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The land distributed

JOSHUA

to the people by lot

CHAPTER XIV.

B. C. 1444.

B. C. 1444

47.

or

Eleazar, Joshua, and the heads of the fathers, distribute the land by lot. to the people, 1-3. The Levites

receive no land, but cities to dwell in, and suburbs for their cattle, 4, 5. Caleb requesis to have Mount Hebron for an inheritance, because of his former services, 6–12. Joshua grants his request, 13-15. A. M. 2560.

A.-M. 2560 AND these are the countries). 3. For Moses had given the An. Exod. Isr. which the children of Israel inheritance of two tribes and a An. Exod. Isr.

47. Anno ante inherited in the land of Canaan, half tribe on the other side Jor

Anno ante I. Olymp. 669.

* which Eleazar the priest, and dan ; but unto the Levites he . 1. Olymp. 668. Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the gave none inheritance among them. fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, 4 For d the children of Joseph 'were two distributed for inheritance to them.

tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim : therefore they 2 By lot was their inheritance, as the gave no part'unto the Levites in the land, save LORD commanded by the hand of Moses, for cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their the nine tribes, and for the half tribe. cattle and for their substance. a Num. xxxiv. 17, 18. -b Num. xxvi. 55; xxxiii. 54 ; xxxiv. 13. Chap. xiii. 8, 32, 33. - Gen. xlviii. 5; 1 Chron. v. 1, 2. NOTES ON CHAP. XIV.

moments of his life, and Moseș, immediately before Verse 1. Eleazar the priest, fc.] ELEAZAR,. as his death ; for to the tribe of JUDAH fell a country being the minister of God in sacred things is men- abounding in vineyards and pastures; to ZeBULUN tioned first. JoshuĄ, as having the supreme command and Issachar, sea-coasts ; in that of Asher was plenty in all things civil, is mentioned next. And the HEADS of oil, wheat, and metals ; that of BENJAMIN, near to

PRINCES of the twelve tribes, who in all things the temple, was, in a manner, between the shoulders acted under Joshua, are mentioned last. These heads of the Deity; Ephraim and MANASSEH were distinor princes were twelve, Joshua and Eleazar included; guished with a territory blessed in a peculiar manner and the reader may find their names in Num. xxxiv. by Heaven; the land of Naphtali extended from the 19-28. It is worthy of remark that no prince was west to the south of the tribe of Judah. Since theretaken from the tribes of 'Reuben and Gad, because fore the lot so well coresponded to these predictions, these had already received their inheritance on the would it not be insolence and stupidity in the highest other side of Jordan, and therefore could not be inte- degree, not to acknowledge the inspiration of God in rested in this division.

the word of Jacob and Moses, the direction of his Verse 2. By lot was their inheritance] Cancern- hand in the lot, and his providence in the event ?" ing the meaning and use of the lot, see the

How the lot was cast in this case cannot be partiNum. xxxvi. 55; and concerning the manner of cast- cularly determined. It is probable, 1. That the land ing lots in the case of the scape-goat, see the note on was geographically divided into ten portions. 2. That Lev. xvi. 8, 9.

each portion was called by a particular name. 3. That On this subject Dr. Dodd has selected some good the name of each portion was written on a separate observations from Calmet and Masius, which I here slip of parchment, wood, &c. . 4. That the names of borrow : “ Though God had sufficiently pointed out the claimants were also written on so many ships. 5. by the predictions of Jacob, when dying, and those of The names of the portions, and of the tribes, were put Moses, what portions he designed for each tribe, we into separate vessels. 6. Joshua, for example, put his readily discern an admirable proof of his wisdom in hand into the vessel containing the names of the tribes, the orders he gave to decide them by lot. By this and took out one slip; while Eleazar took out one from means the false interpretations which might have been the other vessel, in which the names of the portions given to the words of Jacob and Moses were pre- were put. 7. The name drawn, and the portion drawn, vented ; and by striking at the root of whatever might being read, it was immediately discerned what the disoccasion jealousies and disputes among the tribes, he trict was which God had designed for such a tribe. evidently secured the honesty of those who were to This appears to be the most easy way to determine be appointed to distribute to them the conquered coun- such a business. tries in the land of Canaan. Besides, the success of Verse 4. The children of Joseph were two tribes] this method gave a fresh proof of the Divinity of the This was ascertained by the prophetic declaration of Jewish religion, and the truth of its oracles. Each their grandfather Jacob, Gen. xlviii. 5, 6 ; and as Levi tribe finding itself placed by lot exactly in the spot was taken out of the tribes for the service of the sancwhich Jacob and Moses had foretold, it was evident tuary, one of these sons of Joseph came in his place, that Providence had equally directed both those pre- and Joseph was treated as the first-born of Jacob, in dictions and that lot. The event justified the truth the place of Reuben, who had forfeited his right of of the promises. The more singular it was, the more primogeniture. clearly we discern the finger of God in it.

