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displeas'd not only the fanaticks, but even ledd for proving the late complyance after such as had gloried much in the ingadge. the year 1651, and his accession to the ment 1618 ; for that parliament fell under king's murther, which was excepted out of the same condemnation. And some of the the letter ; and though vcrie many witnesse best affected, but moderate Cavalcers, did es were adduced, yet some thought the pronot approve it ; for they thought it dishon- bation not full. But after the debate and ourable for the memorie of that incompara. probation was all closed, and the Parliable king to have that parliament, 1641, ment ready to consider the whole inatter, wherein he sate, rescinded, as they judg'd one who came post from London knockit it & dangerous preparative to rescind all most rudelie at the parliament door ; and that had past in a time when the people upon his entrie with a packet, which he were made to believe that these parliaments presented to the Commissioner, mad him were warranted by his Maj. ; but to satisfie conclude that he had brought a remission, these, it was provided by ane express salvo, or some other warrand, in favours of the that all such privat persones as had obtained Marques, and the rather because the beercr privat rights or securities from any of these was a Campbell. But the packet being parliaments, or any deryving power from opened, it was found to have in it a great them, should be secure, except they were many letters, which had been directed by particularlie questioned before the act of the Marques to the Duke of Albemarle, indemnitie. Only the parliament 1649 was when he was General in Scotland, and which absolutlie rescinded without any such salvo, he reserv'd to see if they were absolvulie because they had no warrand even by the necessary; and being by these diligent enbill of trienniall parliaments, as is clear by voys (Glencairn and Rothes) advertised of the historie of these tymes.”

the scantnes of the probation, he had sent After giving an account of the man

them post by M.Naughton's servant. No ner in which the excise of £40,000

sooner were these produced, but the Parlia

ment was fullie satisfied as to the proof of sterling annually, granted by Parlia

the compliance, and the next day he was ment to the King during life, was car

forfaulted," &c.* ried, and showing how burdensome this impost was to the nation, Sir

The MS. gives a minute account of George adds:

the proceedings respecting (what was “ Nor did these provisos in the act any

called) the billeting act, anno 1662; way lessen the burden; for it was in vain by

by which the Parliament declared to think that his Majestie's successores wold twelve persons, selected by ballot, innot pretend, that because their expenses capable of serving his Majesty in any were equal to his Maj., that therfor the place of trust. At that time we are same subsidie should not be deny'd ; and told subsidies are in this like to the devill, that

“ Lauderdale was brought so low, that both are more easily rais'd than laid. And

his Maj. wold close the door upon hiir when the subsequent impositions were crav.

when he call'd in, Tarbat. He was under. ed, and this promise, never to exact any

valu'd by his enemies, and deserted by his more cess, objected, it was ansuered, that his Majestie did not exact or impose any

friends ; and if prosperitie (which, like all new cess, but that these were voluntary of

rype things, do's soon corrupt) had not be

tray'd Midletoun and his friends to too fers. Pardon me, reader, to intreat thee,

ccy much arbitrariness and want of circumspecthat if ever thou become a member of par

tion, Lauderdale had sunk under the weight kament, then consider what curses are day. lie pour'd out by many poor, hungrie, and

of his owne misfortunes." opprest creatures, upon such as are in ac- Various instances of Lauderdale's cession to the imposing of taxes ; for they violent and over-bearing conduet ocnot only torment poor people for the pre- cur. When he was Commissioner in sent, bot they mak way for new ones, and new taxes are the only means of making • The labour which has been taken to old ones secine easie."

wipe off this blot from the character of The fact of the Duke of Albemarle Monk by Dr Campbell—(Biographia Bri(Monk) having transmitted, during tannica, art.Campbell ( Archibald, marquis the trial of the Marquis of Argyle, of Argyle)—and by Mr Rose-(Observa. letters written to him by the Marquis, tions on Mr Fox's Historical Work, pp. which led to his condemnation, has 22-26) is not altogether without its use. been repeatedly called in question, and The perusal of what they have written on confidently denied. Sir George Mac

this subject may be of utility, in shewing kenzie was one of Argyle's counsel,

how dangerous it is to rest on what is called and his testimony will, it is presum

negative proof in opposition to positive tes

presum- timony and that it is not difficult, or at ed, be sufficient to set this controversy least not impossible, to bring forward many at rest.

