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beside visiting the soldiers in the barracks and the infirmary. He also read prayers every evening at Wapping Chapel, and preached at Ludgate Prison every Tuesday. While he was here, letters came from his friends in Georgia, which niade him long to go and help them : but not seeing his call clear, at the appointed time he returned to his little charge at Oxford, where several youths met daily at his room, to build up each other in their most holy faith.
7. But he was quickly called from hence again, to supply the cure of Dummer, in Hampshire. Here he read prayers twice a day, early in the morning, and in the evening, after the people came from work. He also daily catechised the children, and visited from house to house. He now divided the day into three parts, allotting eight hours for sleep and meals, eight for study and retirement, and eight for reading prayers, catechising, and visiting the people. Is there a more excellent way for a servant of Christ and his Church ? If not, who will “ go and do likewise ?"
8. Yet his mind still ran on going abroad; and being now fully convinced he was called of God thereto, he set all things in order, and, in January, 1737, went down to take leave of his friends in Gloucester. It was in this journey that God began to bless his ministry in an uncommon manner. Wherever he preached, amazing multitudes of hearers flocked together, in Gloucester, in Stonehouse, in Bath, in Bristol; so that the heat of the churches was scarce supportable: and the impressions made on the minds of many were no less extraordinary. After his return to London, wbile he was detained by General Oglethorpe, from week to week, and from month to month, it pleased God to bless his word still more. And he was indefatigable in his labour: generally on Sunday be preached four times, to exceeding large auditories; beside reading prayers twice or thrice, and walking to and fro often ten or twelve miles,
9. On December 28, he left London. It was on the 29th that he first preached without notes. December 30, lie went on board; but it was above, a month before they cleared the land. One happy effect of their very slow passage he mentions in April following:-“Blessed be God, we now live very confortably in the great cabin. We talk of little else but God and Christ; and scarce a word is heard among us when together, but wbat has reference to our fall in the First, and our new birth in the Second Adam.” It seems, likewise, to have been a peculiar Providence, that he should spend a little time at Gibraltar; where both citizens and soldiers, high and low, young and old, acknowledged the day of their visitation.
10. From Sunday, May 7, 1738, till the latter end of August following, he “made full proof of his ministry” in Georgia, particularly at Savannah: he read prayers and expounded twice a day, and visited the sick daily. On Sunday he expounded at five in the morning; at ten read prayers and preached, and at three in the afternoon; and at seven in the evening expounded the Church-Catechism. How much easier is it for our brethren in the ministry, cither in England, Scotland, or Ireland, to find fault with such a labourer in our Lord's vineyard, than to tread in his steps!
11. It was now that he observed the deplorable condition of many Children here; and that God put into his heart the first thought of founding an Orphan-house, for wbich he determined to raise contributions in England, if God should give him a safe return thither. In December following, he did return to London; and on Sunday, January 14, 1739, he was ordained Priest at Christ Church, Oxford. The next day he came to London again; and on Sunday the 21st preached twice. But though the Churches were large, and crowded exceedingly, yet many hundreds stood in the church-yard, and hundreds more returned home. This put him upon the first thought of preaching in the open air. But when he mentioned it to some of his friends, they judged it to be mere maduess : So he did not carry it into execution, till after he had left London. It was on Wednesday, February 21, that, finding all the Church-doors to be shut in Bristol, (beside that no Church was able to contain one ball of the congregation,) at three in the afternoon he went to Kingswood, and preached abroad to near two thousand people. On Friday he preached there to four or five thousand; and on Sunday to, it was supposed, ten thousand! The number continually increased all the time he stayed at Bristol; and a flame of holy love was kindled, which will not easily be put out. The same was afterwards kindled in various parts of Wales, of Gloucestershire, and Worcestershire. Indeed, wherever he went, God abundantly confirmed the word of his messenger.
12. On Sunday, April 29, he preached the first time in Moorfields, and on Kennington Common; and the thousands of hearers were as quiet as they could have been in a Church. Being again detained in England from month to month, be
made little excursions into several counties, and received the contributions of willing multitudes, for an Orphan-house in Georgia. The embargo which was now laid on the shipping, gave him leisure for more journeys through various parts of England, for which many will have reason to bless God to all eternity. At length, on August 14, he embarked : but he did vot land in Pennsylvania, till October 30. Afterwards he went through Pennsylvania, the Jerseys, New-York, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina; preaching all along to immense congregations, with full as great effect as in England. On January 10, 1740, he arrived at Savannah.
13. January 29, he added three desolate orphans to near twenty which he had in his house before. The next day he laid out the ground for the house, about ten miles from Savannah. February 11, he took in four orphans more; and set out for Frederica, in order to fetch the orphans that were in the southern parts of the colony. In his return he fixed a School, both for children and grown persons, at Darien, and took four orphans thence. March 25, he laid the first stone of the Orphanhouse, to which, with great propriety, he gave the name of Bethesda; a work for which the children yet unborn shall praise the Lord. He had now about forty orphans, so that there were near a hundred mouths to be fed daily. But he was “ careful for nothing,” casting his care on Him who feedeth the young ravens that call upon him.
