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After detailing the preparations he the clearness of the air was such, as had made for the successful prosecu- led me to think that Jupiter's satellites tion of his journey, and giving an ac- might be distinguished by the naked count of his progress during the first eye ; and had he not been in the five hours after his departure, by neighbourhood of the moon, I might which time he had arrived at the ser possibly have succeeded. He continucond glaciere, called the Glaciere de ed distinctly visible for several hours la Cote, the Colonel thus continues his after the sun was risen, and did not narrative: “ Our dinner being finish- wholly disappear till almost eight." ed, we fixed our cramp irons to our With the morning dawn the comshoes, and began to cross the glaciere; pany proceeded on their expedition : but we had not proceeded far, when and the following passage will convey we discovered that the frozen snow a very distinct idea of the dangers and which lay in the ridges between the horrors to which this journey is ex waves of ice, often concealed, with a posed. “ Our route was across the covering of uncertain strength, the snow; but the chasms which the ice fathomless chasms which traverse this beneath had formed, though less numsolid sea; yet the danger was soon in erous than those that we had passed a great degree removed, by the expe- on the preceding day, embarrassed our dient of tying ourselves together with ascent. One in particular had opened our long rope, which, being fastened so much in the few days that interat proper distances to our waists, se- vened between M. De Saussure's excured from the principal hazard such pedition and our own, as for the time as might fall within the opening of to bar the hope of any further prothe gulf. Trusting to the same pre- gress; but at length, after having caution, we also crossed upon our lad- wandered with much anxiety along its der, without apprehension, such of the bank, I found a place which I hoped chasms as were exposed to view; and the ladder was sufficiently long to cross. sometimes stopping in the middle of The ladder was accordingly laid down, the ladder, looked down in safety up- and was seen to rest upon the opposite on an abyss which baffled the reach of edge, but its bearing did not exceed vision, and from which the sound of an inch on either side. We now conthe masses of ice, that we repeatedly sidered, that should we pass the chasm, let fall, in no instance ascended to the and should its opening, which had enear. In some places we were obliged larged so much in the course of a few to cut footsteps with our hatchet; yet preceding days, increase in the least on the whole the difficulties were far degree before the time of our descent, from great, for in two hours and a half no chance of return remained. We alwe had passed the glaciere. We now so considered, that if the clouds, which with more ease, and much more expe- so often envelope the hill, should rise, dition, pursued our way, having only the hope of finding, amidst the thick snow to cross; and in two hours ar- fog, our way back to this only place rived at a hut, which had been erect- in which the gull, even in its present ed in the year 1786 by the order and state, was passable, was little less than at the expense of M. De Saussure.” desperate. Yet after a moment's panse
At this hut the travellers slept; and the guides consented to go with me, the following is a very striking account and we crossed the chasm. We had of the night scene which was observed not proceeded far, when the thirst, at this elevated station : « At two which, since our arrival in the upper o'clock I threw aside my blankets, and regions of the air, had been always went out of the hut to observe the ap- troublesome, became almost intolerapearance of the heavens. The stars ble. No sooner had I drank than the shone with a lustre that far exceeded thirst returned, and in a few minutes the brightness which they exhibit my throat became perfectly dry. Awhen seen from the usual level; and gain I had recourse to the water, and had so little tremor in their light, as again my throat was parched. The air to leave no doubt on iny mind, that itself was thirsty: its extreme of dryif viewed from the summit of the ness had robbed my body of its moismountain, they would have appeared ture.” as fixed points. How improved in After surmounting a succession of those altitudes would be the aids which similar dangers, and continuing to exthe telescope gives to vision -indeed perience the same disheartening sensa
Remarkable Case of Margaret Lyall. tions, the company at length arrived so remarkably fine, that I could not at about 150 fathoms below the level discover in any part of the heavens the of the summit. Their feelings at this appearance of a single cloud.” moment are well depicted in the fol- In this expedition the latitude of lowing passage. “The pernicious ef- Mount Blanc was very accurately defects of the thinness of the air were termined, and some experiments were now evident on us all: a desire, almost also made respecting the power of a irresistible, of sleep came on. My burning-glass at the summit of the spirits had left me: sometimes, indif- mountain, compared with its effect in ferent as to the event, I wished to lie the vale of Chamouni. The chief indown; at others I blamed myself for terest of the narrative, however, is de the expedition; and, though just at the rived from the information which it summit, had thoughts of turning back communicates respecting the dangers without accomplishing my purpose. of the journey itself, and from the Of my guides many were in a worse corroboration it has given to the testisituation; for, exhausted by excessive mony of other travellers respecting the voiniting, they seemed to have lost all effect produced upon the human body strength, both of mind and body. But in such elevated situations. We do shame at length came to our relief. I not know that any account has yet drank the last pint of water that was been published of the attempts which left, and found myself amazingly re- have been made, subsequent to that freshed.--My lungs with difficulty of Colonel Beaufoy, to accomplish the performed their office, and my heart same journey,—but we have reason to was affected with violent palpitation. believe, that of late years the summit At last, however, but with a sort of of the mountain has been frequently apathy which scarcely admitted the gained. sense of joy, we reached the summit of the mountain ; when six of my guides, and with them my servant, ACCOUNT OF THE REMARKABLE CASE threw themselves on their faces, and
OF MARGARET LYALL, were immediately asleep.”
