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the annals of Tyre, counting one hundred forty and three years and eight months from the building of Solomon's temple, in the twelfth year of Hiram king of Tyre, to the founding of Carthage by Dido, in the seventh of Pygmalion. The particulars of this account, (which is not rare in Josephus,) are very perplexed, and serve not very well to make clear the total sum. But whether it were so that Josephus did omit, or else that he did miswrite some number of the years, which he reckon eth in fractions, as they were divided among the kings of Tyre, from Hiram to Pygmalion; we may well enough believe, that the Tyrian writers, out of whose books he gives us the whole sum, had good means to know the truth, and could rightly reckon the difference of time, between two works, no longer following one t^ie other, than the memory of three or four generations might easily reach. This .hundred forty and four years current, after the building of Solomon's temple, being the eleventh year of Joash, was a hundred forty and three years before the birth of Rome, and after the destruction of Troy two hundred eighty and nine: a time so long after the death of iEneas, that we might truly conclude all to be fabulous which Virgil hath written of Dido, as Ausonius noteth, who doth honour her statue with this epigram*:
'Ilia ego sum Dido vultu, quam conspicis, hospes,
'Asbimilata mod is pvilchi aque mirificis. 'Talis eram : sed non, Maro quam mihi finxit, erat mens:
'Vita nec incestis laeta cupidinibus.
* Namque nec /Eneas vidit me Tro'ius unquam,
'Sed furias fugiens aique arm a procacis larbae,
'Servavi, fateor, morte pudicitiam:
'Non furor, aut laeio crudus amore dolor.
'Ulta virum, poMtis roa-nihus, oppetii.
• Invida cur in me stimulasti Mil1 a Maronem,
3 Auson. Ep. 111.
'Vos magis historicis, lectores, credite de me,
4 Falsidici vates: temerant qui carmine verum:
Which in effect is this:
4 I am that Dido which thou here dost see,
'Cunningly framed in beauteous imagery.
'Like this I was, but had not such a soul
'As Maro feigned, incestuous and foul.
4 /Eneas never with his Trojan host
4 Beheld my face, or landed on this coast;
• But flying proud larba's villany,
'Not moved by furious love or jealousy,
( I did with weapon chaste, to save my fame,
4 Make way for death untimely, ere it came.
4 This was my end : But first I built a town,
4 Revenged my husband's death, lived with renown.
4 Why didst thou stir up Virgil, envious Muse,
'Falsely my name and honour to abuse?
'Readers, believe historians; not those
4 Which to the world Jove's thefts and vice expose.
'Poets are liars, and, for verses sake,
4 Will make the gods of human crimes partake.'
From the time of Dido unto the first Punic war, that Carthage grew and flourished in wealth and conquests, we find in many histories ; but in particular we find little of the Carthaginian affairs before that war, excepting those few things that are recorded of their attempts upon the isle of Sicily. We will therefore defer the relation of matters concerning that mighty city, until such time as they shall encounter with the estate of Rome, by which it was finally destroyed; and prosecute, in the meanwhile, the history that is now in hand.
The beginning of Amaziali's reign. Of Joash King of Israel, and Elisha the prophet.
AMAZiAH,the son of Joash, being twenty-five years old when his father died, took possession or the kingdom ofjudah, wherein he laboured so to demean himself, as his new beginning reign might be least offensive. The law of Moses he professed to observe; which, however, it had been secretly despised since the time of Jehoram, by many great persons of the land, yet had it, by provision of good princes, yea and of bad ones, (in their best times,) imitating the good, but especially by the care of holy priests, taken such deep root in the people's hearts, that no king^ might hope to be very plausible who did not conform himself unto it. And at that present time, the slaughter, which the Aramites had made, of all the princes who had withdrawn the late king from the service of God, being seconded by the death of the king himself, even whilst that execrable murder, committed by the king upon Zachariah, was yet fresh in memory, did serve as a notable example of God's justice against idolators, both to animate the better sort of the people in holding the religion of their fathers, and to discourage Amaziah from following the wuy which led to such an evil end. He therefore, having learned of his father the art of dissimulation, did not only forbear to punish the traitors that had slain king Joash, but gave way to the time, and suffered the dead body to be interred, as that of Jehoram formerly had been, in the city of David, yet not among the sepulchres of the kings ofjudah. Nevertheless, after this, when, belike, the noise of the people having wearied itself into silence, it was found that the conspirators, (howsoever their deed done was applauded as the handy-work of God,) had neither any mighty par.
