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bullets. They agreed, that in case the ene- to bring the Article to a close in the my got over their dykes, they should retire succeeding Number, after bringing to the house, and if they should find them down more completely the account of seltes overpower'd there, to burn it, and
it, and the Kirk-Yetholm community to the
in bury themselves in the ashes.
In this action 8 men were killed, besides present time; with the addition of the officers named, and 30 wounded.
such other anecdotes and observations The account of the enemies loss is uncer
as we had collected respecting their tain, but they are said to be above 300 more general history ; and perhaps
slain, amongst whom were some persons of with some further remarks upon their ** note.
separate language and supposed oriThat handful of unexperienced men was gin. The attention required by more. wonderfully animated to a stedfast resis
resise pressing subjects, however, has hither
ore tance against a multitude of obstinat furies.
to prevented us from reverting to this; But they gave the glory to God, and praised him, and sung psalms, after they had
and it is, unfortunately, only in our fitted themselves for a new assault.
power now to execute the least diffiAmongst many who shewed extraordinary cult, if not the least important, part courage, some young gentlemen cadees de- of our original plan-namely, to preserve a special testimony and remembrance, sent to the public the remainder of the Las William Sandilands above named, miscellaneous anecdotes, with which James Pringle of Hultrie, William Stirling we have been furnished from various of Mallachen, James Johnstoun, a reform- sources, respecting this curious people. ed licutenent, and others. Diverse officers besides those above speci.
We begin with some extracts from the fied, viz. another Captain John Campbel,
i Records of the Court of Justiciary, Captain Haries, Lieutenent Henry Stuart, and other judicial documents relating Lieutenent Charles Dalyel, Lieutenent Oli- to trials of Gypsies. phant, Lieutenent Thomas Haddo, Ensign In May 1714, William Walker, William Hamilton, and most of all the offi- Patrick Faa, Mabill Stirling, Mary cers, behaved very worthily at their several Faa, Jean Ross, Elspeth Lindsay, Joposts throughout the whole action, and de- seph Wallace, John Phennick, Jean serye well to be recorded as men of worth
Yorkstown, Mary Robertson, Janet
V and valour. And the whole souldiers did every thing with such undaunted courage,
Wilson, and Janet Stewart, were inand so little concern, in all the dangers and dicted at Jedburgh, as guilty of wildeaths which surrounded them and stared ful fire raising, and of being notorious thein in their faces, that they deserve to be Egyptians, thieves, vagabonds, sorrecommended as examples of valour to this ners, masterful beggars and oppresand after ages, and to have some marks of sors, at least holden in repute to be honour fixt upon them. And it is expected such. his Majesty will be graciously pleased to
It appeared from the proof, that a take notice both of officers and souldiers.
gang of gypsies had burnt the house · Upon the Saturday immediately after those actions, the young Laird of Bellachan of Greenhead in Roxburgh. One wit"came in to Dunkeld to treat for the benefit ness swore, that of his Majesties indemnitie for all those of
“ The deponent being in a barn at Hair. Athole; and he declared that Lord James
stanes, on a morning, Janet Stewart, pannel, Murray was willing to accept thereof.
came into it, and prayed God's nalison to But Major General M.Kay (who by his
light upon them who had put her to that gallant and wise conduct prevented the con
trouble ; and being asked who it was, she junction of ill-affected people with the re
said it was Sir William Kerr of Greenhead, bels, and baffled all their designs upon the
who had put her bairn in prison, and delow countries) is now in the High-lands with
pones, that the same night after Janet Stew. a brave army. And with the blessing of
art uttered the words aforesaid, Sir William God, will shortly give a good account of
Kerr's house of Bridgend was burnt.”
