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APRIL 17.

LESSON XVI.

1881.

Easter Sunday. Luke xi. 37-47. The present Sunday in the Church Year commemorates Christ's Resurrection from the dead.

THE SUBJECT.--THE PHARISEES REPROVED.

KEY-NOTE.-"BUT DO NOT YE AFTER , over judgment and the love of God : these ought THEIR WORKS; FOR THEY SAY, AND DO ye to have done, and not to leave the other un. NOT.Matt. xxiii. 3.

done.

43. Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the 37. And as he spake, a certain Pharisee uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greet. besought him to dine with him : and he went ings in the markets. in, and sat down to meat.

44. Woe unto you, scribes and Phariseer, 38. And when the Pharisee saw it, he mar hypocrites ! for ye are as graves which appear velled that he had not first washed before not, and the men that walk over them are not dinner.

aware of them. 39. And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye 45. I Then answered one of the lawyers, and Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou rethe platter; but your inward part is full of ra. | proachest us also. vening and wickedness.

46. And he said. Woe unto you also, ye 40. Ye fools, did not be, that made that which lawyers ! for ye lade men with burdens griev-, is without, make that which is within also ? ous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not

41. But rather give alms of such things as ye the burdens with one of your fingers. have; and, behold, all things are clean unto 47. Woe unto you ! for ye build the sepulyou.

chres of the prophets, and your fathers killed 42. But woe unto you, Paarisees! for ye tithe them. mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass

QUESTIONS.

VERSE 37. What event in the history of | enforcing this duty ? What did He say about Christ does the present Sunday in the Church all things! What did He mean by this ? year commemorate? What is the Key-note of 42. How many woes does Jesus pronounce in the lesson ? At what time did the incidents of the lesson? What does He say the Pharisees the lesson occur? What led to them? Who did ? What is meant by tithe! What by mint ? addressed Jesus? How did he address Him? What by rue What by all manner of herbs What is meant by besought Him? What did What does Jesus say they omitted to do? What he thus entreat Him to do? How often were is meant by this ? What does Jesus say with the Jews accustomed to dine ? At what meal regard to both? What does this language was Jesus present? What is the force of the mean? expression He went in? What did He do when 43. With what does He further charge them ? He went in? What do the words sat down, What are the uppermost seats. What the properly meau ?

greetings of the markets ? 38. Did the Pharisee observe what Jesus did ? 44. What does He call the scribes and PhariHow was he affected by it? What was the cus sees? What reason does He give for calling tom of the Jews with regard to washing before them thus ? What is meant by the phrase, as meals?

graves which appear not? 39. Wbat effect had the Pharisee's conduct 45. Who is said to have spoken to Jesus ? on Jesus? What did He say to him? What What did he say to Him? What did He mean is meant by making clean the outside of the cup by this? and the platter What, by the words your in 46. What did Jesus pronounce upon the law. ward part is full of ravening and wickedness. yers ? What reason does He give for doing

40. What did He call them? What does the this? What does this charge against them term fools mean here? What did He ask them? mean? What does this question mean?

47. What reason does Jesus assign for the 41. What did He tell them to do rather ? second woe He pronounces upon the lawyers What did the Saviour wish to accomplish by What is the import of the charge ?

1. How happy are they

Who the Saviour obey,
And have laid up their treasure above,

0, what tongue can express

The sweet comfort and peace Of a soul in its earliest love!

2. 'Twas a heaven below

My Redemer to know,
And the angels could do nothing more

Than to fall at His feet,

And the story repeat,
And the Lover of sinners adore.

REMARKS.—The incidents of the les- VERSE 41. Give alms of such : The son occured about the middle of Christ's Saviour wished to bring the Pharisees public ministry. Foiled in their efforts to repentance, one of the fruits of which to brand Jesus publicly as in league is alms giving. All things are clean : with the devil, the Pharisees resolved to Give as alms what you have in your try a subtler plan, br pretending friend-cup and platter, with a willing heart, liness, and inviting Him to partake of and this will make your outward ceretheir hospitality, so that they could monial purifications superfluous, and watch Him, and, if possible, catch Him cleanse both the vessels and your in His words.

hearts. VERSE 37. A certain Pharisee : The VERSE 42. Woe unto you, Pharisees : Pharisees were a strict religious sect! He pronounces three woes successively among the Jews, insisting rigidly upon upon the Pharisees, and to these adds the observance of forms and ceremonies. the scribes, and calls bɔth Scribes and Besought him: Gave Him an earnest Pharisees hypocrites. Hy also proinvitation, so as to draw Him into the nounced twi woes upon the lawyers. plot they had evidently laid for entrap- Ye tithe : That is give the tenth part. ping Him. To dine : The Jews as well The Jews were required by law to give as the Greeks and Romans had but two the tenth of all their property to support meals. The first was a slight repast, the Lëvites; another tenth for the serand partaken of about ten or eleven vice of the sanctuary; and still a third o'clock of our time, and consisted tenth every third year, for the support chiefly of fruit, milk, cheese, &. The of the poor. Mint: A fragrant garden second meal was partaken of about herb. Rue: A small garden herb used three o'clock in the afternoon, and was as medicine. All manner of herbs : the principal meal. It was the first to Different varieties were included in the which Jesus was invited. He went in : same law. Puss over judgment and the Christ did not hesitate to accept the love of God: Fail to give to all their invitation, as He also had done in the dues ; to man as well as to God. These case of publicans and sinners. Sat ye ought to have done and not to leave the down: Reclined, rather, as the usual other undone : Jesus insists, with marked custom was. This is the meaning of the impartiality, on all. Neither ought to Greek text.