With their suburbs for their cattle) For the meantion, says Masius, fell to each tribe just as Jacob had ing of this passage the reader is referred to the note declared two hundred and fifty years before in the last lon Num. xxxv. 5.

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The por

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47.

Anno ante

V

Caleb claims his

CHAP. XIV.

portion in Hebron. À. M. 2560. 5 As the LORD commanded 10 And now, behold, the LORD A. M. 2560. B. C. 1444.

B. C. 1444. An. Exod. Isr. Moses, so the children of Israel hath kept me alive, as he said, An. Exod. Isr. 47.

did, and they divided the land. these forty and five years, even Anno ante 1. Olymp. 668. 6 Then the children of Judah since the LORD spake this word

I. Olymp. 668. came unto Joshua in Gilgal : and Caleb the unto Moses, while the children of Israel P wanson of Jephunneh the f Kenezite said unto him, dered in the wilderness, and now, lo, I am Thou knowest & the thing that the Lord said this dạy fourscore and five years old. unto Moses the man of God concerning me 11 4 As yet I am as strong this day as I was and thee hin Kadesh-barnea.

in the day that Moses sent me; as my strength 7 Forty years old was I when Moses the ser- was then, even so is my strength now, for yant of the Lord i sent me from Kadesh-bar- war, both ' to go out, and to come in. nea to espy out the land ; and I brought him 12 Now therefore give me this mountain, word again as it was in mine heart.

whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou 8 Nevertheless k my brethren that went up heardest in that day how s the Anakims were with me made the heart of the people melt: there, and that the cities were great and fenced: but I wholly I followed the Lord my God: * if so be the Lord will be with me, then u I

9 And Moses sware on that day, saying, shall be able to drive them-out, as the LORD * Surely the land " whereon thy feet have trod- said. den shall be thine inheritance, and thy chil 13 And Joshua "blessed, him, " and gave

dren's- for ever, because thou hast wholly fol- unto Caleb the son of Jephunnch Hebron for · lowed the Lord my God.

an inheritance. • Num. XXX.2; chap. xxi. 2. - Num. xxxii. 12; chap. v.x

• Num. -xiv. 30.- Heb. walked.- Ecclus. xlvi. 9; see 17.-Num. xiv. 24, 30; Deut. i. 36, 38. h Num. xii. 26. Deut. xxxiv. 7.-- Deut. xxxi. 2. Num. xii. 28, 33.

Num. Xil. 6; xiv. 6. Lk Num. xii. 31, 32 ; Deut. i. 28. ! Psa, xviii. 32, 34 ; lx. 12; Rom. viii. 31. Chap. xv, 14; 1 Num. xiv. 24 ; Deut. i. 36. m Num. xiv. 23, 24; Deut. i. 36; Judg. i. 20. Chap. xxii. 6. Chap. x. 37; xy. 13; Judg. chap. 1.3. - See Num. xiii. 22.

i. 20; see chap. xxi. i), 12; 1 Chron. vi. 55, 56. Verse 5. They divided the land.) This work was within him, and had followed God fully, therefore he begun some time before at Gilgal, and was finished should enter into the land whereinto he came, and his some time after at Shiloh. It must have required a seed should possess it. Probably this relates to Hevery considerable time to make all the geographical bron, and was so understood by all parties at that time. arrangements that were necessary for this purpose. This seems tolerably evident from the pointed reference

