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The great renown of Solomon for wisdom; for the splendour and majesty of his throne and government; and for the incomparable works which he left behind him—seems to have led the ancient Syrians to believe that he was something more than mortal. So that after his death his splendid palaces were turned into Idol Temples, in which he was worshipped as the Sun, or Apollo, with rays of light round his head and called the God of wisdom, eloquence, poetry, &c.

In submitting these brief remarks, Sir, to the consideration of yourself and the learned society over which you preside, I beg respectfully to add, that the object I have had principally in view, has been to render justice to the first great masters in the most important arts of civilization; or rather, to promote a serious enquiry— whether it be more rational to believe, that these benefits have been derived from the “first author of beauty,” as He is termed in the book of wisdom, or from the idolatrous Greeks and Romans? A more extensive collection of the inscriptions still remaining among these unequalled ruins, might greatly assist us in our enquiries.

I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient

Humble Servant,


Castle-street, Liverpool, 1st November, 1830.

OMission.—p. 9, line 18, after the word “ends,” read, “the two eyes of the volutes representing the ends of the two rollers;”


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