be left undone. VERSE 38. Marveled that he had not VERSE 43. The uppermost seats : The first washed: It was not only customary seats of honor. They were in front, and among the Pharisees to wash before they those who sat in them had their faces eat, but it was also insisted on as a cere- towards the people. Greetings of the monial act.

markets : The public places, in which VERSE 39. The Lord said unto him: salutations were exchanged. The conduct of the Pharisees aroused VERSE 44. As graves which appear Him, and He spake to them with much not: Men pass over them without knowplainness, and some degree of severity. ing it. Ye are like them. Men may It was called for, however, by the cir- be contaminated by coming unknowcumstances. Clean the outside of the ingly in contact with you, as well as cup and platter : They were careful to a you with them. fault about their externals, laying, as VERSE 45. One of the lawyers : See they did, so much stress upon it. In- note in previous lesson. Thus saying ward part is full of ravening and wicked- thou reproachest us also : As we are inness: Robbery, plunder, and extortion. terpreters and defenders of the law, in A remarkable contrast thus drawn be- what you said you accuse us also. tween the external and internal. | VERSE 46. Ye lade men with burdens

VERSE 40. Ye fools : Literally, ... , touch not the burden with one of “Thoughtless ones.'' Different from your fingers : Pass the most severe laws, the word used in Matt. v. 22. Did not and bring them to bear on others, but he that made that which is without, make do not in the least observe them yourthat which is within also ? If the Creator selves. requires a clean body, will He not re- VERSE 47. Ye build the sepulchres : quire a clean soul als)? Is not the one You restore the sepulchres of the murduty fully as binding as the other?

dered prophets, to win favor with the books. So also many have received' people, but in your hearts are ready to while reading a pernic ious book, a repeat to the prophets of to-day, the wound, which, though it seemed but murderous deeds of your fathers. slight, proved fatal t) the soul. Oh !

PRACTICAL THOUGHTS.—The Phari- that the young may listen to advice saical spirit observes an outward appa- from those who know the danger, and rent cordiality, while within the heart not rashly try to gather flowers, where is a real enmity; is apt to be scrupulous such serpents lurk. of external forms in proportion to their These remarks apply especially to unimportance; fails to see that purity books of a licentious tendency, and to of heart is far more acceptable to God much of the poetry, which is popular than mere formalities of service; though with great numbers. Mr. Jay says: hidden from men, is seen in its true “ What have I seen, in a long ministry, color, and marked at its true estimate of the dire effects of evil associations by Christ; is precise in small matters of and licentious publications !" The folduty, but reckless of fundamental prin- lowing remarks of Mr. Todd should be ciples; seeks rather honor from men, seriously pondered. He writes strongly than the favor of God; breeds disease because he feels deeply, having seen the and death by unseen influences; is quick sad consequences of such publications. to be offended at any criticism and re- “Beware of bad books! The world is buke; deals far more severely with flooded with them; they are permitted others, both in its exactions and its es- to be in our pathway as part of our timates, than with itself, and honors the moral discipline. I do entreat my faithful ones of the past, while it perse- young readers never to look at one — cutes those of the present.

never to open one. They will leave a stain upon the soul which can never be

removed. If you have an enemy, whose Serpents in Literature. soul you would visit with heavy ven

geance, you have only to place one of There are serpents which lurk among these destroyers in his hand.”. the flowers of literature. Many books, With regard to what are considered which contain beautiful flowers of works of a purer class of the novel kind, thought, are very dangerous. Some he says, speaking of Sir Walter Scott: authors, who are very popular on ac- "The very strength of the spell, which count of the vigor of their thoughts, the he exerts, should warn you, that there variety of their information, or the sin- is danger in putting yourself in his gularity of their style, are not safe power.” On this subject John Foster guides. There is an absence of Bible says: “I have often maintained that truth, and a latent scepticism in their fiction may be more instructive than works, which make them very unsafe history. I think so still, but viewing teachers, and their works dangerous the vast rout of povels as they are, I companions. Infidelity has struck its think they do incalculable mischief. I poison-fang into many a young heart, wish we could collect them altogether, while the eye has been resting on writ- and make one vast fire of them. I ings like these. And though some so should exult to see the smoke of them poisoned have been afterwards convert- ascend like that of Sodom and Gomored, few have got quite rid of the evil rah; the judgment would be as just.” lodged in their minds by the bad or What would he have said had he been doubtful books they read when young. living now?-Selected. Some were stung fatally, and when they least expected it. A gentleman in India, while searching for a book among You will confer the greatest benefit several others, felt a slight pain in his on your city, not by raising its roofs, finger, like the prick of a pin; he took but by exalting its souls. For it is betno notice of it; but soon his finger and ter that great souls should live in small arm began to swell, and in a short time habitations, than that abject slaves he died. A small, but deadly serpent should borrow in great houses. was afterwards discovered among the

Epictetus.

