Imágenes de páginas

Cock and pie, a vulgar corruption of "God and "Pie" (the servicebook of the Romish Church); I. i. 304.

Cog, to wheedle; III. iii. 47.
Cogging, deceiving; III. i. 119.
Colours, ensigns; III. iv. 86.
Come off, to pay handsomely; IV.
iii. II.

Companion, fellow (in a bad sense);
III. i. 119.

Cony-Catch, to poach, pilfer; I. iii. 34. Cony-Catching, poaching, pilfering; I. i. 125.

Coram; probably due to the formula "jurat coram me," or a corruption of "quorum (quorumesse volumus" in a Justice's commis

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sion); both forms "corum" and "" coram 99 are found as part of the title of "a justice of the peace";

I. i. 6.

Cornuto, cuckold; III. v. 68.
Cotsall, an allusion to the annual
sports on the Cotswold Hills,
Gloucestershire; I. i. 91 (v.

Couch, crouch; V. ii. 1.
Counter-gate, the entrance to one of
the Counter Prisons in London;
III. iii. 80.

Country, district; I. i. 219.
Cowl-staff, a pole on which a tub
or basket is borne between two
persons; III. iii. 149.
Cozeners, sharpers(? play on "Cozen-
Germans," cp. IV.v.78); IV. v. 66.
Cuckoo-birds, with allusion to cuck-
olds; II. i. 128.


Curtal, having a docked tail; curtal dog" a dog unfit for the chase, or one that has missed the game; II. i. 114. Custalorum; Shallow's corruption of "Custos Rotulorum"; I. i. 7. Cut and long tail, any kind of dogs, curtal dogs or long-tailed; (hence, come who will to contend with me); III. iv. 49.

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14, etc.

Daubery, imposture; IV. ii. 177.
Defy, reject; II. ii. 74.
Detest; Mistress Quickly's error for
"protest"; I. iv. 154.
Dickens (exclamatory), the devil;

probably devilkins; III. ii. 16. Diffused, discordant; IV. iv. 55. Dissolved, and dissolutely; Slender's error for "resolved, and resolutely"; I. i. 251.

Dole, portion; "happy man be his d." "happiness be his portion"; III. iv. 68.


Drumble, dawdle; III. iii. 149.

Eld, old age, used in the sense of "old persons"; IV. iv. 37. Elder, "heart of elder "= = weak, faint-hearted; the elder has no heart; used in contrast to "heart of oak"; II. iii. 30. Ensconce, to shelter under protection of a sconce or fort; II. ii. 28. Ephesian, boon-companion (an allusion perhaps to St Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians, chap. ii. 10); IV. v. 18.

Eringoes, sea-holly (supposed to possess aphrodisiac qualities); V v.22.

Esquire, a gentleman next in degree | Frize, a kind of coarse woollen stuff

below a knight; I. i. 4.

Eyas-musket, young male sparrowhawk; III. iii. 21.

manufactured by Flemings in Wales; V. v. 142.

Froth, to make a tankard foam; I. iii. 14.

Fap, evidently a cant term for Fullam, a loaded die (so called from fuddled "; I. i. 176.

Fartuous; Mistress Quickly's pronun-
ciation of "virtuous"; II. ii. 99.
Fault, misfortune; I. i. 94; III. iii. 220.
Faustuses, "three Doctor F." (cp.
"Mephostophilus "); IV. v. 70.
Fights (a sea-term), the canvas that
hangs round the ship in a fight, to
screen the combatants; II. ii. 140. |
Fine and recovery, a term of law denot-
ing absolute ownership; IV.ii.212.
Flannel, originally manufactured in
Wales, hence ludicrously used for
a Welshman; V. v. 167.
Flemish, given to drink like a Flem-
ing; the Dutch were notorious
drunkards; II. i. 23.

Foin, to thrust in fencing; II. iii. 24.
Fortune thyfoe, an allusion tothe old bal-

lad "Fortune my foe"; III. iii. 65. Frampold, quarrelsome; II. ii. 92. French thrift; Falstaff alludes to the practice of making a richly-dressed page take the place of a band of retainers; I. iii. 90.

Fulham, where false dice were apparently manufactured); I. iii.