takers in their fact, nor strong maintainers of their persons, but rested secure, as having done well, seeing it was not ill taken; the king, who perceived his government well established, called them into question, at such a time as, the heat of mens affections being well allayed, it was easy to distinguish between their treasons and God's judgments, which by their treasons had taken plausible effect. So they were put to death without any tumult, and their children, (as the law did require,) were suffered to live; which could not but give contentment to the people, seeing that their king did the office of a just prince, rather than of a revenging son. This being done, and his own life better secured, by such exemplary justice, against the like attempts, Amaziah carried himself outwardly as a princewell affected to religion, and so continued in rest about twelve or thirteen years.
As Amaziah gathered strength in Judah by the commodity of a long peace, so Joash, the Israelite, grew as fast in power, by following the war hotly against the Aramites. He was a valiant and fortunate prince, yet an idolator, as his predecessors had been, worshipping the calves of Jeroboam. For this sin, had God so plagued the house of Jehu, that the ten tribes wanted little of being utterly consumed, by Hazael and Benhadad, in the time of Jehu and his son Jehoahaz. But as God's benefits to Jehu sufficed not to withdraw him from this politic idolatry; so were the miseries, rewarding that impiety, unable to reclaim Jehoahaz from the same impious course; yet the mercy of God, beholding the trouble of Israel, condescended unto the prayers of this ungodly prince, even then, when he and his miserable subjects were obstinate in following their own abominable ways. Therefore, in temporal matters, the ten tribes recovered apace, but the favour of God, which had'been infinitely more worth, I do not find, nor believe that they sought; that they had it not, I find in the words of the prophet, saying plainly to Amaziah, ' the Lord is not with Israel, neither 4 with all the house of Ephraim'.'
'Whether it were so, that the great prophet Elisha, who lived in those times, did foretel the prosperity of the Israelites, under the reign of Joash; or whether Jehoahaz, wearied and broken with long adversity, thought it the wisest way to discharge himself in part of the heavy cares attending those unhappy Syrian wars, by laying the burden upon his hopeful son; we find, ■ that in the thirty-seventh 'year of Joash, king of Judah, Joash the son of Jeho'ahaz began to reign over Israel in Samaria*which was in the fifteenth year of his father's reign, and some two or three years before his death.
It appears that this young prince, even from the beginning of his rule, did so well husband that poor stock, which he received from his father, of ten chariots, fifty horsemen, and ten thousand foot, that he might seem likely to prove a thriver. Among other circumstances, the words which he spake to Elisha the prophet^ argue no less. Eor Joash visiting the prophet, who lay sick, spake unto him thus; • O my 'father, my father, the chariots of Israel, and the 'horsemen of the same3:' by which manner of speech he did acknowledge, that the prayers of this holy man had stood his kingdom in more stead than all the horses and chariots could do.
This prophet, who succeeded unto Elias, about the first year of Jehoram the son of Ahab, king of Israel, died, (as some have probably collected,) about the third or fourth year of this Joash, the nephew of Jehu. To shew how the spirit of Elias was doubled, or did rest upon him, it exceedeth my faculty. This is recorded of him, that he did not only raise a dead child unto life, as Elias had done, but when he himself was dead, it pleased God that his dead bones should restore life unto a carcase, which touched
1 2 Chron. ur. 7. 3 2 Kings xiii. 10. S 2 Kings ziii. 1*.