Imágenes de páginas

called, Human souls naturally immortal: which was written by 'Thomas Mills, bishop of Waterford, against Dodwel {a). She likewise

formulary at UJlodizo in Thrace, dated October 10, 359. The words of the restriction shew a peaceable,

not a persecuting spirit "Do not however fend above

fifteen into banishment:" very different words from the laws of Theodofms and Gratian; which laws, contrived by the blessed Saint Ambrose, were put in execution by a dragoon mission; by general Sapor at the head of an army: Here Lewis XIV. the most christian king, had a precedent in the church, for his cruel edicls against the reformed; and for executing those edicts by a mission of the Jhort robe; dragoons, galleys, and dungeons. Must it not be glorious to act for the defence of the church as the orthodox Gratian, the orthodox Theodojius, and so great a faint as Saint Ambrose, acted? alass! even too many protestants think so. Is it not amazing to fee the authors of the universal history call those laws against the Easterns excellent, and on account of them, excessively commend Gratian, Tbeodofius, and Ambrose P— But as to Dr. TVatts ; tho several pieces in his 6 volumes 4to, (price in sheets 31. 12 s.) are of no worth, yet there are many excellent tracts in them: And what is weak in his writings is sufficiently overbalanced by many good things which he has written, and by the good spirit with which they are written.—At the end of his funeral sermon, there is a catalogue of all his writings. • (a) Collier, the author of this preface, is the nonjuror, who writ the ecclesiastical history of Great Britain, 2 vols. sol. and solemnly absolved Sir fohn Friend at the gallows; who was hanged for the assassination plot. His history is beautifully written; but, to the vilefl purposes; to abuse the reformers, and demolish the supremacy of our kings in spirituals; to compromise differences between the churches of England and Rome, wise reviews the objections of Mr. Baxter, in his fine inquiry into the nature of the human foul; and those of the right reverend Dr. Peter Brown, bishop of Cork, in his Procedure of the human understanding (a).


and establish hereditary right and pajfive obedience. Those base, remijh notions he mentained to the end of his life; which was April 26, J726. aged 76.

As to Mills, bishop of Waterford, he dyed lately. His book against Dodwel is not worth much. I knew the man well. Tho a protestant bishop outwardly, he was a thorow papist in his foul. As to Dodwel, and his doctrine, fee note (M).

(a) I was well acquainted with this doctor. Bishop Peter Brown was a man of vast learning, exemplary piety, and great goodness to the poor: but orthodoxy and Jacobitism had deprived him of judgment, and thrown him into an occasional frenzy. In hatred to king IVilliam, he writ the book against drinking to the memory of any one; which he calls a profanation of she supper; and had so great an aversion to the whigsy that he could not speak of them with any temper. Locke and Clarke he considered as two Devils, and ever mentioned them with a malice and bitterness, that was -astonishing. My friend, worthy John Toland *, used


* I say worthy John Toland, from my own knowledge, in opposition to the misrepresentations the bigott have given of him j particularly, the late reverend Mr. Blombcrg in his life of Dr. Dickinson; Coetlegon in his dictionary; and that mean abusive writer, the reverend author of Ophiomaches; who has the falshood to tell us, that Toland was, exclusive of his speculations, so unprincipled a wretch, that he once stole a silver spoon at a gentleman's house. Detestable untruth. Such a fact

has She remarks on the two writers Mrs. Cockburn writ against, to wit, Dr. Thomas Burnet, author

to fay he made him a bishop, tho the doctor returned the favour by a hearty hatred: For, it was by writing a bad book against Poland's Christianity not mysterious (an excellent piece), that Or. Brown was removed from being provost of Trinity, Dublin, to the see of Cork.

As to this prelate's two famous books—Procedure, extent, and limits of human understanding.—And, Things divine and supernatural conceived by analogy with things natural and human. — They are a monstrous composition ef scholastic confusion; and the design of them for ever to efface and extinguish reason in religion; to establish an antichristian tritheism, and settle the absurditys and impietys of popery, in the place of common fense and the

mind of the Lord Jesus. If I mistake not, this right

reverend dyed in 1736. He published the letter against Toland in 1697, when he was Mr. Peter Brown, senior fellow; and therein, not only gives the foulest language and most opprobrious names to Toland, but calls upon the civil magistrate to destroy him: and destroy him the said magistrate would have done, if by sudden flight he had not escaped from their impious vengeance.

has existence only in the writer's malicious heart. Toland had a foul too honourable and honest to do such a thing, if poverty had made him a spectacle to men and angels: nor had he ever occasion to do such a thing for bread. He had true friends among the rich and good. Never wanted a purse of gold in his pocket.—And as to his speculations, sure I am, that he was in his belief a much better christian than this reverend Blackner. To prove it I appeal to his confession of faith in his posthumous works j and to the tritheistic dialogues in Ophiomaches, where this priest miserably labours to support the dreadful heresy of three Gods. It Was not Toland's faith was bad. He believed all that the apostles of Jesus Christ

believed. thor of that beautiful romance, the Theory of the earth; and Dr. Holdfworth. (N.) She answers the malicious accusations of Dr. Edwards, and replys to the severe observations of bishop Berkley. This extraordinary piece will be published one day. In the mean time, as a new and curious thing, I give you her preface to it.

When learning was reduced to mere words, M«. Benand men were little acquainted with theirf°ce\oT own understanding: when even the endea-MS-called

_ , . °. . . . a memoir

vours or the ingenious and industrious were relating» cumbered with uncouth, affected, unintelli-JSJjL'J gible terms, and vague, insignificant forms johnLocke, of speech, and an abuse of Language, andEsq; misapplyed words, were mistaken for knowledge and height of speculation; when bigottry upon custom, numbers, and human authority prevailed, and the abettors of fines, imprisonment, tortures and death, on account of religion, were so many, that even the bench of protestant bishops, to a man, voted against the repeal of the statute for burning of heretics j when Laud, the evil genius of


believed. Nor can the least mean action with truth be brought to hurt his fame. Honor and honesty were the laws of his life. What Toland was culpable in is this; he was too fond of a girl. In this article, he was, till his last sickness, indiscreet. And so have been, and so are many reverend men I can name. Toland dyed at Putney, March u. 1722. aged 51.

Charles, was in the zenith of his power, and the furious conduct of this high archpriejl had thrown the nation into pannics, and puritans were crushed under his lordflnp's chariot wheels % when moderation was deserted by fi&f clergy, and churchmen thought the golden time was come, that they should manage all the important concerns of peace and war j then Locke was born. This was the year 1632. The 23d of August he came into the World.

This mighty sage was sent by heaven to serve the human understanding, assist the sciences, and oppose that insatiable and remorseless monster, persecution: to expose to human view the sanctuary of vanity and ignorance, and shew mankind the way to knowledge. He made compulsion fly, and opened the prison doors to truth in confinement. He brought in religious liberty, and fairly proved its usefulness and excellence in the christian world: that it is the right of every man to think for himself, and to avow his thoughts, if he thinks honourably of God, and, to the utmost of his power, would, in every respect, forward the happyness of his species. In a word, he laboured to make us wise, and to bring us back to that love and toleration, which Jesus the Redeemer preached. When this glorious work was done, he left our world. Aged 73. He dyed the 28th of October, 1704. He ex

« AnteriorContinuar »