Verse 6. Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite) made by Caleb to this transaction. In the note on the parallel place, Num. xxxii. 12, it Verse 7. As it was in mine heart.] Neither fear is said Kenaz was probably the father of Jephụnneh, nor favour influenced bim on the occasion; he told and that Jephunneh, not Caleb, was the Kenezite ; but what he believed to be the truth, the whole truth, and still, allowing this to be perfectly correct, Caleb might nothing but the truth. also be called the Kenezite, as it appears to have been Verse 9. The land whereon thy feet have trodden] a family name, for Othạiel, his nephew and son-in-law, This probably refers to Hebron, which was no doubt is called the son of Kenaz, chap. xv. 17; Judg. i. 13, mentioned on this occasion.and i Chron. iv, 13; and a grandson of Caleb is also Verse 10. These forly and five years] See the called the son of Kenaz, 1 Chron. iv. 15. In 1 Chron. note on chap. xiii. 1. ii. 16, Caleb is called the son of Hezron, but this is Verse 11. Even so is my strength now] I do not only to be understood of his having Hezron for one of ask this place because I wish to sit down now, and his ancestors; and son here may be considered the take my ease; on the contrary, I know I must fight, same as descendant; for Hezron, of the tribe of Ju- to drive out the Anakim, and I am as able and willing dah, having come into Egypt one hundred and seventy- to do it as I was forty-five years ago, when Moses sent six years before the birth of Caleb, it is not at all me to spy out the land. likely that he could be called his father in the proper Verse 12. I shall be able to drive them out] He sense of the term. Besides, the supposition above cannot mean Hebron merely, for that had been taken makes a very good sense, and is consistent with the before by Joshua ; but in the request of Caleb doubtuse of the terms father, son, and brother, in different less all the circumjacent counlry was comprised, in parts of the sacred writings.

many parts of which the Anakim were still in consi. Thou knowesl the thing that the Lord said] In the derable force. It has been conjectured that Hebron place to which Caleb seems to refer, viz., Num. xiv. itself had again fallen under the power of its former pos24, there is not a word concerning a promise of He- sessors, who, taking the advantage of the absence of the bron to him and his posterity ; nor in the place (Deut. Israelitish army, who were employed in other parts of the i. 36) where Moses repeats what had been done at country, re-entered the city, and restored their ancient Kadesh-barnea: but it may be included in what is there domination. But the first opinion seems best founded. spoken. God promises, because he had another spirit Verse 13. Joshua blessed him] As the word bless

A. M. 2560.
B. C. 1444.

A. M. 2560.
B. C. 1444.

Joshua grants Hebron to

JOSHUA.

Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 14. * Hebron therefore became 15

15 And - the name of Hebron An. Exod. Isr. the inheritance of Caleb the son before was Kirjath-arbà ; which An. Exod. Isr.

of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto Arba was a great man among the 1. Olymp. 668.

this day, because that he y wholly Anakims. * And the land had I. Olymp. 668. followed the LORD God of Israel.

rest from war.

47. Anno ante

47. Anno ante

* Chap. xxi. 12; 1 Mac. ii. 56. - Ver. 8, 9.

iz Gen. xxiii. 2; chap. xv. 13.

Chap. xi. 23.

often signifies to speak good or well of or to any person, chants' companions, who travelled in the same cara(see the note on Gen. ii

. 3,) here it may mean the van.” Both these names are expressive, and serve to praise bestowed on Caleb's intrepidity and faithfulness confirm the above conjecture. No notice need be taken by Joshua, as well as a prayer to God that he might of the tradition that this city was called the city of have prosperity in all things; and especially that the the four because it was the burial-place of Adam, AbraLord might be with him, as himself had expressed in ham, Isaac, and Jacob. Such traditions confute themthe preceding verse.

selves. Verse 14. Hebron therefore became the inheritance The land had rest from war.) There were no more of Caleb) Joshua admitted his claim, recognised his general wars ; the inhabitants of Canaan collectively right, and made a full conveyance of Hebron and its could make no longer any head, and when their condependencies to Caleb and his posterity; and this be- federacy was broken by the conquests of Joshua, he ing done in the sight of all the elders of Israel, the thought proper to divide the land, and let each tribe right was publicly acknowledged, and consequently this expel the ancient inhabitants that might still remain portion was excepted from the general determination in its own territories. Hence the wars after this time by lot ; God having long before made the cession of were parlicular wars ; there were no more general this place to him and to his descendants.

