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Joshua assembles the tribes


of the people at Shechem. threatenings pronounced here were accomplished in the Christian has no more reason to expect indulgence Babylonish captivity, but more fully in their general from the justice of God than a profligate Jew. We dispersion since the crucifixion of our Lord. And have a goodly land, but the justice of God can decree a should not every Christian fear when he reads, If captivity from it, or a state of bondage in it. The priviGod spared not the natural branches, take heed that he leges that are abused are thereby forfeited. And this is spare not thee? Surely a worldly, carnal, and godless' as applicable to the individual as to the whole system.



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Toshua gathers all the tribes together at Shechem, 1; and gives them a history of God's gracious dealings

with Abraham, 2, 3; Isaac, Jacob, and Esau, 4; Moses and Aaron, and their fathers in Egypt, 5, 6. His judgments on the Egyptians, 7.

On the Amorites, 8. Their deliverance from "Balak and Balaam, 9, 10. Their conquests in the promised land, and their establishment in the possession of it, 11-13. Exhorts them to abolish idolatry, and informs them of his and his family's resolution to serve Jehovah, 14,

The people solemnly promise to serve the Lord alone, and mention his merciful dealings towards them, 16-18. Joshua shows them the holiness of God, and the danger, of apostasy, 19, 20. The people again promise' obedience, 21. Joshua calls them to witness against themselves, that they had promised to worship God alone, and exhorts them to put away the strange gods, 22, 23. They promise obedience, 24. Joshua makes a covenant with the people, writes it in a book, sets up stone as a memorial of it, and dismisses the people, 25-28.. Joshua's death, 29, and burial, 30. The people continue faithful during that generation, 31. They bury the bones of Joseph in Shechem, 32. Eleazar the high priest dies also, 33. A. M. 2561.

A. M. 2561. 6. C. 1953: AND Joshua gathered all the 3 And I took your father An. Exod. Isr. tribes of Israel to · Shechem, Abraham from the other side of An. Exod. Isr.

and called for the elders of Is- the flood, and led him throughout 1. Olymp. 667. rael, and for their heads, and for all the land of Canaan, and mul- 1. Olymp. 667. their judges, and for their officers; and they tiplied his seed, and 8 gave him Isaac. presented themselves before God.

4 And I gave unto Isaac h Jacob and Esau : 2 And Joshua said unto all the people, and I gave unto i Esau Mount Seir, to possess Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, a Your it; k but Jacob and his children went down fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood into Egypt. in old time, even Terah, the father of Abra 5 "I sent Moses also and Aaron, and ml ham, and the father of Nachor: and they plagued Egypt, according to that which I did served other gods.

among them ; and afterward I brought you out. a Genesis XXXV. 4. b Chap. xxiii. 2.

& Gen. xxi. 2,3; Psa. cxxvii. 3. h Genesis xxv, 24, 25, 26. & Gen. xi. 26, 31 ; Judith v. 6, 7.-- Gen. xxxi. 53. Gen. Gen. xxxvi. 8; Deut. ii. 5. k Gen. xlvi. 1, 6; Acts vü. 15. xii. 1 ; Acts vii. 2, 3.

1 Exod. iii. 10. _m Exod. vii., viii., ix., X., xii, NOTES ON CHAP. XXIV.

ham settled on his first coming into the land of CaVerse 1. Joshua gathered all the tribes] This must naan, Gen. xii. 6, 7; and here the patriarchs were have been a different assembly from that mentioned in buried, Acts vii. 16. And as Shechem lay between the preceding chapter, theagh probably held not long Ebal and Gerizim, where Joshua had before made a after the former.

