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expressed great concern, that he was not and good conduct, and had been reduced to able, through ill health, to attend his duty this state by circumstances over which the in the House on the present day, and his sufferers had no control. The Hon. Gen. deep regret at the postponement of the public tleman begged to press the consideration of business which his absence might occasion. this subject on his Majesty's ministers. He Though at present it was hazardous for him would not move that the petition be referred to attend, yet he hoped he should experi- to the Committee on the Poor Laws, but ence the re-establishment of his health in that it be laid on the table for their consi. the course of a week. The CHANCELLOR deration. of the ExchEQUER observed, that a duty The petition was brought up and read. fell on him, which must be a painful con- It stated that the support of the poor had sideration to all ; but it was consolatory, already ruined many of the former contributhat it gave an opportunity to the House of tors, and would ruin others, unless an ime passing an unanimous vote, in consequence mediate relief were obtained. of the ill health of their estimable Speaker. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER His health had indeed been much sacrificed said, that the subject had occupied much of lately by his anxiety and late sittings in the his attention, and on Monday next he meant chair ; in which, those who had most ob- to move that the House resolve itself into a served his conduct, would be most deeply Committee of the whole House, to take into impressed with a feeling of his integrity, at consideration a proposition for enabling his tention, and ability. He concluded, by pro. Majesty to issue Exchequer Bills to a limitposing an adjournment to Thursday se'n. ed extent, for the purpose of supplying loans night. Unanimously agreed to.
on proper securities, to give encouragement April 24.-On the Speaker taking the for the employment of the poor. These chair, the members crowded round him, loans would be advanced to corporations, to and offered their congratulations on his re- parishes, or to associations of individuals covery.
who might be desirous to employ, in any PETITION FOR RETRENCHMENT. public work, the poor in their neighbour
The Hon. Mr BENNET, after moving hood, upon their giving security to the comthat the Police Committee be instructed to missioners at whose disposal, or under whose report their proceedings to the House from management, the issue of bills should be time to time, presented a petition, signed placed, that they would be repaid. Securiby 5000 inhabitants of the town of Wol. iy might in parishes be given on the poorverhainpton and neighbourhood, praying rate. Bills to the amount of between for a reduction of taxes, and other means one and two millions would be sufficient of relief. They represented, that they were to give the relief contemplated, and in a state of the greatest suffering and hard answer all the purposes of such a loan. ship, in a great measure to be attributed to He believed such a measure would not taxation ; and prayed for a diminution. in any material degree affect the money Their sufferings would be believed to be market, which could afford, all the issue great, when it was known that several in- without great deterioration. The Right dividuals in that neighbourhood were stated Hon. Gentleman concluded by giving noto have perished by famine. Employment tice, by command of the Prince Regent, had completely failed them; and if no other that he would on Monday move that the remedy could be devised for their distress, House resolve itself into a Committee of the the petitioners prayed that they might be whole House, to consider the propriety of furnished with the means of leaving the issuing Exchequer Bills to a limited extent, country, and retiring to a foreign land. to afford loans, upon security to be given, The petition was read, and ordered to lie for the local and temporary relief of the on the table.
poor, by encouraging works for the employRELIEF OF THE POOR.
ment of their industry. The Hon. W. H. LYTTLETON pre. The Hon. W. LAMBE said, there was sented a petition from the parish of Old one point of view in which the measure inSwinford, in the town of Stourbridge, com tended to be proposed deserved the most plaining of the pressure of the poor rates, serious consideration ; and that was, wheto which he wished particularly to call the ther it was to be considered as a means of attention of the House. The burdens of temporary relief, or a substitute for all those this parish were oppressive beyond the usual other measures which were rendered necesrate of imposition: the rate assessed on
sary for remedying the evils which had arisen house-rent was 295. in the pound-on the out of the system under which we have been rent of land employed in farms, 32s, in the so long acting. In this sense, the proposed pound; and on several kinds of land the measure involved the consideration of a sys. rate amounted to the almost incredible sum tem which had been already productive of of 61s. per acre. The population of the serious inconvenience, and threatened farparish amounted to 4381. Of these 1868 ther evils. He hoped, therefore, this plan received parish aid. The whole of this bur of the Right Hon. Gentleman was not the den was laid on 158 individuals, who were only one. He did not deny the propriety the only persons able to contribute. The of this step, but he would protest against narish was formerly exemplary for morals any reliance on its sufficiency. The subject
e rate assessed on sary for remed
was now pressed upon us by necessity: we sistence should be exempted from taxation saw the calamity under which the country as far as was possible, consistently with the laboured ; we should not rest satisfied with political safety of the country. His only palliatives, but should go at once to the root object at present was inquiry ; he wished for of the evil, and endeavour permanently to a full exposition of the case ; and with this counteract its malignity.
