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tain, that Nebuchadnezzer7, as ever after, so in his first beginning of war, did beat the Egyptians, who, in ages foregoing, had been accustomed to deal with the Babylonians after another fashion; and this new success of that king may be imputed, in regard of human means, to such addition as this of new forces.

Of the Scythian army returning out of Media, divers authors report a story, which confirms me in the opinion, that this company went forth to assist their kindred and friends, in acquiring a new seat, and establishing their plantation. For these had left their wives behind them; a good argument to prove that they meant to come again. The Scythian women, to comfort themselves in their husband's absence, became bedfellows to their slaves. These got a lusty brood of youths, that were loth to be troubled with fathers-in-law, and therefore prepared to fight with them at their return. If they were only the children of slaves which compounded an army, (as Herodotus would have it, who tells us, that the Scythians were wont to pull out all their bond-mens eyes,) it must needs be that they were very boys, or else that the women did very little while continue chaste. Wherefore I rather believe the tale as it is told by the Russes themselves, who agreeing in the rest with the consent of histories, make that report of their ancestors returning homewards, which I will set down, as I find it in Doctor Fletcher's exact discourse of the Russe commonwealth8. 1 They understood by the way that their 4 bond-slaves, whom they left at home, had in

* their absence possessed their towns, lands, houses,

* wives, and alL At which news being some4 what amazed, and yet disdaining the villany of 'their servants, they made the more speed home;

* and so not far from Novogorod met them in warlike

~ Jer. m. 9. » Russe Commonwealth, chip. ir.

* manner marching against them. Whereupon ad

* vising what was best to be done, they agreed also

* to set upon them with no other shew of weapon

* but with their horse-whips, (which, as their manner

* is, every man rideth withal,) to put them in re

* membrance of their servile condition, thereby to 'terrify them, and abate their courage. And So 'marching on, and lashing all together with their 'whips in their hands, they gave the onset; which

* seemed so terrible in the ears of their villains, and

* struck such a sense unto them of the smart of the

* whip, which they had felt before, that they fled all 'together like sheep before the drivers. In memory

* of this victory, the Novogorodians ever since stamp'ed their coin, (which they call Novogrodskoy, cur* 'rent through all Russia,) with the figure of a horse* 'man shaking a whip aloft in his hand.' It may seem, that all the women in that country have fared the worse ever since, in regard of this universal fault; for such a pudkey or whip, as terrified those slaves, curiously wrought by herself, is the first present that the Muscovian wife, even in time of wooing, sends to him that shall be her husband, in token of subjection; being well assured to feel it often on her own loins. But this was a document unto the Scythians, or rather Sarmatians (for Novogorod stands in the country that was called Sarmatia,) to beware of absenting themselves any more so long from their wives ; which, after this, I find not that they did.

Thus much I thought good to set down of the Scythian expedition \ not only because it is the most memorable act performed abroad by that nation, famous in histories, and terrible to many countries; but for that it appears to have been a great cause of the Egyptians prevailing hitherto in Syria, and about Judaea, which continues yet a while the centre of our discourse.


Sect. V.

Of the Princes living in divers Countries in these Ages.

> Having thus far digressed from the matters of Judah, to avoid all further occasion of doing the Mke, I will here insert a note of such kings and men of mark, as were between the death of Manasseh and the ruin of Jerusalem. Of the Egyptians, Babylonians, Medes, and Lydians, I have spoken as much as I thought needful. In Rome, Tullus Hostilius held the kingdom, until the one and twentieth year of Josiah, at which time Ancus Martius succeeding reigned four and twenty years. After him L. Tarquinius Priscus, a new come stranger, but very rich, prevailed so far by his graciousness among the people, that he got the kingdom to himself, disappointing the sons of Ancus over whom he was chosen tutor. He began in the fourth of Zedekiah, and reigned eight and thirty years. In this time it was, namely, in the second year of the thirtieth Olympiad, that the Lacedaemonians, bethinking them how to be avenged of the Arcadians, who gave succour to the Messenians against them in the former war, entered their territory, took the city of Phigalia or Phialia, from whence their garrisons were soon after beaten out. Cypselus, expelling the race of the Bacchida?, made himself lord of Corinth about these times, and governed it in peace thirty years; leaving for successor his son Periander, one of the seven sages, but a cruel tyrant; who, among other vile acts, slew his own wife, and afterwards, as in her honour, stripped all the Corinthian women stark naked, burning their apparel, as an acceptable offering to her ghost. Hereby we may perceive that the wisdom of the Qreeks was not excellent in those days, when such a one as this could be admired as excelling all the country.

In these times also were Zaleucus and Draco, famous lawgivers, the one among the Locrians in Italy, the other in the city of Athens. The laws of Draco were so rigorous, that he was said to have written them with blood; for he rewarded every small offence with death. Wherefore his constitutions were soon abrogated, and power given to Solon by the Athenians to make new in their stead. But the laws of Zaleucus were very mild. He forbade any gentlewoman to walk abroad with more than one bond-woman attending on her, unless it were when she was drunk; or to go forth of the town by night, unless it were to some sweetheart's bed; or to dress herself up in immodest bravery, unless it were to inveigle a lover. By which pleasant ordinances, he affected his desire; for none would seem, in breaking the statutes, to be in such case as challenged the dispensation. It is noted in this man as a singular example of justice, that when his own son had committed adultery, and was therefore to lose both his eyes, he did not cause him to be pardoned, but gave one eye of his own to save the young man, {who also lost one,) from utter blindness.

I shall not henceforth need so far to wander, as hitherto I often have done, in pursuing of actions collateral to the history, for inserting them in their order of time. The Chaldaeans will soon fall under the Persians; the Persians, ere long, encounter with the Greeks; the Greeks with the Romans; the Romans with many nations. Concerning all these, as they shall successively present themselves, in their flourishing estate, it will be enough to recapitulate the most memorable accidents that befel them in .their minority. But in the long space of more than thirteen hundred years, which passed between the calling of Abraham and the destruction of Jerusalem, we find little matter wherein the history of Israel had any dealing with other nations, than the very nearest borderers. Yet read we of many kingdoms, that in these many ages were erected and thrown down; as likewise, many memorable acts were performed in Greece and elsewhere, though not following one another at any near distance; all which must have been quite omitted, or else reserved unto a very unseasonable rehearsal, had they not been disposed in this method, whereof he that will not allow the conveniency, may pardon the necessity.

Sect. VI.

The oppression of Judaea, and destruction of Jerusalem, by the Chaldwans.

Now to return to the Jewish story, from whence we have so far digressed. In the third year of Jehoiakim, Nabuchodonosor the second, his father yet living, entered Judaea with a great army, who besieging and forcing Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim his vassal in despite of Necho that had established him king, and took with him for pledges Daniel, being as yet a child, with Ananias, Misael, and Azarias. Also he took a part of the church treasures; but stayed not to search them thoroughly; for Necho hasted to the succour of Jehoiakim, hoping to find Nabuchodonosor in Judaea; wherein this great Babylonian had no disposition to hazard himself and his army, it being a country of an evil affection towards him, as also far off from any succour or sure place of retreat. If he had, as may be supposed, any great strength of Scythian horsemen in his army, it was the more wisely done of him, to fall back, out of that rough, mountainous, and over-hot country, into places that were more even and temperate. But besides all these reasons, the death of his father happening at the same time, gave him just occasion to

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