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This said, she hasteth to a myrtle grove,

Musing the morning is so much o'er-worn;
And yet she hears no tidings of her love:

She hearkens for his hounds, and for his horn:
Anon she hears them chaunt it lustily,
And all in haste she coasteth to the cry.

And as she runs, the bushes in the way

Some catch her by the neck, some kiss her face, Some twin'd about her thigh to make her stay;

She wildly breaketh from their strict embrace, Like a milch doe, whose swelling dugs do ake, Hasting to feed her fawn hid in some brake.

By this she hears the hounds are at a bay,

Whereat she starts like one that spies an adder Wreath'd up in fatal folds, just in his way,


The fear whereof doth make him shake and shud-
Even so the timorous yelping of the hounds
Appals her senses, and her spright confounds.
For now she knows it is no gentle chase,

But the blunt boar, rough bear, or lion proud,
Because the cry remaineth in one place,

Where fearfully the dogs exclaim aloud:
Finding their enemy to be so curst,
They all strain court'sy, who shall cope him first.
This dismal cry rings sadly in her ear,

Through which it enters to surprise her heart;
Who, overcome by doubt and bloodless fear,

With cold-pale weakness numbs each feeling part: Like soldiers, when their captain once doth yield, They basely fly, and dare not stay the field.

Thus stands she in a trembling ecstasy,

Till, cheering up her senses sore-dismay'd,

She tells them, 'tis a causeless fantasy,

And childish error that they are afraid;

Hard-favour'd tyrant, ugly, meagre, lean,
Hateful divorce of love, (thus chides she death,)
Grim-grinning ghost, earth's worm, what dost thou
To stifle beauty, and to steal his breath, [mean,
Who when he liv'd, his breath and beauty set
Gloss on the rose, smell to the violet?

If he be dead,-O no, it cannot be,

Seeing his beauty, thou should'st strike at it;-
O yes, it may; thou hast no eyes to see,

But hatefully at random dost thou hit.
Thy mark is feeble age; but thy false dart
Mistakes that aim, and cleaves an infant's heart.
Hadst thou but bid beware, then he had spoke,
And hearing him, thy power had lost his power,
The destinies will curse thee for this stroke;

They bid thee crop a weed, thou pluck'st a flower
Love's golden arrow at him should have fled,
And not death's ebon dart, to strike him dead.
Dost thou drink tears, that thou provok'st such weep-
What may a heavy groan advantage thee? [ing?
Why hast thou cast into eternal sleeping

Those eyes that taught all other eyes to see?
Now Nature cares not for thy mortal vigour,
Since her best work is ruin'd with thy rigour.

Here overcome, as one full of despair,

She vail'd her eye-lids, who, like sluices, stopp'd
The crystal tide that from her two cheeks fair

In the sweet channel of her bosom dropp'd;
But through the flood-gates breaks the silver rain,
And with his strong course opens them again.
O how her eyes and tears did lend and borrow!
Her eyes seen in the tears, tears in her eye; [row;
Both crystals, where they view'd each other's sor-
Sorrow, that friendly sighs sought still to dry;

Bids them leave quaking, bids them fear no more;-But like a stormy day, now wind, now rain,
And with that word she spy'd the hunted boar;
Whose frothy mouth, bepainted all with red,

Like milk and blood being mingled both together,
A second fear through all her sinews spread,
Which madly hurries her she knows not whither:
This way she runs, and now she will no further,
But back retires to rate the boar for murther.
A thousand spleens bear her a thousand ways;
She treads the path that she untreads again;
Her more than haste is mated with delays,

Like the proceedings of a drunken brain;
Full of respect, yet nought at all respecting:
In hand with all things, nought at all effecting.
Here kennel'd in a brake she finds a hound,
And asks the weary caitiff for his master;
And there another licking of his wound,

Gainst venom'd sores the only sovereign plaster;
And here she meets another sadly scowling,
To whom she speaks; and he replies with howling.
When he hath ceas'd his ill-resounding noise,
Another flap-mouth'd mourner, black and grim,
Against the welkin vollies out his voice;

Another and another answer him;
Clapping their proud tails to the ground below,
Shaking their scratch'd ears, bleeding as they go.

Look, how the world's poor people are amaz'd
At apparitions, signs, and prodigies,
Whereon with fearful eyes they long have gaz'd,
Infusing them with dreadful prophecies;
So she at these sad sighs draws up her breath,
And, sighing it again, exclaims on death.