campaigns, as it was no longer necessary for the whole Verse 15. An: the name of Hebron before was Kir- Israelitish body to act against an enemy now disjointed jath-arba] That is, the city of Arba, or rather, the and broken. This appears to be the most rational meancity of the four, for thus 307 ni? kiryath arba may ing of the words, The land had rest from war. be literally translated. It is very likely that this city had its name from four Anakim, gigantic or powerful The Jewish economy furnishes, not only a history men, probably brothers, who built or conquered it. This of God's, revelations to man, but also a history of his conjecture receives considerable strength from chap. providence, and an ample, most luminous, and glorious xv. 14, where it is said that Caleb drove from Hebron comment on that providence. Is it possible that any the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai: man can seriously and considerately sit down to the now it is quite possible that Hebron had its former reading even of this book, without rising up a wiser name, Kirjath-arba, the city of the four, from these and a better man? This is the true history which three sons and their father, who, being men of uncom- everywhere exhibits God as the first mover and prime mon stature or abilities, had rendered themselves fa- agent, and men only as subordinate açiors.

What a mous by acts proportioned to their strength- and influ- miracle of God's power, wisdum, grace, justice, and ence in the country. It appears however from chap. providence are the people of Israel in every period of xv. 13 that Arba was a proper' name, as there he is their history, and in every land of their dispersions ! called the father of Anak.. The Septuagint call He- If their fall occasioned the salvation of the Gentile bron the metropolis of the Enakim, untporolig twv world, what shall their restoration produce! Their Evakill. It was probably the seat of government, future inheritance is not left to what men would call being the residence of the above chiefs, from whose the fortuitous decision of a lot ; like Caleb's possession conjoint authority and power it might have been called it is confirmed by the oath of the Lord; and when the

chebron ; as the word on chabar literally sig- end shall be, this people shall stand in their lot at the nifies to associate, to join in fellowship, and appears to end of the days, and shall again be great to the ends be used, Job xli. 6, for “associated merchants, or mer- of the earth.

חברון

CHAPTER XV.

The lot of the tribe of Judah described, 1. Their south border, 2-4. Their east border, 5-11. Their

west border, 12. Caleb's conquest, 13-15. Promises his daughter to the person who should take Kirjath-sepher, 16. Othniel his kinsman renders himself master of it, and gets Achsah to wife, 17. Her request to her father to get a well-watered land, which is granted, 18, 19. The cities of the tribe of Judah are enumerated, 20-63. 64

b

An. Erod. Isr.

49. Anno ante

A. M. 2561. B. C. 1443. An. Exod. Isr.

48. Anno ante

The lot of the children

CHAP. XV.

of Judah described. 8. 2. 2018: THIS then was the lot of the Maaleh-acrabbim, ' and passed

tribe of the children of Judah along to Zin, and ascended up on

by their families ; * even to the the south side unto Kadesh-barnea, 1. Olçinp. 667; 6

border of Edom the wilderness and passed along to Hezron, and 1. Olymp. 667. of Zin southward was the uttermost part of went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to the south coast.

Karkaa 2 And their south border was from the shore 4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, of the Salt Sea, from the bay that looketh and went out unto the river of Egypt; and southward :

the goings out of that coast were at the sea : 3 And it went out to the south sided to this shall be your south coast. Numbers txxiv. 3.- Numbers xxxin. 36.

-c Hebrew,

Or,' the gning up to Acrabbim.-Num.

,xxxiv.5.

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Num. Axxiv. 4.

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tongue.

NOTES ON CHAP. XV.

