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that Reineccius hath taken pains to range into some good order the names that are extant in these, or else found scattered in others.
From the departure of Israel out of Egypt unto the reign of Thuoris, (who is generally taken to be the same that the Greeks call Proteus,) there is little or no disagreement about the Egyptian kings. Wherefore I set down the same which are found in Eusebius, and give to every one the same length of reign.
Acherres was the first of these, who succeeded unto Chenchres, that perished in the Red Sea. This king seems, to Reineccius, to be the same whom Diodorus calls Uchoreus, the founder of Memphis; But whereas mention is found in Diodorus of a great king, named Osymandyas, from whom Uchoreus is said to be the eighth; it will either hardly follow, that Timaus, (as Reineccius conjectures,) was the great Osymandyas, or else that this Acherres was Uchoreus, for the distance between them was more than eight generations. Mercator judgeth Osymandyas to have been the husband of Ancheres, Orus the second's daughter, thinking that Manethon, (cited by Josephus,) doth omit lfis name, and insert his wife's, into the catalogue of kings, because he was king in his wife's right. As for Uchoreus, it troubles not Mercator to find him the eighth from this man; for he takes Ogdous, not to signify in this place of Diodorus, (as that Greek word else doth,) the eighth, but to be an Egyptian name, belonging also to Uchoreus, who might have had two names, as many of the rest had. I will not vex my brains in the unprofitable search of this and the like inex, tricable doubts. All that Diodorus hath found of this Osymandyas, was wrought upon his monument; the most thereof in figures, which I think the Egyptians, did fabulously expound. For whereas there was. pourtrayed a great army, with the siege of a town, the captivity of the people, and the triumph of the conqueror; all this the Egyptians said to denote the conquest of Bactria made by that king; which how likely it was, let others judge. I hold this goodly piece of work, which Diodorus so particularly describes, to have been erected for a common place of burial to the ancient kings and queens of Egypt, and to their viceroys; whilst yet they were not so ambitious as every one to have his own particular monument, striving therein to exceed all others. This appears by the many statues therein placed; by the wars, the judgment-seat, the receiving of tribute, the offering sacrifice to God; the account of revenues, and plenty of all cattle and food; all which were there curiously wrought, shewing the several offices of a governor. On the tomb of Osymandyas was this inscription: * I am Osymandyas king or kings:
* if any desire to know what I am, or where I lie,
* let him exceed some of my works.' Let them that hope to exceed his works labour to know what he was. But since by those words,' or where I lie,' it should seem that he lay not there interred; we may lawfully suspect that it was Joseph, whose body was preserved among the Hebrews to be buried in the land of Canaan; and this empty monument might king Orus, who out-lived him, erect in honour of his high deserts among the royal sepulchres. To which purpose, the plenty of cattle, and all manner of viands, had good reference. The name Osymandyas doth not hinder this conjecture; seeing Joseph had one new name given to him by Pharaoh for ex. pounding the dream, and might, upon further occasions, have another to his increase of honour. As for that style, 'king of kings,' it was perhaps no more than Beglerbeg, as the Turkish Bashaws are called, that is, 'great above the great.'
Now, although it bo so that the reckoning falls out right between the times of Joseph and Acherres, (for Acherres was the eighth in order that reigned after the great Orus, whose viceroy Joseph was,) yet will I hereby seek, neither to fortify mine own conjecture as touching Joseph, nor to infer any likelihood of Acherres's being Uchoreus; for it might well be that Memphis was built by some such king, as Was Gehoar, lieutenant under the caliph Elcain', who having to his master's use conquered Egypt and many other countries, did build, not far from old Memphis, the great city of Cairo, (corruptly so pronounced,) naming it ElCahira, that is, an enforcing, or an imperious mistress, though he himself were a Dalmatian slave.
Of Cherres, Ai~meus, Ramesses, and Amenophis. Of Myris, and the lake that bears his name.
