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ages, after old systems were overthrown, and when all was in confusion and uncertainty,

Notwithstanding all this, his labors were prodigious. The works of bishop Hall amount to ten volumes, octavo, Lightfoot's extend to thirteen, Jeremy Taylor's to fifteen, Dr. Goodwin's to twenty, Dr. Owen's to twenty-eight; while Richard Baxter's works, if printed in a uniform edition, could not be comprised in less than sixty volumes, making at least thirty-five thousand closely printed octavo pages. At the same time, his labors as a minister, and his engagements in the public business of his times, formed his chief employment for many years, so that he speaks of writing but as a kind of recreation from more severe duties. The subjects on which he wrote embrace the whole range of theology; in all the parts of which he seems to have been nearly equally at home. Doctrinal, practical, casuistical and polemical, all occupied his thoughts and engaged his pen.

“ His inquiries ranged, and his writings extended from the profoundest and most abstruse speculation on the divine decrees, the constitution of man, and the origin of evil, to the simplest truths adapted to the infant mind. Baxter appears to have read every thing relating to his own profession, and to have remembered all which he read. The fathers and schoolmen, the doctors and reformers of all ages and countries, seem to have been as familiar to him as his native tongue. He rarely makes a parade of his knowledge, but he never fails to convince you that he was well acquainted with most which had been written on the subjects which he discusses.'

Full oft a word that lightly leaves the tongue,
Another's breast unconsciously has wrung,
And were the wound but present to the eye,
We'd mourn the pain that solace might defy.
Was it a taunt-perhaps a thoughtless jest ?
An idle ripple on the vacant breast ?
But thy shafts may yield a venomed death,
What need, to speed them, but a little breath?
We toy with hearts, as if the thousand chords,
That vibrate to the touch of hasty words,
Could jar out discords all the live long day,
Nor any tension cause them to give way.
Oh, strike then gently ! every human breast
Is by a secret load of grief opprest;
Forbear to add a note of timeless woe,
Where discords ever are so prone to flow.

" When Satire flies abroad on Falsehood's wing,
Short is her life, and impotent her sting;
But, when to Truth allied, the wound she gives
Sinks deep, and to remotest ages lives.”

THE OPENING PERIOD. The first momentous change in a boy's life is that when he passes from under his father's roof to school. This is expedient and fitting in his case, in order that he may be trained betimes for the habits and duties, the energy and the endurance of active life, and in order that he may learn to look upon himself, not merely as a member of a family, but as bound by manifold ties to his fellow men; so that the idea of a State, and of himself as a member of the State, may gradually rise up within him; while the instruction he receives teaches him to connect himself in thought with all past generations, and to view himself as a member of the human race, linked by innumerable ties of obligation to those who have gone before him, and bound to repay that obligation by laboring for his own age, and for those who shall come after him.

In the other sex, whose duties through life are to be mainly domestic, and who are not designed to take part in political or professional activity, such a separation from home is not desirable, unless under peculiar circumstances. But for the healthy and manly development of a boy's character, in a rightful sympathy with the nation he belongs to, it seems to be almost indispensable, so that nothing short of a singular felicity of circumstances can make amends for it; not indeed unaccompanied with danger and difficulty, but for this very reason necessary, as the training of Winter is to a sapling, which is to grow into a noble tree, and to stand the blasts of centuries.

Although however it is expedient for the boy to pass from his father's house to school, are not the feelings and thoughts, the affections and principles, which animated and guided him when at home, still to animate and guide him at school ? Most pitiable would his lot be, if they did

not. He would have no affection, no His affection for his school-fellows can only be a transfer of a portion of that which he has learned to feel for his brothers; his reverence for his master, a transfer of a portion of that which he feels for his parents. And woe to him, if he does not cherish that reverence, which many things will tend to impair and destroy!

One part of his life at school, that which lies in his intercourse with his master, will be altogether unprofitableto him and lost; nay, will be hurtful, unfitting his soul for being a habitation of reverent feelings through life. And still more certain woe to him, if the impressions of his new companions efface those of his home! Then, and through his whole life, should the image of his parents and brethren be enshrined in the sanctuary of his heart.

Woe to him, also, if he forgets the principles which he imbibed at his mother's knees! If he clings to those principles, he may maintain a steady course amid the temptations which will beset him. Else he will drift along, like a fallen leaf, the sport of every casual impulse, & moral and spiritual vagrant.




Sir John Franklin, who at a very early age manifested the adventurous spirit that characterized his late career, was born at Spilsby, in Lincolnshire, in 1786. The evident bent of the boy's mind for a sailor's life not meeting with the father's views, he was sent on a voyage to Lisbon in a merchant vessel, in hopes that the reality would operate as a cure. The attempt failed, and at the age of fourteen he entered the British navy as a midshipman, on board the Polyphemus, in which capacity he served at the battle of Copenhagen. In 1803 he accompanied his relative, Captain Flinders, on a voyage of discovery to the South seas, and was shipwrecked on the coast of New Holland. He was afterwards signal officer on the Bellerophon, (the ship on board which Napoleon took refuge in 1815,) at the battle of Trafalgar, and in 1814 served as lieutenant upon the Bedford, which carried the allied sovereigns to England. In 1815 he was at the attack upon New Orleans, which ended so disastrously for the British, and won considerable reputa-tion by the capture of an American gun-boat. In 1818 he was appointed to the command of the brig Trent, which formed part of the Polar Expedition under Capt. Buchan. He afterwards held a command in the expedition of Ross and Parry, at which time he examined the coast as far north as Cape Turnagain, 68 deg. 30 min. north latitude, and returned to England in 1822, after having suffered great hardships and privations, and was only saved from death by the kindness of the Esquimaux. Promoted to the rank of PostCaptain in 1825, in company with the same parties he undertook a second voyage to the Polar seas, and examined the coast between the Mackenzie and Coppermine rivers.