14. In April he made another tour through Pennsylvania, the Jerseys, and New-York. Incredible multitudes flocked to hear, among whom were abundance of Negroes. In all places the greater part of the hearers were affected to an amazing degree. Many were deeply convinced of their lost state; many, truly converted to God. In some places, thousands cried out aloud; many as in the agonies of death; most were drowned in tears; some turned pale as death; others were wringing their hands; others lying on the ground; others sinking into the arms of their friends; almost all lifting up their eyes, and calling for mercy.
15. He returned to Savannah, June 5. The next evening, during the public service, the whole congregation, young and old, were dissolved in tcars : after service, several of the parishioners, and all his family, particularly the little children, returned home crying along the street, and some could not help praying aloud. The groans and cries of the children continued all night, and great part of the next day.
16. In August he set out again, and through various provinces came to Boston. While he was here, and in the neighbouring places, he was extremely weak in body: Yet the multitudes of bearers were so great, and the effects wrought on them so astonishing, as the oldest men then alive in the town had never seen before. The same power attended his preaching at New-York, particularly on Sunday, November 2: almost as soon as he began, crying, weeping, and wailing, were to be heard on every side. Many sunk down to the ground, cut to the heart; and many were filled with divine consolation. Toward the close of his journey he made this reflection :—" It is the seventy-fisth day since I arrived at Rhode Island, exceeding weak in body: yet God has enabled me to preach an hundred aud seventy-five times in public, beside exhorting frequently in private! Never did God vouchsafe me greater comforts: never did I perform my journeys with less fatigue, or see such a continuance of the divine presence in the congregations to whom I preached.” In December he returned to Savannah ; and in the March following, arrived in England.
17. You may casily observe, that the preceding account is chiefly extracted from his own Journals, which, for their artless and unaffected simplicity, may ric with any writings of the kind. And how exact a specimen is this of his labours both in Europe and America, for the honour of his beloved Master, during the thirty years that followed, as well as of the uninterrupted shower of blessings wherewith God was pleased to succeed his labours! Is it not much to be lamented, that any thing should have prevented bis continuing this account, till at least near the time when he was called by his Lord to enjoy the fruit of his labour?-t' he has left any papers of this kind, and his friends account me worthy of the honour, it would be my glory and joy to methodize, transcribe, and prepare them for the public view.
18. A particular account of the last scene of his life, is thus given by a gentleman of Boston :
“ After being about a month with us in Boston and its vicinity, and preaching erery day, he went to Old-York; preached on Thursday, September 27, there; proceeded to Portsmouth, and preached there on Friday. On Saturday morning, he set out for Boston ; but before he came to Newbury, where he had engaged to preach the next morning, he was importuned to preach by the way. The house not being large enough to contain the people, he preached in an
open field. But having been infirm for several weeks, this so exhausted his strength, that when he came to Newbury, he could not get out of the ferry-boat without the help of two men. In the evening, however, he recovered his spirits, and appeared with his usual cheerfulness. He went to his chamber at nine, his fixed time, wbich no company could divert him from; and slept better than he had done for some weeks before. He rose at four in the morning, September 30, and went into his closet; and his companion observed he was unusually long in private. He left his closet, returned to his companion, threw himself on the bed, and lay about ten minutes. Then he fell upon his knees, and prayed most fervently to God, “That if it was consistent with his will, he might that day finish his Master's work.' He then desired his man to call Mr. Parsons, the clergyman at whose house he was; but, in a minute, before Mr. Parsons could reach him, died without a sigh or groan. On the news of his death, six gentlemen set out for Newbury, in order to bring his remains hither; but he could not be moved, so that his precious ashes must remain at Newbury. Hundreds would have gone from this town to attend his funeral, had they not expected he would have been interred here.--May this stroke be sanctified to the Church of God in general, and to this province in particular!”
II, 1. We are, in the Second Place, to take some view of his character. A little sketch of this was, soon after, published in the Boston Gazette ; an extract of which is subjoined :
“ Little can be said of him, but what every friend to vital Christianity, who has sat under his ministry, will attest. In his public labours he has, for many years, astonished the world with bis eloquence and devotion. With what divine pathos did be persuade the impenitent sinner to embrace the practice of piety and virtue! Filled with the Spirit of Grace, he spoke from the heart; and, with a fervency of zeal, perhaps unequalled since the days of the Apostles, adorned the truths he delivered with the most graceful charms of rhetoric and oratory. From the pulpit he was unrivalled in the command of an ever crowded auditory. Nor was he less agreeable and instructive in his private conversation ;-happy in a remarkable ease of address, willing to communicate, studious to edify. May the rising generation catch a spark of that flame, which shone with such distinguished lustre in the spirit and practice of this faithful serrant of the Most High God!” Vol. I. No. 15.