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LUCIEN BONAPARTE having demanded passports to conduct one of his sons to the United States of America, the ministers of the allied powers, in a conferenee held at Paris on the 18th March, agreed that such passports should not be granted either to himself or his son; and also, that another abode than Rome, or the Roman States, should be assigned him, at a distance from the coast, in order to render the plans of escape which he may meditate more difficult.
Paris, April 2.-The Police Court has pronounced sentence on Rioust for writing the pamphlet entitled "Carnot," and which is declared to contain "principles of anarchy, and to be contrary to the fundamental maxims of the monarchy,' &c. &c. His defence is also pronounced to be seditious under the appellation of Liberal. He is condemned to two years imprisonment, a fine of 10,000 francs, the privation of civil rights for ten years, five years of surveillance of the high police, and sureties to the amount of 10,000 franes more.-M. Rioust has appealed against this judgment.
It is thought that the number of electors in Paris will be 10,000. There are about 13,000 who pay 300 francs of taxes, the qualification of an elector; but 3000 must be deducted for those who have not attained thirty years of age.
The stage-coaches, made on the English model, to run from Paris to St Denis and to Versailles, full of company inside, top, coach-box, and behind, now form a very extraordinary, sight for the Parisians, and draw more attention than any other carriages in the promenade.
There have been vaccinated in the department of the two Sevres, during 1816, two thousand individuals. This number is superior to that of preceding years. In the department of the Meurthe there were vaccinated 15,600 individuals during the same year. The prefect of that department has given premiuins to those who are distinguished by their zeal in promoting vaccination.
By a letter from Calais, dated April 17th, we learn, that the day before, the Eleonora, from Nantz to Dunkirk, with a crew of seven men, was driven on shore
to the eastward of that harbour, during a
Paris, April 20.-An ordinance of the king, dated yesterday, regulates the new The cabinet alterations of the councils of the cabinet, and the council of state. councils are composed, 1st, of all the ministers secretaries of state; 2d, of four ministers of state at the most; and of two counsellors of state named by the The council of king for each council. state remains composed as it was before, but the under secretaries and directorsgeneral of the administration will have a deliberative voice. Another ordinance of the same day contains a table of the formation of the council divided by sections.
The following general view of the income and expenditure for the year 1817, will shew, in a summary form, the resources and obligations of France:Public debt and sink
ing fund... .. 157,000,000 Ordinary ex- Perm...546,199,550 penses, Tempor. 54,409,117 Extraordinary Do....311,651,591
Expenses. 157,000.000 399,693,836 81,650,563 430,915,859
Totals, 1,069,260,258 1,069,260,258 The English officers of the garrison of Cambray have undertaken to provide 120 lb. of bread daily, for gratuitous delivery among the poor of that city.
City of Paris Loan-The following are the accurate particulars of the loan which has recently been concluded be
tween the city of Paris and several emi- in Galicia. In consequence of these events nent French houses :the French Government had adopted all necessary precautions on the frontiers towards Spain.
The city borrows 33 millions of francs, or about £1,320,000 sterling, for which it gives 33,000 obligations of 1000 francs each, payable from the 1st October 1817, to the 1st July 1829, both included. The period when these obligations will be paid is to be decided by a lottery every quarter of a year, so that there will be 48 lotteries, the first to commence with 523 obligations, the second 530, the third 537, the fourth 544, and so on, adding seven obligations each drawing, which will make in 48 lotteries the whole 33,000. Each obligation bears an interest of 6 per cent. per annum, payable quarterly from the day the money is advanced to that when it is repaid, which will be when the number is drawn, and there are certain prizes to be drawn every quarter, from 5 francs to 50,000 francs for each obligation which comes up, and which prizes amount in the whole to upwards of six millions of francs. Thus, for instance, the highest prize on the 1st of October 1817 is 20,000 francs, so that the hold er of that obligation which is drawn the prize on that day, will receive for his 1000 francs advanced 21,012 francs, 30 cents. for his capital, interest, and prize, and the least he can receive is 1017.The circumstance which led to such a transaction was the daily expense incurred by keeping down the price of bread to 18 sous for 4 lb. the cost of which has not been less than 75,000 francs, or £3150 per diem.
