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pardon and deliver her from all her offences. She then sat down to read the word of God; and, while reading, was enabled to believe in a sin-pardoning God, and her soul was filled with ecstasy and joy. She joined the Wesleyan society immediately afterwards, and went on her way rejoicing. It is believed that she never lost that sense of acceptance with God which she had thus received. She continually desired to grow in grace, and used all the means by which growth was to be secured. In the division occasioned by Mr. Kilham, many of the members of the society with which she was united withdrew; she, also, was strongly urged to go with them, but she steadily refused; and by means of her exertions, together with those of a few others, the Ministers maintained their station in the place, and, eventually, Methodism became even more prosperous than before. In 1800, she went to reside in her native village, and as there was not, at that time, any evangelical ministry there, she opened her own house for the visits of the Wesleyan Ministers. Numbers flocked to hear the word preached by them; many were converted; and a society was formed, in which she was for more than thirty years a faithful and useful Class-Leader. The room soon became too small for the congregation, and she then sought to accomplish the provision of a suitable erection. She gave a handsome donation herself, and obtained subscriptions from others, and soon had the pleasure of seeing a beautiful chapel, and a large congregation. In few places has religion, as connected with Methodism, flourished more than at Sheepridge. When a branch Missionary Society was formed, thirty years ago, in the Huddersfield Circuit, besides presenting a liberal sum, she became a subscriber of a guinea a year. She subscribed also to several of our institutions ; and, under the name of “a Friend,” frequently presented donations to a considerable amount. She was a woman of great benevolence. Few persons ever did so much good with the same means. She practised much self-denial, and was very economical in all expenses relating to herself. She literally “ saved all she could," that she might “ give all she could.” She was also a woman of evident spiritual mindedness. Her faith was simple and unhesitating : it was therefore strong. She could always “read her title clear to mansions in the sky.” Selfexamination she always performed before retiring to rest. She loved prayer, and never absented herself from the means of grace when she was able to attend them. Her conversation was a transcript of the state of her mind, pure, spiritual, and heavenly. Some years ago, on the occasion of the marriage of her daughter with a gentleman residing at Bedford, she also removed there. But the period of more active service was now past : her general deportment, however, adorned the profession which she had so long made, and obtained for her the respect of all to whom she became known. For the last two or three years of her life her physical strength declined, but her mental and spiritual vigour underwent no decay. She suffered from no active disease, but nature appeared to be gradually sinking. Death had no terrors for her : she rather desired to depart, and be with Christ. Not long before her death, she said, “ Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. I am going to rest.” Soon after she quietly died in the Lord, having been a steady member of the Wesleyan society for fifty-two years.

WILLIAM BACON.

15. Died, January 6th, 1843, at Trinity, in the Island of Newfoundland, aged 'thirty-four, Mary, the wife of Mr. Robert Baily, SubCollector of Her Majesty's Customs. On account of the death of her father, she was brought up, from a very early age, by her uncle and aunt, who treated her as their own child : her behaviour to them, likewise, was that of a dutiful and affectionate daughter. Her relations feared God, so that her training was decidedly religious; and its happy influence was seen even in her youthful days. She was sent to England,-home, as the islanders always say,—for her education ; but the impressions previously made increased during her absence and growth. Still, she did not fully yield to the scriptural call, “ Give me thy heart,” till a tedious and painful affliction had brought her to the verge of the grave. The strong grasp of the world was broken, she humbled herself before God, and promised, that if she were spared, she would devote herself to his service. Immediately on her recovery she performed her vows, joined the Wesleyan society, and remained steadily attached to it, seeking to enjoy its advantages, and to promote its interests, during the continuance of her life. After seeking the pardoning mercy of God as a true penitent for about six months, she was enabled with the heart to believe unto righteousness, and received a clear sense of acceptance. From that period her course was one of increasing devotedness, characterized especially by deep humility. Indeed, she so contemplated her own unworthiness, as sometimes to be in danger of diminishing her joy in the Lord, by not equally contemplating her Almighty Redeemer; but, in the midst of all, she was often favoured with seasons of delightful spiritual communion with her heavenly Father. To the means of grace she was devoutly attentive; prayer, indeed, seemed as though it were to her not so much a duty as an invaluable privilege. In the various relations of life her conduct was exemplary: she acted in them all with affection, wisdom, and prudence." Her children, deprived of her maternal care just when they had begun most to need it, will especially lament the loss they have sustained. When the writer was called to visit her, in her last illness, he found her peacefully resting on the atonement of Christ. She said that she had no rapture, but that she enjoyed a sacred and solid peace, and that God “sweetly manifested his love as far as her weak state could bear;" and while she was receiving the memorials of the broken body and shed blood of the Saviour, it seemed as though he were very specially made known to her in the fulness of his grace. Feeling that her end was not far distant, she called for her children, that she might bid them her last earthly farewell, and commend them to God's blessing and care. The scene was deeply affecting ; and it was feared that her strength would not be equal to the exertion. But she was wonderfully supported. When they had left her, she appeared almost overcome ; but she soon rallied, and thenceforth the parental tie was, in a sense, completely severed, and the divine realities, towards which she was so rapidly advancing, occupied all her thoughts. The bitterness of parting was past ; and the solemnly joyful hope of being speedily with her Saviour in paradise, filled and animated her heart. Sometimes her sufferings were great, and her spirits were occasionally depressed by the operations of disease; but she soon recovered from this, and rejoiced that the Shepherd was with her in the valley through which she was passing. One night, for several hours, her pain was

