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The Emperor has presented the Academy with several interesting MSS, relating to Russian History from the year 1074; of these, there are nearly four; hundred documents copied by Turgeneff from original MSS. in the Vatican at Rome; one document gives the particulars of Jeremiah's Journey from Constantinople to Moscow, and several relate to the wars which occurred in Russia between 1568 and 1630.
The government, laws and statutes from 1356 to 1700 are in the course of publication, and will comprise five large volumes.
SWEDEN. H. B. Lewin, Esq., of Stockholm, has lately published, in the Swedish capital, a complete English Translation of those celebrated numbers of Professor Geijer's “ Litteratur-Blad” which treat of The Poor and the Poor-Laws. Some copies will doubtless inake their way to England, and cannot fail to excite the attention of our countrymen to the sentiments of so great a philosopher as Geijer on a subject so momentous to all Europe.
Count Björnstjerna's answer to Mr. Laing (an answer in which little is replied to), has lately appeared in a Swedish dress.
A spirited Swedish bookseller has commenced republishing here a series of the Danish Classics." They will cost only one-fourth of the Danish price, and will rather advance than disserve the interests of the Danish booksellers, as they will be bought by a class who would never have purchased the absurdly expensive original copies, and will excite a taste for Danish literature which cannot but lead to extensive purchasers of other works.
The celebrated Crusenstolpe, who has already written and published three volumes since his imprisonment, has now brought out two more still more captivating than the preceding, and which have already reached to a second edition. They are called 'Morionen, eller Holstein-Gottorpska Huset i Sverige (The Moor, or the Holstein-Gottorp Dynasty in Sweden). The third and concluding volume is expected shortly. The whole work is a kind of almost-all-true historical romance, full of secret history, and sketching, with delightful truth and colouring, Swedish men and manners and the courts and governments of Adolphus Fredrik and his successors. With a few omissions, we should think a iranslation could not but be acceptable to the British public, Crusenstolpe is undoubtedly the first prose pen of Sweden!
The Diet, which has been, on the whole, rather liberal and rather stormy, is still sitting, and will probably not break up till the end of June. Prosessors Geijer and Thomander, together with Dr. Bergfalck the great civilian, have commonly spoken and voted with the opposition in the House of Priests to which they belong. Professor Geijer, though no clergyman, is deputy for the Cniversity of Upsala.
Miss Bremer, the distinguished novelist, (authoress of “Ilome,” &c.) has lately published a charming little sketch of manners in the North and of Norway in particular, under the title of Strid och Frid, eller Teckningar i Norrige (Strife and Peace, or Sketches in Norway).
The last new Swedish novel is, Kyrko invigningen i llammarby, by Doctorinnan Flygare.
Herr Hjerta, the enterprising Stockholm publisher, has lately stereotyped an excellent new English and Swedish Pocket Dictionary. It is very neat, very cheap, and is the first book stereotyped in Sweden.
Ainong the remarkable productions of the Swedish press, we must mention the Ordbok öfver Svenska Spräket (Dictionary of the Swedish Language), two numbers of which have already appeared. We cannot decide as to the extraordinary merits it may possess, as the contents of these two numbers have hitherto consisted principally of the Introduction, which is modestly and instructively written. The writer does not lay claim to Herculean philological studies, but to a respectable acquaintance with the languages and dialecis nearest allied to his mother-tongue. The periods of publication are too long (one small number per quarter) and the scale too large, all the compounds being debated and printed in the same style as their simple roots. But if only moderately successful in execution, it will be a great favour conferred on the literature of Sweden.
We are at length promised a Swedish Review (the old Upsala one being deceased). It is to be published at Lund, under the superintendence of a Committee of Litterateurs.
A. L. von Strussenfelt has just published a pamphlet on “ Attempts to commit Crime.”
Professor Palmblad's last novel is,“ Love and Politics."
Rector Almqvist lias published a new volume of his “ Book of the Rose." It contains two tales, “ The Painter,” and “The Position of the Clergyman in Modern Times.”
Dr. H. Reuterdahl has just favoured the lover of old saws and old dialects with a valuable collection of "Ancient Swedish Proverbs" from a MS. four or five centuries old, preserved in the Library of Lund University. The text is older and more pure than the similar collection published in Denmark under the name of Peder Lolle.
Illustrated Almanacs and attempts at “Annuals," are still issuing from the Swedish press. Some of them are pretty enough.
Among the lithograph works of the day ought to be mentioned “ The Great Men of Sweden,” in monthly parts, from the best paintings, &c. and “The Chiefs of the Diet,” now sitting in Stockholm.
The melancholy increase of crime, and the defective state of the prisons in Sweden, has induced the Crown-Prince to publish a work on punishments and penal institutions, in which he gives the preference to the Philadelphian system.