that Judah drew the first lot ; and, because of the Verse 1: This then was the lot of the tribe of importance and pre-eminence of this tribe, this lot is Judah] The geography of the sacred writings-presents first described. many difficulties, occasioned by the changes which the By their families)' It is supposed that the family civil state of the promised land has undergone, espe- divisions were ,not determined by lot. These were cially for the last two thousand years. Many of the left to the prudence and judgment of Joshua, Eleazar, ancient towns and villages have had their names, so and the ten prioces, who appointed to each family a totally changed, that their former appellations are no district in proportion to its number, &c., the general longer discernible ; several lie buried under their own division being that alone which was determined by ruins, and others have been so long destroyed that not the loh one vestige of them remains. On these accounts, it is To the border of Edom). The tribe of Judah occuvery difficult to ascertain the situation of many of the pied the most southerly part of the land of Canaan. places mentioned in this and the following chapters. Its limits extended from the extremity of the Dead Sea But however this may embarrass the commentator, it southward, atong Idumea, possibly by the desert of Sin, cannot affect the truth of the narrative. Some of the and proceeding from east to west to the Mediterranean principal cities in the universe, cities that were the Sea, and the most eastern branch of the river Nile, or seats of the most powerful empires, are not only re to what is called the river of Egypt. Calmet very duced to ruins, but so, completely blotted out of the properly remarks, that Joshua is particular in giving map of the world that their situation cannot be ascer- the limits of this tribe, as being the first, the most nutained. Where is Babylon? Where are Nineveh, Car- merous, most important ; that which was to furnish Lhage, Thebes, Tyre, Baalbeo, Palmyra, and the so the kings of Judéa'; that in which pure religion was * far-famed and greatly celebrated Troy? Of the, for- to be preserved, and that from which the Messiah was mer and the latter, so renowned by historians and to spring. poets, scarcely a vestige, properly speaking, remains"; Verse 2. From the. bay that looketh southward] nor can the learned agree on the spot once occupied These were the southern limits of the tribe of Judah, by the buildings of those celebrated cities! Should which commenced at the extremity of the lake Asphal. this circumstance invalidate the whole history of the tites or Dead Sea, and terminated at Sihor or the river ancient world, in which they made so conspicuous à of Egypt, and Mediterranean Sea'; though some think figure ? And can the authenticity of our sacred histo- it extended to the Nile. rian be impaired, because several of the places, he Verse 3. Maaleh-acrabbim} The ascent of the mentions no longer exist? . Surely no : nor can it be Mount of Scorpions, probably so called from the mulcalled in question but by the heedless and superficial, titude of those animals found in that place. or the decidedly profane. Although some of the cities Kadesh-barnea] This place was called En-mishpat, of the holy land are destroyed, and it would be difficult Gen. xiv. 7. It was on the edge of the wilderness to ascertain the geography of several, yet enough of Paran, and about twenty-four miles from Hebron. remain, either under their ancient names, or with Here Miriam, the sister of Moses and Aaron, died ; such decisive characteristics, that through their and here Moses and Aaron rebelled against the Lord ; new names their ancient appellatives are readily dis- hence the place was called Meribah-Kadesh, or the cernible.

contention of Kadesh. It is natural to suppose that the division mentioned Karkaa] Supposed to be the Coracea of Ptolemy, here was made after an accurate survey of the land, in Arabia Petræa.-Calmet. which might have been made by proper persons ac

Verse 4. Toward Azmon] This was the last city companying the conquering army of the Israelites. they possessed toward Egypt. Nine tribes and a half were yet to be accommodated, The river of Egypt] The most eastern branch of and the land must be divided into nine parts and a half. the river Nile. See on chap. xiii. 3. But there is This was no doubt done with the utmost judgment and much reason to doubt whether any branch of the Nile discretion, the advantages and disadvantages of each be meant, and whether the promised land extended to division being carefully balanced. These were the that river. On this subject it is impossible to decide portions which were divided by lot; and it appears either way. Vol. II. (5)

65

48.

48. Auno arte

The lot of the children

JOSHUA.

of Judah described. A. M. 2561. 5 And the east border was the (up to Adummim, wliich is on the

A. M. 2561. B. C. 1443.

B. C. 1443. An. Exod. Isr. Salt-Sea, even unto the end of south side of the river : and the An. Exod. Isr. Ånno ante

Jordan. . And their border in the border passed toward the waters 1. Olymp. 667. north quarter was from the bay of. En-shemesh, and the goings 1. Olymp. 667. of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan : out thereof were at * En-rogel :

6 And the border went up to 8 Beth-hogla, 8 And the border went up by the valley of. and passed along by the north of Beth-arabah; the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the and the border went up. h to the stone of. Bom Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the borhan the son of Reuben :

der went up to the top of the mountain that lieth 7 And the border went up toward Debir before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is from i the valley of Achior, and so northward, at the end of the valley of the giants northward: looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going 9 And the border was drawn from the top of 6 Chap. xviii. 19. -h Chap. xviii. 17.---- Chåp. vii, 26. 1 Chap. xviii. 16; 2 Kings xxíu. 10; Jer. xix. 2, 6. Chap. k 2 Sam. xvii. 17; 1 Kings i. 9.

xviii. 28 ; Judg. i: 21 ; xix. 10. Chap. xviii. 16. Verse 5. The east border was the Salt Sea) . The is not made till after the father's death. - This custom Salt Sea is the same as the Dead Sea, lake Asphal- prevailed also in the west. It is common among the tites, &c.' And here it is intimated that the eastern aborigines of both Ireland and Wales. border of the tribe of. Judah extended along the Dead · The same is Jerusalem] This city. was formerly Sea, from its lowest extremity to the end of Jordan; called Jebus; a part of it was in the tribe of Benjamin i. e., to the place where Jordan falls into this sea. Zion, ealled its citadel, was in the tribe of Judah.