such as to preclude all thought; but as soon as it had passed, and she had become recollected, she sang, evidently with great feeling

“For He's the Lord, supremely good;

His mercy is for ever sure:
His truth, which always firmly stood,

To endless ages shall endure.”

The last day or two of her life she was completely delivered from that mental depression which had occasionally been so distressing, and filled with holy joy. It seemed almost as though the veil had been drawn aside, and the bliss beyond it displayed to her view. “0,” she said to a person in the room, “I see glory opening before me.” Shortly after, she exchanged mortality for life eternal. John S. ADDY.

16. Died, March 6th, at Sulby, in the Ramsay Circuit, Isle of Man, aged sixty-one, Mrs. Esther Kelly. When she was about sixteen, during a gracious revival in the neighbourhood of her residence, she became deeply convinced of sin, and was brought earnestly to seek the peace and joy of a present salvation. Her immediate friends, never having themselves experienced similar feelings, not only bad no sympathy with her, but endeavoured, by all the means in their power, to impede her progress ; so that she had to find secret places where she might pour out her heart before God: as to the public services of the sanctuary, she could scarcely ever attend them. But these obstacles could not close the way to the throne of grace; and she continued seeking till she found. She was enabled to come to Him who called the weary and heavy laden, and she realized the truth of the promise, “ I will give you rest.” She had joined the Wesleyan society, and the union continued unbroken as long as she lived. Her profession was sincere and decided, and her character exemplary. Her attendance on all the means of grace was regular; and she continually sought, in more private exercises, to build herself up in her most holy faith. She read the Scriptures devoutly, often referring to Dr. Clarke's Commentary, and such other works as were within her reach, tending to spiritual edification. She made much use of her Hymn-Book ; committing many hymns to memory, and meditating on the subjects to which they referred. Her views of divine things became very clear, and this was connected with a rich and growing experience of their influence and power. She served the Lord with all humility of mind, looked well to her household, and guided her affairs with such discretion, that no one could find occasion of offence in her conduct. She strictly avoided all evil-speaking, and visited the poor and sick in their affliction. She was an affectionate wife and mother, and always cherished an earnest and a practical solicitude for the spiritual welfare of her children. During the sickness which terminated her life, she calmly rested in the mercy of God, and resigned herself to his will. Her peace was undisturbed. In her last conversation with her husband, she said to him, “ I can no longer be of any service to you. I am going home. You must let me go : yes, I am going home.” Her adorning during life was that of a meek and quiet spirit, and her death corresponded with her life. It seemed to be not so much dying, as falling asleep.

PETER PRESCOTT.

17. Died, March 22d, at Caistor, in the Grimsby Circuit, in the fifty-sixth year of her age, Jane, the wife of Mr. Thomas Wigelsworth. Her mother was a regular attendant upon the Methodist ministry, and conducted her, while yet young, to the ordinances of worship amongst a people, at that time, "everywhere spoken against.” She was also early taught to read and love the holy Scriptures; and would frequently take to her own room her Bible, and a copy of Wesley's Hymns, (which her mother gave her as a reward for reading so well,) and would commit to memory portions of holy writ, or of some hymn, before the family were awake in the morning. Often have these recurred to her memory amid the troubles and afflictions of after-life; and she looked on them as having laid the ground-work of that religion which was subsequently her comfort and support.