Afzelius, well known in this country as the first editor of Swedish popular songs, is publishing a work in parts, Fadernelandets Sagehæfder (Sweden's traditional History). His object is to illustrate the history of his native country by traditions, songs, monuments, and legends. To judge from the two parts that have appeared, it should seem that Sweden is richer in this department than has hitherto been supposed.
The literary remains of Professor Törneros, Latin professor at Upsala, are in the course of publication, under the title of Letters and Journal-Remarks. Only one part has appeared, containing the letters, which are very interesting.
The History of Swedish Poetry, in two volumes, and Contributions to Swedish Esthetics, by Mr. Lenström, have not much value as original productions, but they enable the reader to compare the opinions of the most eminent Swedish critics, Hammarskiold, Geijer, Atterbom, and others, from whom the author quotes largely.
Professor Palmblad is publishing a collected edition of his novels. We are glad to learn that an attempt on the part of Almqvist to introduce the lascivious tendency of the French romance-writers into Sweden has excited the indignation of the public, and we hope that the good sense of the Swedes will prevent the progress of a tone in this department of literature which, we are sorry to say, is occasionally more or less covertly adopted by writers of no mean celebrity in our own country.
DENMARK. The Northern Antiquarian Society has published a Supplement to the Antiquitates Americana. The volume is edited by the learned secretary, C. C. Rafn. The discovery of an ancient building in Newport, Rhode Island, supposed to belong to ihe Ante-Columbian Scandinavian discoverers, could not but be of the highest interest, as it would tend to confirm Rafn's conjecture that the Northmen had not only established a colony in Vinland, but had lived on the island for several generations. The recently discovered building, which is in a style corresponding with that of the ancient remains in Jutland, Scotland, and Ireland, is supposed to have been a vestry or christening chapel, as similar round buildings are still extant in Greenland, in the vicinity of old churches. It is to be hoped that the Americans will not fail to make the necessary researches on the spot. The Society intend to publish an Atlas of the Discoveries and Colonies of the ancient Scandinavians. Two maps, A General Map of the Discoveries of the Northmen in the Arctic Regions and in America from the tenth to the fourteenth century, and A Map of Vinland from accounts in Northern Manuscripts, both by Rafn, have been appended to the Supple. ment above-mentioned.
MISCELLANEOUS. Messrs. Bagster and Sons intend publishing a Complete Polyglot Bible, embracing all such Languages of the Holy Scriptures (whether entire or fragmentary), with such Critical Addenda, and such Grammatical and other Apparatus, as may be considered necessary for a Polyglot Bible of the most perfect description; including all that is valuable in the four celebrated editions—The Complutensian Polyglot, produced under the patronage and at the expense of Cardinal Ximenes, in six volumes folio, 1514-7; The Antwerp Polyglot at the charge of Philip II. of Spain, eight volunies folio, 1569-72; The Paris Polyglot, by Le Jaye, in ten volumes folio, 1645; and the London Polyglot of Brian Walton, published by subscription, in six volumes folio, 1653-7.
Nearly two centuries have passed since Bishop Walton finished his great work. In this long period, much that will add to the value and interest of a Polyglot Bible has been brought to light by the researches of scholars at home and abroad; and from the liberal readiness with which the general erudition of the present day is spent in the public service, many advantages may now be secured which were unknown or inaccessible to the learned Editors of that and earlier works, and seem to distinguish the present as an auspicious and fitting time for the arduous undertaking above alluded to.
“ The English Hexapla," from the same publisher, is nearly ready, and the “ Biblia Polyglotta Ecclesiæ," is preparing for publication, under the superintendence of the Rev. Frederick Iliff, D.D.
One of the most interesting and instructive Exhibitions that have ever visited London is Mr. Carlin's Exhibition of the Red Indian or North American Museum, now exhibiting at the Egyptian Hall.
Mr. Catlin bas been traversing the vast wildernesses and prairies of North America, in the British, American, and Mexican territories, during the last eight years, with the view of reaching all the tribes of those remote regions, and with the hope of producing a more complete and just history of their manners and customs than has yet been published. He was led into this arduous and perilous pursuit from a full conviction that these very numerous and interesting branches of the human family are rapidly making their exit from the earth; that they are passing under the sod at the approach of cultivating man; that (to use their own very beautiful phrase), “ they are all going to the shades of their fathers, towards the setting sun;" that their race is soon to be extinguished, and their deeds and their history to be heralded to future ages only by their enemies, (“pale faces,”) who have dispossessed them, and are ploughing the fields over their dead bodies.
During the eight years of his travels and researches he was enabled to visit forty-eight different tribes (the greater part of whom were found living in their primitive state), consisting of 400,000 souls. Being professionally an artist, he took his canvass and brushes with him to the remotest tribes, by which means he has supplied himself with many curious and valuable illustrations for the work; and has returned with 500 paintings in oil, made in every instance by his own hand, from nature; 300 of which are portraits of chiefs, warriors, &c. of the different tribes, and the most of them at full length, armed and costumed in their primitive style; and the remaining 200 consist of groups of their dances, ball-plays, and other games, landscapes of the country, views of their villages, buffalo-hunts, religious ceremonies, &c. containing more than 3000 figures.
