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Jannes Holm, a Native of Norwegian LAPLAND, with his wife and Child, Rein-Deer, &c.
Now exhibiting at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly, London,
EXTRACTS FROM “AN ACCOUNT OF THE
FAMILY OF LAPLANDERS, AND OF THEIR HERD OF LIVING REIN-DEER, &c., Which are now exhibiting at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly, London."*
(WITH A WOOD-CUT.).
« Their rein-deer form their riches; these their tents,
Their robes, their beds, and all their homely wealth
“The reindeer is a creature of the most extraordinary and beautiful form ; an animal whose domestication is of more importance to its master, than that of any other, or probably the whole of the quadruped species. The Laplander and his Rein-deer appear to have been created for each other. This diminutive race of human beings must long since have ceased to exist, but for the service of this friend and companion. The elephant, camel, horse, ox, sheep,
* For this Article, and for the liberal permission to copy, in the Wood-Cut which is prefixed to it, the interesting Engraving by which his “ Account” is illustrated, the Editor of the Youth's Instructer returns his best thanks to MR. BULLOCK, the publicspirited Proprietor of the Rein-deer lately introduced into this country. Vol. VI.
and dog, render to their respective masters services of the greatest importance ; but without the assistance of the rein-deer, there could be no human inhabitants of Lapland ; nothing could compensate for its loss. Its flesh and its milk, prepared in various ways, afford luxury and nourishment, supplying every other article of food ; its furry skin furnishing, in a simple manner, comfortable clothing, and the means of resisting the severity of an arctic winter, which nothing else could do. Wrapt in these, on the snow, or frozen ground, the Laplanders sleep with their infants in comfort and security. When the change of season requires their removal from one hut to another, the rein-deer offers the ready means of transporting them with their faa milies and goods. In summer he carries their slender effects; and when the snow covers the ground, which is the greater part of the year, by means of a sledge he removes them with a rapidity unequalled by any other animal. A Laplander in his sledge will travel a hundred miles in a day; the broad spreading hoofs of the deer serving as snow-shoes to prevent his sinking, and apparently made to traverse this frozen and otherwise untrodden waste, as those of the camel and the dromedary for the scorching sands and deserts of Arabia and India. There is no part of the deer useless to his master; its sinews supply thread, cordage, and harness; and its bones and horns are manufactured into furniture and ornaments.
66 There are tracts of country in our island, where it is probable, with care, rein-deer might be reared at a trifling expense. The high hills of York, Derby, Cumberland, Wales, and Scotland, produce the white moss, considered essential to their existence; it is even found on the downs in the neighbourhood of London, and, I believe, is eaten by no other animal :
AND OF THE REIN-DEER.
we might, then, be supplied with a luxurious addition to our table for a mere trifle. The flesh of the reindeer is most delicious venison ; its milk, the consistence of ordinary cream, is of the most exquisite flavour, and contains double the nutriment of that of the cow; the butter and cheese made from it are excellent; the former is made from milk only, agitated by a whisk in a wooden vessel.
“I left England for the purpose of procuring a stock of deer, and if possible a Lapland family with them. After three unsuccessful attempts, I have attained my object : a herd of rein-deer, with their natural proprietors, is for the first time in London. The people have brought their summer and winter residences and furniture with them. The man, Jens Holm, and his wife, KARINA CHRISTIAN, are about four feet and eight inches high, which, in Lapland, is not beneath the usual height ; on the contrary, Karina is considered a tall woman; their son, four years and a half old, is not likely to be so tall a man as his father; they understand the Norwegian language.
6 They exhibit the deer decorated in the manner of their country, and drawing light carriages and sledges. Nothing can exceed the extraordinary appearance of these noble quadrupeds ; in size they excel the red deer, or stag'; the enormous horns in some almost exceed belief. A cord passed round those of a fine male measures thirty feet; in some they appear like the branches of an aged oak, stripped of its foliage. The immense brow antlers vary in some individuals, from two to four.
“ They are sleek in summer, but in winter clothed with a thick impenetrable coat of long hair, of a dry, husky appearance : their feet are large and wide, ex-'