covenant with the people, chap. viii. 30, &c., the very To Shechem] As it is immediately added that they circumstance of the place would be undoubtedly friendly presented themselves before God, this must mean the to the solemnity of the present occasion. Shuckford tabernacle ; but at this time the tabernacle was not at supposes that the covenant was made at Shechem, and Shechem but at Shiloh. . The Septuagint appear to that the people went to Shilok to confirm it before the have been struck with this difficulty, and therefore read Lord. Mr. Mede thinks the Ephraimites had a proEnhw, Shiloh, both here and in ver. 25, though the seucha, or temporary oratory of house of prayer, at Aldine and Complutensian editions have Evxel, She- Shechem, whither the people resorted for Divine wor, chem, in both places. Many suppose that this is the ship when they could not get to the tabernacle ; and original reading, and that Shechem has crept into the that this is what is called before the Lord; but this text instead of Shiloh. Perhaps there is more of conjecture seems not at all likely, God having forbidimaginary than real difficulty in the text. As Joshua đen this kind of worship. was now old and incapable of travelling, he certainly Verse 2. On the other side of the flood] The river had a right to assemble the representatives of the tribes Euphrales. wherever he found most convenient, and to bring the They served other gods.) Probably Abraham as well ark of the covenant to the place of assembling: and as Terah his father was an idolater, till he received this was probably done on this occasion. Shechem is the call of God to leave that land. See on Gen. xi. a place famous in the patriarchal history. Here Abra-131 ; xii. 1. And for the rest of the history referred

_c1 Sam. X. 19.

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He recounts the Divine


interpositions in their behalf. A. M. 2561.

6 And I brought your fathers 11 And a ye went over Jorout of Egypt: and 'ye came dan, and came unto Jericho : An. Exod. Isr.

unto the sea ; and the Egyp- and the men of Jericho fought I Olymp. 667.

tians pursued after your fathers against you, the Amorites, and 1. Olymp. 667. with chariots and horsemen unto the Red Sea. the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the

7 And when they cried unto the LORD," he Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and put darkness between you and the Egyptians, the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your * and brought the sea upon them, and covered hand. them; and your eyes have seen what I have 12 And • I sent the hornet before you,

which done in Egypt: and ye dwelt in the wilder- drave them out from before you, even the two ness a long season.

kings of the Amorites ; but d not with thy 8 And I brought you into the land of the sword, nor with thy bow. Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jor- | 13 And I have given you a land for which dan; and they fought with you: and I gave ye did not labour, and cities which ye built them into your hand, that ye might possess not, and ye dwell in them; of the vineyards their land; and I destroyed them from before and oliveyards which ye planted not, do ye eat. you.

14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and 9 Then - Balak the son of Zippor, king of serve him in 6 sincerity and in truth : and put Moab, arose and warred against Israel, and away the gods which your fathers served on * sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; curse you:

and serve ye the LORD. 10 But I would not hearken unto Balaam ; 15 And if it seem.evil unto you to serve the z therefore he blessed you still : so I delivered Lord, choose you this day whom ye will you out of his hand.

serve; whether the gods which

gods which your fathers

Exod. xii. 37, 51.-o Exod. xiv. 2. -P Exod. xiv. 9. e Exod. xxiii. 28; Deut. vii. 20. Psa. xliv. 3, 6.-- Deut. 9 Exodus xiv, 10.- Exodus xiv. 20. Exodus xiv. 27, 28. vi. 10, 11; chap. xi. 13. f Deut. x. 12; 1 Sam. xii. 24. Deut. iv. 34 ; xix. 2.- Chap. v. 6. Num. xxi. 21, 33; Gen. xvii. 1; xx. 5; Deut. xviii. 13; Psa. cxix. 1 ; 2 Cor. i. Deut. ii. 32; iii. 1. -* See Judg. xi. 25. - Num. xxii. 5; 12; Eph. vi. 24. - Ver. 2, 33 ; Lev. xvii. 7; Ezekiel xx. 18. Deut. Ixili.4. -- Deut. xxiii. 5. Num. xxiii. 11,20 ; xxiv.

i Ezeki xx, 7, 8; xxiii. 3. _k See Ruth i. 15; 1 Kings xviii. 21; 10.- Ch. iii. 14, 17; iv. 10, 11, 12.40 Ch. vi. 1; x.I; xi. 1; Ezek. xx. 39; John vi. 67.-Ver. 14.

to here, see the notes on the parallel passages in the 1. Those which their fathers worshipped on the other margin.

side of the flood : i. e., the gods of the CHALDEANS, Verse 9. Then, Balak-arose and warred against fire, light, the sun. 2. Those of the EGYPTIANS, A pis, Israel] This circumstance is not related in Num. Anubis, the ape, serpents, vegetables, &c. 3. Those xxii., nor does it appear in that history that the Moab- of the CANAANITES, Moabites, &c., Baal-peor or Priites attacked the Israelites; and probably the warring apus, Astarte. or Venus, &c., &c. All these he refers here mentioned means no more than his attempts to to in this and the following verse. See at the condestroy them by the curses of Balaam, and the wiles clusion of verse 33. of the Midianitish women.