view the Hon. Gentleman moved, that a The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER Committee be appointed to take the laws replied, that one object of the plan which he relative to the trade in salt into their conhad given notice of submitting to the House sideration, and to report their opinions from was, to advance money to associations of in time to time to the House. dividuals, and another to make these advan. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQU'ER ces to public bodies. It was not intended did not think the proposition of the Hon. that they should be made to single indivi- Gentleman could be at present entertained. duals for any purpose connected with the The agitation of this question ha:l occasion. measure in question. The first object would ed already a deficiency in the receipt of the embrace the support and encouragement of revenue of £80,000; and it was incumbent public works under certain limitations; and on the Hon. Gentleinan to show either the upon full security for the repayment of the possibility of finding a commutation, or of money, the persons furnishing that security our dispensing with a revenue of £1,500,000. to take a counter-security upon the parochial As a measure of relief, a bill was now unfunds.
der the consideration of the House, for alApril 25.-Sir B. HOBHOUSE presented lowing the use of rock-salt, duty-free, for a petition from the West of England Agri the purpose of curing fish ; and he was not cultural Society, praying for the abolition quite certain that some indulgence might of the present salt duties, as injurious to the not be given to salt used for cattle. The manufacturing, agricultural, and commer. Right Hon. Gentleman then read an excial interests.
tract of a letter from the proprietors of Mr HARVEY presented a petition against several extensive salt-works, to the effect, the Saving Banks Bill now before Parlia that they were decidedly of opinion that the ment, as injurious and unnecessary. Laid present motion would ultimately be injuon the table.
rious to their interests ; and he concluded On the motion for the second reading of by saying, that the House would do well to the bill to authorise the granting of leases postpone the consideration of this important of tithes, Mr F. Lewis, after some obser. matter until the bill in question had been vations on the different acts empowering fully discussed ; and, upon these grounds, justices of the peace to levy the small tithes, he felt it his duty to move the previous and those not exceeding £10 in amount by question. warrant of distress, expressed a wish that it Mr CALCRAFT replied generally, upon should be an instruction to the Committee, which the House divided. For the motion to provide for amending such parts of the 70 ; against it 79 ; majority 9. late act as referred to this branch of their
CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION. authority, (the 53d of the king, c. 127) for April 28.-Sir II. PARNELL presented the purpose of proposing a clause extending a petition from the Irish Catholics for eman. their power to the determination of com- cipation; in which the objection to the inplaints or the recovery of tithes to the amount terference of the Pope in the appointment of £20. The bill having been read a se- to vacant Sees is proposed to be obviated by cond time, this motion was put and carried. a concordat, to be procured from his lloli. SALT DUTIES.
ness, that none but native-born subjects Mr CALCRAFT rose to make his pro- shall ever be raised to the prelacy, and that mised motion on this subject. In the the election shall be exclusively in the hands course of his speech the Hon. Gentleman of the native clergy. The Veto the Catholics pointed out the ijapolicy of continuing the still refuse. present enormous duties, which amounted Mr Wm. Smith presented a petition to no less than 3000 per cent. on a raw from the English Catholics, praying that material of our own produce. Such a tax domestic nomination might be held a suffimixed itself with every thing connected with cient security to be taken from the Catholics, the price of labour and the subsistence of as the condition of admitting them into the the poor. It fell with grievous weight privileges of the British Constitution. on the prices of butter, bacon, fish, meat, FREEDOM OF POLITICAL DISCUSSION. and all the primary and indispensable ar Mr WILBERFORCE presented a peticles of food among the lower classes. In tition from a certain society, called the this point of view its effects were as impoli. Academical Society, instituted for the purtic as they were unjust. The price of la pose of literary, political, and philosophi. bour was not now regulated by the price of cal discussion, and the promotion of genefood ; a redundant population, and dimin. ral knowledge, complaining of the refusal ished trade, had left it dependent entirely of the magistrates to grant them a license, on such competition for it as remained. It and praying the House to afford them relief. was necessary, therefore, in the present cir. Mr B. BATHIRST professed him. curastances, that the casential articles of sub. ignorant of the motives of the mai
on the present occasion. On the allegation amount of the last half-year's poor-rates at of the petitioners, it appeared that the ma. Easter 1817; to be paid out of accruing gistrates had refused the license, because rates within two years after Easter 1818; they thought it was the intention of the le. but such advance shall be made only when gislature to prohibit all political discussion, such last poor-rate was double the amount and he must entirely disclaim any such in. of the last three years' average. tention on the part of the legislature : it “ Amount of Exchequer bills advanced might be within the discretion of the magis. to corporations &c. in Great Britain, shall trate to determine whether or no a meeting be paid with 5 per cent. interest, fifteen daye were held for seditious or literary purposes, before the Exchequer bills become due. but it never could be the intention of the “Sums advanced in Ireland shall be legislature to prohibit political discussion. paid with 6 per cent. interest, by such inThe petition was laid on the table, and or stalments as the commissioners there shall dered to be printed.
