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esteem me a man of folly, because I prefer honest homely mutton to it?


Who fing's the source

Of wealth and force?
Vaft field of commerce and big war !-

Where wonders dwell;
Where terrors fwell ;
And Neptune thunders from his car!


TIHEN we behold the great deep, with

out track, and without limit, we may well stand amazed, at the courage of those who first dared to commit themselves to its unknown bosom, and to pierce into its pathless regions. Horace (who was not indeed a man of very great courage himself) is of opinion, that the -first adventurers must have had hearts of oak, or rather of triple brass; their attempts were judged no less presumptuous than dangerous : since the ocean was esteemed by the ancients as the insuperable barrier, and grand separater of different nations, formed by the Deity * on D 3

purpose * Thus runs the whole passage, which is in the 3d ode of Horace's first book, and begins Illi rohur, &c.

Sure he who first the passage try'l,
In harden'd oak his heart did hide ;

purpose to secure kingdoms from the attacks and insults of each other. A notion so very far from the truth, that the sea is the sole connecter of distant nations; and to it we owe, at once, all the advantages of commerce, much of the improvements of science, nay, and the knowledge of the glorious Gospel. .

By means of this liquid vehicle, vessels of the largest burden, are borne along with the utmost ease from clime to clime, from sun to sun; thus the rich produce of the East is poured into the storehouses of the North ; and the inhabitants

Or with firm brass of triple fold,
His breast couragiously enrolld!
His hardy breast, in hollow wood,
· Who tempted first the briny food;

Nor fear'd the winds contending roar,
Nor billows beating on the shore,
Nor Hyades portending rain,
Nor all the tyrants of the main,
What form of death could him affright,
Who unconcern'd with stedfast sight,
Could view the surges mounting steep,
And monsters rolling in the deep;
Could thro' the ranks of ruin go,
With storms above, and rocks below.
In yain did nature's wise command
Divide the waters from the land,
If daring ships, and men prophane,
Invade th' inviolable main ;
Th' eternal fences over leap,
And pals at will the boundless deep.


of every quarter of the globe, not only hold intelligence, but mutually exchange their commodities, and gain a supply of more than every want in life. Hence, what abundance of wealth rewards the anxious and industrious merchant ! what a happy provision is afforded for the thousands and ten thousands whom the demands of commerce continually employ! Thus our inferior brethren are engaged in useful labour; and become the strength, the finews of the community : who, if relaxed from the honest engagements of industry, most probably would corrupt in indolence, and be either the perpetual annoyance, or the speedy destruction of the public welfare and peace! How graciously hath the wise Creator of all things provided for the wellbeing of his people : —And let me add, for his people of our favourite kingdom in particular. Where not only plenty crowns our peaceful plains, but the golden wings of commerce waft bleffings on every gale! Happy, thrice happy Britain! May the tender mercies of him, who is omnipotent, still preserve thy invaluable privileges to thee! And while amidst the horrid din of distant arms, and the melancholy cries of ravaging desolation, thou hearest only the pleafing voice of firmest union, fullest glory and complete prosperity,-mayst thou be wise, gratefully to acknowledge the bounty of the giver; and may thy fons, by every worthy and laudD4


able virtue, by the work of humanity, and the love of religion, engage to themselves a continuance of thy protection!

When we visit the Dock-yards, and survey the wooden-towers, rising there, beneath the artificers hands ; their amazing bulk fills us with wonder to think, that they shall not only when freighted to the full, and immense in burden, be buoyed up, and float like the light cork, on the waves of the mighty main ;, but that they shall travel through its roaring surges, with a velocity perfectly incredible: And what is most amazing of all, be directed unerringly through a wild of waters, where there is neither path, nor land-mark, to direct the bewildered traveller ; directed with a facility, that is inconceivable, and turned -- unweildy machines, - turned as the directing hand of the mafter pleases. Behold also the ships, faith the apoAtle, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whitherfoever the governor listeth.

To what we have said concerning the saltness of the waters, in our last paper, we must add ; that this faltness serves greatly to the use of navigation, in assisting to buoy up the vessels ; for it is specifically heavier than fresh ; and it has been said, that vessels which have failed safely on the falt, have sunk when they come up fresh water rivers. But not the saltness of the water;


not the management of the helm; not the nice conduct of the bellying sails ; not the wondrous power of the air, which, though invisible, fills them with such force, and drives on the vessel with such impetuosity through the dashing Alood; none of these, though admirable in themselves, ftrike us with such pleasing surprize, as the reAlection on that follil, which, though mean and contemptible in appearance, is invaluable to the failor ; for it unerringly directs him through the trackless regions of the boundless ocean. And when neither fun nor star ; when neither land nor land-mark are to be seen ; when all is fea and all is sky: Nay, when neither sea nor sky are to be discerned, when all is darkness and tempeft; then this infallible guide holds out its kindly assistance, and the loadstone informs the sailor where to steer his course : The loadstone, which has given to navigation its perfection, and enabled the undaunted sailor to traverse the globe.

From how small and inconsiderable causes doth the omniscient Creator produce the most important effects! Who would conceive that a mineral of this sort should tend to such extensive utility! But we may observe, that in nature, as well as in grace, the nighty master,--as it were to teach men humility, and to deride the vaft efforts of human power - thus constantly acteth ; using the mean and apparently conteinptible things of the earth, to confound, we

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