Cultural Psychology: Theory and Methods
Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 M04 30 - 217 páginas
This book seeks to deepen our understanding of the cultural aspects of human psychology. These are aspects of psychology that originate in, are formed by, reflect, perpetuate, and modify social processes and factors outside the individual mind. My motivation in pursuing cultural psychol ogy is both scientific and political. I believe that construing psychology as a cultural phenomenon is the scientifically correct way to understand psychology; a cultural analysis of psychology can also provide crucial insights for political action to improve human life. The scientific and political aspects of cultural psychology are inter dependent and reciprocally reinforcing. The scientific identification and explanation of cultural aspects of psychology can identify societal changes that will enhance human psychology-to help people become more intel ligent, far-sighted, logical, harmonious, helpful, moral, and secure, and less stressful, disturbed, prejudiced, competitive, aggressive, lonely, insecure, depressed, mystified, and irrational. Conversely, the political orientation of cultural psychology to enhance psychological functioning through comprehending and improving the social fabric advances the scientific understanding of psychology as a cultural phenomenon. Social goals direct cultural psychology to devise special theories and methods that investigate cultural origins, formation, characteristics, and functions of psychology. Traditional theories and methods are not necessarily appli cable because they are informed by a vision of psychology as individual, biological, or universal. The scientific study of cultural psychology is a check on political analyses.
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Cultural Psychology from the Perspective of Activity Theory
Implications of Activity Theory for Cultural
To Elucidate the Specific Cultural Character
Qualitative Methods Are Necessary for Discerning
The Qualitative Methods that Investigate Cultural Facets
Cultural Features of Psychology Must Be Discerned by
Objective Determination of Meanings
An Empirical Investigation into the Cultural Psychology of Childrens Moral Reasoning i
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actions activities and concepts ACTIVITY THEORY acts affect psychology agency agoraphobia American analysis anti-Semitism artifacts asked behavior Belek believe Bourdieu Bruner capitalist central themes Chap characteristics child cognitive comprehend constructed creative cultural activities cultural aspects cultural concepts cultural factors cultural psychology drug effects elucidate emotions example experience explain express fact fostered gender gender roles Goldhagen groups Gwari hermeneutic Holocaust human ibid identify idiosyncratic individual interactions interpersonal interpretation interview Jews Kohlberg's labor language shift meaning units mental methodology middle-class moral reasoning mother natural objective parents particular perception political position positivistic probe processes psychological phenomena qualities questions Ratner reality reflect responses role romantic love scientific similarly social activities social class social influences social relationships socially organized society statement steal stranger structure subjects Taiap thinking tion Tok Pisin traits understanding unemployment Valsiner values Vygotsky women workers