Imágenes de páginas

The Israelites rebel, and are


oppressed by the Midianites


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239–46. Anno ante

The Israelites again do evil, and are delivered into the hands of the Midianites, by whom they are oppressed

seven years, 1, 2. Different tribes spoil their harvests, and take away their cattle, 3-5. They cry unto the Lord, and he sends them a prophet to reprehend and instruct them, 6-10. An angel appears unto Gideon, and gives him commission to deliver Israel, and works several miracles, to prove that he is Divinely appointed to this work, 11-23. Gideon builds an altar to the Lord, under the name of Jehovahshalom ; and throws down the allar of Baal, 24-27. ' His townsmen conspire against him ; he expostulates with them, and they are pacified, 28–32. The Midianites and Amalekites gather together against Israel ; Gideon summons Manasseh, Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, who join his standard, 33–35. The miracle of the fleece of wool, 36-40.

AND the children of Israel for multitude ; for both they and B: M: 2952–53. An. Exod. Isr. did evil in the sight of the their camels were without num

An. Exod. Isr. Anno ante

Lord: and the Lord delivered ber : and they entered into the 1. Olymp. 476. them into the hand of Midian land to destroy it.

I. Olym. 476-69. seven years.

6 And Israel was greatly impoverished beA.M. 2752–59.

2 And the hand of Midian pre- cause of the Midianites ; and the children of B. C. 1252-45.

vailed against Israel : and be- Israel cried unto the LORD. Anno ante cause of the Midianites the chil 7 And it came to pass, when 1. Oiym. 476–69. dren of Israel made them d the the children of Israel cried unto An. Exod. Isr. dens which are in the mountains, and caves, the LORD because of the Midian Anno ante and strong holds.


I. Olymp. 469. 3 And so it was, when Israel had sown, 8 That the Lord sent la prophet unto the that the Midianites came up, and the Ama- children of Israel, which said unto them, Thus lekites, and the children of the east, even saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought you they came up against them;

up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of 4 And they encamped against them, and the house of bondage ; destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou 9 And I delivered you out of the hand of the come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that

opIsrael, neither h sheep, nor ox, nor ass. pressed you, and m drave them out from be

5 For they came up with their cattle and fore you, and gave you their land; their tents, and they came as grasshoppers 10 And I said unto you, I am the LORD


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a Chap. ii. 19.—Hab. iii. 7.— Heb. was strong. d1 Lev. xxvi. 16; Deut. xxvii. 30, 33, 51; Mic. vi. 15. Or, Sam. xiii, 6; Heb. xi. 38. Chap. iii. 13. 'Gen. xxix: 1; goat. - Chap. vii. 12.- Ch. iii. 15; Hos. v. 15. Heb. chap. vii. 12 ; vin. 10; 1 Kings iv. 30; Job i. 3.

a man a prophet. - Psa. xliv. 2, 3.

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they appear to have come early, encamped in the Verse 1. Delivered them into the hand of Midian] plains, and watched the crops till they were ready to The Midianites were among the most ancient and in- be carried off. This is frequently the case even to veterate of the enemies of Israel. They joined with the present day. the Moabites to seduce them to idolatry, and were Till thou come unto Gaza) That is, the whole nearly extirpated by them; Num. xxxi. The Midian- breadth of the land, from Jordan to the coast of the ites dwelt on the eastern borders of the Dead Sea, and Mediterranean Sea. Thus the whole land was their capital was Arnon.

ravaged, and the inhabitants deprived of the necessaVerse 2. Made them the dens which are in the ries of life. mountains) Nothing can give a more distressing de · Verse 5. They came up with their cattle aud their scription of the state of the Israelites than what is here ) tents] All this proves that they were different tribes related. They durst not reside in the plain country, of wanderers who had no fixed residence ; but, like but were obliged to betake themselves to dens and caves their descendants the Bedouins or wandering Arabs, of the mountains, and live like wild beasts, and were removed from place to place to get prey for themselves hanted like them by their adversaries.

and forage for their cattle. Verse 3. Children of the East] Probably those who Verse 8. The Lord sent a prophet] The Jews say inhabited Arabia Deserta, Ishmaelites.

that this was Phinehas; but it is more likely that it Verse 4. Encamped against them] Wandering was some prophet or teacher raised up by the Lord to hordes of Midianites, Amalekites, and Ishmaelites warn and instruct them. Sueh were his witnesses, came, in the times of harvest and autumn, and carried and they were raised up from time to time to declare away their crops, their fruit, and their cattle. And the counsel of God to his rebellious people,

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246. Anno ante

my voice.


