Cultural Psychology: Theory and Methods

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 M04 30 - 217 páginas
This book seeks to deepen our understanding of the cultural aspects of human psychology. These are aspects of psychology that originate in, are formed by, reflect, perpetuate, and modify social processes and factors outside the individual mind. My motivation in pursuing cultural psychol ogy is both scientific and political. I believe that construing psychology as a cultural phenomenon is the scientifically correct way to understand psychology; a cultural analysis of psychology can also provide crucial insights for political action to improve human life. The scientific and political aspects of cultural psychology are inter dependent and reciprocally reinforcing. The scientific identification and explanation of cultural aspects of psychology can identify societal changes that will enhance human psychology-to help people become more intel ligent, far-sighted, logical, harmonious, helpful, moral, and secure, and less stressful, disturbed, prejudiced, competitive, aggressive, lonely, insecure, depressed, mystified, and irrational. Conversely, the political orientation of cultural psychology to enhance psychological functioning through comprehending and improving the social fabric advances the scientific understanding of psychology as a cultural phenomenon. Social goals direct cultural psychology to devise special theories and methods that investigate cultural origins, formation, characteristics, and functions of psychology. Traditional theories and methods are not necessarily appli cable because they are informed by a vision of psychology as individual, biological, or universal. The scientific study of cultural psychology is a check on political analyses.
 

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Contenido

Introduction
3
Cultural Psychology from the Perspective of Activity Theory
9
A Critique
75
Implications of Activity Theory for Cultural
105
To Elucidate the Specific Cultural Character
112
Qualitative Methods Are Necessary for Discerning
121
The Qualitative Methods that Investigate Cultural Facets
129
Cultural Features of Psychology Must Be Discerned by
135
CONTENTS ix
177
Objective Determination of Meanings
179
Quantification
183
Notes 185
185
An Empirical Investigation into the Cultural Psychology of Childrens Moral Reasoning i
187
Procedure
194
Results
201
Notes
203

Interviewing Techniques for Eliciting CulturalPsychological
145
Formulating Interview Questions
153
A Procedure for Analyzing Cultural Themes in Verbal Accounts
167
References
205
Index
215
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