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other hand, to seek matter of conquest,- in the poor countries of Africa. But these generals, (if the Larthes were such,) were not many. Five only had that title; and the last of these took it, perhaps, as hereditary from the first; in such sort as the Roman emperors'were proud, for a while, to be called Antonini, till the most unsuitable conditions of Heliogabalus made his successors forbear the name.
Here it may be objected, that the dynasties, (as appears by his particular,) took name from the kings; that the kings also did administer the government themselves; and that therefore I am deceived in ascribing so much unto the viceroys. But it is to be considered, that what is said of these Larthes, depends only upon conjecture, and that the authority of the regents, or viceroys, might be great enough, though some few kings took the conduct of armies into their own hands. For so we find in John Leo, 1. 8. that the soldan of Egypt, (after such time as the soldan Saladin, murdering the caliph, got the sovereignty to himself,) had under him a viceroy, styled Eddaguadare, who had authority to place or displace any magistrates or officers, and that this man's family was almost as great as the soldan's own. Yet was there also the Amir Cabir, or lord-general of the soldan's forces, who had the charge of defending the land, and might, as he thought good, spend of the soldan's treasure. So might the office of the viceroys continue, though the kings themselves, taking the charge, or title of generals, upon them, did somewhat abridge the greatness of that second place.
whence they were drawm ; whether from their country, as those of the Thebans and Diapolitans, or from some eminent men, or man, who ruled in that time; as many think, that the seventeenth dynasty was called of the shepherds, because Joseph governed in part thereof, or from the kings themselves that reigned; as this was said to be of the Larthes or ge
As for the names
nerals. The next, as Manetho, (but Annius's Marietho,) hath it, was without any Larthes or generals, yet it was not without kings, forasmuch a3 Vaphres and Sesac reigned therein, if many others did not. But let us now return to the business we left.
Ramesses was king after Zethus, or Sethosis, three* Bcore and six years. He is mistaken for that second Sesostris, of whom I have spoken in the first book. I find nothing worth rehearsal of this Ramesses, or of Amenophis, and Annemenes, that followed him in or-> der, the former of which reigned forty, the latter six* and twenty years. Wherefore it may very well be, that the name which Zethus had from valour* was taken by these as hereditary.
Thuoris, the last of the Larthes, reigned only seven years; yet is he thought to have been that Proteus of whom Herodotus hath mention, saying, that he took Helena from Paris, and after the sack of Troy, restored her to Menelaus. I need say no more in refutation of this, than that the time of Thuoris's reign, lasted not so long as from the rape of Helen to her restitution.
This Proteus or Cctes, (as he is named by some,) together with Thon, and others, mentioned by Greek writers in this business, or in other such matters, may seem to be under-officers; for such only are like to have had their residency about Pharos, and the seacoast, where Menelaus arrived. Of Proteus, who detained Helen, it is said, that he could fortel things to come, and that he could change himself into all shapes; whereby is signified his crafty head, for which he is grown into a proverb. The poets feigned him a sea-god, and keeper of Neptune's seal-fishes, for belike he was some under-ofjficer to the admiral, having charge of the fishing about the isle of Pharos* as was said before.
Remphes, the son of Proteus, is reckoned the next king by Diodorus, as also by Herodotus, who calls him Ramsinitus, and tells a long tale, fit to please children, of his covetousness, and how his treasurehouse was rohbed by a cunning thief, that at last married his daughter. But of this a man may believe what he list. How long this king reigned I know not, nor think that either he or his father did reign at all.
Of Egyptian kings whose names are found scattered in sundry authors, their times being not Recorded. The kings of Egypt, according to Cedrenus. Of Vaphres and Sesac.