An angel appears to Gideon, and JUDGES. commissions him to deliver Israel.
A. M. 2759.

your God; n fear not the gods of us into the hands of the Midian A. M. 2759, B. C. 1245.

B. C. 1245. An. Exod. Isr. the Amorites, in whose land ye ites.

An. Exod. Isr.

246. dwell : but ye have not obeyed 14 And the Lord looked upon Anno ante I. Olymp. 469.

him, and said, w Go in this thy 1. Olymp. 469. 11 And there came an angel of the LORD, might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, of the Midianites : * have not I sent thee? that pertained unto Joash o the Abi-ezrite : 15 And he said unto him, O, my Lord, and his son p Gideon threshed wheat by the wherewith shall I save Israel ? behold, s my winepress, 9 to hide it from the Midianites. family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the

- Heb. my

Lu Psa. xliv. 1.

xv. 2.

12 And the angel of the Lord appeared least in my father's house. unto him, and said unto him, The Lord is 16 And the LORD said unto him,. Surely . with thee, thou mighty man of valour. I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the

13 And Gideon said unto him, O my Lord, Midianites as one man. if the Lord be with us, why then is all this 17 And he said unto him, If now I have befallen us? and + where be all his miracles found grace in thy sight, then b show me a u which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not sign that thou talkest with me. the Lord bring us up from Egypt? but now 18 · Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I the LORD hath v forsaken us, and delivered come unto thee, and bring forth my d present,

2 Kings xvii. 35, 37, 38; Jer. x. 2. Joshua xvii. 2. * Josh. i. 9; chap. iv, 6. - See 1 Sam. ix. 21.p Heb. xi. 32, called Gedeon. -9 Heb. to cause it to flee. thousand is the meanest ; Exod. xviii. 21, 25; Mic. v. 2.—Exod. Chap. xiii. 3; Luke i. 11, 28. - Josh. i. 5. So Psalm ini. 12; Josh. i. 5.b Exod. iv. 1-8; ver. 36, 37; 2 Kings xx. lxxxix. 49; Isa. lix. I ; lxiii. 15.

- 2 Chron. 8; Psa. Ixxxvi. 17; Isa. vii. 11. - Gen. xviii. 3, 5; chap. xli. -H | Sam. xii. 11; Heb. xi. 32, 34.

15. Or, meat-offering. Verse 11. There came an angel of the Lord] The in nature and providence, he has qualified for his purprophet came to teach and exhort ; the angel comes to pose. - The instruments thus chosen are generally confirm the word of the prophet, to call and commis- unlikely, but they will be ever found the best qualified sion him who was intended to be their deliverer, and for the Divine employment. to work miracles, in order to inspire him with super Verse 13. And Gideon said unto him] This speech natural courage and a confidence of success.

is remarkable for its energy and simplicity ; it shows Ophrah] Or Ephra, was a city, or village rather, in indeed a measure of despondency, but not more than the half tribe of Manasseh, beyond Jordan.

the circumstances of the case justified. His son Gideon threshed wheat) This is not the Verse 14. Go in this thy might] What does the only instance in which a man taken from agricultural angel mean? He had just stated that Jehovah was employments was made goneral of an army, and the with him; and he now says, Go in this thy might, deliverer of his country. Shamgar was evidently a i. e., in the might of Jehovah, who is with thee. ploughman, and with his ox-goad he slew many Phi Verse 15. Wherewith shall I save Israel ?] I have listines, and became one of the deliverers of Israel. neither men nor money. Cincinnatus was taken from the plough, and was made Behold, my family is poor in Manasseh] '958700 dictator and commander-in-chief of the Roman armies. 577, Behold, my thousand is impoverished. Tribes There is a great similarity between his case and that were anciently divided into lens, and fifties, and hanof Gideon.