Gallimaufry, "hotch-potch," used
by Pistol for "the whole sex";
II. i. 119.

Gar, Dr Caius' pronunciation of
"God"; I. iv. 111, &c.
Geminy, a pair; II. ii. 8.
Ging, gang; IV. ii. 118.
Good-jer, supposed to be a corruption
of the French word goujère, the
name of a disease; used as a
slight curse; I. iv. 126.

Good life, good name; III. iii. 121.
Gourd, some instrument of false
gaming; I. iii. 91.

Grated upon, irritated, vexed; II. ii. 6.

Groat, piece of money valued at fourpence; I. i. 151.

Green sleeves, an old popular ballad tune, prob. of Henry VIIIth's time, still extant (see below); II. i. 64.

The Ballad of Green Sleeves.

A-las, my love you do me wrong to cast me off dis-courteously, And

I have lov-ed you so long, de- lighting in your company,

Greensleeves was all my joy,

Greensleeves was my delight,

Greensleeves was my heart of gold, and who but my Lady Greensleeves.
From Naylor's Shakespeare and Music.


Hack, (?)" to become cheap and | Kissing-comfits, sugar-plums; V.v. 22. common," perhaps with a play on "hack," to kick; II. i. IV. i. 65. Hair,

"against the hair," i.e. "against the grain," refers to the stroking of an animal's hair the wrong way; II. iii. 41. Hang together, to hold together (without altogether collapsing); III. ii.

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II. i. 20.

Hick (?) to fight; Mistress Quickly's interpretation of "hic;" probably something coarse is intended; IV. i. 65.

High and low, i.e. high and low throws (the former were the numbers 4, 5, 6, the latter 1, 2, 3); I. iii. 93. Hinds, servants; III. v. 96. Hodge-pudding, probably something similar to a hodge-podge; V.v. 155. Horn-mad, mad as a wicked bull; I.

iv. 51.

Humour (ridiculed as a much misused

word of fashion; particularly used by Nym); I. i. 132, 163, 165, &c. Hungarian (used quiblingly); the Hungarian wars attracted many English volunteers, who subsequently returned to England impoverished; I. iii. 21. (The first and secondQuartosread "Gongarian.") Image, idea, conception; IV. vi. 17. Infection, Mistress Quickly's error for "affection"; II. ii. 118. Intention, intentness; I. iii. 70. Jack-a-Lent, a small stuffed puppet thrown at during Lent; III. iii. 25; V. v. 131.

Jay, used metaphorically for a loose woman; III. iii. 41.

Kibe, chilblain; I. iii. 33.

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Labras, lips; I. i. 160 Larded, garnished; IV. vi. 14. Latten bilbo, a sword made of latten, a mixed soft metal resembling brass; swords were called "bilbos" from the great reputation of those made at Bilboa in Spain; I. i. 159. Laundry, Sir Hugh Evans' error for "launder "; I. ii. 4. Leman, lover; IV. ii. 164. Lewdsters, libertines; V. iii. 22. Lime, to put lime in sack to make it sparkle; I. iii. 14. Lingered, waited in expectation; III. ii. 55.

Long-tail, v. "Cut," &c.

Louses, Sir Hugh Evans' corruption of "luces"; the joke was perhaps derived by Shakespeare from a story told of Sir William Wise and Henry VIII. in Holinshed's continuation of the Chronicles of Ireland, where the play is on "fleur de lice"; I. i. 19 (See Note.) Loves, " of all loves"=by all means, for love's sake; II. ii. 117. Luces, pikes; "the dozen white luces," probablyan allusion to the armorial bearings of Shakespeare's old ene

my, Sir Thomas Lucy; a quartering of the Lucy arms, exhibiting

the dozenwhite luces, is to be found in Dugdale's Warwickshire; I. i. 16. The accompaning drawing from Lucy's seal gives 'three luces.' Lunes, fits of lunacy; IV. ii. 20. Luxury, wantonness; V. v. 98.

Machiavel, used proverbially for a crafty schemer; III. i. 99. Make, to make mischief; I. iv. 113. Marry trap, a phrase of doubtful meaning; "exclamation of insult when a man was caught in his own stratagem"; in all probability its real force was "catch me if you can "; I. i. 164. Master of fence, one who had taken a master's degree in the art of fencing; I. i. 285.