Sighs dry her cheeks, tears make them wet again.
Variable passions throng her constant woe,
As striving who should best become her grief;
All entertain'd, each passion labours so,

That every present sorrow seemeth chief,
But none is best; then join they all together,
Like many clouds consulting for foul weather.
By this, far off she hears some huntsman holia,
A nurse's song ne'er pleas'd her babe so well!
The dire imagination she did follow

This sound of hope doth labour to expel;
For now reviving joy bids her rejoice,
And flatters her, it is Adonis' voice.

Whereat her tears began to turn their tide,

Being prison'd in her eye, like pearls in glass;
Yet sometimes falls an orient drop beside,

Which her cheek melts, as scorning it should pass,
To wash the foul face of the sluttish ground,
Who is but drunken, when she seemeth drown'd.
O hard-believing love, how strange it seems

Not to believe, and yet too credulous!
Thy weal and woe are both of them extremes;
Despair and hope make thee ridiculous:
The one doth flatter thee in thoughts unlikely,
In likely thoughts the other kills thee quickly.

Now she unweaves the web that she hath wrought;
Adonis lives, and death is not to blame;

It was not she that call'd him all to nought;
Now she adds honours to his hateful name;
She clepes him king of graves, and grave for kings;
Imperious supreme of all mortal things.

No, no, quoth she, sweet Death, I did but jest;
Yet pardon me, I felt a kind of fear,
When as I met the boar, that bloody beast,
Which knows no pity, but is still severe;
Then, gentle shadow, (truth I must confess,)
I rail'd on thee, fearing my love's decease.
"Tis not my fault: the boar provok'd my tongue;
Be wreak'd on him, invisible commander;
'Tis he, foul creature, that hath done thee wrong;
I did but act, he's author of thy slander:
Grief hath two tongues, and never woman yet
Could rule them both, without ten women's wit.
Thus hoping that Adonis is alive,

Her rash suspect she doth extenuate;
And that his beauty may the better thrive,

With death she humbly doth insinuate: Tells him of trophies, statues, tombs, and stories, His victories, his triumphs, and his glories. O Jove, quoth she, how much a fool was I, To be of such a weak and silly mind, To wail his death, who lives, and must not die, Till mutual overthrow of mortal kind! For he being dead, with him is beauty slain, Aud, beauty dead, black chaos comes again. Fie, fie, fond love, thou art so full of fear, As one with treasure laden, hemm'd with thieves; Trifles, unwitnessed with eye or ear,

Thy coward heart with false bethinking grieves. Even at this word she hears a merry horn, Whereat she leaps, that was but late forlern. As falcon to the lure, away she flies;

The grass stoops not, she treads on it so light; And in her haste unfortunately spies

The foul boar's conquest on her fair delight; Which seen, her eyes, as murder'd with the view, Like stars asham'd of day, tnemselves withdrew. Or, as the snail, whose tender horns being hit, Shrinks backward in his shelly cave with pain, And there, all smother'd up in shade doth sit, Long after fearing to creep forth again; So, at his bloody view, her eyes are fled Into the deep dark cabins of her head: Where they resign their office and their light To the disposing of her troubled brain; Who bids them still consort with ugly night, And never wound the heart with looks again, Who, like a king perplexed in his throne, By their suggestion gives a deadly groan, Whereat each tributary subject quakes;

As when the wind, imprison'd in the ground, Struggling for passage, earth's foundation shakes, Which with cold terror doth men's minds confound: This mutiny each part doth so surprise, That, from their dark beds, once more leap her eyes; And, being open'd, threw unwilling light

Upon the wide wound that the boar had trench'd In his soft flank: whose wonted lily white

With purple tears, that his wound wept, was drench'd:

No flower was nigh, no grass, herb, leaf, or weed, But stole his blood, and seem'd with him to bleed. This solemn sympathy poor Venus noteth;

Over one shoulder doth she hang her head; Dumbly she passions, frantickly she doteth;

She thinks he could not die, he is not dead: Her voice is stopp'd, her joints forget to bow; Her eyes are mad, that they have wept till now. SHAKS, NOS. 115 & 116.

Upon his hurt she looks so steadfastly, That her sight dazzling makes the wound seem three;

And then she reprehends her mangling eye,


That makes more gashes where no breach should His face seems twain, each several limb is doubled; For oft the eye mistakes, the brain being troubled. My tongue cannot express my grief for one,

And yet, quoth she, behold two Adons dead!
My sighs are blown away, my salt tears gone,
Mine eyes are turn'd to fire, my heart to lead:
Heavy heart's lead, melt at inine eyes' red fire!
So shall I die by drops of hot desire.