How astonishing is this, that, after all God had done Verse 11. The men of Jericho fought against you] for them, and all the miracles they had seen, there See the notes on chap. iii. and chap. vi. I, &c. The should still be found among them both idols and idolapeople of Jericho are said to have fought against the ters ! That it was so we have the fullest evidence, Israelites, because they opposed them by shutting their both here and in ver. 23.; Amos v. 26 , and in. Acts gates, &c., though they did not attempt to meet them vii. 41. But what excuse can be made for such in the field.

stapid, not to say brutish, blindness? Probably they Verse 12. I sent the hornet before you] See the thought they could the better represent the Divine nanote on Exod. xxiii. 28.

ture by using symbols and images, and perhaps they Verse 14. Fear the Lord] Reverence him as the professed to worship God through the medium of these. sole object of your religious worship,

At least this is what has been alleged in behalf of a Serve him] Perform his will by obeying his com- gross class of Christians whò are notorious for image mands.

worship. But on such conduct God will never look In sincerity] Having your whole heart engaged in with any allowance, where he has given his word and his worship.

testimony. And in truth] According to the directions he has Verse 15. Choose you this day whom ye will serve) given you in his infallible word.

Joshua well knew that all service that was not free Put away the gods, fc.) From this exhortation of and voluntary could be only deceit and hypocrisy, and Joshua we learn of what sort the gods were, to the that God loveth a cheerful giver. He therefore calls worship of whom these Israelites were still attached. upon the people to make their choice, for God himself

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The people solemnly promise


to serve the Lord alone. A. M. 2561. served that were on the other side give your transgressions nor your

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B. C. 143. of the flood, or m the gods of the sins.

An. Exod. Ist. Anno ante Amorites, in whose land ye 20 s If ye forsake the LORD, · Amo ante I. Olymp. 667.

dwell : but as for me and my and serve strange gods, then he 1. Olymp. 667. house, we will serve the Lord.

will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, 16 And the people answered and said, God after that he hath done you good. forbid that we should forsake the LORD, to 21 And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; serve other gods;

but we will serve the LORD. 17 For the Lord our God, he it is that 22 And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are brought us up and our fathers out of the land witnesses against yourselves that ye have of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And which did those great signs in our sight, and they said, We are witnesses. preserved us in all the way wherein we went, 23 Now therefore put away, said he, the and among all the people through whom we strange gods which are among you, and inpassed :

cline your heart unto the Lord God of Israel. 18 And the Lord drave out from before us 24 And the people said unto Joshua, The all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt LORD our God will we serve, and his voice in the land: therefore will we also serve the will we obey. LORD; for he is our God.

25 So Joshua w made a covenant with the 19 And Joshua said unto the people, • Ye people that day, and set them a statute and an cannot serve the Lord : for he is a holy ordinance * in Shechem. God; he is 'a jealous God ; ' he will not-for 56 And Joshua y wrote these words in the

m Exod. xxiii. 24, 32, 33 ; xxxiv. 15; Deut. xlii. 7; xxix. 18; viii. 22 ; Isa. i. 28; lxv. 11, 12; Jer. xvii. 13. Chap. xxiii. Judg. vi. 10. - Gen. xviii. 19. o Matt. vi 24.- Lev. xix. 15; Isa. lxiii. 10; 'Acts vii. 42. Psa. cxix. 173.- Ver. 2 ; 1 Sam. vi. 20; Psa. xcix. 5, 9; Isa. v. 16. -4 Exod. xx. 5. | 14 ; Gen. XXXV.