When very young, the Spirit strove with her, and she felt a constant willingness to attend the means of grace. To the Wesleyan ministry, however, she became more decidedly attached : but circumstances did not seem to favour her joining the society until some years after her marriage; when a severe sickness, in the year 1817, having brought her near the grave, she saw the danger of procrastination and indecision where her soul was at stake, and resolved to give her heart to God, and to join those whom she believed to be the people of God. Having made this resolution, her desire for a present salvation increased ; and as a humble penitent she sued for mercy, was enabled to exercise faith on the great atonement, and experienced a sense of God's pardoning mercy. Having united herself to the Methodist society, from that time to her death, a period of twenty-five years, she continued a consistent member, and adorned the doctrine of God her Saviour. She was sincerely attached to the cause, doctrines, and objects of Methodism, and highly esteemed both its Ministers and people.

She suffered much bodily affliction ; but always endeavoured, when her health would permit, to attend the means of grace. The last year of her life her suffering increased : a disease of the heart was inevitably drawing her to the gates of death. But she was calm and resigned in the prospect of approaching dissolution; and has often been heard to say, “ Although my body grows weaker, my spiritual strength increases day by day.” During the last few weeks of her mortal career she had many a sleepless night; but these were employed by her in prayer and praise ; the words of the poet were often on her lips,

« This all my hope and all my plea,

“For me the Saviour died."" Speaking to one of her daughters on the joy of meeting and recognising departed friends in heaven, she said, “ Christ is, and will be, all in all : I shall see them, but I shall gaze on Christ above all.” On the evening of her death, she was visited by her Class-Leader : their conversation related to eternal things, and was deeply interesting. She expressed her confidence in Christ, as her only foundation; and, in reply to the encouraging admonition to trust in Him, she said, “ Yes; I feel that He will not now forsake me." Near midnight, she departed to be for ever with the Lord.

THOMAS WIGELSWORTH.

ANTINOMIANISM INVESTIGATED :

IN TWO PARTS.

PART 1.-PRINCIPLES.

PART II.-ILLUSTRATIVE DEVELOPMENTS.

(For the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.)

PART I.-PRINCIPLES.

The meaning of the term must first be fixed. The whole significance of words is seldom exhibited by their literal import. This is especially the case where they are used to denote systems. These may be very complicated, and yet single words may express them. Such words, literally taken, may refer only to some one point,—though usually this will be prominent and characteristic,—but, by general agreement, they may be applied to the whole. It is always, therefore, to their conventional, rather than to their literal, significance, that attention must be directed. No one who is in the habit of reflecting on the use of these important symbols of thought, can be unacquainted with the fact, or with the vast importance of attending to it. Not only theology, but politics, literature, and even science itself, will supply instances in abundance.

Antinomianism is such a word. Literally, it denotes opposition to law. It may be regarded, however, in its ordinary use, as a term exclusively theological. The law which is understood to be opposed is the divine law, the law of God. At first, and merely considering the primary and direct meaning of the phrase, with this application of it, it might be supposed to denote one of the aspects under which sin must be considered. The conduct of the sinner is transgression : he breaks the law, passes beyond the bounds which it prescribes. But the principle which such conduct developes is opposition to the law; and this might be understood as the fit application of the word Antinomianism. But its conventional meaning is both more extensive and more limited than this. It denotes only one kind of opposition to the divine law ; but it likewise includes the reasons which produce the opposition. These reasons are supposed to be derived from the Gospel. In the law, God manifests himself as Sovereign and Governor ; in the Gospel, as Redeemer. Man needs redemption because he has violated God's law: God has become man's Redeemer, although his own law has been violated. In the provisions of redemption, flowing from the infinite love of God, his wisdom has fully maintained the claims of his holiness and righteousness. Rightly understood, they are · admirably calculated to secure obedience. God has not ceased to be Sove

reign in becoming Saviour. The law does not prevent the bestowment of the blessings of the Gospel : the Gospel does not interfere with the requirements of the law; it rather strengthens them, and fully provides for their practical admission. And as the highest glory is moral glory, here is seen the highest glory of God. Perfect purity and justice are seen, perfect goodness and mercy. Could we explore all creation, yet still, when lost in astonishment we had arrived at its summit, higher wonders would still rise before us, brighter and richer glories. A system is devised, infinitely

VOL. III.--FOURTH SERIES.

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