Another witness swears, that
house was burnt, about five o'clock, Patrick Faa, pannel, looked over the prison window,
and asked if it were true that Sir William NOTICES CONCERNING THE SCOTTISH Kerr's house was burnt; and the deponent , ,GYPSIES.
answering that it was but too true, Patrick
Faa said, that the rest of the justices of "Concluded from page 161.) peace would have set him at liberty, but
Sir William would not consent; and that, 1. When we printed the second section if he had been at liberty, it would not have
of our Gypsey Notices, we proposed' happened, fot he would have cleansed the
country of these Egyptians and vagabonds gon the declarant did not well understand, they that were going about.”
fell a squableing, when the declarant was in The sentence upon Janet Stewart
upon Lonet Stewart ane other room with some other company; was, that she should be scourged
upon the noise of which, the declarant ran through Jedburgh, and afterwards
in to them, where he found the said James
Kairns lying above the said William Baillie, stand a quarter of an hour at the Cross,
whose nose the said James Kairns had bitwith her left ear nailed to a post. ten with his teeth till it bled; upon which
P. Faa, Mary Faa, Stirling, Lindsay, the declarant and his wife threatened to raise Ross, Robertson, Phennick, and York- the town upon them, and get a constable to stown, were sentenced to be transport- carrie them to prison ; but Kairns and Pined to the Queen's American planta kerton called for their horses, William Bailtions for life. Patrick was, in addi- lie saying he would not go with them. De tion, sentenced to be whipped through
clares, that after the said Kairns and Pin
n kerton had got their horses, and inourted, the town, and to stand half an hour at the orde
at they ordered the declarant to bring a chopen the cross with his left ear nailed to a of ale to the door to them, where William post, and then to have both his ears Baillie was standing talking to them: that
cutted off.' Phennick was banished when the declarant had filled about the ale, furth of Scotland ;' and Walker, Wal and left them, thinking they were golace, and Wilson, were acquitted.
ing off, the declarant's wife went to the About the same time, three men
door, where Kairns struck at her with a and two women, all gypsies, were sen
drawn sword, to fright her in ; upon which tenced to be hanged at Edinburgh.
she ran in ; and thereupon the declarant
went to the door, where he found the said In a precognition, taken in March William Baillie lying with the wounds upon 1725, by Sir James Stewart of Colt- him, mentioned in John Meikle's declars. ness, and Captain Lockhart of Kirk- tion.” ton, two of his Majesty's Justices of “Thomas Brownlee declares, that upon the Peace for Lanarkshire, “anent the the fourth of November last, being st murther of William Baillie, brazier, Leonard's fair in Lanark, the said declar. commonly called Gypsie,” the follow ant, with several others, comeing from
Lanark fair towards Carlouk, at Čartland ing evidence is adduced :
on the high road, David Pinkerton and ** John Meikle, wright, declares, that James Kairns came riding straight upon upon the twelvth of November last, he be the declarant and his company, upon which ing in the house of Thomas Riddle, in New. the declarant went off the way. They calle arthill, with some others, the deceased ing to hold off the way; the declarant said William Baillie, James Kairns, and David The way is broad enough, hold off, folk: 1p. Pinkerton, were in ane other roume drink on which James Kairns turned back the ing, where, after some high words, and a brcadeth of one house, and then, haveing a confused noise and squabble, the saids three drawen sword or shable in his hand (with persons above named went all out, and the blood upon it), came straight upon the de declarant knowing them to be three of those clarant and cutt him upon the head, to the idle sorners that pass in the country under effusion of his blood, without any provocathe name of gypsies, in hopes they were tion. This was done about half ane hour gone off, rose and went to the door to take before sunset," &c. the air ; where, to his surprize, he saw Wil. " John Lightbodie in Belstaintown, &c. liam Baillie standing, and Kairns and Pin. declares conform to the said Thomas Brownkerton on horseback, with drawn swords in lie, with this variation, that James Kairas their hands, who both rushed upon the said said-Know ye whom yow speak to? James William Baillie, and struck him with their Kairns will not be quarreled upon the road, swords; whereupon the said William Baile - which he said, when none quarreled him lie fell down, crying out he was gone. Upon further than to say, Ride off, folk." which, Kairns and Pinkerton rode off: that Another witness declares, the declarant helped to carry the said Wil. " That he had fri liam Baillie into the house, where, upon
" That he had frequently seen Maxwell
and Kairns in Bowridgemilne Kilne, wie search, he was found to have a great cut, or several others in company with them comwound, in his head, and a wound in his body, just below the slot of his breast; and
monly called gypsies and sorners, who took declares he, the said William Baillie, died
hens and peats at pleasure-also declares,
that they had horses alongst with them, and some time after.” * Thomas Riddle, tenant and change-keep
the declarant was obliged to give them straw, er in Newarthill, &c.; declares, that the de
for fear they had drawn his stacks or done ceased William Baillie, James Kairns, and
other mischief to him," &c. David Pinkerton, all idle sorners, that are
Another witness states, that the said
Another kpowen in the country by the name of gypsies. “Maxwell, tinker, sorner, and Egyp. came to tlae declarant's house about sun-set- tian," with his gang, frequently took ting, where, after some stay,and talking a jar possession, without any leave asked on
given, of his out-houses; and that, justice, had lately returned from a-
which he gave them some bottles to stance of his Majesty's Advocate, and En prevent further danger."