Who continued in a state of Sleep We have only room for one other
nearly Sir Weeks. extract, in which an account is given of the effect produced upon the mind By the Rev. James BREWSTER, Miof the spectator by the view from the
nister of Craig. vast height to which the travellers had (From the Transactions of the Royal Society attained. “ When the spectator be- of Edinburgh. Read Feb. 19, 1816.) gins to look round him from this elevated height, a confused impression of Manse of Craig, Feb. 16, 1816. immensity is the first effect produced M Y DEAR BROTHER, upon his mind; but the blue colour, The enclosed account was drawn leep almost to blackness, of the canopy up at the request of Robert Græme, bove him, soon arrests his attention. Esq. when all the circumstances were
e next surveys the mountains, many fresh in my own recollection, and that (which, from the clearness of the air, of all with whom I had occasion to al to his eye within a stone's throw confer on the subject. Since you refr him; and even those of Lombardy quested me to send you a correct copy see to approach his neighbourhood of the whole case, I have renewed my whi, on the other side, the vale of inquiries among the friends of the Chayuni, glittering with the sun- young woman, and submitted my acbeant is to the view directly below count to several persons, who were his fe, and affects his head with gid. most capable of supplying any omisdiness On the other hand, all objects sions, or correcting any mistakes. I of whi the distance is great and the can confidently vouch for the general level lo are hid from his eye by the accuracy of the statement, but would blue vaur which intervenes, and not wish its credibility to rest entirely through hich I could not discern the on my single testimony. I have thereLake of heva, though, at the height fore procured the signature of the of 15,700 nglish feet, which, accord- young woman's father, and of several ing to Sauire, was the level on which gentlemen, with whom you are more I stood; e, the Mediterranean sea or less acquainted, and who frequently must have ren within the line of saw her during her illness. The acvision. Thir was still, and the day count of her recovery, on the 8th of August, indeed, rests wholly on the flowed from her nose ; and about half testimony of the father, which there is a Scotch pint of blood was perceived not the smallest reason to doubt. I on the floor, at her bed-side. All atam sensible that many of the circum- tempts to awaken her were utterly stances which I have mentioned may ineffectual ; and she was conveyed in appear to be unnecessarily minute, or a cart to her father's house, about half even altogether unimportant; but, in a mile distant from Budden. Dr Gibdetailing so remarkable a case, I did son, physician in Montrose, having not think myself qualified or entitled been called, a pound of blood was to select according to my own judg- taken from her arm ; but she still rement; and considered it to be my mained in the same lethargic state, business, as a reporter, merely to re- without making the slightest motion, late, as clearly and correctly as possi- or taking any nourishment, or having ble, whatever was observable in the any kind of evacuation, till the aftersituation of the patient. I have noted, noon of Friday, the 30th day of June, also, her previous employment, the when she awoke of her own accord, places where she resided, and some of and asked for food. At this period the individuals who attended to her she possessed all her mental and bocase, partly to render the account dily faculties; mentioned distinctly, more intelligible, and partly to enable that she recollected her having been others to make farther inquiries for awakened on Tuesday morning at two themselves. I may mention farther, o'clock, by a bleeding at her nose, in case you may not be aware of the which flowed very rapidly ; said, that circumstance, that there is a similar she held her head over the bed-side case recorded in the Transactions of till the bleeding stopped; but dethe Royal Society of London for 1705, clared, that, from that moment, she vol. xxiv. p. 2177. Yours, &c. had no feeling or remembrance of any
JAS. BREWSTER. thing, and felt only as if she had taken To Dr Brewster.