dreds, and thousands; the thousands therefore marked Threshed wheat by the winçpress) This was a place grand divisions, and consequently numerous families ; of privacy; he could not make a threshing-floor in Gideon here intimates that the families of which he open day as the custom was; and bring either the wheel made a part were very much diminished. But if we over the grain, or tread it out with the feet of the take '95x alpey for the contracted form of the plural, oxen, for fear of the Midianites, who were accustomed which is frequently in Hebrew nouns joined with a to come and take it away 'as soon as threshed. He verb in the singular, then the translation will be, got a few sheaves from the field, and brought them home “ The thousands in Manasseh are thinned ;" i. e., this to have them privately threshed for the support of the tribe is greatly reduced, and can do little against their family. As there could be no vintage among the Is- enemies. raelites in their present distressed circumstances, the Verse 16. Thou shalt smite the Midianiles as one winepress would never be suspected by the Midianites | man.) Thou shalt as surely conquer all their host as to be the place of threshing corn.

if thou hadst but one man to contend with ; or, Thou Verse 12. The Lord is with thee) “ The Word of shalt destroy them to a man. the Lord is with thee, thou mighty man of valour." Verse 17. Show me a sign] Work a miracle, that Targum. It appears that Gideon had proved himself, I may know that thou hast wisdom and power sufficient on former occasions, to be a man of courage and per- to authorize and qualify me for the work. sonal prowess; and this would naturally excite the con - Verse 18. And bring forth my present) My minchah; fidence of his countrymen. God chooses for his work generally an offering of bread, wine, oil, flour, and those instruments which, in the course of his operations | such like. It seems from this that Gideon supposed

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The angel works a miracle


in the presence of Gideon. A. M. 2759. and set it before thee. And he and i there rose up fire out of

A. M. 2759. B. C. 1245. An. Exod. Isr. said, I will tarry until thou come the rock, and consumed the flesh An. Exod. Isr. Anno ante again.

and the unleavened cakes. - Then

Anno ante I. Olymp. 469. 19 And Gideon went in, and the angel of the Lord departed

1. Olymp. 469. made ready ' a kid, and unleavened cakes of out of his sight. an ephah of flour : the flesh he put in a basket, 22 And when Gideon perceived that he and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it was an angel of the Lord, Gideon said, Alas, out unto him under the oak, and presented it. O Lord God! " for because I have seen an

20 And the angel of God said unto him, angel of the Lord face to face. Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and 23 And the LORD said unto him, “ Peace be & lay them upon this rock, and pour out the unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. broth. And he did so.

24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto 21 Then the angel of the Lord put forth the LORD, and called it Jehovah-shalom : the end of the staff that was in his hand, and unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abitouched the flesh and the unleavened cakes ; ezrites.

e Genesis xviii, 6, 7, 8. Heb. a kid of the goats. % Chap. xxxii. 30; Exod. xxxii. 20; chap. xiii. 22. m Dan. X. 19. xul. 19,-h See I Kings xvii. 33, 34. - Lev. ix. 24; 1 Kings - That is, the LORD send peace : see Gen. xxii. 14; Exod. xvii. wi11.38; 2 Chron, vii. l.-- Chap. xiii. 21. - Gen. xvi. 13; 15; Jer. xxxvi. 16; Ezek. xlviii. 35. Chap. viii. 32. the person to whom he spoke to be a Divine person. the angel vanished out of his sight, yet God continued Nevertheless, what he prepared and brought ont ap- to converse with him either by secret inspiration in pears to be intended simply as an entertainment to his own heart, or by an audible voice. refresh a respectable stranger.