According to letters from Barcelona of the 10th May, it appears, that the sentence of death passed on General Lacy was still suspended, and it was the general opinion, that if carried into execution, he would never undergo the same in that city, or within the limits of the province of Catalonia, as this unfortunate officer, above all others, is the greatest favourite of the Catalans.
Madrid, May 20.-After long and warm discussions, it appears that M. de Garay has succeeded in obtaining the general approbation of the system of finance attributed to him, and of which the principal bases are as follows:
The maximum of the ecclesiastical benefices is fixed at 20,000 reals (5000 francs, or about £210 sterling). Half of the revenue of bishoprics and archbishoprics shall be consigned to the coffers of the state. The fifth of the product of the signorial rights is equally applied to the state funds.
A general land-tax shall be laid on all landed property without exception.
The customs in the interior are sup pressed, and there are to be no more, except in the frontiers and in the sea-ports.
The privileged provinces, such as Biscay, Navarre, &c. are subject to the general law.
The king guarantees anew the whole of the public debt.
In an article from Frankfort, dated 4th April, it is said the Prussian Governinent gives us, since the return of peace, the first example of repayment of national debt in specie. Obligations have been extinguished here, in presence of notary and witnesses, to the amount of 2,200,000 florins. This has made great noise in the trading world, and will raise very much the credit of the Prussian State.
A private letter from Vienna, dated April 12, says, "The unexpected arri val of the Princess of Wales on the 9th of the month, produced a general sensa. tion, and embarrassed great numbers. She put up at the hotel called the Empress of Austria, having found nobody at home at the hotel of Lord Stewart, where she wished to alight. Lord Stewart, the moment that he heard of the intended arrival of the Princess, set off with all his family for the country; a conduct which the Princess, as well as the Austrian public, took in very ill part. The Prin cess, the day before yesterday, complain. ed openly at her table, in very strong
terms, and declared that she would inform her daughter of it, and would herself never forgive Lord Stewart for this behaviour."
Stuttgard, April 30.-It is believed that the basis of the change which the Prussian Government intends to make in its ancient forms, is the establishment of two consultative chambers, or a species of deliberative councils, but the sovereign power to remain without diminution in the hands of the king.
The Flanders mail supplies us with the substance of a very singular decree of one of the minor German Electors. It is said that the Prince Elector of Cassel, desirous of avoiding confusion in the system of the ancient government, has published a decree, in which he directs that every ho nourable title and distinction, especially that of Monsieur, should be forbidden with the class of citizens and peasants. It is in future to be confined to the nobility, the officers of state, and to students. This is not only the subject of a decree, but it is actually put in practice, and the last Official Gazettes of Cassel (as it is archly stated) allow the most distinguished citizens of the place no other humble distinction than the love and respect of their neighbours.
Nuremberg, May 17.-Societies have lately been formed in several German cities against the use of English manufactures. In the industrious and manufac turing countries of Silesia and Saxony, the most considerable towns are expected to follow this example.
The German papers give a very distressing account of the state of commerce in Germany; that once great mart for goods and merchandise of every description, the Leipsic fair, seems to have de. clined considerably. Scarcely any business was done at the last, compared with what was usually transacted; one ac count says, that there were 14,000 persons less at this fair than at that held at Michaelmas.
From accounts up to the 26th May, it appears that the spirit of emigration increases in almost every part of Germany. In fourteen days, from the 1st to the 15th of the last month, the number of persons, men, women, and children, who passed Mayence on their way down the Rhine, with the intention of proceed. ing to America, was not less than 5517.