. 2; Judg, x. 16; 1 Sam. vii, 3.-_* See Exod. r Exod. xxiii. 21. Ls 1 Chron. xxvii.9; 2 Chron. xv. 2; Ezra | xv. 23; 2 Kings xi. 17. - Yer. 26. - Deut. xxxi. 24. would not forcė them--they must serve him with all jealous, unless ye put away the gods which your their heart if they served him at all, As for himself fathers served beyond the flood. For he is a jealous and family, he shows them that their choice was already God, and will not give to nor divide his glory with any fixed, for they had taken Jehovah for their portion. other. He is a holy God, and will not have his peo

Verse 16. God forbid that we should forsake the ple defiled with the impure worship of the Gentiles.” Lord] That they were now sincere cannot be reason Verse 21. And the people said-Nay; but we will ably doubted, for they served the Lord all the days of serve, 9o.) So they understood the words of Joshua to Joshua, and the elders that outlived him, ver. 31; but imply no moral impossibility on their side : and had afterwards they turned aside, and did serve other gods. they earnestly sought the gracious assistance of God, “ It is ordinary,” says Mr. Trapp, '" for the many- they would have continued steady in his covenant. headed multitude to turn with the stream to be of Verse 22. Ye are witnesses against yourselves] Ye. the same religion with their superiors : thus at Rome, have been sufficiently apprised of the difficulties in in Diocletian's time, they were pagans; in CoNsTAN- your way of God's holiness---your own weakness and Tine's, Christians; in Constantius's, Arians; in Ju- inconstancy-the need you have of Divine help, and LIAN's, apostates ; and in Jovinian's, Christians again! the awful consequences of apostasy ; and now ye deAnd all this within less than the age of a man. It is, liberately make your choice. Remember then, that ye therefore, a good thing that the heart be established are witnesses against yourselves, and your own conwith grace.”

science will be witness, judge, and executioner ; or, as Verse 19. Ye cannot serve the Lord : for he is a one terms it, index, juder, vindex. holy God] If we are to take this literally, we cannot Verse 23. Now therefore put away] As you

have blame the Israelites for their defection from the wor- promised to 'reform, begin instantly the work of reship of the true God; for if it was impossible for them formation. A man's promise to serve God soon loses to serve God, they could not but come short of his its moral hold of his conscience, if he do not instantakingdom: but surely this was not the case. Instead of neously begin to put it in practice. The grace that bainos lo thuchelu, ye Cannot serve, &c., some emi-enables him to promise is that by the strength of which nent critics read is an ab lo thechallu, ye shall not CEASE he is to begin the performance. to serve, &c. This is a very ingenious emendation, Verse 25. Joshua made a covenant) Literally, Jobut there is not one MS. in all the collections of Ken-shua cut the covenant, alluding to the sacrifice offered nicolt and De Rossi to support it. However, it ap- on the occasion. pears very possible that the first 1 vau in bain did not And set them a statute and an ordinance] He make a part of the word originally. If the common made a solemn and public act of the whole, which was reading be preferred, the meaning of the place must signed and witnessed by himself and the people, in be, “ Ye cannot serve the Lord, for he is holy and the presence of Jehovah ; and having done so, he

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Joshua and Eleazar. A. M. 2561.

A. M. 2561. book of the law of God, and took in Mount Ephraim, on the north An. Exod. Isr. 2 a great stone, and a set it up side of the hill of Gaash.

An. Exod. Isr. there, bunder an oak, that was 31 And Israel served the

Anno ante 1. Olymp. 667.

by the sanctuary of the LORD. Lord all the days of Joshua, and I. Olymp. 667. 27 And Joshua said unto all the people, Be- all the days of the elders that i overlived hold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; Joshua, and which had k known all the works for d it hath heard all the words of the Lord of the LORD, that he had done for Israel.. which he spake unto ús: it shall be there 32 And the bones of Joseph, which the fore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, God.

buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground 28 So • Joshua let the people depart, every " which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor man unto his inheritance.

the father of Shechem for a hundred n pieces 29 f And it came to pass after these things, of silver: and it became the inheritance of the that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the children of Joseph. LORD, died, being a hundred and ten years 33 And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and old.

they buried . him in a hill that pertained to 30 And they buried him in the border of • Phinehas his son, which was given him in his inheritance in Timnath-serah, which is Mourt Ephraim. • See Judg. ix. 6.- See Gen. xxviii. 18; chap: iv. 3.- Chap. xix. 50 ; Judg. 11. 9.

Ch Judg. ii. 7. Gen. xxxv. 4. — See Gen. xxxi. 48, 52; Deut. xxxi. 19, 21, longed their dnys after Joshua. * See Deut. xi, 2; xxxi. 13. 26 ; chap. xxi. 27, 28, 34. —d Deut. xxxii. 1. Judg. ii. 6. Gen. I. 25; Exod. xvi. 19. Lm. Gen. xxxii. 19. Or, lambs. Judg. Ü. 8.