ingenious and plausible arguments, to prove . «The relevancie of the articles (says he that a thing could not be, which, after all, in the MS.) being discussed, probatione was turns out to be an undoubted fact

1669, great opposition being made in Lady Margaret Kennedy, warmly paparliainent to an act, which he wished tronised the Presbyterians for a conto carry, for laying a duty upon salt siderable time. The following anecused in curing fish;-"at last the Com. dote, concerning the last of these ladies, missioner rose in a passion, and told, is related in the MS. that though the Parliament stopt the Lauderdale had of a long time entere act, yet they should gain nothing by tained with Ladie Margaret Kennedie, it; for he wold, by virtue of his Ma- daughter to the Earle of Cassilis, ane intie jestie's prerogative, pepper the fishing macie which had growne grcat enough to (as he termed it) with impositions." become suspitious in a persone who lov'd After a “ long and deep silence,” the not, as some said, his own ladie. This debate was resumed, and the act was ladie had never married, and was alwayes finally carried by the casting vote of reputit a wit, and the great patron of the the Chancellor, as president.

Presbyterians, in which profession she was

very bigot ; and the suspition encreased The following account is given of

much upon her living in the Abbey in the reasons of the act, making parishes which no woman els lodged. Nor did the liable for the insolencies committed Commissiuner blush to goe openlie to her against ministers.

chamber in his night-goune. Whereupon “ Ministers, to the great contempt of re

her friends having challenged her for that ligion, had their houses robbed, and were

unusual commerce, and having represented mightlie persew'd for their lives, in all the to her the open reprehensions and railiries western shires ; so that they were forced to

of the people, received no other answer than keep guards, which exhausted their sti

in that her vertue was above suspition : as inpends, and abstracted themselves from their

deed it was ; she being a persone whose reemployments : And albeit these shyres pre

ligion exceeded as far her wit, as her parts, tended that this was done by highwaymen, excecaea ou

exceeded others of her sex.” who sheltered their insolencies under the Bishop Burnet afterwards married pretext of religion, calling themselves pres- this noblewoman, and detached her byterians, and inveighing against the poor from her forner religions connexions. ministers, whom they robb'à, in the language of that sort ; yet it was concluded,

From the manner in which some of that these insolencies were comunitted by

the presbyterian writers have adverted those of that persuasion who were known to to this alliance, it would seem that think that all injuries done to Episcopall they were as much displeased with ministers were so many acceptable services Dr Burnet, for depriving them of their done to God; and it was most probable, accomplished patroness, as on account that the same zeall which carried them on of the controversial writings which he to plunder, imprisone, and execute, all such

such

,

published against them. Burnet is as differed from them in the last rebellion,

no favourite with Sir George Mackenand to shoot at the Bishop of St Andrewes upon the street, might incite them to great

zie, who has treated his character with outrages, when they were countenanced, severity in the course of the history. as they thought, by authoritie, and under I shall only add another fact menthe silence of night, when they might hope tioned in the MS. and which I do not for impunitie : Nor was ever the west coun. recollect to have seen elsewhere. Pretrie known to be infected with robbers at vious to 1677, it was customary for other occasions ; so that they were connivers the Lord Advocate to give his vote, at least in these crimes, and therefor deserv'

d o

along with the Judges, on causes in to be fyn'd upon such occasions. These

which he was the prosecutor. The motives induc'd the parliament to agree unanimouslie to this act, and how soon both

passage which states this can afteracts were past his Grace toucht them im. wards be sent to you, if any of your mediatlie with the sceptre.”

readers have a desire to see it. « Yet (adds Sir George) all this outward I am not altogether without hopes, zeal for Episcopacie could never prevaill that the publication of this letter may with the bishops to believe Lauderdale their lead to the discovery of that part of Sir friend ; nor were the leading Presbyterians George Mackenzie's history which I terrified at these as marks of his disesteem; because fanaticks were advanc'd to all places

do not possess. And I cannot conclude,

without expressing my earnest desire, of trust, and the friends and servands of the grandees (who could not dissemble so well that individuals who may have in their as their masters) laugh'd at Episcopacie possession manuscripts relating to our and the malignant party; nor is there any national history, would, through the surer mark to know the master's inclina channel of your miscellany, impart a tions, than by considering whom he em- knowledge of them to the public. I ploys, and what these speak."

am, &c.

