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much in prayer; and would often say, after spending some time in retirement, “ Mother, I have been praying, and I hope the Lord has heard me."

Several weeks before she was taken ill, she frequently said to her mother, “ I shall not live long." On one occasion, when she had made this remark, Mrs. A. replied, “ I hope, my dear, you will not die, and leave your mother, whom you say you love so dearly.” She answered, “yes, my precious mother, I do love you, but it will be far better for me to die than live.” About a fortnight before she was taken ill, standing by Mr. A., she said, “O father, it will be bad indeed for

you,

if
you

do not get to heaven.” The same week she desired her mother to tell her what she should have upon her grave-stone, adding, “ I shall not live long." She urged her request with some degree of importunity; and at length, Mrs. A. observed, “My dear, another time will do for that.”. She replied, “ No, mother, tell me now, for I know I shall not live long; and I should like to know what will be on my grave. stone before I die.” Pressed by her importunity, Mrs. A. composed the following lines :

s My dearest Parents, read this stone,
It tells, ELIZABETH is gone!
My weeping Parents, weep no more,
I am but gone a step before :
Thouglı short my life, the longer is my rest,

God took me hence, because he saw it best." When her mother had spoken these lines to her, she appeared delighted, and said, “ I like them very much; if the Lord call me, he will see it best.”

On the 19th of June, 1822, she was seized by the scarlet-fever, and became, for a time, delirious. But, when reason resumed its seat, she called to her mother, and entered into conversation with her about heaven ; saying, among other things, “If I knew I was going there, o how I should like to die." Mrs. A. said, “My dear, you

will
go

there." She replied, “ Yes, mother, I know I should go to Christ, if I had been good every day of my life.”

5

OBITUAR Y OF ELIZABETH AGUS.

421

Mrs. A. exhorted her to trust in the Lord Jesus Christ; and, reminding her that she had said, only a few days before, that 6 Jesus Christ saveth sinmers," inquired, if she now believed that Jesus Christ would save her. She answered, “yes." Mrs. A. then said, “ The LORD loves early fruit." She replied, 60 yes.” Mrs. A. asked, “ Do you know, my dear, what I meant by the LORD loving early fruit ?” She answered, “ O good Jesus !-how he blessed the little ones, and laid his hands upon them!” She continued, “ You have been a good mother to me.” Mrs. A. observed, 6 My dear, I have not always been a good woman.' Immediately she replied, " I will tell you what to do; pray to JESUS Christ, and he will forgive you every past sin; and then live holy, every day of your life; and when Jesus Christ comes, he will take you up to heaven.” Looking on her grandmother, she said, “ I hope we shall all become better; for it would be far better for us all to be saved, than that only some should be saved.-0 mother, what a great thing it would be if all the world were to be saved !” Mrs. A. asked her a little before her death, “ Are you going to Jesus Christ, my dear?” She replied, “ Öyes.Do not weep for me, mother; but pray for me: I had rather die than live.” This she frequently repeated. Thus was this little plant removed from earth, eternally to bloom in the heavenly Paradise.

Wm. Srones.

ANCIENT CHARACTERS.

No. V.

THE LACEDÆMONIANS. Laconia, of which LACEDEMON, or SPARTA, was the chief city, is a country on the southern part of Peloponnesus, having Argos on the north, Messene on the west, the Mediterranean on the south, and the bay of Argos on the east. It is watered by the river Eurotas, and its extent, from north to south, is about fifty miles. The kingdom of Lacedæmonia Vol. VI.

2 0

was raised to the lofty place which it holds in the annals of Greece by the exertions of LYCURGUS, who, about 870 years B. C., gave laws to the Lacedæmonians.

The Lacedæmonians were remarkable for their courage, and for their aversion to sloth and luxury. They were forbidden by their laws to visit other countries, lest they should contract foreign manners, and be corrupted by an intercourse with effeminate nations. The hardy manner in which they were brought up, from their infancy, rendered them undaunted in the field of battle ; and even their women were as courageous as the men. The plainness of their manners, and their being so much addicted to war, made the Lacedæmonians less fond of the sci. ences than the rest of the Greeks. If they wrote to be read, and spoke to be understood, it was all they sought. For this the Athenians, who were excessively vain of their learning, held them in great contempt. The Spartans, however, in consequence of their concise way of speaking, had a force and poignancy of expression, which excelled all the flowers of studied elegance. The boys were instructed likewise to use sharp repartee, seasoned with humour; and whatever they said was to be concise and pithy : for they were taught to consider the worth of speech a's being comprised in a few plain words, containing a great deal of sense; and by long silence they learned to be sententious and acute in their replies. To an orator of Athens, who observed that the Lacedæmonians had no learning, the son of PAUSANIAS replied, “ True; for we are the only people of Greece, that have learned no ill from you."