a very long sleep. An injection was
administered with good effect, and she MARGARET LYALL, a young woman went to sleep as usual ; but, next about twenty-one years of age, daugh- morning, (Saturday, July 1, she was ter of John Lyall, shoemaker in the found in the same state of profound parish of Marytown, served, during the sleep as before. Her breathing was so winter half-year prececling Whitsun- gentle as to be scarcely perceptible; day 1815, in the family of Peter Ark- her countenance remarkably placid, ley, Esq. of Dunninald, in the parish and free from any expression of disof Craig. At the last-mentioned term, tress; but her jaws were so firmly she went as servant to the Rev. Mr locked, that no kind of food or liquid Foote of Logie ; but, in a few days could be introduced into her mouth. after entering her place, was seized In this situation she continued for thy with a slow fever, which confined her space of seven days, without any me to bed rather more than a fortnight. tion, food, or evacuation either of'urie During the latter part of her illness or faces. At the end of seven dis she was conveyed to her father's house; she began to move her left hand ; ad, and, on the 23d of June, about eight by pointing it to her mouth, signted days after she had been able to leave a wish for food. She took relily her bed, she resumed her situation whatever was given to her, and swed with Mrs Foote, who had, in the mean an inclination to eat more tha was time, removed to Budden, in the pa- thought advisable by the medal atrish of Craig, for the benefit of sea- tendants. Still, however, sh/discobathing. She was observed, after her vered no symptoms of hears, and return, to do her work rather in a made no other kind of bod movehurried manner; and, when sent upon ment than that of her left lid. Her any errand, to run or walk very quick right hand and arm, particitly, aply, as if impatient to finish whatever reared completely dead an devoid of she had in hand. Her health, how- feeling, and even when prked with a cver, appeared to be perfectly restored, pin, so as to draw blood, .ver shrunk except that her menses were obstructed. in the smallest degree, or dicatevi the On Tuesday morning, June 27th, about slightest sense of rain. at the same four days after her return to service, tine, she instantly dre back the left she was found in bed in a deep slecn, arm, whenever it was ached by the with the appearance of blood having point of the pin. She'ctinued to take
food, whenever it was offered to her; ring the third and fourth week, about and when the bread was put into her 60; and, on the day before her releft hand, and the hand raised by an- covery, at 70 or 72; whether its inother person to her mouth, she imme crease was gradual was not ascertained. diately began to eat slowly, but unre She continued, during the whole pemittingly, munching like a rabbit, till riod, to breathe in the same soft and it was finished." It was remarked, that, almost imperceptible manner as at if it happened to be a slice of loaf which first; but was observed occasionally, she was eating, she turned the crust, during the night time, to draw her when she came to it, so as to introduce breath more strongly, like a person it more easily into her mouth, as if who had fallen asleep. She discovershe had been fully sensible of what ed no symptoms of hearing, till about she was doing. But when she had four days before her recovery, when, ceased to eat, her hand dropped upon upon being requested (as she had of her chin or under lip, and rested there, ten been before, without effect) to till it was replaced by her side, or upon give a sign if she heard what was said her breast. She took medicine, when to her, she made a slight motion with it was administered, as readily as food, her left hand, but soon ceased again without any indication of disgust; and, to shew any sense of hearing. On in this way, by means of castor oil and Tuesday forenoon, the day of her realoetic pills, her bowels were kept covery, she shewed evident signs of open ; but no evacuation ever took hearing ; and by moving her left hand, place without the use of a laxative. intimated her assent or dissent in a It was observed, that she always gave tolerably intelligent manner; yet, in a signal, by pushing down the bed- the afternoon of the same day, she clothes, when she had occasion to make seemed to have again entirely lost all any evacuation. The eye-lids were sense of hearing. About eight o'clock uniformly shut, and, when forced on Tuesday evening, her father, a open, the ball of the eye appeared shrewd intelligent man, and of a most turned upwards, so as to shew only respectable character, anxious to avail the white part of it. Her friends himself of her recovered sense of hearshewed considerable reluctance to al. ing, and hoping to rouse her faculties low any medical means to be used for by alarming her fears,* sat down at her recovery ; but, about the middle of her bed-side, and told her that he had July, her head was shaved, and a large now given consent, as was in fact blister applied, which remained nine- the case,) that she should be removed teen hours, and produced an abundant to the Montrose Infirmary; that, as issue, yet without exciting the small- her case was remarkable, the doctors est symptom of uneasiness in the pas would naturally try every kind of extient. Sinapisms were also applied to periment for her recovery; that he her feet, and her legs were moved was very much distressed, by being from hot water into cold, and vice obliged to put her entirely into their versa, without any appearance of sen hands; and would “ fain hope,” that sation. In this state she remained, this measure might still be rendered without any apparent alteration, till unnecessary, by her getting better beTuesday the 8th day of August, pre- fore the time fixed for her removal. cisely six weeks from the time when she gave evident signs of hearing him, she was first seized with her lethargy, and assented to his proposal of having and without ever appearing to be the usual family-worship in her bedawake, except, as mentioned, on the room. After this was over, she was afternoon of Friday the 30th of June. lifted into a chair till her bed should be During the whole of this period, her colour was generally that of health ; • Lest it might be supposed, that this but her complexion rather more de procedure of the father implied a suspicion licate than usual, and occasionally on his part of some deception being practis. changing, sometimes to paleness, and ed by the young woman, it may be proper at other times to a feverish flush. to state, that it was suggested by his own The heat of her body was natural: experience in the case of another daughter,
who had been affected many years before in but, when lifted out of bed, she ge
a very extraordinary degree, with St Vitus's nerally became remarkably cold. The
dance, or, as it is termed in this country, state of her pulse was not regularly “ The louping ague;" and who was almost marked; but, during the first two instantaneously cured by the application of weeks, it was generally at 60; du- terror.