Tho. M'CRLE. I The Duchess of Hamilton, and Edinburgh, 12th June 1817.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

SONNET TO THE YEW-TREE.

( By the late Dr John Leyden.) WHEN Fortune smiled, and Nature's charms

were new,
I loved to see the oak majestic tower,

I loved to see the apple's painted flower, Bedropt with penciled tints of rosy hue : Now more I love thee, melancholy Yew, Whose still green leaves in solemn silence

wave Above the peasant's rude unhonour'd grave, Which oft thou moisten'st with the morning

dew. To thee the sad to thee the weary fly; They rest in peace beneath thy sacred gloom,

om. Thou sole companion of the Lonely tömb : No leaves but thine in pity o'er them sigh:

oth. Lo! now to Fancy's gaze thou seem'st to

spread Thy shadowy boughs, to shroud me with

the dead.

Tired of the search I bent my way
Where *****'s lonely waters stray,
And from the wild flowers of the grove
I framed a garland for my love:
The slender circlet first to twine
I plucked the rambling Eglantine,
That decked the cliff in clusters free
As sportive and as sweet as she:
I stole the Violet from the brook,
Though hid like her in shady nook,
And wove it with the Mountain-Thyme
The myrtle of our stormy clime :
The Hare-bell looked like Mary's eye,
The Blush-Rose breathed her tender sigh,
And Daisies, bathed in dew, exprest
Her innocent and gentle breast.

And, now, my Mary's brow to braid
T
This chaplet in her bower is laid-
A fragrant Emblem fresh and wild
Of simple Nature's sweetest child.

THE WREATH.
I sought the garden's gay parterre
To cull a wreath for Mary's hair,
And thought I surely here might find
Some Emblem of her lovely mind,
Where Taste displays the varied bloom
Of Flora's beauteous drawing-room.

And, first, of peerless form and hue,
The stately Lily caught my view,
Fair bending from her graceful stem
Like Queen with regal diadem :
But, though I viewed her with delight,
She seemed too much to woo the sight-
A fashionable belle-to shine
In some more courtly wreath than mine.

I turned and saw a tempting row
Of Haunting Tulips full in blow
But left them with their gaudy dyes
To Nature's beaux-the butterflies.

Bewildered 'mid a thousand hues
Still harder grew the task to choose :
Here delicate Carnations bent
Their heads in lovely languishment,
Much as a pensive Miss expresses,
With neck declined, her soft distresses
There, gay Jonquilles in foppish pride
Stood by the Painted-Lady's side,
And Hollyhocks superbly tall
Beside the Crown-Imperial :-
But still midst all this gorgeous glow
Seemed less of sweetness than of shew;
While close beside in warning grew
The allegoric Thyme and Rue.

There, too, stood that fair-weather Flower
Which, faithful still in sunshine hour,
With fervent adoration turns
Its breast where golden Phoebus burns
Base symbol (which I scorn'd to lift)
Of friends that change as fortunes shift

VOL. I.

SOXG.
Maid of my heart long farewell !

The bark is launched, the billows swell,
And the vernal gales are blowing free
To bear me far from love and thee!
I hate Ambition's haughty name,
And the heartless pride of Wealth and Fame;
Yet now I haste through Ocean's roar
To woo them on a distant shore.
Can pain or peril bring 'relief
To him who bears a darker grief?
Can absence calm this feverish thrill ?
-Ah, no!-for thou wilt haunt me still !
Thy artless grace, thy open truth,
Thy form that breathed of love and youth,
Thy voice by Nature framed to suit
The tone of Love's enchanted lute!
Thy dimpling cheek and deep-blue eye,
Where tender thought and feeling lie!
Thine eye-lid like the evening cloud
That comes the star of love to shroud!
Each witchery of soul and sense,
Enshrined in angel innocence,
Combined to frame the fatal spell
That blest--and broke my heart! Farewell.

