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of his own free and tender mercy, “hath called me into this state of salvation,” wherein, through his power, I now stand. I rejoice, because his Spirit beareth witness to my spirit, that I am bought with the blood of the Lamb; and that, believing in him, “ I am a member of Christ, a child of God, and an inheritor of the kingdom of heaven.” I rejoice, because the sense of God's love to me hath, by the same Spirit, wrought in me to love him, and to love for his sake every child of man, every soul that he hath made. I rejoice, because he gives me to feel in myself “the mind that was in Christ;”-Simplicity, a single eye to him, in every motion of my heart; power always to fix the loving eye of my soul on him who “ loved me, and gave himself for me;' to aim at him alone, at his glorious will, in all I think, or speak, or do ;-Purity, desiriąg nothing more but God; “ crucifying the flesh with its affections and Justs; “setting my affections on things above, not on things of the earth;”—Holiness, a recovery of the image of God, a renewal of soul after his likeness ;"_and godly Sincerity, directing all my words and works, so as to conduce to his glory. In this I likewise rejoice, yea, and will rejoice, because my conscience beareth me witness in the Holy Ghost, by the light he continually pours in upon it, that I “walk worthy of the vocation wherewith I am called ;' that I “abstain from all appearance of evil, fleeing from sin as from the face of a serpent; that as I have opportunity I do all possible good, in every kind, to all men; that I follow my Lord in all my steps, and do what is acceptable in his sight. I rejoice, because I both see and feel, through the inspiration of God's Holy Spirit, that all my works are wrought in him, yca, and that it is He who worketh all my works in me. I rejoice in seeing through the light of God, which shines in my heart, that I have power to walk in his ways, and that through his grace, I turn not therefrom, to the right hand or to the left.
17. Such is the ground and the nature of that Joy, whereby an adult Christian rejoiceth evermore. And from all this we may easily infer, first, That this is not a natural joy. It does not arise from any natural cause : not from any sudden flow of spirits. This may give a transient start of joy ; but the Christian rejoiceth always. It cannot be owing to bodily health or ease; to strength and soundness of constitution ; for it is equally strong in sickness and pain ; yea, perhaps far stronger than before. Mauy Christians have never experienced any joy, to be compared with that which then filled their soul, when the body was well nigh worn out with pain, or consumed away with pining sickness. Least of all can it be ascribed to outward prosperity, to the favour of men, or plenty of worldly goods; for then, chiefly, when their faith has been tried as with fire, by all manner of outward afflictions, have the children of God rejoiced in Him, whom unseen they loved even with joy unspeakable. And never surely did men rejoice like those, who were used as “the filth and offscouring of the world; who wandered to and fro, being in want of all things; in hunger, in cold, in nakedness; who had trials, not only of “cruel mockings,” but, “ moreover of bonds and in prisonments; yea, who, at last, “ counted not their lives dear unto themselves, so they might finish their course with joy."
18. From the preceding considerations, we may, secondly, infer, That the joy of a Christian does not arise from any blindness of conscience, from his not being able to discern good from evil. So far from it, that he was an utter stranger to this joy, till the eyes of his understanding were opened; that he knew it not, until he had spiritual senses, fitted to discern spiritual good and evil. And now the eye of his soul waxeth not diin: he was never so sharp-sighted before : he has so quick a perception of the smallest things, as is quite amazing to the natural man. As a mote is visible in the sun-beam, so to him who is walking in the light, in the beams of the uncreated Sun, every mote of sin is visible. Nor does he close the eyes of his conscience any more: that sleep is departed from him. His soul is always broad awake: no more slumber or folding of the hands to rest! He is always standing on the tower, and hcarkening what his Lord will say concerning him; and always rejoicing in this very thing, in “sceing Him that is invisible.”