He returned in 1827, having reached 70 deg. 30 min. north latitude and 150 deg. west longitude, and was knighted by George IV. in acknowledgment of his services. In 1830 he was in command of a ship-of-the-line in the Mediterranean, and was afterwards sent as Governor to Van Dieman's Land, from which post he was recalled in 1843. Early in 1845 he returned to England, and was at once appointed to the command of the expedition to the Polar seas, from which he never returned, and which was expected to add largely to the stock of geographical knowledge and that of the laws which govern the magnet. The Erebus and Terror, the two ships with which the younger Ross, in 1839, had made his celebrated voyage to the South Polar seas, were rapidly fitted up with everything necessary for the service, and with the distinguished officers Captains Crozier and Fitz-James, who were selected by Sir John himself, the expedition left England on the 19th of May of that year. It was spoken by several whale ships on the 4th of July, and on the 26th of the


same month was seen for the last time in Melville's Bay, latitude 77 north, longitude 66 13 West from Greenwich.

Fears respecting the missing navigators became general in England in 1848, and since that period several expeditions have been fitted out there, as well as one from this country, for the purpose of either rescuing or ascertaining the fate of Sir John and his companions. They have all returned without success. The only traces hitherto discovered have been the graves of three of the party, and some empty cans used for containing preserved meats, such as were furnished the expedition. The searches instituted at the request of the English by the Russian government among its possessions on the Arctic Sea has met with no result. But the veil seems about to be lifted, and we shall soon probably know all that can ever be known of Sir John Franklin and those under his command.

The following extracts from a letter from Dr. Rea, who went out in search of the lost adventurer, addressed to Sir George Simpson, details the horrid fate of Franklin and his gallant party. Dr. Rea writes from York Factory, at the mouth of Hayes' river in Hudson's Bay, under date of August 4, 1854:

I arrived here on the 31st ult., with my small party in excellent health, but I am sorry to say without having effected our object. At the same time, information has been obtained and articles purchased from the natives which places the fate of a portion, if not at all, of the survivors of Sir John Frankļin's miserable party beyond a doubt—a fate most deplorable death from starvation, after having had recourse to cannibalism as a means of prolonging life.

“I reached my old quarters at Repulse Bay on the 15th August, and preparations were immediately commenced for wintering. On the first September I explained to the men our position, the stock of provisions we had on hand, (not more than three months' rations, and the prospects we had of getting more, &c., &c., pointing out all the danger and difficulty of our position. All readily volunteered to remain, and our exertions to collect food and fuel went on with unabated energy. By the end of September, 109 deer, 1 musk ox, 54 brace of Ptarmigan, and 1 seal had been shot, and the nets produced 190 salmon.

“Of the larger animals above enumerated, 49 deer and the musk ox were shot by myself, 21 deer by Mistegan, (the deer-hunter,) 14 by one of the men, 9 by Ouligbuck, and 16 by the other four men.

The migration of the deer terminated about the middle of October, and 25 more animals were added to our stock.

“On the 28th of October, the snow being sufficiently hard for building, we were happy to exchange our cold tents for the more comfortable shelter of the snowhouse. The winter was very severe, but the temperature in our snow huts was never so low as in my winter quarters of 1846–7. Up to the 12th January we had nets set under the ice in the lakes; the nets were taken up on that date, as they produced nothing.

“On the 31st of March my spring journey commenced, but in consequence of gales of wind, deep and soft snow and foggy weather, we made but very little progress. We did not enter Pelly Bay until the 17th. At this place we met with Esquimaux, one of whom, on being asked if he ever saw white people, replied in the negative, but said that a large party, (at least 40 persons,) had perished from want of food some 10 or 12 days journey to the Westward. The subtance of the information, obtained at various times and from various sources, was as follows:

“In the spring, four winters past, (spring, 1850,) a party of white men, amounting to about forty, were seen traveling southward over the ice, and dragging a boat with them, by some Esquimaux, who were killing seals on the north shore of King William's Land, which is a large island named Kei-ik-tak by the Esquimaux. None of the party could speak the native language intelligibly, but by signs the natives were made to understand that their ships or ship had been crushed by ice, and that the “whites” were now going to where they expected to find deer to shoot. From the appearance of the men, all of whom, except one officer, (chief,) looked thin, they were then supposed to be getting short of provisions, and they purchased a small seal from the natives.

"At a later date the same season, but previous to the disruption of the ice, the bodies of about thirty white persons were discovered on the continent, and five on an island near it, about a long day's journey (say thirty-five or forty miles) to the northwest of a large stream, which can be no other than Back's Great Fish river, (named by the Esquimaux Out-koo-hi-ca-lik,) as its description, and that of the low shore in the neighborhood of Point Ogle and Montreal Island, agree exactly with that of Sir George Back. Some of the bodies had been buried, (probably those of the first victims of famine,) some were in a tent or tents, others under a boat that had been turned over to form a shelter, and several lay scattered about in different directions. Of those found on the island one was supposed to have been an officer, as he had a telescope strapped over his shoulder, and his double-barrelled gun lay underneath him.

“ From the mutilated state of many of the corpses, and the contents of the kettles, it is evident that our miserable countrymen had been driven to the last resource-cannibalism—as a means of prolonging life.

“There appears to have been an abundant stock of ammunition, as the powder was emptied in a heap on the ground by the natives, out of the kegs or cases containing it, and a quantity of ball and shot was found below high water mark, having been left on the ice close to the beach. There must have been a number of watches, telescopes, compasses, guns, (several double-barrelled,) &c., all of

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