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gravity in the material world; which, in respect to men, is rather what should be than what is:
"As flame ascends,
As bodies to their proper centre move,
PLEASURES OF IMAGINATION, b. ii.
Goldsmith compares the minister of his Deserted Village to a cliff towering above the clouds, and basking in perpetual sunshine :
"The service past, around the pious man,
With steady zeal, each honest rustic ran;
And plucked his gown, to share the good man's smile.
Their welfare pleased him, and their cares distrest;
Swells from the vale, and midway leaves the storm;
"The quality of mercy is not strained.
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven.
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.”
In some similes, like one already quoted, several objects are presented as resembling that which is the subject of comparison.
"As from the wing no scar the sky retains,
The parted wave no furrow from the keel,
"Like a boat on the wave
Like the rose o'er a grave
When the winter is nigh;
Through the blue heavens bright;
Like the fabric of dreams
'Mid the slumbers of night;
Like the lamp that is lit
In the mist o'er the moor,
Or the bubbles that flit
By the rude, rocky shore,
Is the vision of life in this tempest-tost clime;
“Like foam on the crest of the billow,
Which sparkles and sinks from the sight;
Many of the comparisons of natural objects are very beautiful:
"The sea is like a silvery lake,
And o'er its calm the vessel glides
The slumbers of the silent tides."
Night is in her wane; day's early flush
"The dawning shines
The comparisons of intelligent beings and their actions to natural objects, are often eminently elegant :
"They are as gentle
As zephyrs blowing below the violet,
Not wagging his sweet head; and yet as rough,
"She walks in beauty, like the night
"As when devouring flames soine forest seize
"The flaming myriads quick their gleamy crowns In awe presented; as when mighty winds, Sweeping a bloomy forest, lowly bend
The towering shapes, and wide their flowers bestrew
Byron's comparison of the writhings of the mind under the stings of conscience, to the tortures of a scorpion surrounded by fire, is one of the most impressive pictures ever drawn by a human pencil :
"The mind that broods o'er guilty woes
In circle narrowing as it glows;
One sole and sad relief she knows-
Or live, like scorpion, girt by fire.
These specimens exemplify the rules which should be observed in forming comparisons. 1. The resemblance on which they are founded should be obvious and striking; 2. They should be expressed with distinctness and brevity; 3. In those in which the nature of the resemblance is specified, only such