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twice a day, unless something happened “O I remember (about the remotest to prevent, which did happen about everything I can remember) that low seat, too other day. For the rest of the time we high nevertheless to allow the feet to touch were busy in keeping still. Oh, dear ! the floor, and that friendly teacher who Can there be anything worse for a lively, had the address to start a first feeling of mercurial, mirthful, active little boy, than enthusiasm and awaken the first sense of going to a winter district school? Yes,

power. He is living still and whenever I going to a summer district schoo!! There think of him he rises up to me in the far is no comparison. The last is the Miltonic back ground of memory as bright as if he depth below the deepest depth." "Gen- had worn the seven stars in his hair.” And erally," he says, “the barrenest spot is at this point (for the address was delivered chosen as a location for its school house, at the Litchfield Centennial Celebration, the most utterly homely building is erected Aug. 14, 1851,) an auditor told me, Dr. without a tree or shrub and there those Bushnell paused and fixing his eye on an who can do no better pass the pilgrimage old man before him in the audience of their childhood education.” In his pointed at him with an outstretched arm,

not a tree was there to shelter the and with a burst of feeling that almost house; the sun beat down on the clap- choked his voice, said, I said he was living, , boards till the pine knots shed pitchy yes, he is here today, God bless him. tears, and the air was redolent of warm To some the thought of what has been pine-wood smell." In conclusion, while will only waken sadness as they visit these admitting his prejudice he writes: “We

"We by-ways of New England. The abandoned abhor the thought of schools. We do not farm house with its front yard given to the go into them if we can avoid it. Our growth of black-berries; the broken mill boyhood experience has pervaded our wheel rotting on the stream tell their memory with such images as breed a pathetic story of declining power. But private repugnance to district schools, there is a conservatism of energy in society which we fear we shall not lay aside until as well as in nature, and in those valleys we lay aside everything into the grave. there are many mill wheels turning yet. We are sincerely glad that it is not so with When John Randolph of Virginia saw a everybody. There are thousands who re- drove of mules passing through Washing. vert with pleasure to those days. We are ton on their way to the south, it is said, glad of it, but we look on such people he bantered Marcy of Connecticut with with astonishment."

the remark, “there go some of your conAnd now at the third angle is Bushnell. stituents." “Yes," quickly retorted He reverts to the practice of boarding the Marcy, "going to Virginia to teach school." teacher around; of the wood brought by The mental and moral wealth of New the fathers to the school house in quantity England has been making the world richaccording to the several quantities of The strength of these hills has reappeared children, and describes like the other in New York, Ohio, Iowa, Illinois and the the school building, “the seats made of the Dakotas. It lives in colleges, and laws, outer slabs from the saw mill, supported and churches north and south, and blesses by slant legs driven into and a proper those who dwell on the shores of seas that distance through augur holes, and planed

are pacific. Only a listless traveler will smooth on the top by the rather tardy drive along these roads or rest beside process of friction," and then exclaims, these lakes and not remember this.


town lives to itself. Its glory is to pro- Even now the spirit of the fathers comes duce men, and a man is the world's com- anew to greet the hills. Transmuted into mon property. The men who climbed modern life and recognizing new conthese hills and cleared the little spaces for ditions it builds a house of refuge on the their homes and for God's house of prayer mountain's side and homes for tired city were builders of a nation. Searching for girls upon the streams. We do not need their graves beneath the pines, among the again the “ Age of Homespun" of which bushes and the overgrowing weeds, far our Horace Bushnell wrote so feelingly; from the roadways, and even in neglected but we shall always need the sense of pastures, one may ask for an “Old Mor- homage and the grace of thankfulness. If tality" to chisel out anew their names one would have these wakened in him, let upon the blackened slab or crumbling him muse awhile in some such region as marble ; but their soul is marching on. this article has but imperfectly described.



And must you go? God-speed, then.

God-speed, then. But to me
This life will seem not half so gay:
Our paths divide, but may they meet again-

Some other place, some other day.