• Exod. vi. 25; Judg. xx. 28. wrote the words of the covenant in the book of the this eminent general ; probably, as he was buried in his law of God, probably in some part of the skin consti- own inheritance, he had forbidden all funeral pomp, tuting the great roll, on which the laws of God were and it is likely was privately interred. written, and of which there were some blank columns Verse 31. And Israel served the Lord, &c.] Though to spare. Having done this, he took a great stone there was private idolatry, among them, for they had , and set it up under an oak—that this might be my ed strange gods, yet there was no public idolatry all the or witness that, at such a time and place, this covenant days of Joshua and of the elders that overlived Joshua ; was made, the terms of which might be found written most of whom must have been advanced in years at the in the book of the law, which was laid up beside the death of this great man? Hence Calmet supposes that ark. See Deut. xxxi. 26.

the whole of this time might amount to about fifteen Verse 27. This stone-hath heard all the words] years. It has already been noted that this verse is That is, the stone itself, from its permanency, shall be placed by the Septuagint after ver. all succeeding ages as competent and as substantial Verse 32. And the bones of Joseph] See the note a witness as one who had been present at the trans on Gen. 1. 25, and on Exod. xiii. 19. This burying of action, and heard all the words which on both sides the bones of Joseph probably took place when the conwere spoken on the occasion.

quest of the land was completed, and each tribe had Verse 28. So Joshua] After this verse the Sep- received its inheritance ; for it is not likely that this tuagint insert veri 31.

was deferred till after the death of Joshua. Verse 29. Joshua the son of Nun-died] This Verse 33. And Eleazardied] Probably about event probably took place shortly after this public the same time as Joshua, or soon after; though some assembly; for he was old and stricken in years when think he outlived him six years. Thus, nearly all the he held the assembly mentioned chap. xxiii, 2 ; and as persons who had witnessed the miracles of God in the his work was now all done, and his soul ripened for a wilderness were gathered to their fathers; and their state of blessedness, God took him to himself, being descendants left in possession of the great inheritance, one hundred and ten years of age; exactly the same with the Law of God in their hands, and the bright age as that of the patriarch Josephi See Gen. I. 26. example of their illustrious ancestors before their eyes.

Verse 30. And they buried himin Timnath-serah] It must be added that they possessed every advantage This was his own inheritance, as we have seen chap. necessary to make them a great, a wise, and a holy xix. 50. The Septuagint add here, " And they put people. How they used, or rather how they abused, with him there, in the tomb in which they buried him, these advantages, their subsequent history, given in the the knives of stone with which he circumeised the sacred books, amply testifies. children of Israel in Gilgal, according as the Lord A hill that pertained to Phinehas his son] This commanded when he brought them out of Egypt; and grant was probably made to Phinehas as a token of the there they are till this day.” St. Augustine quotes respect of the whole nation, for his zeal, courage, and the same passage in his thirtieth question on the book usefulness : for the priests had properly no inheritof Joshua, which, in all probability, he took from some At the end of this verse the Septuagint add :copy of the Septuagint. It is very strange that there “In that day the children of Israel, taking up the is nc account of any public mourning for the death of lark of the covenant of God, carried it about with them,


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Reflections on the covenant


made by the Israelites. and Phinehas succeeded to the high priests office in sisted in the adoration of fire. e. That of the Egypthe place of his father until his death; and he was tians, which consisted in the worship of the ox Apis, buried in Gabaath, which belonged to himself. cats, dogs, and serpents; which had been preceded by

" Then the children of Israel went every man to his the worship even of vegetables, such as the onion, &c. own place, and to his own city.

3. That of the people of Canaan, the principal objects And the children of Israel worshipped Astarte and of which were Astarte, (Venus,) and Baal Peor, (PriAshtaroth, and the gods of the surrounding nations, and apus.) Make remarks on the liberty of choice which the Lord delivered them into the hands of Eglon king every man has, and which God, in matters of religion, of Moab, and he tyrannized over them for eighteen. applies to, and calls into action. vears."