Stockholm, April 1.-The deputies of the army have now closed their meeting (which had not been called together for twenty-three years) after two months sitting. The organization of this assembly is now changed; the purchase of the higher VOL. I.
commissions in the army is limited, the pension fund of a million of dollars is placed under a new direction, wounded officers are entitled to larger annuities, and a separate establishment is founded for the support of their widows and orphans. All this concerns only the officers: the privates have their own hospital in the formerly celebrated convent of St Brigitta, at Wadstena, besides two hospitals for the invalids of this garrison; and they enjoy a considerable revenue from all appointments that are made out, besides one per thousand on the sale of all estates. It is now in contemplation to found for their benefit a still larger establishment, towards which near 200,000 dollars, in voluntary contributions, have been already received.
The Hamburgh mail has brought an additional proof of the extreme folly of the new commercial system, by which the Swedish government is influenced. A decree has been published at Stockholm, prohibiting the sale of coffee in inns, ho tels, coffee-houses, taverns, &c. under severe penalties, and the use of foreign wines, known by the names of cham paigne, Burgundy, canary, malmsey, sack, cape, or tokay. All foreign liquors, spirits, brandy, cider, and beer, are also prohibited. All this is a wretched imitation of Bonaparte's continental plan of exclusion, suggested probably by Bernadotte.
The accounts from Switzerland continue to be of the most distressing nature. In the eastern cantons there is almost a famine. Zurich is endeavouring to get corn from Genoa and Venice; Uri, from Italy; Fribourg has adopted severe measures against forestallers and regraters; Basle has prohibited the making of white bread; Zug has prohibited the exportation of butter; and Schwitz the exportation of hay. Under these circumstances, emigration assumes a more alarming activity-1200 families passed Jurphaas, on the 23d ultimo, to embark for America; 600 succeeded them the next day ; and more were on the way. Many of them had been at the head of the linen, cotton, and silk manufactures of Switzerland.
Copenhagen, April 12.-By the last accounts from Iceland, we learn that the inhabitants exert themselves to the utmost to encourage internal industry, and to banish foreign luxuries. Everywhere they now weave their cloth themselves, and in Nordland a single merchant lately had 3000 ells woven. The Icelande
have now so far improved, that they can make cassiere almost as fine as the English. They have entirely left off coffee, tea, and sugar.
The governor of the Russian Company, and the Russian consuls in Britain, have received an official communication from St Petersburgh, containing the following quarantine regulations, which will, we understand, be rigorously enforced.
1. "That no vessels can be admitted into any ports of the Baltic, unless they produce a formal document from the Danish quarantine establishments, either at Elsinore, Nyburg, Frederica, or Tonningen, recognising them free and exempt from every infection or suspicion whatever.
2. "That the ships or vessels coming to the ports of the White Sea cannot be admitted there, if they are not provided with a similar document from Norway (viz. from Christiansand) or England, from which it may appear, that they have observed in either of those kingdoms a rigorous quarantine, and have been declared there fully purified.
3. That in order that no fraud or deception should be practised, the Russian government will furnish the forms of quarantine-certificates given at the above mentioned places, to all the customhouses, and commanders of guard ships, in the Russian empire.
citadel at a time when the regiment, the
Last Wednesday the plot was ripe. At
own toils, is now under trial, and to
(Signed) "J. A. RIEMER, Sec. This wretch, who has been taken in his
The proclamation of General Maitland, dated 11th February, states in substance, that the whole of the supposed conspira cy was the machination of two individuals, Spiridion Lepeniotty, and Nicolo Caracopulo, and that the persons whom these incendiaries had implicated, ap peared, after the most careful investiga tion, to be altogether unconnected with it. From motives which we do not well understand, the sentence of death to which Lepeniotty was liable, has been commuted into one year's solitary con finement, and compulsory labour after wards, with banishment at the end of that term. The punishment of his ac complice is to be one year's solitary con. finement.
