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I will pray to him, that he will be my physician. So I did ; he has heard my prayer; and therefore I now find myself well again.”
JUSTICE ILLUSTRATED. XENOPHON, in his “ Institution of Cyrus," which he designed for the idea of a well-educated Prince, tells the following instructive story concerning young Cyrus. His Governor, the better to make him understand the nature of Justice, put this case to him: “You see there,” said he to Cyrus, “ two boys playing, of different stature; the lesser of them has a very long coat, and the bigger a very short one. Now, if you were a judge, how would you dispose of these two garments ? Cyrus immediately, and with very good reason as he thought, replied, “That the taller boy should have the longer garment, and he that was of lower stature the shorter; because this certainly was fittest for them both.” Governor sharply rebuked him, telling him, that if he bad to make two coats for them, he said well; but he did not put this case to him as a Tailor, but as a Judge, and as such he had given a very wrong sentence: “For a Judge,” said he, “ought not to consider what is most fit, but what is just; not who could make the best use of a thing, but who hath the most right to it."
Upon this his
THE PALACE OF CRESUS:
Æsep was much surprised and dissatisfied at the cold and indifferent manner in which Solon viewed the magnificent palace and the vast treasures of CRBBus. It was, in fact, the master, and not the house, that the Philosopher wished to have reason for adiniring. «Certainly,” said ANACHARSis to Æsop on that occasion, “ you have forgot your own fable of the Fox and the Panther. The latter, for her highest virtue, could only show a fine skin, beautifully marked and spotted with different colours; the Fox's skin, on the
EMINENT BRITISH CHARACTERS.
contrary, was very plain, but contained within it a treasure of useful knowledge. This very image,” continued the Scythian, “shows me your own character. You are affected with a splendid outside, whilst you pay little or no regard to what is truly the man, that is, to that which is in him, and consequently properly his."
EMINENT BRITISH CHARACTERS.
No. II. LORD CHANCELLOR CLARENDON. HYDE, Earl of Clarendon, and Lord fligh Chancellor of England, was descended from an ancient family in Cheshire, and born at Dinton, near Hindow, in Wiltshire, in 1608. He was entered of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, where, in 1625, he took the degree of A.B., and afterwards studied the Law in the Middle Temple. In the Parliament which began at Westminster, April 10, 1640, he served for Wotton Basset, in Wiltshire. His abilities were much taken notice of, and he was employed in several committees to ex. amine into divers grievances; but at last, being dissatisfied with the proceedings of Parliament, he retired to the King, and was made Chancellor of the Exchequer, a Privy Counsellor, and Knight. Upon the decline of the King's cause, he went to France, where, after the death of Charles I., he was sworn of the Privy Council to CHARLES II. In 1649, he and LORD COTTINGTON were sent Ambassadors Extraordinary into Spain, and in 1656 he was constituted Lord High Chancellor of England. Soon after the Restoration, the Duke of York, afterwards JAMES II., married Ann Hyde, his Lordship's eldest daughter; which led to her father's appointment as Chancellor of the University of Oxford. This was soon followed by other honours; he was created Viscount CORNBURY, and Earl of CLARENDON; and, on the death of 'HENRY, LORD FALKLAND, was made Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Oxford. Thus placed in the highest offices of the state, and endowed with the greatest influence, such Vol. VI.
