Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

in bunches at the joints, near the ends of the branches; they are much like the flowers of the jessamine, but have the addition of some yellow apices, which are loose on the top of the blossom, and a style which shoots out near half an inch above it. T'he fruit appears about October, but hangs on the tree till next July before it is ripe : it is then gathered and prepared for the market, or for propagating other plants. When the fruit has attained its maturity, cloths are placed under the trees, and upon these the labourers shake it down. They afterwards spread the berries on mats, and expose them to the sun to dry, The husk is then broken off by large and heavy rollers of wood or iron. When the coffee has been thus cleared of its husk, it is again dried in the sun, and lastly winnowed with a large fan, for the purpose of clearing it from the pieces of husks with which it is intermingled.

Coffee is, perhaps, one of the greatest blessings, among those that are not really necessaries of life, which Providence has indulged to mankind. Considera ing its beneficial qualities in use, as well as its agreeable properties, it should be classed among the most elegant plants, in foliage, in blossom, and in fruit.

THE JUVENILE NATURALIST,

FOR NOVEMBER, 1822.

(From Time's Telescope for 1822.") « November is usually a very gloomy month, yet there are some intervals of clear and pleasant weather: the mornings are generally sharp, but the hoar-frost is soon dissipated by the sun giving a rich tinge to the autumnal colouring of the decaying foliage, and affording a fine open day. At other times, Noveanber

Chills, with dense fogs, the cheerless, tardy morn,
Wraps soon-invading night in pall forlorn,
And, till December and his train appear,

Pours the loud urn on the expiring year. “ The earth is now surcharged with moisture, and the state of the ground is well suited to new planting; the mild rains and even the winds consolidating the earth round the roots of the young plants, and favouring the action of their fibres, before an entire suspension takes place by severe frost.

[ocr errors][merged small]

“ The foggy mornings of November are favourable to the growth and appearance of mushrooms; and to range the reeking meadows in search of them, at an early hour in the morning, is the occupation of many of the village children. The fungi or mushroom tribe are very numerous, and of singular construction : tbeir various species abounding at this season offer to the naturalist a wide scope for observation; they attract the notice of every one ; even children admire them, and they afford to the philosopher a subject of interesting speculation.

*«• The naturalist, who lately contemplated the trees and shrubs in all their beauty of outline, foliage, blossoms, colours, and lights and shadows, must now contemplate them in their ramifications, sprays, buds, and barks, in which he will still find abundance of beauty and wonder.

“ Small birds begin to congregate, to pass the winter months. in associated bodies ; the stock-dove, one of the latest winter birds of passage, arrives from more northern regions, towards the end of this month.

“ Moles now make their nests, in which they lodge during the winter, and which are ready for depositing their young in the spring. These are distinguished by being of a larger size than the common mole-hill, and are lined with dried grass, leaves, &c.

" The farmer usually finishes his ploughing this month. Cattle and horses are taken into the farm-yard ; sheep are sent to the turnip-field; ant-hills are destroyed; and bees are put under shelter.

“ The gardener sows peas and beans in a warm situation for an early crop, if happily they may survive the frosts of winter.

“ Violent storms of wind are not uncommon in October and November, but the partial injury which they occasion is amply compensated by the benefits derived from them in purifying the atmosphere."

[ocr errors]

BRIEF ASTRONOMICAL NOTICES,

FOR NOVEMBER, 1822. The Moon rises, on the 1st, about six at night, under the Pleiades to the west of her, and is soon followed by Jupiter, also to the west of her ; she will form, with the Pleiades, Jupiter, and Aldebaran, a pleasing groupe. On the 13th is new Moon, at thirty-six minutes past six at night. On the 16th, the crescent of the Moon is sech at sun-set near the horizon in south-west-bysouth. On the 28th is full Moon, at forty-two minutes past seven at night; she rises, in the evening, more than half an hour before sun-set; and will be seen, when the stars appear, to the east of the Pleiades, having beneath her Jupiter to the west. On the 29th, she rises about a quarter of an hour after sun-set. Jupiter, the Pleiades, Aldebaran, with the Hyades, will be distinguished to the west of her.

“ MERCURY will be a morning star after the 5th, and before that time, from his nearness to the Sun, invisible.

“ Venus is a morning star, “ Mars is an evening star.

“ JUPITER rises about six at night on the Ist, and on the 20th about sun-set. He is first seen above and near to the highest star of the Hyades, affording a constant opportunity of comparing his splendour with that of Aldebaran.

“ SATURN is on the meridian at six minutes before midnight on the 1st, about eleven on the 13th, and ten on the 27th, “ HERSCHEL is an evening star."

(Evening Amusements.)

POETRY

INSCRIPTION ON AN OLD APPLE-TREE.
Beneath my shade repose, and hear my voice !
Ere last eventful century sprang to light,
I stood where now I stand. Spring siniles as fair,
And summer laughs midst all the flowery train,
As beautiful as when, at first, my youth
Flung forth the fairest foliage ; but not so
With him who placed me here : he long ago
Was gathered to his fathers; many a son
Of Aðam since, hath sighed beneath my shade,
My dainties tasted, and with hoary head
Descended to the grave. My branches now
Remind me of my fate; my withering limbs
Portend my ruin near, and tell the tale
That all of earth must perish! Yet, О man!
Thy fate for thee a happier door hath fix'd:
I fall to rise no more ; but thou shalt rise,
And be thou grateful to the King of kings,
To live for ever in the realms of light.

[ocr errors]

ASTRONOMICAL CONTEMPLATION,

BY T. ROOD,
I love to rove amidst the starry height,

To leave the little scenes of Earth behind,
And let Imagination wing her flight

On eagle pinions, swifter than the wind.
I love the Planets in their course to trace ;

To mark the Comets speeding to the Sun,
Then launch into immeasurable space,

Where, lost to human sight, remote they run.
I love to view the Moon, when high she rides,

Amidst the heavens, in borrowed lustre bright;

Lowly her lot on earth,mbut He, who bore
Tidings of grace and blessings to the poor,
Gave her, his truth and faithfulness to prove,
The choicest treasures of his boundless love,-
(Faith, that dispellid affliction's darkest gloom,
Hope, that could cheer the passage to the tomb,
Peace, that not hell's dark legions could destroy,
And love, that fill’d the soul with heavenly joy.)
Death of its sting disarm'd, she knew no fear,
But tasted heaven, e’en while she linger'd here:
O happy saint !--may we like thee be blest;
la life be faithful, and in death find rest.

HEAVEN.
This world is all a fleeting show.".
There is an hour of peaceful rest,

To mourning wanderers given ;
There is a tear for souls distrest,
A balm for every wounded breast,-

'Tis found above in Heaven !
There is a soft, a downy bed,

'Tis fair as breath of even;
A couch for weary mortals spread,
Where they may rest the aching head,

And find repose in Heaven.
There is a home for weeping souls,

By sin and sorrow driven ;
When toss'd on life's tempestuous shoals,
Where storms arise, and ocean rolls,

And all is drear but Heaven !
There faith lifts up the tearful eye,

The heart with anguish riven ;
And views the tempest passing by,
The evening shadows quickly fly,

And all screne in Heaven.
There fragrant flowers immortal bloom,

And joys supreme are given ;
There rays divine disperse the gloom ;
Beyond the confines of the tomb,
Appears the dawn of Heaven !

(Franklin Gazette.)

Printed by T. Cordeux, 14, City-Road, Loudon.

« AnteriorContinuar »