'Tis sad to part, but friends cannot always

Walk side by side, or sit and chat :
The deviating paths of this poor life

Wind in and out, this way and that.

Sometimes alone and sad we wonder on

No friend to cheer the fainting heart,
No hand to smooth the rugged path of toil,

No smile to bid our tears depart.

'Tis sad to struggle thus alone, and yet

It would be well, if we but knew-
Beyond a question or a painful doubt-

That friends, though absent, still were true.

I wish you all the joys that fortune gives :

Are these denied, then better still
Perhaps, though less desired—a fearless heart,

And strength to bear life's every ill.





As a

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HERE are doubtless numerous per- mencement of balloting. On the fifth day

sons, who are not aware that a man, of the convention, on the call of the states who ever took pride in the fact that Con- for the thirty-fourth ballot for a presidennecticut was his birthplace, once had the tial candidate, the Virginia delegation, presidency of the United States within his which had retired for consultation, came grasp, but declined the honor. For such in and cast the fifteen votes of that state this sketch has been prepared.

for the gentleman from New York. This citizen of Connecticut has never occupied action was received with great favor. The the presidential chair, the elevation of the honored delegate, by general consent, at man referred to would naturally have been once took the floor, and addressed the regarded as somewhat of an honor to our convention as follows: good old state. It was only because of “Mr. President: I came not here to an innate modesty, a delicate sense of speak; but I should be much more or honor, and a most unswerving loyalty to much less than human, if I could, under a distinguished personal friend, that he these circumstances, be silent--if I could was not nominated and elected. Had he arise and address this convention without lived in the state of his birth in modern

the very deepest emotion. I came here times, and the same opportunity had not for myself, but as the representative occurred, his action might have been of others, clothed with the highest funcdifferent. Men are hardly so modest and tions, which it shall be my chief ambition magnanimous in these "advanced” days. to discharge. I came here not with in

The Democratic national convention of structions, but with expectations stronger 1852 was held at Baltimore in June. The than instructions, that I would vote for delegates from Connecticut were James T. and endeavor to procure the nomination Pratt, William P. Burrall, Ephraim H. of that distinguished citizen and statesman, Hyde, Minott A. Osborn, John W. Sted- General Lewis Cass, of Michigan.* man, and Frederick Chittenden. A dele- “ I have enjoyed the highest honors the gate from the State of New York had sovereignty of my state could confer, and steadily received votes from the com- I have seen times when, in the discharge

NOTE—The writer, in boyhood, had frequent opportunities to listen to the eloquence of the subject of this sketch, both in the court-room and upon the public platform. A memoir by his brother, the Congressional Records, and information obtained from many sources, have been invaluable in the preparation of this much delayed tribute to the memory of a son of Connecticut.

* At this point a number of magnificent bouquets were thrown upon and about the speaker by ladies in the galleries, and loud and long continued was the applause.

of public duties, I have been covered with rich fruition of the present, and the glorious revilings; yet, amid all the varied re- hopes of the future of our country, to go sponsibilities of life, I have never ex- with me for the nomination of one who perienced an occasion so trying as this. has been abundantly tried and ever found But should I hesitate or waver? No, Mr. faithful, Lewis Cass, of Michigan. We President! From the time I took my cannot find a single individual acceptable seat in this convention, men who never to us all.

Every one can pass

criticisms knew me, men who never before had upon opposing candidates.