at the instance of Marjory Young, John Ketter in Murdiston Walk- relict of the deceased Alexander Faa, milne declared
hecklemaker in Home, for the mur“ That upon the said fourth of November der of the said Faa. In the evidence last, as he was coming from St Leonard's brought forward upon the trial, we fair, David Pinkerton and James Kairns find the following curious account of came riding up to the declarant, and said this savage transaction. to him, Yield your purse ; but afterwards they said it would do them little good, be
“ John Henderson, feuar in Huntley. cause he had said to them he had but a
wood, depones, that time and place libelled, crown. But Kairns' wife said the declarant
Robert Johnston, pannel, and his father,
1 was a damned villain-he had gold; and
came to Huntley-wood and possessed them. ordered to take it from him ; but Kairns
selves of a cot-house belonging to the de. said, if the declarant would go to Carlouk,
ponent; and that a little after, Alex. Fall, and give them a pynt and a gill, they would
the defunct, came up to the door of the said pardon him. And accordingly they came
house, and desired they would make open to Carlouk, to the house of James Walker
the door : that the door was standing a jarr, there, where the declarant paied some ale ;
and the deponent saw Robert Johnston, and as he was goeing away, Pinkerton beat
pannel, in the inside of the door, and a fork
in his hand - # him for not giving them brandie.”
and saw him push over the John Whytefoord in Cartland, de
door head at the said Alexander Fall, and
saw the grains of the fork strike Alexander clared,
Fall in the breast, and Alexander Fall come- * « That he saw Maxwell's son called the ing back from the door staggering came o Merchant have a wallate, and as he thought, to a midding, and there he fell down and
some ware in it, which he valued at twenty died immediately ; and depones, that the pound Scots, amongst which he had a short distance of the midding from the house pistoll; and farder, that he saw James
es where he received the wound is about a Whytefoord, constable, at the command of
penny-stone cast; and when Alexander Fall * Captain Lockhart, Justice of Peace, take retyred from the house, he said to the rest. a naked baignet off the wall head of the
the Retyre for your lives, for I have gott my
B house wherein they were lodged, which Max- death : Depones, he saw Robert Johnston, 3 well younger, the merchant, called his fa. pannel, come out of the cott-house with the
ther's ; and that his father rolled the pans fork in his hand, and pass by Alexander o with it :- and farder declares, that he Fall and the deponent; heard the pannell
saw them boyling flesh in poats while they say, he had sticked the dog, and he would 5 were in the said house."
stick the whelps too ; whereapon the pannell After the examination of the fore- run after the defunct's sone with the fork e going witnesses, and a number of other in his hand, into the house of George Car. po persons who had been cited by order ter : Depones, in a little while after the
of the Justices of the Peace for Lan- pannel had gone into George Carter's house, arkshire, " to compear before them the deponent saw him running down a balk to give their declarations, what they and a meadow; and in two hours after,
saw him on horseback rideing away without know of these idle vagabonds, com
his stockings or shoes, coat or cape." monly called gypsies,”—a report follows from the said Court, enumerat- Another witness swears, that ". ing the grievances suffered by the lieges “ She heard Johnston say, “ Where are froin the oppressions and disorders of the whelps that I may kill them too?" these audacious vagrants, and ordering that the prisoner followed Alexander Fall's
son into George Carter's house, and the dethe laws to be strictly enforced against son
ponent went thither after him, out of fear them. It is particularly mentioned in
he should have done some harm to George this report, that a gypsey “ of the Carter's wife or children ; there saw the name of Johnstoun, who, about nine pannel, with the said fork, search beneath years by past, was guilty of a most hor- a bed for Alexander Hall's sone, who had rid murder," but had escaped from hiden himself beyond the cradle ; and then VOL. I.