Alas, poor world, what treasure hast thou lost!
What face remains alive that's worth the viewing?
Whose tongue is music now? what can'st thou boast
Of things long since, or any thing ensuing?
The flowers are sweet, their colours fresh and trim,
But true-sweet beauty liv'd and died with him.
Bonnet nor veil henceforth no creature wear!

Nor sun nor wind will ever strive to kiss you : Having no fair to lose, you need not fear;

The sun doth scorn you, and the wind doth hiss you: But when Adonis liv'd, sun and sharp air Lurk'd like two thieves, to rob him of his fair:

And therefore would he put his bonnet on,

Under whose brim the gaudy sun would peep, The wind would blow it off, and, being gone,

Play with his locks; then would Adonis weep. And straight in pity of his tender years, They both would strive who first should dry his tears. To see his face, the lion walk'd along

Behind some hedge, because he would not fear him; To recreate himself when he hath sung,

The tiger would be tame, and gently hear him; If he had spoke, the wolf would leave his prey, And never fright the silly lamb that day. When he beheld his shadow in the brook,

The fishes spread on it their golden gills; When he was by, the birds such pleasure took,

That some would sing, some other in their bills Would bring him mulberries, and ripe-red cherries; He fed them with his sight, they him with berries. But this foul, grim, and urchin-snouted boar,

Whose downward eye still looketh for a grave,
Ne'er saw the beauteous livery that he wore;
Witness the entertainment that he gave:
If he did see his face, why then I know,
He thought to kiss him, and hath kill'd him so.
'Tis true, 'tis true; thus was Adonis slain :

He ran upon the boar with his sharp spear,
Who did not whet his teeth at him again,

But by a kiss thought to persuade him there; And nuzzling in his flank, the loving swine Sheath'd, unaware, the tusk in his soft groin. Had I been tooth'd like him, I must confess, With kissing him I should have kill'd him first; But he is dead, and never did he bless

My youth with his; the more am I accurst. With this she falleth in the place she stood, And stains her face with his congealed blood. She looks upon his lips, and they are pale;

She takes him by the hand, and that is cold; She whispers in his ears a heavy tale,

As if they heard the woeful words she told She lifts the coffer-lids that close his eyes, Where, lo! two lamps, burnt out, in darkness lies: 4 M

Two glasses, where herself herself beheld
A thousand times, and now no more reflect;
Their virtue lost, wherein they late excell'd,
And every beauty robb'd of his effect:
Wonder of time, quoth she, this is my spite,
That, you being dead, the day should yet be light.
Since thou art dead, lo! here I prophesy,

Sorrow on love hereafter shall attend:
It shall be waited on with jealousy,

Find sweet beginning, but unsavoury end;
Ne'er settled equally, but high or low;
That all love's pleasure shall not match his woe
It shall be fickle, false, and full of fraud;

Bud and be blasted in a breathing-while;
The bottom poison, and the top o'er-straw'd

With sweets, that shall the truest sight beguile : The strongest body shall it make most weak; Strike the wise dumb, and teach the fool to speak. It shall be sparing, and too full of riot,

Teaching decrepit age to tread the measures; The staring ruffian shall it keep in quiet,

Pluck down the rich, enrich the poor with treasures: It shall be raging-mad, and silly-mild, Make the young old, the old become a child.

It shall suspect, where is no cause of fear;

It shall not fear, where it should most mistrust; It shall be merciful, and too severe,

And most deceiving, when it seems most just; Perverse it shall be, where it shews most toward; Put fear to valour, courage to the coward.

It shall be cause of war, and dire events,
And set dissention 'twixt the son and sire;
Subject and servile to all discontents,

As dry combustious matter is to fire;
Sith in his prime death doth my love destroy,
They that love best, their loves shall not enjoy.
By this the boy that by her side lay kill'd,
Was melted like a vapour from her sight,
And in his blood, that on the ground lay spill'd,
A purple flower sprung up, chequer'd with white
Resembling well his pale cheeks, and the blood
Which in round drops upon their whiteness stood.
She bows her head, the new-sprung flower to smell,
Comparing it to her Adonis breath;

And says, within her bosom it shall dwell,

Since he himself is reft from her by death:
She crops the stalk, and in the breach appears
Green dropping sap, which she compares to tears.
Poor flower, quoth she, this was thy father's guise,
(Sweet issue of a more sweet-smelling sire,)
For every little grief to wet his eyes:

To grow unto himself was his desire,
And so 'tis thine; but know, it is as good
To wither in my breast, as in his blood.
Here was thy father's bed, here in my breast;
Thou art the next of blood, and 'tis thy right:
Lo! in this hollow cradle take thy rest,

My throbbing heart shall rock thee day and night.
There shall not be one minute in an hour,
Wherein I will not kiss my sweet love's flower.