Mechanical, vulgar, vile; II. ii. 285. Mill-sixpences; "these sixpences,

coined in 1561 and 1562, were the first milled money in England, used as counters to cast up money"; I. i. 151. Mephostophilus, used by Pistol; the name had been made popular in England by Marlowe's Faustus ; I. i. 129. Metheglins, mead, a fermented dish of honey and water; V. v. 162. Mistress, the ordinary title of an unmarried gentlewoman; I. i. 48. Mince, to walk with affected grace; V i. 9. Montant, a upright blow or thrust in fencing; II. iii. 27. Motions, proposals; I i. 214. Mountain-foreigner, used by Pistol of Sir Hugh Evans, in the sense of “ultramontane,” barbarous; I. i.


Muscle-shell, applied by Falstaff to Simple because he stands with his mouth open; IV. v. 28.

Nay-word, a watch-word, or rather a twin-word agreed upon by two confederates; II. ii. 129.



Nuthook, contemptuous term for a catchpole; I. i. 165.


'Od's heartlings, an oath; God's heartling (a diminutive "heart"); III. iv. 59. 'Od's nouns, Mistress Quickly's corrup

tion of "God's wounds"; IV. i. 24. Eillades, amorous glances; I. iii. 65. O'erlooked, bewitched; V. v. 86. 'Ork, Sir Hugh's pronunciation of "work"; III. i. 15. Ouphes, elves; IV. iv. 50. Oyes, hear ye! the usual introduction to a proclamation; V. v. 44.

Paid, used quibblingly in sense of "paid out"; IV. v. 62.

Parcel, a constituent part; I. i. 230. Paring knife; "glover's p. k"; I. iv. 21.

From a tradesman's token (XVII. Cent.). Passant; as a term of heraldry walking, used by Sir Hugh Evans: I.i.20. Passed, surpassed expression; I. i. 299.

Passes, goes beyond bounds; IV. ii.


Pauca, few (i.c. words); I. i. 131; 66 pauca verba "; I. i. 121. Peaking, sneaking; III. v. 68. Peer out, probably an allusion to the children's old rhyme calling on a snail to push forth its horns; IV. ii. 24.

Peevish, foolish; I. iv. 14. Penny, money in general; I. i. 62; (in ordinary sense) II. ii. 1.


Elizabethan Silver Penny.

Pensioners, the bodyguard of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth were so called; II. ii. 79. Period, conclusion; IV. ii. 222. Pheezar, evidently formed from the verb "to pheeze," i.e. " to hurry on, to worry"; I. iii. 10. Phlegmatic, misapplied by Mistress Quickly; I. iv. 78. Phrygian, possibly in the sense of "Trojan," used as a cant term for a person of doubtful character; I. iii. 95.

Pickt-hatch, a quarter of London notorious as the resort of bad characters; II. ii. 20. Pinnace, used metaphorically for a go-between; I. iii. 86. Pipe-wine, wine not from the bottle but from the pipe or cask, with a play on "pipe" in the sense of instrument to which people danced; III. ii. 87. Pittie-ward, (?) towards the Petty, or little Park"; III. i. 5. Plummet; "ignorance is a p. o'er me"; "Falstaff evidently represents himself as the carpenter's work, and Evans as the lead of the plummet held over him"; V. v. 167.

Polecat, used as a term of reproach, (the polecat emits a disgusting smell); IV. ii. 185.

Primero, a game of cards; IV. v. 104.

Properties, used technically for the necessaries of the stage, exclusive of the scenery and dresses; IV. iv. 79.

Possibilities, prospects of inheritance; used also in the sense of "possession," which may be the meaning here; I. i. 65. Pottle, a large tankard, originally a measure of two quarts; III. v. 28. Prat, a verb formed evidently by Ford from Mother Prat's name; IV. ii. 184. Preeches, breached for flogging; IV.

i. 78.

Property, a thing wanted for a particular purpose, a tool (to get out of debt); III. iv. 11. Puddings, the intestines of animals were so called (cp. Pudding Lane"); II. i. 32.

Presently, immediately; III. iii. 90. Pribbles and Prabbles, petty wranglings, tittle-tattles (used by Sir Hugh Evans); I. i. 56.


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