there being a cry given that Alexander Fall John Faa, alias Falla, alias William. was dead, the pannel went away."
son, William Miller, Christian StewJohnston was sentenced to be hang- art, Margaret Young, and Elizabeth eil on 13th June 1797, but he escap- alias Elspeth Anderson, were indicted ed from prison. He was afterwards at Jedburgh for the crimes of theft, retaken ; and in August 1728, the and as habit and repute vagabonds or High Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh vagrant persons, sturdy beggars, sore ordered his sentence to be put in exe- ners and gypsies. They all received cution.
sentence of death, except Miller, who · Upon comparing these statements was transported for life.* with the traditionary account of the niurder of Geordie Fra by Rob John
Lob John- A correspondent, who has very obstone, given in our second Number, ligingly furnished us with several page 161, the latter appears to be in- curious communications on the preaccurate in several points, and parti- sent subiect, mentions, that in the cularly in mentioning Jean Gordon as combat at Lowrie's Den, described by the wife of the murdered Faa. John- Mr Hogg in a former Number, the ston, it would seem, had contrived wife of one of the parties assisted her to elude the pursuit of justice for husband by holding down his opponent more than ten years, and after being till he despatched him by repeated taken and condemned, had again ese stabs with a small knife. This virago, caped from prison. If the story of thinking the murderer was not make Jean Gordon's having pursued a mur. ing quick enough work, called out to derer beyond seas, and traced him him, « Strike laigh! Strike laigh !" from one country to another till he T he same correspondent has lately was finally secured, be at all connect
sent us the following anecdote of Bily ed with the case of Johnston, she Marshall, derived, as he informs us, may perhaps have been the mother from Black Matthew Marshall,' grandof Sandie Faa, the person murdered.
son of the said chieftain:-“ Marshall's Her husband rather seems to have been
gang had long held possession of a large Patrick Faa, mentioned at page 615.
cove or cavern in the high grounds of But as these bloody transactions appear Cairnmuir, in Galloway, where they to have beer. very frequent among this usually deposited their plunder, and savage race in former times, it is not sometimes resided, secure from the improbable that two stories may have officers of the law, as no one dursi been blended together in the popular venture to molest the tribe in that tradition.
retired subterraneous situation. It A few years after this, our heroine, happened that two Highland pipers, Jean, appears to have been reduced to
strangers to the country, were travelo rather distressed circumstances ; for in ling that way; and falling in by chance May 1732, we find that a petition was with this cove, they entered it, to presented to the Circuit Court at Jedburgh, by Jean Gordon, commonly
• While printing this sheet the following culled The Dutchess, then prisoner in notices have been transmitted to us from the tolbooth of Edinburgh ; in which England :she states, that she is now become « Simson, Arington, Fetherstone, Feaan old and infirm woman, having been wicke, and Lanckaster, were banged, being long in prison.” She concludes with Egyptians." Aug. 1592. requesting to be allowed « to take St Nicholas Par. Register, Durban, voluntar banishment upon herself, to
“ Francis Heron, king of ye faws, buren
13 Jan. 1756." depairt trom Scotland never to return "
Jarrow Register, Co. Durham. thereto."-We have little doubt that A late communication from another gener The Dutchess is no other than our tleman in the North of England enable
$ 115 old acquaintance, though we were not to correct a slight inaccuracy in our formerly acquainted with her title. It Number, respecting the denth of Jan was probably during one of these pe- Allan, the famous Northumbrian piper riods of voluntar banishment, that who it appears did not die, as we supplem poor Jean encountered the Goodman in Morpeth jail; but after being condemna of Lochside on the south side of the
ed at the Durham assizes, in Augustin Border.
for horse-stealing, was reprieved, and About a twelvemonth before the
ceived his Majesty's pardon in 1804; and
it on the 28th August 1806 died, and date of Jean Gordon's petition, we buried in the parish church of St Nicht find that John Faa, William Faa, in the city of Durliam.”