Thus weary of the world, away she hies,
And yokes her silver doves; by whose swift aid,
Their mistress mounted through the empty skies
In her light chariot quickly is convey'd;
Holding their course to Paphos, where their queen
Means to immure herself and not be seen.



TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HENRY WRIOTHESLY, Earl of Southampton, and Baron of Tichfield. THE love I dedicate to your lordship is without end; whereof this pamphlet, without beginning, is but a superfluous moiety. The warrant I have of your honourable disposition, not the worth of my untutored lines, makes it assured of acceptance. What I have done is yours; what I have to do is yours; being part in all I have, devoted yours. Were my worth greater, my duty would shew greater; mean time, as it is, it is bound to your lordship, to whom I wish long life, still lengthened with happiYour lordship's in all duty,



in the morning speedeth away. Lucrece, in this lamentable plight, hastily despatcheth messengers, one to Rome for her father, another to the camp for Collatine. They came, the one accompanied with Junius Brutus, the other with Publius Valerius ; and finding Lucrece attired in mourning habit, demanded the cause of her sorrow. She, first taking an oath of them for her revenge, revealed the actor, and whole manner of his dealing, amd withal suddenly stabbed herself. Which done, with one consent, they all vowed to root out the whole hated family of the Tarquins; and bearing the dead body to Rome, Brutus acquainted the people with the doer and manner of the vile deed, with a bitter invective against the tyranny of the king: wherewith the people were so moved, that with one consent and a general acclamation, the Tarquins were all exiled, and the state government changed from kings to consuls.


FROM the besieg'd Ardea all in post, Borne by the trustless wings of false desire, LUCIUS TARQUINIUS, (for his excessive pride sur-Lust-breathed Tarquin leaves the Roman host, named Superbus) after he had caused his own And to Collatium bears the lightless fire, father-in-law, Servius Tullius, to be cruelly mur- Which, in pale embers hid, lurks to aspire, dered, and, contrary to the Roman laws and customs, And girdle with embracing flames the waist not requiring or staying for the people's suffrages, Of Collatine's fair love, Lucrece the chaste. had possessed himself of the kingdom; went, accompanied with his sons, and other noblemen of Rome, to besiege Ardea. During which siege, the principal men of the army meeting one evening at the tent of Sextus Tarquinius, the king's son, in their discourses after supper every one commended the virtues of his own wife; among whom, Collatinus extolled the incomparable chastity of his wife Lucretia. In that pleasant humour they all posted to Rome; and intending, by their secret and sudden arrival, to make trial of that which every one had before avouched, only Collatinus finds his wife (though it were late in the night) spinning amongst her maids; the other ladies were all found dancing and revelling, or in several disports. Whereupon the noblemen yielded Collatinus the victory, and his wife the fame. At that time, Sextus Tarquinius being inflamed with Lucrece' beauty, yet smothering his passions for the present, departed with the rest back to the camp; from whence he shortly after privily withdrew himself, and was (according to his state) royally entertained and lodged by Lucrece at Collatium. The same night, he treacherously stealeth into her chamber, violently ravished her, and early

Haply that name of chaste unhapp'ly set
This bateless edge on his keen appetite;
When Collatine unwisely did not let
To praise the clear unmatched red and white
Which triumph'd in that sky of his delight;
Where mortal stars, as bright as heaven's beauties,
With pure aspects did him peculiar duties.

For he the night before, in Tarquin's tent,
Unlock'd the treasure of his happy state:
What priceless wealth the heavens had him lent
In the possession of his beauteous mate;
Reckoning his fortune at such high-proud rate,
That kings might be espoused to more fame,
But king nor peer to such a peerless dame.
O happiness enjoy'd but of a few!
And, if possess'd, as soon decay'd and done
As is the morning's silver-melting dew
Against the golden splendour of the sun!
An expir'd date, cancel'd ere well begun :
Honour and beauty, in the owner's arms,
Are weakly fortress'd from a world of harms.

Beauty itself doth of itself persuade
The eyes of men without an orator;
What needeth then apology be made,
To set forth that which is so singular?
Or why is Collatine the publisher
Of that rich jewel he should keep unknown
From thievish ears, because it is his own?

Perchance his boast of Lucrece' sovereignty
Suggested this proud issue of a king;
For by our ears our hearts oft tainted be:
Perchance that eavy of so rich a thing,
Braving compare, disdainfully did sting
His high-pitch'd thoughts, that meaner men should


That golden hap which their superiors want.