Mr. Catlin has nearly ready for publication in two volumes royal octavo, his Manners, Customs and Condition of the North American Indians, with 400 Illustrations of their Manners, Customs, Costumes, &c., Etched and Outlined from his Original Paintings.now Exhibiting in London. The work will be delivered to subscibers only.
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. The principal inventions and discoveries in science which have attracted attention in England during the last three months consist,-1st, of the discovery of an enormous destructive power capable of instantly shattering to fragments any vessel against which it may be discharged; the Government intend securing the secret of the composition of this extraordinary power.
2nd, -The successful application of the electro-magnetic power to printing. The machine is very ingenious, and exhibits the extraordinary power of directing the typographical process at a great distance from where it is actually performed.
3rd, -A valuable discovery by which lithography can be effectively used for the purpose of transferring any lithographic drawing to china, porcelain, delf,&c. This discovery has been made by Mr. Day, and has been secured by patent, The composition he uses for the transfer has not been made known. A great improvement in all articles of crockery will shortly manifest itself, as one of the best artists of the day has been especially engaged.
4th,—The discovery by a Belgian paper-maker that a fine white paper can be manufactured from asparagus ends; and also that a paper of inferior quality can be manufactured from beetroot.
LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL NEW WORKS
PUBLISHED ON THE CONTINENT.
From April to June, 1841, INCLUSIVE.
THEOLOGY AND ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.
Concordantiae omuium vocum Novi Testamenti Graeci primum ab Erasmo Schmidio
editae, curâ C. Bruder. 4to. Part I. Lipsiae. 8s. Discours sur l'limniortalité ; par M. l'Abbé Chatel. 8vo. Paris. Drach, P, Der Katholicisnius und der Judaismus. Nebst Erläuterungen, mit be
souderer Rücksicht auf dic Juden in Deutschland, von L. Baumblatt. 8vo. Ss.
Mannheim. Histoire abrégée de l'ancien Testament, avec celle de la vie de N. S. Jésus Christ.
12mo. Paris. Histoire des preuves de l'existence de Dieu, depuis les tems les plus reculés jusqu'au
Monologium d'Anselme de Cantorbéry ; par M. Bouchitté. 8vo. Paris. Hüffell, Dr., Stunden christlicher Andacht. 2 Parts. 8vo. Giessen. Jung, J. H. Stilling, Geschichte unsers Herrn Jesu Christi und der Gründang der
christlichen Kirche durch die Apostel. In 4 Parts. 8vo. Nürnberg. 2s. Klein, A., Geschichte des Christenthums in Oesterreich und Steiermark seit der Ein
führung desselben in diese Länder bis auf gegenwärtige Zeit. Vol. II. 8vo.
Vienna. 8s. 6d. Köster, Dr., Die christliche Glaubenslehre des Herrn Dr. David Friedrich Strauss.
Auf dem Standpunkte evangelischer Prediger kritisch beleuchtet. 8vo. Hanover.
2s. Krunimacher, F. W., Der scheinheilige Rationalisinus vor dem Richterstuhle der li.
Schrift. 8vo. Elberfeld. 5s. Le Nouveau Testament de notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ, traduit sur la Vulgate par
Lemaistre de Sacy. Paris. 25. 6d. Maier, Dr., Israels Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft. 12mo. Stuttgart. 1s. Méditations selon la méthode de saint Ignace, sur les principaux nystères de la très
sainte Vierge et pour les fêtes des saints. 12mo. Lyon. 2s.6d. Meier, Dr., Der Prophet Joel, übersetzt und erklärt. 8vo. Tübingen. 4s. 6d. Mémoire sur l'état actuel de l'église grecque catholique dans le Levant. 8vo.
Marseille. Officiam hebdomadae sanctae secundum missale et breviarium romanum, S. Pii V.
pontif. maximi jussu editum, Clementis VIII, et Urbani VIII. 8vo. Vienna.
45. 6d, Oosterzee, J., Disputatio theologica de Jesu, e virgine Maria nato. 850. Utrecht. 55. Perpétuité de la foi de l'Eglise catholique sur l'euchariste, par Nicole Arnaud, Vol. IV.
8vo. Paris. Royaards, H., Compendium historiae ecclesiae christianae. Fasc. I.--Historia eccie.
siae antiqua et media. 8vo. Utrecht. 78. 6d. Stunden der Andacht zur Beförderung wahren Christenthums und häuslicher Gottes.
verelirung in Dichtungen. Supplement band. 4to. Leipzig. 3s. 6d.