shelter themselves from the weather, shepherd's garden. Without leaving and resolved to rest there during the him any time for speculation, hownight. They found pretty good quare ever, the knight of the curtain bolted ters, but observed some very suspicious forth upon him, and seizing his horse furniture in the cove, which indicated by the bridle, demanded his money, the profession and character of its ab- Mr Leck, though it was now dusk, at sent inhabitants. They had not re- once recognized the gruff voice and mained long, till they were alarmed the great black burly head of his next
by the voices of a numerous band ad- door neighbour, Gleid-neckit Will, the closiy vancing to its entrance. The pipers gypsey chief." Dear me, Iilliam,"
expected nothing but death from the said the minister in his usual quiet ruthless gypsies. One of them, how- manner, “ can this be you? Ye're ever, being a man of some presence of surely no serious wi' me? Ye wadna mind, called to his neighbour instantly sae far wrang your character for a good to 'fill his bags' (doing the same him- neighbour for the bit trifle I hae to self), and to strike up a pibroch with gie, William?" Lord saif us, Mr all his inight and main. Both pipes Leck!" said Will, quitting the rein, accordingly at once commenced a most and lifting his hat with great respect, tremendous onset, the cove with all its “ whae wad hae thought o' meeting echoes pealing back the · Pibroch of yow out owre here-away?--Ye needna Douuil Dhu,' or such like. At this gripe for ony siller to me.I wadna very unexpected and terrific recep- touch a plack o' your gear, nor a hair tion,-the yelling of the bagpipes, is- o' your head, for a' the gowd o' Tivisuing from the bowels of the earth, dale. I ken ye'll no do us an ill turn just at the moment the gypsies entered for this mistak—and I'll e'en sce ye
the cove,--Billy Marshall, with all his safe through the eirie Staw-it's no 3 bond
band, precipitately fled in the greatest reckoned a very canny bit mair ways consternation, and from that night nor ane; but I wat weel ye'll no be never again would go near their fa- feared for the dead, and I'll tak care o vourite haunt, believing that the blasts the living."-Will accordingly gave
they had heard proceeded from the his reverend friend a safe convoy Oldevil or some of his agents. The pipers through the haunted pass, and, not. e next morning prosecuted their journey withstanding this ugly mistake, con' in safety, carrying with them the tinued ever after an inoffensive and oba
spolia optima of the redoubted Billy liging neighbour to the minister, 66. and the clan Marshall.”
who on his part observed a prudent The following anecdote of another and inviolable secrecy on the subject noted leader is communicated by an of this rencounter during the life-time individual, who had frequently heard of Gleid-neckit Will.” it related by the reverend person chiefly The following story contains per, concerned :
haps nothing very remarkable in itself, “ The late Mr Leck, minister of or characteristic of the gypsey race ; Yetholm, happened to be riding home but it seems worthy of being inserted, one evening from a visit over in Nor- from other considerations :- Tam Gora thumberland, when finding himself don, the late captain of the Spittal like to be benighted, for the sake of a gypsies, and a very notorious and desnear cut, he struck into a wild solitary perate character, had been in the habit track, or drove-road, across the fells, of stealing sheep from the flocks of Mr by a place called The Staw. In one of Abram Logan, farmer at Lammerton, the derne places through which this in the east of Berwickshire. Numbers path led him, there stood an old de having successively disappeareil, Nir serted shepherd's house, which, of Logan and the shepherd sat up one course, was reputed to be haunted. night to watch for the thiet; and The minister, though little apt to be about midnight, Tam and his son-inalarmed by such reports, was however law, Ananias. Faa, coming for their somewhat startled, on observing, as he accustomed prey, the farmer and his approached close to the cottage, a servant sprung up and seized them. 'grim visage' staring out past a wine Abram Logan, a stout active man, haul dowclaith, or sort of curtain, which had grappled with the elder gypsey, while been fastened up to supply the place the shepherd secured the other ;--the of a door, and also several dusky ruffian instantly drew a large knife, figures' skulking among the bourtree used for killing sheep, and made rebushes that had once sheltered the peated attempts to stub him, but