19. Neither does the joy of a Christian arise, thirdly, from any duluess or callousness of conscience. A kind of joy, it is true, may arise from this, in those whose “ foolish hearts are darkened ; ” whose heart is callous, unfeeling, dull of sense, and, consequently, without spiritual understanding. Because of their seuscless, unfeeling hearts, they may rejoice creu in conimitting sin; and this they may probably call Liberty !-which is indeed mere drunkenness of soul, a fatal numbness of spirit, the stupid insensibility of a seared conscience. On the contrary, a Christian has the most exquisite sensibility ; such as he could not have conceived before. He never had such a tenderness of conscience as he has had, since the love of God has reigned in his heart. And this also is bis glory and joy, that God hath heard his daily prayer:
« O that my tender soul might fly
The first abhorr'd approach of ill;
The slightest touch of sin to feel." 20. To conclude: Christian Joy is Joy in Obedience; joy in loving God and keeping his commandments : And yet not in keeping them as if we were thereby to fulfil the terms of the Covenant of Works; as if by any works or righteousness of ours, we were to procure pardon and acceptance with God. Not so : we are already pardoned and accepted, through the mercy of God in Christ Jesus. Not as if we were by our own obedience to procure life, life from the death of sin : this also we have already through the grace of God. Us “ hath he quickened, who were dead in sins ;” and now we are “ alive to God, through Jesus Christ our Lord.” But we rejoice in walking according to the Covenant of Grace, in holy love and happy obedience. We rejoice in knowing that, “being justified tbrough his grace,” we have “not received that grace of God in vain ;'' that God having freely (not for the sake of our willing or running, but through the blood of the Lamb) reconciled us to bimself, we run, in the strength which he hath given us, the way of his commandments. He hath “ girded us with strength unto the war,” and we gladly “fight the good fight of faith.” We rejoice, through Him who liveth in our hearts by faith, to "lay hold of eternal life.” This is our rejoicing, that as our “Father worketh bitherto,” so (not by our own might or wisdom, but through the power of his Spirit, freely given in Christ Jesus) we also work the works of God. And may he work in us whatsoever is well-pleasing in his sight! To whom be the praise for ever and ever!
It may easily be observed, that the preceding Discourse describes the experience of those that are strong in faith : but hereby those that are weak in faith may be discouraged; to prevent which the following Discourse may be of use.
ON SIN IN BELIEVERS.
" If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature." 2 Coriv, 17.
1. 1. Is there then sin in him that is in Christ? Docs sin remain in one that believes in lim ? Is there any sin in them that are born of God, or are they wholly delivered from it ? Let no one imagine this to be a question of mere curiosity; or, that it is of little importance whether it be determined one way or the other.
Rather it is a point of the utmost moment to every serious Christian ; the resolving of which very nearly concerns both his present and eternal happiness.
2. And yet I do not know that ever it was controverted in the Primitive Church. Indeed there was no room for disputing concerning it, as all Christians were agreed. And so far as I have ever observed, the whole body of ancient Christians, who have left us any thing in writing, declare with one voice, that even believers in Christ, till they are “ strong in the Lord and in the power of his might,” have need to “ wrestle with flesh and blood," with an evil nature, as well as “ with principalities and powers.”
3. And herein our own Church (as indeed in most points) exactly copies after the Primitive; declaring in her Ninth Article, “ Original sin is the corruption of the nature of every man, whereby man is in his own nature inclined to cril, so that the flesh Justeth contrary to the Spirit. And this infection of nature doth remain, yea in them that are regenerated ; whereby the lust of the flesh, called in Greek Qgovne z ozgxos, is not subject to the law of God. And although there is no condemnation for them that believe, yet this lust hath of itself the nature of siu.”?
4. The same testimony is given by all other Churches ; not only by the Greek and Romish Church, but by every Reformed Church in Lurope, of whatever denomination. Indeed some of these seem to carry the thing too far; so describing the corruption of heart in a believer, as scarce to allow that he has dominion over it, but rather is in bondage thereto; and, by this means, they leave hardly any distinction between a believer and an unbeliever.
5. To avoid this extreme, many well-meaning men, particularly those under the direction of the late Count Zinzendorf, ran into another; affirming, that “all true believers are not only saved from the dominion of sin, but from the being of inward as well as outward sin, so that it no longer remains in them:” And from them, about twenty years ago, many of our countrymen imbibed the same opinion, that even the corruption is no more, in those who believe in Christ.
6. It is true that, when the Germans were pressed upon this head, they soon allowed, (many of them at least,) that “ sin did still remain in the flesh, but not in the heart of a believer ; and after a time, when the absurdity of this was shown, they fairly gave up the point; allowing that sin did still remain, though not reign, in him that is born of God.
7. But the English, who had received it from them, (some directly, some at second or third hand,) were not so easily prevailed upon to part with a favourite opinion: and even when the generality of them were convinced it was utterly indefensible, a few could not be persuaded to give it up, but maintain it to this day.
II. 1. For the sake of these who really fear God, and desire to know “the truth as it is in Jesus,” it may not be amiss to consider the point with calmness and impartiality. In doing this, I use indifferently the words regenerate, justified, or believers ; since, though they have not precisely the same meaning, (the first implying an inward, actual change, the second a relative one, and the third, the means whereby both the one and the other are wroughty) yet they come to one and the same thing; as every one that believes, is both justified and born of God.
2. By sin, I here understand inward sin ; any sinful temper, passion, or affection ; such as pride, self-will, love of the world, in any kind or degree ; such as lust, anger, peevishness; any disposition contrary to the mind which was in Christ.
3. The question is not concerning outward sin ; whether a child of God commit sin or no. We all agree and earnestly maintain, “ He that committeth sin is of the Devil.” We agree, “Whosoever is born of God doth pot commit sin."