de Montesquieu) I should not be able to hinder myself from ranking the destruction of the sect of Zeno *, among the misfortunes that have befallen the human race.

* Zeno, the founder of the Stoic sect, died in the ist year of the 129th Olympiad, before Christ, the year 264. His philosophy enabled him, and his disciples, to look upon riches, human grandeur, grief, disquietudes, and pleasure, as vanity, and intirely employed them in labouring for the happyness of mankind, and in exercising the dutys of society. It carryed to excess only those things in which there is true greatness, the contempt of pleasure and of pain. Glorious philosophy! True philosophers. They placed the sovereign good in

rectitude of conduct in the conduct merely, and not

in the event; in just, complete action throughout every

part os life, whatever be the face os things, whether favorable, or the contrary. Their true and persect man, without regard either to pleasure or pain, uninfluenced equally by either prosperity or adversity, superior to the world and its best and worst events, does fairly rest his all upon the rectitude of his own conduct; does constantly, and uniformly, and manfully maintain it; thinking that, and that alone, wholly sufficient to ma!;e

him happy. Few individuals it may be have ever

arrived at this transcendence : Yet all may follow the beautiful exemplar; and in proportion, Jewks, as we approach, so we advance proportionably in merit and in worth.

mum mum pax convenit: which Gentbrier thus

translates Craignant que Carausias ne Tint

- a faire quelque plus grande enterprise hors de 1» Grande Bretagne, & qu'il ne vtnt leur enlever les toutes Gaules, ne trouvent point de meilleur parti a. prendre que de rechercher son alliance.' And if this great excellent man had not been murdered in the year 297, by his treacherous first minister AleBus, he 'would, in all probability, have been sole emperor at last, and in regard to his beloved Britons, might have removed the imperial feat from Rome to London *.

Near the altar I have described, there was found an extraordinary fine urn of speckled marble, full of ashes, but had no inscription on it. That in this are contained the remains of Carau/ius cannot be affirmed j tho it is probable enough; as this emperor was often in Scotland, and in league with the chiefs of the Picts, Scots, and Western Islands. They had the greatest regard for him, while living; and lamented him greatly, when dead: His ashes might be brought

* AleSlus, the usurper, who murdered Carau/ius, was destroyed by Conjiantius, the father of Conjlantine the Great, after he had held the tyranny near three years. Conjiantius was one of the two Cæsars chosen by DiodeJian and Maximian in the year 288: And when Dioclefian divested himself of the purple, A. D. 305; he yielded his (hare of the empire to Conjiantius and Galerius.

to to this country, to save them from the destroying Aleclus. This is no more than fancy however. Perhaps that sporting fortune, which often confounds the ashes of the monarch with those of the slave, has given his to the scattering winds, and to be for ever unknown even in the field of his triumphs. Pour nous apprendre quelle est la vanite des grandeurs humaines, & que la vertu la plus solide, & accompagnee de Paffection des fujets, ne met pas toujour un Soveraign, ni les peuples, a l'abri de plus grands revers.

Ah! non est iquicquam tutum, neque gloria,
Neque rurfum qui fælix, non futurum inselicem:
Sed mi scent Dei antrorsum et retrorsum,
Tumultum imponentes, ut futurt inseitia
Colamus illos *. •

In vain by reason is the maze pursu'd,
Of ill triumphant, and afflicted good:
Why Socrates for truth and freedom fell *,
While Nero reign'd the delegate of hell,


* Eurip. Hec. + The great and God-like Socrates sell a martyr for truth, religion, and virtue, by the wonted malignity of false placed zeal, and the hands of an idolatrous people, in the year before Christ 400. His lise and death were agreeable to the dignity of human nature, our duty to society, and religious service to the creator of all things. In youth, he was the son of temperance, in manhood the brother of social love, and in age the father of wisdom. His


Why saints and sages mark'd in every age,
Perish, the victims of tyrannic rage.
But fast as time's swift pinions can convey,
Hastens the pomp of that tremendous day,
When to the view of all created eyes,
God's high tribunal shall majestic rise;
When the loud trumpet shall assemble round
The dead, reviving at the piercing sound!
When men and angels shall to audit come,
And millions yet unborn receive their doom!
Then shall fair providence, to all display'd,
Appear divinely bright without a shade;
In light triumphant, all her acts be shown,
And blushing doubt, eternal wisdom own.

By the way, reader, let me observe to you, that the inscription on the altar, sacrated to fortune for Carausius, knocks up the author of the dissertation on Oriuna; who tells us, that Oriuna on the silver coyn of Carauftus in the French king's cabinet, signifys Diana,

politics consisted in the most uninfluenced patriotism, his philosophy in the most refined humanity, and his religion in the most exalted notions and pure adoration of the only true God. By the first he fired mankind with the most undaunted zeal for the welfare of their country j by the second, he softened their hearts to the tender seelings of benevolence and universal charity; and by the last he familiarized their minds to the idea of an allpersect Deity, and taught them almost to anticipat on earth the joys of a glorious hereafter. In each of these he was himself a great example.


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