made ; and her father, taking hold of took her breakfast, and resumed her her right hand, urged her to make an work as usual at Dunninald. On the exertion to move it. She began to move 11th of October, she was again found first the thumb, then the rest of the in the morning in the same lethargic fingers in succession, and next her state; was removed to the house of toes in like manner. He then opened her father, where she awoke as before, her eye-lids, and presenting a candle, after the same period of fifty hours desired her to look at it, and asked, sleep; and returned to her service, whether she saw it. She answered, without seeming to have experienced “ Yes," in a low and feeble voice, any inconvenience. At both of these She now proceeded gradually, and in times her menses were obstructed. Dr a very few minutes, to regain all her Henderson, physician in Dundee, who faculties; but was so weak as scarcely happened to be on a visit to his friends to be able to move. Upon being in- at Dunninald, prescribed some mediterrogated respecting her extraordina- cines suited to that complaint; and ry state, she mentioned, that she had she has ever since been in good health, no knowledge of any thing that had and able to continue in service. * happened ; that she remembered, in
(Signed) Jas BREWSTER, deed, having conversed with her
Minister of Craig. friends at her former awakening, (Friday afternoon, 30th of June) but felt
I hereby certify the preceding acit a great exertion then to speak to
count of my daughter Margaret's illthem; that she recollected also hav.
ness and recovery to be correct in every ing heard the voice of Mr Cowie,
circumstance, according to the best of minister in Montrose, (the person who
my recollection. spoke to her on the forenoon of Tuesday the 8th of August,) but did not
(Signed) John LYAL. hear the persons who spoke to her on the afternoon of the same day; that
We hereby attest, That the above
mentioned particulars in the extraorshe had never been conscious of hav
dinary case of Margaret Lyall, are ing either needed or received food, of
either consistent with our personal having been lifted to make evacua
knowledge, or agreeable to all that we tions, or of any other circumstance in her case. She had no idea of her
have heard from the most creditable
testimony having been blistered ; and expressed
Peter ARKLEY of Dunninald. great surprise, upon discovering that
A. FERGUSSON, Minister, Maryton. her head was shaved. She continued in a very feeble state for a few days,
Wm Gibson, Physician, Montrose. but took her food nearly as usual, and
• On the morning of September 21, improved in strength so rapidly, that 19
1816, Margaret Lyall, whose case is des: on the last day of August she began scribed above, was found in an out-house to work as a reaper in the service of at Dunninald, hanged by her own hands. Mr Arkley of Dunninald ; and con- No cause could be assigned for this unhaptinued to perform the regular labour py act. Her health had been good since of the harvest for three weeks, with the month of October 1815; and she had out any inconvenience, except being been comfortable in her situation. It was extremely fatigued the first day.
thought by the family, that a day or two After the conclusion of the harvest,
preceding her death, her eyes had the ap
pearance of rolling rather wildly; but she she went into Mr Arkley's family, as
had assisted the day before in serving the a servant; and on the 27th day of
table, and been in good spirits that evening. September, was found in the morning On the following morning, she was seen to by her fellow-servants, in her former bring in the milk as usual, and was heard state of profound sleep, from which to say in passing rather hurriedly through they were unable to rouse her. She a room, where the other maids were at was conveyed immediately to her fa- work, that something had gone wrong a. ther's house, (little more than a quar- bout her dairy but was not seen again toy ter of a mile distant,) and remained
she was found dead about half an hour af. exactly fifty hours in a gentle, but
ter. She is known to have had a strong
abhorrence of the idea of her former distress deep sleep, without making any kind
8 any kina recurring ; and to have occasionally mani.
me of evacuation, or taking any kind of fested, especially before her first long sleep, nourishment. Upon awakening, she the greatest depression of spirits, and even arose apparently in perfect health, disgust of life.