None are seen me, cast for me their votes from the perfect. There are many stars in the beginning. Well may I feel proud of this, galaxy. Let us then cease our struggles and claim it as a rosebud in the wreath of and act in a spirit of forbearance, conpolitical destiny. And now I see the land ciliation, and compromise. of presidents—the ancient Dominion- “I tender my most grateful thanks to coming here and laying her highest honors my friends for the choice offering they at my feet. Virginia, the land of chivalry, have brought me, and congratulate them the land of generosity, the land of high and all other friends upon the good and noble impulses-a land of all others temper that prevails in this convention. willing to rescue my name from every I ask them not to expect me to depart imputation. I cherish her vote as of the from the line of my intentions, and I highest worth and import. As an offering know they will not. My spirit is willing, unsought, unrequested, opposed to my and the flesh is not weak; the highest own wishes, it has been brought to me, temptation, I repeat, could not induce me and is, therefore, the more precious. But to depart from this course." while I thus prize, and shall hold in grate- The speaker was Daniel S. Dickinson. ful remembrance to my last hour, a com- Of the gentlemen who addressed the pliment in every respect so distinguished, convention with reference to Mr. DickinI could not consent to a nomination here son's declination, Mr. Leake, of Virginia, without incurring the imputation of un- remarked that, in the words of a distinfaithfully executing the trust committed guished statesman, the presidency was to me by my constituents, without turn- neither to be sought for nor declined. ing my back upon an old and valued The fact that the gentleman from New friend. Nothing that could be offered York had declined the nomination was the me—not even the highest position in the highest argument in his favor. government, the office of President of the On the thirty-fifth ballot the Virginia United States—could compensate me for delegation cast the vote of that state for such a desertion of my trust.

I could Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, and receive no higher compliment than has on the forty-ninth ballot he was nomihere been tendered me, but I cannot nated. hesitate in the discharge of my duty. I Pierce and King were elected in the would say to my Virginia friends that I following November by an overwhelming shall

go home a prouder, if not a better majority, the Whig candidates, Scott and man. And may I not ask my friends, the Graham, receiving the electoral votes of representatives of the Old Dominion, who but four states—Vermont, Massachusetts, have by their generous action stayed up Kentucky and Tennessee. The result was my hands, may I not successfully invoke the annihilation of the Whig party as a them, by all the history of the past, by the factor in American politics.

Had Mr. Dickinson been nominated their new home their New England love and elected, it is probable that American for social order and improvement. The history from that time forth would have first school organized in the neighborhood been somewhat different. He might have was taught in a room of their dwelling. been able to stem the tide of growing By nature a student, Daniel succeeded in hostilities between the old-time North and laying the foundation of a thoroughly South upon the slavery question, but the practical education; and from this begininevitable result could only have been ning, by pursuing a system of energetic postponed. The election of Pierce may self-culture and extensive reading, aided now well be regarded as providential, as by an exceptionally fine literary taste, he it undoubtedly tended to hasten the tragic ultimately became a ripe scholar, well events that occurred in the sixties, which versed in the classics, and familiar with might otherwise have been precipitated history, poetry, political economy, and the upon another generation.

various branches of science and literature. He was a teacher in various schools for about five years, and during that period becanie a practical land-surveyor.

About 1825 Mr. Dickinson began the study of law at Norwich, N. Y. In 1828 he was about to ask the Court of Common Pleas to admit him to the bar, when he learned that his admission would be opposed because he had pursued his studies in too “private" a manner. He then went to Albany and applied to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who caused him to be examined, and he was admitted to practice in all the courts of the state. In 1831 he removed to Binghamton. Here he entered upon a large legal practice. and soon took rank among the prominent lawyers of the state.

Mr. Dickinson had ever been a devoted DANIEL S. DICKINSON.

student of the Bible, and his frequent (This portrait of Mr. Dickinson was obtained from his allusions to biblical personages and events,

daughter, Mrs. Courtney, by Hon. Jerome DeWitt, Mayor of Binghamton, N. Y.)

in the course of his arguments, won for

him the appellation of " Scripture Dick" Daniel Stevens Dickinson was born in among his brother practitioners. Mr. Goshen. Litchfield county, September 11, Dickinson's power before a jury was 1800. In boyhood, with the other mem- something marvelous, and his magnetic bers of the family, he removed to Che

presence, and clear, ringing voice, never nango county, New York, settling in the

failed to enlist the sympathies of an audilocality which later became the town of

ence at the very beginning of his remarks. Guilford. The hardships, adventures, and Toward the close of his life, his venerable privations of pioneer life were there en

appearance, his long, snow-white hair, and countered. But the family brought tu the benign expression upon his coun

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