THE BURIAL OF SIR JOHN MOORE, Who fell at the Battle of Corunna, in 1808, Not a drum was heard, nor a funeral note,

As his corse to the rampart we hurried ; Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot

O'er the grave where our hero we buried.

• This little poern first appeared in some of the newspapers a few days ago. It is too beautiful not to deserve preservation in a safer repository; and we have accordingly inserted it among our original pieces. ED.

2 N

We buried him darkly at dead of night, Yet, Lina! hadst thou marked, when there

The sods with our bayonets turning, The lowly weed enrobed the Fair, By the struggling moon-beam's misty light,

ruo ylino moon-beam's misty light, What nameless charms_what graces new And the lantern dimly burning.

Its chastened lustre round her threw,

While, all around, the Flowers were seen No useless coffin enclosed his breast,

Do homage to the Rose's Queen : Nor in sheet nor in shroud we bound him,

0! thou'dst have doff”d that robe of pride, But he lay like a warrior taking his rest,

Those sparkling gems have cast aside, With his martial cloak around him.

And, simply decked as Nature bade, Few and short were the prayers we said, Scorned Fashion's worse than useless-aid!

And we spoke not a word of sorrow, But we stedfastly gazed on the face of the dead,

The following is a literal translation of And we bitterly thought of the morrow. the prose original, of which the above lines

are a paraphrastical imitation. The reader We thought, as we hollowed his narrow bed,

· of taste will readily feel how very superior And smoothed down his lonely pillow,

its admirable simplicity is to the compara. That the foe and the stranger would tread

tively ornate style of the translation. o'er his head, And we far away on the billow.

The Angel who watches over Flowers, Lightly they'll talk of the spirit that's gone,

and in the still night waters them with dew, And o'er his cold ashes upbraid him,

one day of Spring was sleeping in the shade But nothing he'll reck, if they let him sleep

of a Rose-bush.

And when he awoke, with friendly look on In the grave where a Briton has laid him. he said: “ Loveliest of my children! I

thank thee for thy refreshing fragrance and But half of our heavy task was done, thy cooling shade. Wouldst thou now When the clock tolled the hour for re- aught for thyself request, how willingly tiring ;

would I grant it !" And we heard by the distantand random gun, " Then, adorn me with a new grace" That the foe was suddenly firing.

thereupon entreated the Spirit of the Rose

bush. And the Flower-Angel attired the Slowly and sadly we laid him down, fairest of Flowers in simple Moss. Lovely

From the field of his fame fresh and gory: stood she then in modest weeds—the Moss We carved not a line, we raised not a stone, Rose--the fairest of her kind. But we left him alone with his glory. Fair Lina ! leave the gaudy attire and the

glittering jewels, and follow the monitions
of maternal nature.

Krummacher's Parabeln."
THE MOSS ROSE.

J. E. (From the German of Krummacher.)

THE TWO GRAVES. EREwhile, in Orient's sunny clime,

(From the German of Klopstock. } When earth-born things were yet in prime, Nor guilt the golden bands had riven

Whose is this lonely grave ?
That linked in peace the earth to heaven, “ Stranger ! 'tis Rochefoucault's."
Tire Angel-Sprite, whose boumded powers Who sleeps beneath this fairer sod ?
Are given to tend the tribes of Flowers,

“ Cordé sleeps." Each leaf at eve with balm bedewing,

I go I gather the breathing flowers, At morn each faded charm renewing,

To strew them around on your graves : One noon, on Spring's first petals laid,

For ye died for your fathers' land ! Had couched him in a Rose-tree's shade.

“ Gather them not.” Refreshed anon he raised his head, And smiling to the Rose-tree said :

I go-I plant the bending willow My loveliest child, my darling Rose ! To weep and wave o'er your grassy bed : Accept the thanks thy father owes ; For ye died for your fathers' land? Thanks for thy fragrance freely shed

“ Plant it not ! From ruby cup around my head,

“ But soon as thou canst weep, • Thanks for thy cool reviving shade, . While slumbering in thy shelter laid !