direct, with consent of the Lord Lieutenant. Mr BROUGHAM presented a petition " Exchequer bills issued and not used, from Birmingham, signed by upwards of shall be cancelled. 12,000 persons. It contained a statement, “ Treasury may repay other Eschequer in humble and earnest, but touching lan. bills with sums paid. guage, of a degree of misery almost ap “ Clauses for securing repayment by proproaching despair. Laid on the table, and cess. Commissioners empowered to comordered to be printed.
pound with bankrupts. RELIEF OF THE POOR.
“ Seven commissioners a quoruin in The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER Great Britain. The majority in Ireland, brought forward his plan for the issue of excepting in cases specified where they may Exchequer Bills for the relief of the suffer- act. ing manufacturers and others. He moved “ The Bank of England shall keep actwo resolutions, which, after some discus- count with commissioners. sion, were agreed to.
“ Exchequer bills charged on aids of The following is an abstract of the bill 1820. proposed.
“ Commissioners to report to Parliamento • Exchequer Bills, not exceeding the “ Vacancies in commissioners to be supamount of £1,500,000, may be issued in plied in Great Britain by the survivors, &c. Great Britain (at 2 d.) payable within three in Ireland by the Lord Lieutenant." years.
In a Committce, a clause was added to " In Ireland, Lord Lieutenant may direct the Saving Banks Bill, directing the money the issue of £250,000 out of growing pro- to be vested in the hands of the commission
to be vested in the hands or duce of consolidated fund there.
ers for liquidating the national debt; the " Commissioners for the execution of the object of which was to prevent that fluctuaact in Great Britain to be named in the tion to which the property of the subscribers bill; for Ireland to be appointed by the to saving banks would be liable, were it Lord Lieutenant. To be sworn, and to act invested directly in the public funds and without salaries.
negotiable. “ Commissioners to examine parties com
THIRD SECRETARY OF STATE. ing before them on oath ; and to class all Mr TIERNEY made his promised moapplications, and to certify the sums requir. tion on this subject, with the view, and in ed to the Treasury in Great Britain, and to the hope, of saving £12,000 a-year to the the Lord Lieutenant in Ireland, who are country. The Right Hon. Gentleman, af. thereupon to direct the issue of Exchequer ter stating the recent origin of this office, Bills or advance of money accordingly. and the business belonging to it (chiefly co
" Persons receiving advances for the use lonial), which he thought could, as formetof any corporation, or parish in Great Bri- ly, be managed at the office of the Secretary tain, shall give their personal security, by for the Home Department, concluded by bond, to the king.
moving, “ That a Committee be appointed “ Mortgages of tolls, &c. shall also be to consider the nature of the business trans. taken, which shall have preference over all acted by the Secretary of State for the Codividends and claims of proprietors; but not lonial Department; to ascertain whether over claims of previous creditors without the existence of that department was nethe consent of 4-5ths of them.
cessary, whether it could with convenience “ Money may be advanced in Ireland in be transferred to any other; and what di. aid of works managed by Commissioners minution of expense would thereby be efappointed by the Lord Lieutenant on mort- fected.” gage of the rates, &c.
After a debate of some length, the House * Trustees on roads may increase tolls to divided, when there appeared for the mosecure the payments to an amount pot ex- tion 87; against it 190; majority 103. ceeding one-half of the original toll.
