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Use and existence to all things. A noble lesson in so small a painting. • The next Egyptian figure which charmed Tbe me in this lady's repository is an image of0 Orus two feet high. It is of the stone Bafœltes, and- well done. The right hand holds a Cornu-copia, which has the head of -the Vpupa upon the top of it j and in the left* you fee a lituus or trumpet. A triangle annexed to a circle is figured on the right-side, and on the left there is a Gnomon. This image to be sure;represents the world, and we are to learn from the circle and triangle, that this' world was made by the unerring wisdom of God : the Gnomon shews the perfect pror portion of its parts. The Cornu-copia de-> notes the fertility of the earth; the head of the Upupa, Hoopoe, the beautiful variety of the creation (a) 3 and the lituus, or trUmpet, the harmony of the system.' What eaft-bjj more. beautiful and instructive -than this Egyptian symbolical learning? . .'-; -;,
'(a) The Upupa or Hoopoe is one of the most Beautiful birds, in figure resembling a plover. The neck 8 the finest reddish brown, and its breast milk-white, va> riegated with lines of blue. It has small bright piercing eyes, and a large head ornamented w/tha crest the most elegant. The- crest is composed of a double series of seathers, two singers breadth high, and continued from the base of its black bent beak to the very back part of the head. It consists of twenty-six seathers, which arc white, black, and yellow, and it has a power of raising or depressing them at pleasure. - ^ As to the history of Orus, I think. the bishop of Ckgber has made it plain, that he was the fourth son of Mizor or OJiris, who was the son of Ham, the third son of Ncab j and that from him the Grecians borrowed the character of their God Apolld: It is likewise plane from the symbolical reprefenta* tion in Montfaucon, that Orus, Nepb, Anubis, Thoth, and Hermes, are- the same. A dog holds between his paws the lyre fif Apollo, and the caduceus of Mercury. The dog was the emblem of Anubis or Thoth ; the lyre was the symbol of Orus or Apoflo, and the caduccus of Hermes or Mercury. f
The reason why Anubis, Cnupbis, or Cnk* bis, had the dog sot his emblem, and is^therefore by Virgil called Anubis Latretcr, is this, that Nepht the; fourth son of Mizor, or O/iris (a), grandson Ko Ham or Cham, and great grandson to Noab, led his colony or nation, upon.tbe dispersion after the flood, about 240 years from the deluge, to the southern bor* ders of Egypt, upon the river Nile, to a region from him called Napata, where queen Candace afterwards reigned, and there, in an island adjoyning to Syene, made the Mlome/re, a machine for measuring the enfa) It is from the word Nfph, or Cnepb, the name tof this grandson of Ham, that they made the words Gtotpbis, Cnubjs, and Anubis, which we find on the Talljman'i,
crease Crease 9s the Nile: And as that brightest star in the firmament, now called the dog-star, appears every year in Egypt, when the Nile begins to overflow its bank, that is, in the month of July, Cneph made the dog his first characteristic, or hierogliphical mark in his Nihmetre, and intended by the symbol to warn them to prepare their grounds for .the overflowing of the Nile, as the bright July star now appeared, and the water of the Nile in the Nilometre had risen as high as the first mark, the figure of a dog. When this was ib, the floodings were coming on. The dog, as it were, barked, when the water reached him. This made astronomers call this star the dog-star: And from hence Cnupbis did obtain the name of Taautus, or Thoth, or Taaut, that is, the dog. Nepb or Cnuphus was called Orus, because the Grecians had made him their Apollo,, Ore, being Hebrew, for light: And he was named Hermes, that. is, the prophet., .or interpreter of the wiH of the Gods, on account of the importance of his observations by his Nilometre. He. could know thereby before-hand, when it would begin to rife; and after it had risen, what would be its effects; whether ordinary or extraordinary (a). How long this Orus or H h 4 Neph,
(a) The Nilometre was a canal cut out of one intire flonc, in the bank of the Nile, in which were engraven
se- 4^6 1 p:° s T- S-O R I P T.
Neph, the great grandson of Noab, lived, we cannot be certain; but it might have been to the age of 433, 470 after the flood, because Selab, who was of the fame distance of descent from Noah, did live to those years; and of consequence this father of the Naphtuhim might have been contemporary with Abraham; who was born in the- year from the deluge 352, and died in the year 527 after the flood, aged 175. An image An image of Ofiris of bronze, three feet oi oiiris. high^ js another fine curiosity in the repository of the late Mrs. Harcourt. This figure of a human body has the head of a hawk, and a sceptre in its right hand.' A bull, the symbol of Ofiris, is engraven on the breast, and a beetle, or Jcarabaus on the shoulder. The design of this is to represent the . power and: alUleeing providence of the supreme GckL: :Thjs\Q/ihV was Mizor, the fourth son of Ham jj and my lord of Clogher thinks, that he was brother to Melchizedec, or Canaan, the youngest- son: of Ham, to whom Abram payed.tithes, in the valley of Sbaveb, as to .the king of righteousness.
several lines, to denote the different encreases of the Nile; and to which were added several characteristic marks to denote upon certain .days the future encrease of the Nile. By this means' thtf were enabled to form certain future presages, and prognosticat concerning the ensuing season.
By 'By the way, this notion of Melchifidei is vastly different from the opinion of some great divines, who tell us he was the. Word. Some fay he was the Holy Gbost, as I read in the book of a learned doctor not long ago. But bishop Clayton observes, that Melchisedec iri the Hebrew signifys king, and Isadec or Sedee, righteousness: That Sedec was a family title conferred on the kings 6f this place, and as Canaan was the first parent of all the inhabitants of that country, St. Paul speaking from the common tradition, might justly say, he was without father, without ?}idther, with* out ancestors, a generation, or descent. I think this is just. The Chinese fay Fohi, their first king, had no .father. Seneca fays, Servius had.no mother.. Ancus had no father: that is, it was not known who was the father of Ancus, or the mother of Servius. And as Canaan had not, according to . history, either" beginning of days. or end of life, the apostlo might well fay so, and that he abided a priest continually: Every father of a family was the priest of the family. And as to tithes paid, this was due to Canaan as-prince of the whole country. The tenth of the spoils was the prince's due not only in Judea, but in other countries. This my lord of Clogher slievvs.from various authors, to which he refers in his chronology of the Hebrew Bible vindicated.