(For we mark in that look of woe, O ask !-whate'er the boon—'tis thine ;

Kindöstranger, The joy to grant the boon be mine."

That yet thou canst not weep) · "Then o'er my form new beauties shed"- “ Turn thee then-turn back to our lonely At once the Rose-tree's spirit said.

graves, And lo! ere scarce the words have birth, And weep! From fragrant wreaths slow-struggling forth, But thy tears be tears of blood ! The loveliest Flower with Moss is braided For we died in vain for the land of our faThe humblest weed her branches shaded !

thers.”

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Lalla Rookh. An Oriental Romance.

ductions sometimes breathe and glow By THOMAS MOORE. 4to. Lon

with genuine feeling and passion,

and often exhibit harmless and amusdon, Longman and Co., 1817.

ing flights of capricious fancy, they MR MOORE is beyond all compari- are so fatally infected with a spirit son the most ingenious, brilliant, and to which we can give no other name fanciful Poet of the present age. His than licentiousness, and which is inexternal senses seemn more delicate and compatible with that elevation and acute than those of other men; and dignity of moral sentiment essential to thus perceptions and sensations crowd the very existence of real Poetry in upon him from every quarter, ap- But though he was thus early led parently independent of volition, and astray, he soon began to feel how mean with all the vehemence and vivacity and how unworthy were even the of instinct. He possesses the poetical highest triumphs won in such a field, temperament to excess, and his mind and to pant for nobler achievements, seems always in a state of pleasure, Even in his most unguarded and indegladness, and delight, even without fensible productions, his ideas were the aid of imagination, and by means too bright, sparkling, fugitive, and merely of the constant succession and aerial, to become the slavish ministers accumulation of feelings, sentiments, of sensuality. His mind was unduly and images. The real objects of our inflamed, but it was not corrupted. every-day world to his eyes glow with The vital spirit of virtue yet burned all the splendour of a dream, and even strong in his soul,-its flame soon began during the noon of manhood, he be- to glow with less wavering lustre, and holds, in all the works of creation, that with manifest aspiration to its native fresh and unimpaired novelty which heaven. The errors and aberrations forms the glory, and so rarely sur- of his youthful genius seemed forgotvives the morning of life. Along with ten by his soul, as it continued to adthis extreme delicacy and fineness of vance through a nobler and purer reorganization, he possesses an ever-ac- gion; and it is long since Mr Moore tive and creative Fancy, which at all has redeemed himself-nobly redeemtimes commands the whole range of ed himself, and become the eloquent his previously-acquired images, and and inspired champion of virtue, libersuddenly, as at the waving of a magic ty, and truth. wand, calls them up into life and ani- There can indeed be no greater mismation. Feeling and Fancy therefore. take, than to consider this Poet, since are the distinguishing attributes of his genius has ripened and come to his poetical character; yet is he far maturity, as a person merely full of from being unendowed with loftier conceits, ingenuity, and facetiousness. qualities, and he occasionally exhibits Many of his songs are glorious compoa strength of Intellect, and a power of sitions, and will be inmortal. WhatImagination, which raise him above ever is wild, impassioned, chivalrous, that class of writers to which he might and romantic, in the history of his otherwise seem to belong, and place him country, and the character of his countriumphantly by the side of our greatest trymen, he has touched with a pencil . Poets.

of light,-nor is it too high praise to With this warmth of temperament, say of him, that he is the Burns of exceeding even the ordinary vivacity Ireland. True, that he rarely exhibits of the Irish national character, and that intense strength and simplicity of with a fancy so lively and volatile, it emotion by which some of the best behoved Mr Moore, when first starting songs of our great national Poet carry as a poet in early life, to be cautious themselves, like music from Heaven, in the choice both of his models and into the depths of our soul, but when.' his subjects. In both he was most un- ever imagination requires and asks the fortunate ; and every lover of virtue aid of her sister fancy,---whenever ge- . must lament, that while his first pro- nerous and lofty sensibilities, to the

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