LICENSES TO PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIE“ Advances to parishes in Great Britain
TIES. shall be made only on application of four Sir M. W. RIDLEY, in rising to move shs in value, and a majority in mumber of for a copy of the petition of the Academical
inhabitants, and shall not exceed the Society, in Chancery Lane, to the Quarter Sessions of London, for a license to hold April 30.Mr MANNERS SUTTON obtheir meetings according to the provisions tained leave to bring in a Bill to amend and of the late act, said that he had to inform consolidate the acts with respect to spiritual the House of another instance of the un- persons holding farms, for enforcing the rewarrantable and oppressive construction sidence of spiritual persons on their benewhich had been given to the late act. The fices, and for the support and maintenance of Philosophical Society, established in 1808, stipendiary curates. He said that the bill for the discussion of political and philoso- would follow the course pointed out by the phical subjects, applied for a license at the act of the 43d of the king, and conclude by Quarter Sessions of London, on the 14th of re-enacting the provisions of the act of the April. The magistrates required a list of 53d, with regard to the allowances to cuthe subjects it was to discuss, and a definic rates ; and would allow the clergy to take tion of what its title or constitution would a farm to the extent of twenty acres. The allow it to introduce. The society refused bill would also provide for suspending all to comply with this condition, and its meet- prosecutions, on account of non-residence, ings were in consequence suspended. If for six months after the expiration of the the magistrates of London, who were ac- act of the 54th. The ecclesiastical year customed to expound the law, and to hear was made to begin on the 1st of Janu. it expounded, who were men of education ary, and end on the 31st of December; and and information, were thus ignorant of the it was enacted, that all licenses for non-retrue construction of the late act, what sidence should in future be limited to two would be the consequence of having its pro- years, always ending on the 31st of Decemvisions interpreted by other magistrates, not ber. With regard to the stipendiary clergy, so well informed, with a less vigilant public the alterations consisted in little more than to watch them, and with fewer facilities of in what might be called a dislocation of the legal correction ? (Hear, hcar!) The ex- clauses in the former act. tent to which the zeal or the ignorance of Lord EBRINGTON wished to know such men might carry thein, might easily whether there was any clause enabling the be conjectured ; and the danger to the lib. bishop to appoint a curate, wherever he erties of the people from their conduct might thought the duty was not adequately pes. easily be admitted, when he mentioned, formed by the incumbent. that in one part of the country a mineralo Mr MANNERS Sutton said, there was gical society had been refused a license, be a clause of that description. cause the magistrates were of opinion that The bill was then brought in, read a first the study of mineralogy had a blasphemous time, and ordered to be read a second time tendency. (Hear, hear! and a laugh.) on Friday se'nnight. The Hon. Baronet said, if Parliament did
RELIEF BILL. not interfere, all freedom of debate or dis- The CHANCELLOR of the ExcAEQUER cussion was at an end. (Hear!) The brought in a Bill to enable the CommissionHon. Baronet concluded by moving for a ers of the Treasury to issue £1,500,000 in copy of the petition to the magistrates of Exchequer Bills, under certain limitations, London, by the Academical Society that for the furtherance of public works of utimeets in Chancery-lane, for a license on the lity, the encouragement of the fisheries, and 18th of April
the employment of the poor, for a limited Mr B. BATHURST had no objection to time-securities being given for the repaythe motion; and with respect to the case of ment. Read a first time, and ordered to the Mineralogical Society, the construction be read a second time on this day se'nnight, of the act was so absurd, that any law, how. and to be printed. ever easily understood, might be perverted The Clerk of the Peace Fecs' Bill, and to any purpose by persons who could so far the Window Light Bill, were read a third transgress the common rules of interpreta. time and passed. tion, as had been done in this case.
APRIL. Cobbett's Address • to the Public." Liverpool, March 26, 1817.-My departure for America will surprise nobody, but those who do not reflect. A full and explicit statement of my reasons will appear in a few days, probably on the 5th of April. In the meanwhile, I think it necessary for me to make known, that I have fully empowered a person of respecta.