Verse 22. Alas, O Lord God! for because I have Verse 19. Made ready a kidthe flesh he put in a seen] This is an elliptical sentence, a natural expresbasket, and he put the broth in a pol] The manner in sion of the distressed state of Gideon's mind : as if he which the Arabs entertain strangers will cast light on had said, Have mercy on me, O Lord God! else I this verse. Dr. Shaw observes : “Besides a bowl of shall die ; because I have seen an angel of Jehovah milk, and a basket of figs, raisins, or dates, which upon face to face. We have frequently seen that it was a our arrival were presented to us to stay our appetite, prevalent sentiment, as well before as under the law, the master of the lent fetched us from his flock ac- that if any man saw God, or his representative angel, cording to the number of our company, a kid or a he must surely die. "On this account Gideon is goat, a lamb or a sheep ; 'half of which was imme- alarmed, and prays for his life. This notion prevailed diately seethed by his wife, and served up with cu- among the heathens, and we find an instance of it in casoe; the rest was made kab-ab, i. e., cut to pieces the fable of Jupiter and Semele. She wished to see and roasted, which we reserved for our breakfast or his glory; she saw it, and was struck dead by the dinner next day.” May we not suppose, says Mr. effulgence. See the notes on Exod. xxxiii. 20. We Harmer, that Gideon, presenting some slight refresh- find that a similar opinion prevailed very anciently ment to the supposed prophet, according to the present among the Greeks. In the hymn of Callimachus, Euç Arab mode, desired him to stay till he could provide Aoutpa ang Takhados, ver. 100, are these words :something more substantial ; that he immediately killed

Κρανιοι δ' ώδε λεγοντι νομοι a kid, seethed part of it, and, when ready, brought out

"Ος κε τιν' αθανατων, όκα μη θεος αυτος έληται, the stewed meat in a pot, with unleavened cakes of

Αθρηση, μισθω τουτον ιδειν μεγαλω. bread which he had baked; and the other part, the

“The laws of Saturn enact, that if any man see kab-ab, in a basket, for him to carry with him for some after-repast in his journey. See Shaw's and Pococke's

any of the immortal gods, unless that god himself Trarels, and Harmer's Observations.

shall choose it, he shall pay dearly for that sight." Brought it out unto him under the oak) Probably Verse 23. Fear not : thou shall not die.) Here the where he had a tent, which, with the shade of the oak, discovery is made by God himself: Gideon is not sheltered them from the heat of the sun, and yet af- curiously prying into forbidden mysteries, therefore he forded the privilege of the refreshing breeze. Under shall not die. a shade in the open air the Arabs, to the present day, Verse 24. Gideon built an altar-and called it Jeare accustomed to receive their guests.

hovah-shalom] The words pihu 7110° Yehovah shalom Verse 20. Take the flesh, fc.] The angel intended signify The Lord is my peace, or The peace of Jeho-, to make the flesh and bread an offering to God, and vah; and this name he gave the altar, in reference the broth a libalion.

to what God had said, ver. 23, Peace be unto thee, Verse 21. The angel--put forth the end of the staff). 75 disa shalom lecha, “Peace to thee ;” which imHe appeared like a traveller with a staff in his hand; plied, not only a wish, but a prediction of the prosperthis he put forth, and having touched the flesh, fire ous issue of the enterprise in which he was about to rose out of the rock and consumed it. Here was the engage. It is likely that this is the altar which is most evident proof of supernatural agency.

mentioned in verse 26, and is spoken of here merely Then the angel-departed out of his sight.] Though by anticipation. VOL. II. (9)



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246. Ano ante

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Gideon overturns the altar of Baal, JUDGES for which his life is threatened A. M. 2759.

A. M. 2759. 25 And it came to pass the was cast down, and the grove An. Exod. Isr. same night, that the Lord said was cut down that was by it, An. Exod. Isr unto him, Take thy father's young and the second bullock was offer

Anno anto I. Olymp. 469.

bullock, P even the second bul- ed upon the altar that was built. I. Olymp. 469. lock of seven years old, and throw down the 29 And they said one to another, Who hath altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cut done this thing? And when they inquired down the grove that is by it :

and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash 26 And build an altar unto the Lord thy hath done this thing: God upon the top of this rock, in the order 30 Then the men of the city said unto ed place, and take the second bullock, and Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may

die : offer a burnt-sacrifice with the wood of the because he liath cast down the altar of Baal, grove which thou shalt cut down.

and because he hath cut down the grove that 27 Then Gideon took ten men of his ser- was by it. vants, and did as the Lord had said unto him : 31 And Joash said unto all that stood against and so it was, because he feared his father's him, Will ye plead for Baal ? will ye save him? household, and the men of the city, that he he that will plead for him, let him be put to could not do it by day, that he did it by night. death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god,

28 And when the men of the city arose let him plead for himself, because one hath early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal cast down his altar.. POr, and.-9 Exod. xxxiv. 13; Deut. vii. 5.