Verse 6. Beth-hogla] A place between Jericho The valley of the giants} Of the Rephaim. See and the Dead Sea, belonging to the tribe of Benjamin, the notes on Gen. yi. 4; xiv. 5; Deut. ii. 7, 11. chap. xviii. 21, though here serving as a frontier to On this subject, a very intelligent clergyman favours the tribe of Judah.

me with his opinion in the following terms:--. Stone of Bohan] This must have been some remark • The boundary between Judah and Benjamin went able place, probably like the stone of Jacob, which up from the valley of Hinnom on the east to the top afterwards became Beth-el; but where it was situated of the hill southward, leaving Jebusi (or Jerusalem) to is uncertain.

the northwest adjoining to Benjamin. This mount Verse 7. The valley of Achor] Debir mentioned in (Jebusi) lay between the two tribes, which the Jebuthis verse is unknown. The valley of Achor had its sites possessed till the time of David. - Ai the 63d name from the punishment of Achan. See the account, 1 verse here, it is said Judah could not drive out these chap. vii. 24, &c.

people; and in- Judg. i. 21, the same is said of the En-shemesh] The fountain of the sun; it was Benjamites. Each tribe might have attacked them at eastward of Jerusalem, on the confines of Judah and various times. There were various mounts or tops Benjamin.

to these hills. Mount Zion and Moriah, where the Verse 8. The valley of the son of Hinnom] Who temple stood, was in the tribe of Judah ; - Psa. Ixxviii. Hinnom was is not known, nor why this was called 68, 69; lxxxvii. 2. his valley. It was situated on the east of Jerusalem ; “ In Deut. xxxiii. 12 it is said. of Benjamin, the and is often mentioned in Scripture. The image of Lord shall dwell by him, i. e., near him, or beside his the idol Molech appears to have been set up there; borders, between his shoulders; the line might be cirand there the idolatrous Israelites caused their sons cular between the two. hills or tops so as in part to and daughters to pass through the fire in honour of encompass Mount Zion in the tribe of Judah, on which that demon, 2 Kings xxiii. 10. It was also called the temple stood. Benjamin's gate, (mentioned Jer. Tophet, see Jer. vii. 32. When King Josiah removed xxxvii. 12, 13, and xxxviii. 7,) was the gate leading the image of this idol from this valley, it appears to out of the city, into the tribe of Benjamin. So the have been held in such universal execration, that it gate of Ephraim, (2 Kings xiv. 13,) was a gate which became the general receptacle of all the filth and im- led towards the tribe of Ephraim. We give names to purities which were carried out of Jerusalem; and it roads, &c., in the same way now. is supposed that continual fires were there kept up, to “Mount Calvary, (which was on the outside of the consume those impurities and prevent infection. From gate,) seems to have been in the tribe of Benjamin. the Hebrew words 0107 ya 'a gei ben Hinnom, the val- Query. Whether Calvary or Golgotha was so called ley of the son of Hinnom, and by contraction, Dan's from skulls being scattered about there, (as say some,) gei Hinnom, the valley of Hinnom, came the Teevva, or rather from the figure of the rock being shaped like Gehenna of the New Testament, called also leevva a man's skull, with one face of it nearly perpendicuTOV qrupos, the Gehenna of fire, which is the emblem lar? I incline to this latter opinion. I believe the of hell, or the place of the damned. See Matt. v. 22, Jews did not suffer human bones, even of malefactors, 29, 30; X. 28; xviii. 9, &c.

to lie about." --J. C. In the East it is common to add the name of the Verse 9. Baalah, which is Kirjath-jearım] This father to that of the son, e. g.,.“ This land belongs to place was rendered famous in Scripture, in conseGoborka the son of Kake Prusada.” But this addition quence of its being the residence of the ark, for twenty

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