bility to manage and settle all my affairs in England. I owe my countrymen most sincere regard, which í shall always entertain for them in a higher degree than towards any other people upon earth. I carry nothing from my country but my wife and my children, and, surely, they are my own at any rate. I shall always love England bet. ter than any other country ;-I will never become a subject or citizen of any other State ; but I and mine were not born un- tion are well known to the public. The der a Government having the absolute power rent, in former years, has not exceeded to imprison us at its pleasure, and, if we can £1800 per annum, and the increased rent, avoid it, we will never live nor die under in the present times, can only be ascribed such an order of things. If I have not to the increase of the number of passengers taken leave of numerous friends in London, which has followed the facility of communiand in the country, it was because I should cation afforded by the late improvements, and have been made unhappy by their impor- the zealous attention of Mr Scott, royal navy, tunities, and the expressions of their sorrow. the superintendent. After the roup, the I make an enormous sacrifice of property trustees partook of an elegant dinner, proand of feeling; but when my heart feels the vided by Mr Mitchell, at the North Ferry tuys of friendship, and of all the interesting Inn. objects in Hampshire, it is reconciled to G reenwich Hospital. By a paper laid the loss by the thought that I can enjoy on the table of the House of Commons, them only during the pleasure of a Secre- it appears that no less a sum than tary of State. When this order of things £15,383:7:1 was due from the tenshall cease to exist, then shall I again see ants of the estates belonging to Greenwich England.
WM COBBETT. Hospital, for arrears of rent, for the year Parricide-On Monday, the 31st ult. ending the 21st of November 1816. By the Rev. John Greer and Robert Greer were another paper it appears, that the produce sentenced to death, at Carrickfergus, for mur of the lead and silver, raised from the estates dering their father, a tithe proctor at Church of the Hospital, in the counties of Northumtumbler, Carrickfergus. The clergyman berland, Cumberland, and Durham, sold was charged with wounding the old man in and unpaid for, on the 21st of November the head with a hatchet, and the other pri 1816, amounted to £25,109, 10s. suner with abetting in the crime. The con Robbery.--Early on Sunday morning, the victs were married.
23d ult. the dwelling-house upon the farm of 5.-Trials for Scdition. This day came Everton, near Greenock, was entered by a on, before the Court of Justiciary in Scot band of ruffians, who, after dragging the inland, the trial of Alexander M.Laren, mates thereof, consisting of a man and three keaver in Kumarnock, and Thomas Baird, females, from their beds, and maltreating merchant there, accused of sedition. The them in a shocking manner, carried off all indictment states, that at a public meet the money, wearing apparel, and other poring, held at Dean Park, in the vicinity table articles which were in the drawers and of Kilmarnock, on the 7th of December chests of the house. Mr Lenox, master of 1816, which meeting was attended by a police, has arrived at Greenock, having in great multitude of persons, chiefly of the custody Hugh and Barney Macilvouge, and lower orders, the said Alexander M.Laren Patrick M.Crystal, the persons charged with did, wickedly and feloniously, deliver a this daring outrage, and for whose apprespeech, containing a number of seditious hension so much solicitude was felt in and inflammatory remarks and assertions, Greenock and its neighbourhood. calculated to degrade and bring into con Cuution to Stage Coach Propriсtors. tempt the Goverament and Legislature, YORK ASSIZES.Mabsom v. Riscam and and to withdraw therefrom the confidence others. The action was brought by Mr Maband affections of the people, and fill the som, a young gentleman of commercial charealm with trouble and dissention. This racter, from Birmingham, against the defenspeech was afterwards printed, with others dants, who were proprietors of a stage-coach of a similar tendency, in a seditious tract or called the True Briton, running from York statement, which the said Thomas Baird to Leeds and Hull, to recover a compensation sold and circulated at his shop in Kilmar, in portance, not only to the proprietors of nock, at the price of fourponce each. The damages for a certain bodily injury, namely, indictment contained a number of extracts the loss of a ley, occasioned either by want from this publication. Found guilty, and of due care, or by wilful negligence, on the sentenced to six months imprisonment. part of the defendants or their servants. He
Emigration.--About sixty respectable sat upon the box, and there were, besides farmers sailed from Bristol last week, on himself, on the outside fourteen persons, board the Cluuncey for America, and many including the coachman and guard, and six more are preparing to follow them, to try persons in the inside two of the extra pase their fortunes in the United States. In one sengers on the outside sat upon the roof; parish of Wiltshire (Mere), thirty persons and to make room for the third, the guard are at this moment preparing to emigrate stood during the journey. The coachto that country.
man and guard were frequently warned Queensferry Passage.—The right of con of the danger arising from the overloaded veying passengers and goods across the state of the coach, and that they were Queensferry, was let on Saturday, 3d curt. carrying a number beyond that which the by the trustees for the improvement of the act allowed, and they were in consequence Ferry, for three years after Whitsunday subject to information and punishment. The next, at £2020 per annum, to the present reply to this warning was, that " the times tacksman, whose qualifications for the situļa. were hard, and that they were bound to do