* III. The necessity of the choice.—To be without

religion, is to be without happiness here, and without The last six verses in this chapter were, doubtless, any title to the kingdom of God. To have a false renot written by Joshua; for no man can give an account ligion, is the broad road to perdition ; and to have the of his own death and burial. Eleazar, Phinehas, or true religion, and live agreeably to it, is the high road Samuel, might have added them, to bring down the to heaven. Life is precarious—death is at the doornarration so as to connect it with their own times ; the Judge calls-much is to be done, and perhaps little and thus preserve the thread of the history unbroken. time to do it in! Eternity depends on the present moThis is a common case ; many men write histories of ment. Choose-choose speedily-determinately, &c. their own lives, which, in the last circumstances, are “IV. The extent of the conditions.— Fear the Lord, finished by others, and who has ever thought of im- and serve him in truth and righteousness. Fear the peaching the authenticity of the preceding part, be- Lord. Consider his being, his power, holiness, justice, cause the subsequent was the work of a different hand? &c. This is the gate to religion. Religion itself conHirtius's supplement has never invalidated the au- sists of two parts. 1. Truth. 1. In opposition to thenticity of the Commentaries of Cæsar; nor the the detestable idolatry of the forementioned nations. work of Quintus Smyrnæus, that of the Iliad and 2. In reference to that revelation which God gave of Odyssey of Homer; nor the 13th book of the Æneid, himself. 3. In reference to that solid peace and comby Mapheus Viggius, the authenticity of the preceding fort which false religions may promise, but cannot twelve, as the genuine work of Virgil. We should give; and which the true religion communicates to all be thankful that an adequate and faithful hand has who properly embrace it. II. UPRIGHTNESS or intesupplied those circumstances which the original author grity, in opposition to those abominable viees by which could not write, and without which the work would themselves and the neighbouring nations had been dehave been incomplete.'

filed. 1. The major part of men have one religion for Mr. Saurin has an excellent dissertation on this youth, another for old age. But he who serves God grand federal act formed by Joshua and the people of in integrity, serves him with all his heart in every part Israel on this very solemn ocoasion, of the substance of life. 2. Most men have a religion of times, places, of which the reader will not be displeased to find the and circumstances. This is a defective religion. Infollowing very short outline, which may be easily tegrity takes in every time, every place, and every filled up by any whose business it is to instruct the circumstance; God's law being ever kept before the public; for such a circumistance may with great pro- eyes, and his love in the heart, dictating purity and priety be brought before a Christian congregation at perfection to every thought, word, and work. 3. Many any time :

content themselves with abstaining from vice, and think “ Seven things are to be considered in this renewal themselves sare of the kingdom of God because they of the covenant.

do not sin as others. But he who serves God in in

tegrity, not only 'abstains from the act and the appear1. The dignily of the mediator.

ance of evil, but steadily performs every moral good. II. The freedom of those who contracted.

4. Many think that if they practise some kind of virIII. The necessity of the choice.

tues, to which they feel less of a natural repugnance, IV. The extent of the conditions.

they bid fair for the kingdom; but this is opposite to V. The peril of the engagement.

uprightness. The religion of God equally forbids every VI. The solemnity of the acceptance.

species of vice, and recommends every kind of virtue. VII. The nearness of the consequence.

“V. The peril of the engagement. This covenant “I. The dignity of the mediator.--Take a view had in it the nature of an oath; for so much the phrase of his names, Hosea and Jehoshua. God will save: before the Lord implies: therefore those who entered he will save. The first is like a promise; the second, into this covenant bound themselves by oath unto the fulfilment of that promise. God will save some the Lord, to be steady and faithful in it. But it may time or other :—this is the very person by whom he will be asked, “ As human nature is very corrupt, and exaccomplish his promise. Take a view of Joshua's life : ceedingly fickle, is there not the greatest danger of his faith, courage, constancy, heroism, and success. breaking such a covenant; and is it not better not to A remarkable type of Christ. See Heb. iv. 8. make it, than to run the risk of breaking it, and ex

“ II. The freedom of those who contracted.--Take posing one's self to superadded punishment on that away the gods which your fathers served beyond the account? Answer: He who makes such a covenant flood; and in Egypt, &c., ver. 14, &c. Joshua ex- in God's strength, will have that strength to enable hibits to the Israelites all the religions which were him to prove faithful 10 it. Besides, if the soul do then known : 1. That of the Chaldeans, which con- I'not feel itself under the most solemn obligation to live

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