When Acherres had reigned eight years, Cherres succeeded, and held the kingdom fifteen years; then reigned Armeus five years, and after him Ramesses sixty-eight. Of Armeus and Ramesses is that history understood by Eusebius, which is common among the Greeks, under the names of Danaus and iEgyp. . tus. For it is said, that Danaus, being expelled out pf Egypt by his brother, fled into Greece, where he obtained the kingdom of Argos; that he had fifty daughters, whom, upon seeming reconciliation, he gave in marriage to his brother's fifty sons, but commanded, every one of them to kill her husband the first night; that only Hypermnestra, one of hiij daughters, did save her husband Lynceus, and suffered him to escape; finally, that, for this fact, all the bloody sisters, when they died, were enjoined this foolish punishment in hell,—to fill a leaking vessel with water.
The reign of Danaus in Argos was indeed in this age; but that Armeus was Danaus, and Ramesses ^Egyptus, is more than Reineccius believes; he rather takes Armeus to have been Myris, or Moeris, who caused the great lake to be made which bears,
X John Leo Hist. Afiic. L 1. et 1. 8.
his name. For my own part, as I can easily believe that he, which fled out of Egypt into Greece, was a man of such quality as the soldan Sanar, of whom we spoke before; so do I not find how in so short a reign as five years, a work of that labour could be finished, which was required unto the lake of Moeris and the monuments therein; whereof his own sepulchre and his wife's being some part, it is manifest that he was not buried in Argos. Wherefore, of Myris, and of all other kings whose age is uncertain, and of whose reigns we have no assurance, I may truly say that their great works are not enough to prove them of the house of Pharaoh; seeing that greater deeds, or more absolute than were those of Joseph, who bought all the people of Egypt as bondmen, and all their land for bread, of Gehoar who founded Cairo, and of Sanar, who made the country tributary, were performed by none of them.
It shall, therefore, be enough to set down the length of their reigns, whom we find to have followed one another in order of succession; but, in rehearsing the great acts which were performed, I will not stand to examine whether they that did them were kings or no.
The lake of Moeris is, by the report of Diodorus and Herodotus, three thousand six hundred furlongs in compass, and fifty fathoms deep. It served to receive the waters of Nilus, when the overflow, being too great, was harmful to the country; and to supply the defect, by letting out the waters of the lake when the river did not rise high enough. In opening the sluices of this lake, for the letting in or out of waters, were spent fifty talents; but the lake itself defrayed that cost; seeing the tribute imposed upon fish taken therein was every day one talent, which Myris gave to his wife to buy sweet ointments and other ornaments for her body. In the midst of it was left an island, wherein were the sepulchres of Myris and his wife, and over each of them a pyramid, that was a furlong, or, (according to Herodotus,) fifty paces high; having on the tops their statues, sitting in thrones. I find not the description of this lake in maps answerable to the report 01 historians; yet it is very great.
The years of Armeus are, by Manethon, divided, by inserting one Armesis, (whom Eusebius omits,) that should have reigned one year and odd months of the time ; but I hold not this difference worthy of examination. After Ramesses, his son Amenophis held the kingdom forty years. Some give him only nineteen years; and Mercator thinks him to have been the king that was drowned in the Red Sea} whereof I have already spoken in the first book.
Of the kings that reigned in the Dynasty of the Lar
Sethosis, or Zethus, reigned after his father Amenophis, fifty-five years. To him are ascribed the famous acts of that ancient Sesostris. But the state of the world was not such in these times, that so great an expedition, as the old Sesostris made, could have been either easily performed, or forgotten in the countries through which he passed, had it now been performed; as any man will perceive if he look upon my chronological table, and consider who lived with this Zethus. With this king began the dynasty of the Larthes; which Reineccius conjectures to have had the same signification, wherein the old kings of Etruria, were called Lartes, (the Etrurians being issued out of Lydia, the Lydians out of Egypt,} andto have signified as much as Imperator or general. The wars in which these kings were generals, I take to have been against the Ethiopians; for sure I am, that they troubled not the country of Palaestina, that lay next unto them on the one hand, nor is it likely that they travelled over the desert sands, on th#