Heb. strong place.

Or, in an orderly manner. Verse 25. Take thy father's young bullock, even the end with its life. The young bullock, ver. 25, is supsecond bullock] There is some difficulty in this verse, posed to have been offered for a peace-offering ; the for, according to the Hebrew text, liwo bullocks are bullock of seven years old, for a burnt-offering. mentioned here.; but there is only one mentioned in Verse 29. Gideon the son of Joash hath done this verses 26 and 28. But what was this second bullock ? thing.) They fixed on him the more readily because Some think that it was a bullock that was fattened in they knew he had not joined with them in their idolaorder to be offered in sacrifice to Baal. This is very trous worship. probable, as the second bullock is so particularly dis Verse 30. The men of the city said] They all felt tinguished from another which belonged to Gideon's an interest in the continuance of rites in which they father. As the altar was built upon the ground of had often many sensual gratifications. Baal and AshJoash, yet appears to have been public property, (see taroth would have more worshippers than the true God, verses 29, 30,) so this second ox was probably reared because their riles were more adapted to the fallen and fattened at the expense of the men of that village, nature of man. else why should they so particularly resent its being - Verse 31. Will ye plead-for Baal?] The words offered to Jehovah ?

are very emphatic : “Will ye plead in earnest jain Verse 26. With the wood of the grove] It is-pro- for Baal? Will ye sw'vin really save him ?. If he be bable that 70x Asherah here signifies Astarte ; and God, diabx Elohim, let him contend for himself, seethat there was a wooden image of this goddess on the ing his altar is thrown down.” The paragogic letters altar of Baal. Baal-peor was the same as Priapus, in the words plead and save greatly increase the sense. Astarte as Venus ; these two impure idols were proper Joash could not slay his son ; but he was satisfied he enough for the same altar. In early times, and among had insulted Baal : if Baal were the true God, he rude people, the images of the gods were made of would avenge his own injured honour. This was a wood. This is the case still with the inhabitants of sentiment among the heathens. Thus Tacitus, lib. i., the South Sea Islands, with the Indians of America, c. 73, A. U. C.768, mentioning the letter of Tiberius and with the inhabitants of Ceylon : many of the to the consuls in behalf of Cassius and Rubrius, two images of Budhoo are of wood. The Scandinavians Roman knights, one of whom was accused of having also had wooden gods.

sold á statue of Augustus in the auction of his gardens; Verse 27. He feared his father's household) So it and the other, of having sworn falsely by the name of appears that his father was an idolater : but as Gideon Augustus, who had been deified by the senate; among had len men of his own servants whom he could trust other things makes him say: Non ideo decretum patri in this matter, it is probable that he had preserved the suo cælum, ut in perniciem civium is honor verteretur. true faith, and had not bowed his knee to the image Nec contra religiones fieri quod effigies ejus, utalia nuof Baal.

minum simulachra, venditionibus hortorum, et domuum Verse 28. The second bullock was offered] It ap- accedant. Jusjurandum perinde æstimandum quam si pears that the second bullock was offered, because it | Jovem fefellisset : deorum injuriæ diis curæ.-" That was just seven years old, ver. 25, being calved about Divine 'honours were not decreed to his father (Authe time that the Midianitish oppression began; and it gustus) to lay snares for the citizens; and if his statue, was now to be slain to indicate that their slavery should / in common with the images of the gods in general,

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246. anno ante


Anno ante

Gideon collects an army,


CHAP. VI. receives a sign from the Lord A. M. 2759. 32 Therefore on that day he 37 Behold, I will put a fleece B. C. 1245. An. Exod. Isr. called him Jerubbaal, u saying, of wool in the floor; and if the An. Exod. Isr

Let Baal plead against him, be- dew be on the fleece only, and 1. Olymp. 469.

cause he hath thrown down it be dry upon all the earth be- 1. Olymp. 169. his altar.

side, then shall I know that thou wilt gave Is 33 Then all the Midianites and the Ama- rael by mine hand, as thou hast said. lekites and the children of the east were ga 38 - And it was so : for he rose up early on thered together, and went over, and pitched in the morrow, and thrust the fleece together, and w the valley of Jezreel.

wringed the dew out of the fleece, a bowl full 34 But * the Spirit of the LORD y came of water. upon Gideon, and he ? blew a trumpet; and 39 And Gideon said unto God, • Let not Abi-ezer * was gathered after him.

thine anger be hot against me, and I will speak 35 And he sent messengers throughout all but this once : let me prove, I pray thee, but Manasseh ; who also was gathered after him : this once with the fleece; let it now be dry and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto only upon the fleece, and upon all the ground Zebulun, and unto Naphtali ; and they came let there be dew. up to meet them.

