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bright pictures before them of fertility of soil or exemption from severe manual occupation.
It appears to me very likely that if the colonial government here were to issue a coin, or adopt some general circulating medium, one very valuable effect of such a measure would be the removal of that hard necessity which poor labouring people are under, of frequently receiving the payments for their work in articles which they cannot use themselves and therefore have again to dispose of, at perhaps a considerable loss, before they can obtain what they need for their families in clothing, food, &c.
“I have had great satisfaction in witnessing the proofs of kind care and attention in the treatment of the sick, among the lately arrived at Caldwell; and the great success with which it has pleased Divine Providence to favour Dr. Todson in the means he has used for their restoration. The fever in many instances passed, with but little reduction of strength, though a clearly marked fever in its symptoms.
• My own state of health has been improving here, and the atmosphere, for a tropical district, appears very pleasant and favourable. We have bad various weather, dry, parching dry; thunder, lightning, and rain, agreeably windy, and then unusually calm. The range of the thermometer being seldom more than from sixty-eight to eighty-five degrees of Farenheit, they are spared the cold winds of the mountains around Sierra-Leone, as well as the great heats which prevail in Free Town and in some other parts of the colony. I cannot but think that Liberia is a station not unfavourable
to health on the whole. The great occasional mor. tality among Europeans may be attributed either to great exposure and fatigue, or to the difficulties as to provision and accommodation, to which in a new settlement people are often exposed. With respect to the coloured people there is in some instances too great a change of climate to allow of their being prepared for much labour or hardship, and in other instances, there is too scanty a provision of the necessaries of life in the early part of their residence in this colony.
“ Little is done in agriculture in comparison with what the state of the people seems to call for. It is desirable that a greater number should be settled on farms as their means of subsistence, otherwise the supply of even provisions for an increasing colony will be very precarious, and the colony will be too dependent on the surrounding natives.
“A plan is in contemplation for inducing some of the older settlers to go and farm in the more distant districts, so as to leave more room near Monrovia for the newly arrived. Perhaps to ration these who thus remove during six months until crops can be raised, and to erect for each family a very
small residence until they are able to build for themselves a more commodious abode, would be a sufficient inducement to remove. T. D. thinks there is a want of something further than exists at present, in the way of discretionary power, to stimulate the industrious, and to aid such as are wanting help from sickness, &c.
My situation has been a very favourable one. I am with a kind and hospitable family, and have
daily opportunities of information, both by reading relative to this colony, and by conversation with several on the present state and prospects of Liberia.
“ I do not expect to remain long. On first days I have attended the Baptist and Wesleyan meetings, and have met with the people of North Georgia at my own request.
“ The school-masters of Monrovia and Caldwell have both proposed to write to me. I have seen the two schools at Caldwell twice, and the one here repeatedly. I have left lessons for each, with the approbation of those concerned ; not to supersede, but only to add to those in present use. Being requested to suggest anything that might be for the good of the schools, I have recommended, Ist. Such an arrangement of classes, according to the children's attainments, and under the inspection of monitors, as to leave the master at liberty for the general superintendence of the whole. 2dly. To hear the monitors read separately when the whole school should be employed in writing on slates, under the oversight of one or two junior monitors or teachers. 3dly. To instruct the whole school at once every day from a series of large type spellinglessons, and all to repeat in one voice after their teacher or monitor. 4thly. To teach hymns and Scripture passages to all at once; and 5thly. To read to the whole school occasionally some easy narrative, or some instructive hints, or Scripture lesson, and asking easy questions on what has been read, leaving any at liberty to answer.
“ 18th. A lesson-fund must be attempted soon after my return to England. Gladly would I re
nounce every claim to emolument from any lessons I have or might print, if I could see a plan in action for a more general extension of good lessons, and on a scale of easy attainment, so that the poor at a trifling expense could buy and renew lessons for their children.
“ The state of society here is in some respects very different from that in the villages of SierraLeone, and needs some arrangements for the help of those who are too poor to appear as they would wish at a place of public worship, and for their children to be decently dressed for attendance at Sabbath schools. Scripture readers are much wanted, for many cannot read.
“I am concerned to see, in the Fourteenth Annual Report of the Colonization Society, some expressions from several of the speakers, which convey ideas of contempt toward the slaves and free coloured population of the United States. These thoughts ought never to enter the mind of one professing the Christian religion and acknowledging the way open for spiritual redemption to all.
“ A hope has arisen this morning in my mind, that the day may come when this colony and SierraLeone, may unite in sending coloured missionaries into the interior of Africa, to promote by friendly Christian communication the instruction, the civilization, and the evangelizing of the people of this continent. Sierra-Leone may become a centre for obtaining interpreters in the different languages, and laying the foundation for both native schools, and instruction in English and in Arabic; while persons of Christian principle and missionary zeal from this colony, and better informed in the Eng
lish language and in the arts of civilized life than the liberated Africans of Sierra-Leone, might be valuable companions in this labour of love. The great object is the attainment of that pure and energetic Christian feeling that will rightly animate to such an enterprise, and maintain in its agents the requisite qualifications for its steady prosecution. May they be animated by love to those who suffer whether from oppression or from want of knowledge, and may their first wish be to come as 'a brother their sorrows to share.' African and American Christians from Sierra
cone and Liberia, must one day unite their efforts in the great cause of Christian instruction and civilization on this wide continent. Real Christians of America and of England must lose sight of every minor distinction, in the great and soulreviving appeal of, ' Have we not one Father ; did not one God create us ?'
“ 25th. On the passage to Sierra-Leone. True religion is the heart-felt acknowledgment of God, and of His redeeming power and love in Christ Jesus our Lord. This acknowledgment should be evinced in all our ways, though it be silently and without any vocal profession. I apprehend that great mistakes have arisen, affecting both the heart and practice, from placing religion in mere outward profession; the utterance of vocal prayer, the hearing of religious instruction and outward abstinence from worldly amusements and occupations on the Sabbath-day. God calls for the heart, the whole heart; and internal and unreserved dedication to Him should be seen in the orderings of our daily walk, temper, and deportment.