But some untimely thought did instigate
His all-too-timeless speed, if none of those :
His honour, his affairs, his friends, his state,
Neglected all, with swift intent he goes
To quench the coal which in his liver glows.
O rash-false heat, wrapt in repentant cold,
Thy hasty spring still blasts, and ne'er grows old.

When at Collatium this false lord arriv'd,
Well was he welcom'd by the Roman dame,
Within whose face beauty and virtue striv'd
Which of them both should underprop her fame:
When virtue bragg'd, beauty would blush for shame;
When beauty boasted blushes, in despite
Virtue would stain that o'er with silver white.

But beauty, in that white intitutled,
From Venus' doves doth challenge that fair field;
Then virtue claims from beauty beauty's red,
Which virtue gave the golden age to gild
Their silver cheeks, and call'd it then their shield;
Teaching them thus to use it in the fight,-
When shame assail'd, the red should fence the white.

This helraldry in Lucrece' face was seen,
Argued by beauty's red, and virtue's white.
Of either's colour was the other queen,
Proving from world's minority their right:
Yet their ambition makes them still to fight;
The sovereignty of either being so great,
That oft they interchange each other's seat.

This silent war of lilies and of roses,
Which Tarquin view'd in her fair face's field,
In their pure ranks his traitor eye encloses;
Where, lest between them both it should be kill'd,
The coward captive vanquished doth yield
To those two armies, that would let him go,
Rather than triumph in so false a foe.

Now thinks he that her husband's shallow tongue (The niggard prodigal that prais'd her so)

In that high task hath done her beauty wrong,
Which far exceeds his barren skill to shew:
Therefore that praise which Collatine doth owe,
Enchanted Tarquin answers with surmise,
In silent wonder of still-gazing eyes.

This earthly saint, adored by this devil,
Little suspecteth the false worshipper;

For unstain'd thoughts do seldom dream on evil;
Birds never lim'd no secret bushes fear:
So guiltless she securely gives good cheer
And reverend welcome to her princely guest,
Whose inward ill no outward harm express'd:

For that he colour'd with his high estate,
Hiding base sin in plaits of majesty ;
That nothing in him seem'd inordinate,
Save sometime too much wonder of his eye,
Which, having all, all could not satisfy;
But, poorly rich, so wanteth in his store,
That cloy'd with much, he pineth still for more.

But she, that never cop'd with stranger eyes,
Could pick no meaning from theirling looks,
Nor read the subtle-shining seIRC I
Writ in the glassy margents of such books;
She touch'd no unknown baits, nor fear'd no hooks;
Nor could she moralize his wanton sight,
More than his eyes were open'd to the light.

He stories to her ears her husband's fame,
Won in the fields of fruitful Italy;
And decks with praises Collatine's high name,
Made glorious by his manly chivalry

With bruised arms and wreaths of victory;
Her joy with heav'd-up hand she doth express.
And wordless so, greets heaven for his success.

Far from the purpose of his coming thither,
He makes excuses for his being there.
No cloudy shew of stormy blustering weather,
Doth yet in his fair welkin once appear;
Till sable Night, mother of Dread and Fear,
Upon the world dim darkness doth display,
And in her vaulty prison stows the day.

For then is Tarquin brought unto his bed,
Intending weariness with heavy spright;
For, after supper, long he questioned
With modest Lucrece, and wore out the night,
Now leaden slumber with life's strength doth fight;
And every one to rest himself betakes,

Save thieves, and cares, and troubled minds, that wakes.


As one of which doth Tarquin lie revolving
The sundry dangers of his will's obtaining;
Yet ever to obtain his will resolving,
Though weak-built hopes persuade him to abstain
Despair to gain, doth traffic oft for gaining;
And when great treasure is the meed propos'd,
Though death be adjunct, there's no death suppos'd

Those that much covet, are with gain so fond,
That what they have not, that which they possess,
They scatter and unloose it from their bond,
And so, by hoping more, they have but less;
Or, gaining more, the profit of excess
Is but to surfeit, and such griefs sustain,
That they prove bankrupt in this poor-rich gain.

The aim of all is but to nurse the life
With honour, wealth, and ease, in waning age;
And in this aim there is such thwarting strife,
That one for all, or all for one we gage;
As life for honour, in fell battles' rage;
Honour for wealth; and oft that wealth doth cost
The death of all, and altogether lost.

So that in vent'ring ill, we leave to be
The things we are for that which we expect;
And this ambitious foul infirmity,
In having much, torments us with defect
Of that we have: so then we do neglect
The thing we have; and, all for want of wit
Make something nothing, by augmenting it.

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