40 And God did so that night : for it was 36 And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt dry upon the fleece only, and there was dew save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said, on all the ground.

'That is, Let Banl plend.—1 Sam. xii. 11; 2 Sam. xi:21; * Ch. iii. 10; 1 Chron. xii. 18; 2 Chron. xxiv. 20.-Heb. Jenubbesheth ; that is, Let the shameful thing plead ; see, Jer. xi. clothed. -2 Num. x, 3; chap. iii. 27. —Heb. was called aflet 13; Hos. ix. 10. -* Ver. 3.

him.-- See Exod. iv. 3, 4, 6, 7.-_Gen. xviii. 32.

# Josh. xvii. 16.

was put up to sale with the houses and gardens, it On the miracle of the fleece, dew, and dry ground, could not be considered an injury to religion. That Origen, in his eighth homily on the book of Judges, any, false oath must be considered as an attempt to has many curious and interesting thoughts. I shall deceive Jupiter himself; but the gods themselves must insert the substance of the whole : take cognizance of the injuries done unto them.Livy The fleece is the Jewish nation. The fleece covereà has a similar sentiment, Hist. lib. X., c. 6, where, with dew, while all around is dry, the Jewish nation speaking of some attempts made to increase the num- favoured with the law and the prophets. The fleece ber of the augurs out of the commons, with which the dry, the Jewish nation cast off for rejecting the Gospel. senators were displeased, he says: Simulabant ad deos All around watered, the Gospel preached to the Genid magis, quam ad se pertinere ; ipsos visuros, ne tiles, and they converted to God. The fleece on the sacra sua polluantur.--" They pretended that these threshing-floor, the Jewish people in the land of Judea, things belonged more to the gods than themselves; and winnowed, purged, and fanned by the Gospel. The that they would take care that their sacred rites were dew wrung out into the bowl, the doctrines of Chrisnot polluted."'.

tianity, extracted from the Jewish writings, shadowed Verse 32. He called him Jerubbaalj That is, Let forth by Christ's pouring water into a basin, and washBaal contend; changed, 2 Sam. xi. 21, into Jerubbe-' ing the disciples' feet. The pious father concludes that sheth, he shall contend against confusion or shame; he has now wrung this water out of the fleece of the thus changing baal, lord, into bosheth, confusion or book of Judges; as he hopes, by and by to do out of ignominy. Some think that Jerubbaal was the same the fleece of the book of Kings, and out of the fleece with Jerombalus, who, according to Sanchoniatho and of the book of Isaiah or Jeremiah; and he has rePorphyry, was a priest of Jevo. But the history of ceived it into the basin of his heart, and there conceived Sanchoniatho is probably a forgery of Porphyry him- its true sense ; and is desirous to wash the feet of his self, and worthy of no credit.

brethren, that they may be able to walk in the way of Verse 33. Then all the Midianites] Hearing of the preparation of the Gospel of peace.- Origen, Op. what Gideon had done, and apprehending that this might vol. ii., p. 475, edit. Benedict. be a forerunner of attempts to regain their liberty, they All this to some will doubtless appear trifling; but formed a general association against Israel.

it is not too much to say that scarcely any pious mind Verse 34. The Spirit of the Lord came upon can consider the homily of this excellent man without Gideon] He was endued with preternatural courage drinking into a measure of the same spirit, so much and wisdom.

sincerity, deep piety, and unction, appear throughout Verse 36. If thou will save.

2. Israel] Gideon was the whole : yet'as I do not follow such practices, I very bold, and God was very condescending.. But cannot recommend them. Of dealers in such small probably the request itself was suggested by the Divine wares, we have many that imitate Benjamin Keach, Spirit.

but few that come nigh to Origen. b


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