was his inflexible justice, that he took care neither to abridge the King's prerogative, nor encroach upon the liberties of the people; and therefore would not Set aside the Petitiou of Right, nor endeavour to raise the Star-Chamber or High Commission-Courts again. In this just conduct, he is said to have been influenced by his dying father's advice. Some years before, when he began to grow eminent in the Law, he went down to yisit his father in Wiltshire; who, one day, as they were walking in the fields, observed to him, that men of his profession were apt to stretch the prerogative too far, and to injure liberty, but charged him, if ever he came to any eminence in his profession, Dever to sacrifice the liberty and laws of his country to his own interest or the will of his Prince: he repeated his advice twice ; and immediately fell into a fit of apoplexy, and died in two hours. This circumstance had a lasting influence upon him. In 1662, he opposed a proposal for the King's marriage with the Infanta of Portugal,* and the sale of Dunkirk. In 1663, articles of high treason were exhibited against himn in the House of Lords, by the Earl of Bristol ; but they were rejected. In 1664, he opposed the war with Holland. CHARLES, finding CLA. RENDON a steady eneny to his immoralities, and firmly opposed to his schemes for replenishing his embarrassed purse, at length surrendered him as a sacrifice to the resentment of his Parliament, to whom he was become obnoxious, in order to procure some more supplies to himself. This act of the King was followed up by his being removed from the Chancellorship; and in November following he was im. peached of high treason, and other crimes and misdemeanours, by the House of Commons ; upon which he retired to France, when a bill was passed for bayishing him from the King's dominions. He resided at
* KING CHARLES II. concluded a marriage with the Infanta of Portugal for the sake of her portion, which was £500,000, to gether with the fortress of Tangier in Africa, and Bombay in the East Indies,
MEMOIR OF MISS ELIZABETH LILLY,
Rouen in Normandy; and dying there in 1673, his body was brought to this country, and interred in Westminster Abbey. He wrote a history of the sea bellion, which constituted six volumes octavo; a second part of which was bequeathed to the public, a few years ago, by one of his descendants, the late Lord Hyde and CORNBURY. He likewise wrote an able answer to Hobbes's “ Leviathan.” The Rev. Mr. GRAINGER, in his “ Biographical History of England," thus speaks of him :-6. The virtue of the Earl of CLARENDON was of too stubborn a nature for the age of CHARLES II. He did not only look upon himself as the guardian of the laws and liberties of his country, but he had a head and heart above vice, and chose rather to be a victim himself, than to sacrifice his integrity. We had only one part to act, which was that of an honest man, His enemies ala lowed themselves a much greater latitude; they loaded him with calumpies, and blamed him even for their own errors and misconduct. He was a much happier man alone, and in exile, than CHARLES II. upon his throne.” MR. WALPOLE thus eulogises him: “ Had CLARENDON sought nothing but power, his power had never ceased. Like Justice herself, he held the balance between the supreme Magistrate and the interests of the people. Almost every virtue of a minister made his character venerable."
MEMOIR OF MISS ELIZABETH LILLY.' ELIZABETII LILLY was born at St. Osyth, in Essex, on the 6th of November, 1807. Delicate sensibility, and quickness of appprehension, unfolded themselves with the earliest dawniogs of reason on her mind. When only four years old, a picture of the crucifixion of our LORD, contained in one of the first books she ever read, so affected her, that tears of anguish fell from her eyes ; and her gentle spirit was so wounded, that her mother found it necessary to sew up the leaves, and thus to conceal it from her sight.
The assiduous exercises of maternal love, in devoting her to God from her earliest infancy, and in administering religious instruction, accompanied by fervent prayer, were attended with the effectual unction of the Holy SPIRIT. She did not recollect any period, when His operations were not felt on her heart ; though deeply conscious that she had not at all times yielded to his heavenly influences. Pleasing evidences of the early commencement of a work of grace might be adduced from many circumstances, such as her delight in the worship of God, and her exquisite enjoyment of the company of Ministers and other pious persons; and also from a diary, written in her thirteenth year, of which the following are extracts.
“ April 16, 1820.-O LORD, create in me a contrite heart; and subdue all those evil thoughts and passions, which oftea mar my peace. Make, O make me more humble and teachable. Seeing we have a great High Priest, who is passed into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, may I hold fast my profession.
66 October 9.—This day I have had great pleasure in meeting with thy people, especially our late beloved Pastor, MR. ANDERSON.
O may thy work revive ! Revive it, O Lord, in my soul ; and to thee shall be all the glory.”
On her birth-day, she thus writes : « O blessed Lord, thou hast safely brought me through another year. How ill have those which are past been spent! Grant that the remainder of my days may be devoted to thy glory. Meditate, O my soul, on what the Lord has done for thee. He has blessed thee with the means of grace, and with a pious parent; whilst many
have to contend with opposition from fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters. O may I improve these blessings to the honour of God's holy name.”
“ Dec. 3.-Say, my soul, is the LORD thy Shep: herd? Wilt thou suffer him to lead thee to the fold of Jesus, and sweetly enclose thee in his arms?