The strenuous manner in which the Spartans in. sisted on the brevity of speech, and the exactness with which they practised their favourite maxim, became proverbial in Greece; and hence every thing brief in discourse was termed laconic, from the name Laconia, one of the titles of the kingdom of Lacedæmon.

The following traits, illustrative of their history, will serve to exemplify part of what I have said.

ANCIENT CHARACTERS.

423

1. When the young men were going to walk abroad, it was customary for the elders to inquire of them, s. Where and for what purpose they were going ?” If the youth thus interrogated either would not answer the question, or gave unsatisfactory reasons, he was rebuked; and if an elder failed to reprove a young man, who was thus delinquent, he thereby rendered himself obnoxious to the same punishment as if he himself were the original defaulter. The errors of youth were very properly imputed to those whose duty it was to correct or restrain them. At the same time, the office of reproving youthful delinquents caused the elders to place a guard upon their own conduct, lest they themselves should do any thing of which they might be ashamed : for with what propriety could they reprove their inferiors in age, if they themselves, by the commission of crime, had become liable to reproof?

2. When any one was detected in a crime, he was compelled to go several times round a particular part of the city of Sparta, repeating, with a loud voice, a formal reprimand of his own evil conduct; which was, in substance, reproving himself from his own mouth.

3. In their petitions to their gods, they were accustomed to ask, among other things, for “ power to enable them to suffer injuries :" for they judged no one fit for the government of an empire, or the management of public affairs, who allowed any kind of injury to disturb the equilibrium of his temper.

4. They banished CTESIPHON,* because he made a public boast of being able to occupy a whole day in speaking upon any single topic; telling him, that the part of a good orator was to measure his speech by the importance of his subject. It was their opi

* CTESIPHON was a native of Athens, who advised his fellowcitizens publicly to present DEMOSTHENES with a golden crown for his probity and virtue. This was opposed by the rival of DEMOSTHENES, the orator ÆscHINES, who accused CTESIPHON of seditious views. DEMOSTHENEs undertook the defence of his friend in a celebrated oration still extant, and Æschines was banished.

nion, that nothing should be used with more frugality than speech; coinciding with HESIOD, who terms that faculty 6 a precious treasure, which should only be resorted to for use, and not for ostentation.”

DESCRIPTION OF THE TIGER,

WITH ANECDOTES. This animal may be justly ranked among the most beautiful of quadrupeds, his colour being a fine orange yellow, white on the throat and belly, and elegantly marked throughout with long transverse bands or stripes. He also holds the second place in the class of carnivorous animals; but it has been justly observed, that while he possesses all the bad qualities of the lion, he seems entirely destitute of his good ones. To pride, strength, and intrepidity, the lion joins magnanimity, and sometimes clemency; while the tiger is fierce without provocation, and cruel without necessity. Alike regardless of man and all his hostile weapons, he is the scourge of every country which he inhabits: wild as well as tame animals are indiscriminately sacrificed to his insatiate voracity : he even attacks the young elephant and rhinoceros, and has sometimes engaged the lion himself with such fury and perseverance, that both animals have perished in the dread-, ful contest.

A few years ago, a company seated under the um. brageous branches of some trees near the bank of a river in Bengal, were alarmed by the unexpected appearance of a tiger, preparing for its fatal spring : but a lady having, with almost unexampled presence of mind, unfurled a large umbrella in the animals face, it instantly retired, as if confounded by so extraordinary and so sudden an appearance, and thus afforded them an opportunity to escape.

Another party, however, were not so happy; but, in the height of their entertainment, one of their companions was suddenly seized and car. ried off by a tiger. The fatal accident which occurred a few years ago, in the East-Indies, must also be

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