Many other names of Egyptian kings are found scattered here and there; as Tonephersobis, of whom Suidas delivers only the bare name and title; Senemures, or Senepos, mentioned in Macrobius, who perhaps was the same that by Suidas is called Senyes, or Evenes, noted by occasion of a great physician that lived under him; Banchyris, recorded by the same Suidas, for his great justice; and Thulis, of whomJSuidas tells great matters ;—as that his empire extended to the ocean sea; that he gave name to the isle of Thule, which some take to be Iceland; and that he consulted with the devil, or, (which is all one,) with Serapis, desiring to know, who before him had been, or after him should be so mighty as himself. The answer or confession of the devil was remarkable; which I find englished in the translation of Plessis's work, Of the trueness oj Christian religion. The Greek verses are somewhat otherwise, and much more imperfect in those copies that I have of Cedrenus and Suidas, but the sense is all one; which is this:
4 First God, and next The Word, and then The Sprite,
I should have thought that Suidas had borrowed all this of Cedrenus, had I not found somewhat more in Suidas, than Cedrenus hath hereof; as the form of invocation which Thulis used, and that clause of his giving name to the island; though in this last point I hold Suidas to be deceived; as also Cedrenus is, or at least seems to me, in giving to this king such profound antiquity of reign. Indeed the very name of that book, cited often by Cedrenus, which he calls Little Genesis, is alone enough to breed suspicion of some imposture; but the friarly stuff that he allegeth out of it, is such as would serve to discredit himself, were it not otherwise apparent, that he was a man both devout, and of good judgment, in matters that fell within his compass. I will here set down the list of old Egyptian kings delivered by him, and leave the censure to others.
The first king of Egypt that he sets down is Mizraim, the son of Cham. After him he finds many of a new race, deriving their pedigree thus: Nimrod, the son of Chus, was also called Orion, and further took upon him the name of the planet Saturn ; had to wife Semiramis, who was of his own lineage, and by her three sons; Picus, surnamed Jupiter, Belus, and Ninus. Picus, chasing his father out of Assyria into Italy, reigned in his stead thirty years, and then gave up that kingdom to Juno, his sister and wife, and to Belus his son; after which Belus, who reigned only two years, Ninus had the kingdom, and married his own mother Semiramis. But Picus went into Italy, to visit his old father Saturn; Saturn forthwith resigned the kingdom to him. Picus Jupiter reigned in Italy threescore and two years, had threescore and ten wives or concubines, and about as many children; finally died, and lies buried in the isle of Crete. The principal of Jupiter's sons were Faunus, Perseus, and Apollo. Faunus was called by the name of the planet Mercury; he reigned in Italy after his father five and thirty years; and then, (finding that all his brethren conspired against him,) he went into Egypt with abundance of treasure, where, after the death of Mizraim, he got the kingdom, and held it nine and thirty years. After Mercury, Vulcan reigned in Egypt four years and a half. Then Sol, the son of Vulcan, reigned twenty years and a half. There followed in order Sosis, Osiris, Orus, and Thules, of whom we spake before: the length of their several reigns is not set down. After Thules was the great Sesostris king twenty years. His successor was Pharaoh, called Narecho, that held the crown fifty years, with which there passed from him the surname of Pharaoh to a very long posterity. These reports of Cedrenus I hold it enough to set down as I find them; let their credit rest upon the author.
Others vet wc find, that are said to have reigned in Egypt/ without any certain note, when, or how long; about whom I will not labour, as fearing more to be reprehended of vain curiosity, in the search made after these already rehearsed, than of negligence, in omitting such as might have been added.
Vaphres, the father-in-law to Solomon, and Sesac, the afliicter of Rehoboam, lead us again into fair way, but not far. The name of Vaphres is not found in the scriptures ; but we are beholden to Clemens Alexandrinus and Eusebius for it'. These give us not the length of his reign, but we know that he lived in the times of David and of Solomon. He came into Palaestina with an armv, took Gezar from the Canaanites, and gave it to his daughter, Solomon's 'wife*; though for her sake perhaps it was, that in time following either he, or, (as I rather take it,) Sesac, his son did favour the enemies of Solomon, who kept so many wives and concubines, besides this Egyptian princess. In the life of Rehoboam all hath been written that I find of Sesac, excepting the length of his reign, which must have been six and twenty