Corfu, Feb. 1.-A most extraordinary affair took place about a week since. A conspiracy was denounced to the governor, in which about twenty of the principal persons in this island were said to be implicated. The plot was, to seize on the
[Want of room has obliged us to with. draw the remainder of the Foreign Intelligence for this month: It will be given in our next Number. EDITOR.]
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
April 16.-The House met, in pursuance of the vote of adjournment. LORD SIDMOUTH'S CIRCULAR LETTER.
Earl GREY moved that a copy of Lord Sidmouth's letter to the Lords Lieutenant of counties, relative to the circulation of sediOrtious pamphlets, be laid on the table. dered.
The Irish Laws Execution Bill was read a third time and passed.
April 21.-Lord SIDMOUTH laid on the table his circular letter to the Lords Lieutenant of counties of England and Wales, relative to the apprehension of persons selling seditious writings, moved for by Earl Grey.
Lord HOLLAND observed, that this letter alone was not sufficient for bringing the whole case before their Lordships. When his Noble Friend moved for this letter, he had stated, that it was his intention to move also, on another occasion, for the opinion of the law-officers of the Crown referred to in that letter, and for the case laid before these officers. His Noble Friend, he understood, most undoubtedly meant to make that motion; and he was anxious that the Noble Secretary of State would now state whether he had any objection to the production of these papers. The letter of the Noble Lord had been, as there was reason to believe, already productive of some consequences which probably the Noble Secretary himself never intended. He did not mean to say that the Noble Secretary of State, or any of the persons concerned, were to blame; but it was a matter of great importance that the subject should be discussed; and that, in order to bring before the House the requisite information for that discussion, the case and opinion should be laid on the table. The person who had been molested was a Unitarian preacher, Mr Wright of Liverpool.
tion from Saltcoats, Ardrossan, &c. stating
Earl GREY moved that Lord Sidmouth's
April 25.-The Earl of Hopetoun was introduced by Lord Forbes and the Marquis of Huntly, and took the usual oaths and his seat, as Lord Niddry and Baron Hope.
Lord DIGBY presented a petition from certain persons in Dorsetshire against the importation of foreign wool.
Earl DARNLEY called the attention of the House to the construction which had been put by certain magistrates, in a late instance, on the Seditious Meetings Act, and said he should take the liberty to call their Lordships' attention to the matter on Monday.
April 28.-Mr CHALMERS (solicitor) presented the report of a parliamentary commission respecting the state of the ferries between the city of Edinburgh and the county of Fife. Laid on the table.
Lord SIDMOUTH laid on the table the opinion of the law-officers of the Crown, referred to in his circular letter. Ordered to be printed.
Lord SIDMOUTH.-Their Lordships' order had been complied with, and the circular letter which he had thought it his duty to publish was now on their table. tainly it was not his intention that persons should be disturbed in their religious worship; and of the ease which the Noble Lord mentioned he had heard nothing, except what he had just heard from his Lordship; but it was a case that would probably have occurred, though no such circular letter had been published; and he did not see how it was particularly connected with that letter. He had no objection to produce the opinion; but he would oppose the production of the case, and would state his reasons when the motion should be made for its production. Adjourned.
April 24.-Earl GREY presented a peti
SEDITIOUS MEETINGS ACT,
Earl DARNLEY, agreeably to his notice, brought the circumstance of the refusal of the city magistrates to grant a license to the Academical Society before the House, with the view of letting the country know, by the answer ministers might give, whether it was the object of the act to prevent all political discussion whatever.
Lord SIDMOUTH had no objection to state, that, according to his belief, neither the framers of the act, nor those who supported it, ever intended that the act in question should put an end to all political discussion whatever. Their Lordships might examine that act, and every clause of it, and see whether there was any clause which could by possibility bear such a construction as that which, according to the Noble Lord's statement, had been put upon it.
(No particular business on the 29th and 30th.)
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
ILLNESS OF THE SPEAKER.
April 14-A considerable number of members attended at four o'clock, when, with their permission, Mr Dyson read to them a letter he had received from the Speaker, dated Kidbrook, April 13th. It