APRIL 24,

LESSON XVII.

1881,

First Sunday after Easter. Luke xii. 13-21.

THE SUBJECT.-COVETOUSNESS.

KEY-NOTE.—“TAKE HEED AND BEWAREI 17. And be thought within himself, saying, OF COVETOUSNESS."-Luke xii. 15.

What shall I do, because I have no room where

to bestow my fruits ? 13. [ And one of the company said unto him, 18. And he said, This will I do; I will pull Master, speak to my brother, that he divide down my barns, and build greater; and there the inheritance with me.

will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. 14. And he said unto him, Man, who made 19. And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast me a judge or a divider over you?

much goods laid up for many years; take thine 15. And he said unto them, Take heed, and ease, eat, drink, and be merry. beware of covetousness: for a man's lite con 20. But God said unto him, Thou fool this siste:h not in the abundance of the things which night thy soul shall be required of thee: then he possesseth.

whose shall those things be, which thou hast 16. And he spake a parable unto them, say. provided ? ing, The ground of a certain rich man brought 21. So is he that layeth up treasure for him. furth plentifully:

| self, and is not rich toward God.

QUESTIONS.

When did the events recolled in the lesson , imply perplexity on his part ? What was the occur? What period was this in Christ's public ground of his perplexity? What were his ministry? What is the Key-note of the les fruits of which he speaks? Bon ?

| 18. Did he come to a definite conclusion ? VERSE 13. Who addressed Jesus? Was heIn what words does he express this fact? What one of His followers? What do the words said is the definite conclusion at which he had unto Him suggest? What did the petitioner arrived? What is meant here by barns, whicb wish Jesus to do? What does his request un he proposes to pull down, and substitute wittingly betray ? For wbat purpose did he greater ones in their place? What will he do wish Him to speak to his brother? What was with them? For what purpose will he there the custom or law among the Jews with regard bestow his fruits and goods? Is there any speto inheritances ?

cial force in his speaking of his posssssions, as 14. Did Jesus deny his request? What ques my fruits and my goods ? tion did Jesus ask? Is there any special force 19. What does he say he will address'? Had attached to the word man, as here used ? What | he any proper conception of the nature of his is meant by a judge or divider Why did soul? What does he say to bis soul? What Jesus refuse to comply with his request?

does the use of the words : Thou hast, much 15. Though Jesus denied his request, what goods indicate ? What further is indicated by did He still do? What warning did He address the words : Laid up for many years? What is to the multitude ? Is there any special force still further indicated by his saying to his soul : attached to the words He used? What is the Eat, drink, and be merry meaning of Covetousness? What reason does 20. Who here interposed ? How did He do Jesus assign for His solemn warning? What it? What did He call him ? How is the term is meant by the phrase, a man's life? What fool here used ? What did God say to him? by the words, consisteth not?

What is the import of this declaration ? What 16. In what form did Jesus convey this in- question does Jesus ask? What do these words struction ? What is a parable! With what imply ? words does the parable open? Was the source 21. What practical application does Jesus of the rich man's success within himself? | make of this parable? Is it wrong in all cir.

17. What did the rich man do? What is the cumstances to seek after riches ? What is force of the words: He thought within himself ? | meant by being rich towards God ? What question did he ask? Do these words !

1. Sovereign Ruler of the skies !

Ever gracious, ever wise!
All my times are in Thy hand-

At all events at Thy command.
3. Times of sickness, times of hcalth ;

Times of penury and wealth ;
Times of trial and of grief;.
Times of triumph and relief;

3. Times the tempter's pow'r to prove ;

Times to taste a Saviour's love;
All must come, at last, and end,

As shall please my heavenly Friend. 4. Plagues and deaths around me fy;

Till He bids, I cannot die;
Not a single shaft can hit,
Till the God of love sees fit.

REMARKS:-The events in the pre- have more, not because the possessor has sent lesson took place immediately after not already enough, but because of an those in the previous lesson, and that at insatiable craving after more. The more Capernaum in Galilee. It was the popu- he has, the more he wants. A man's life: lar period of Christ's public ministry, His very being, including every thing when multitudes thronged to hear Him. necessary to sustain it and make it sub

VERSE 13. One of the company: The serve its ends. Consisteth not: Does not man was evidently not a follower of Je- depend on possessions for its continusus, nor seeking to become one. It ance and legitimate ends. seems he had some difficulty with his VERSE 16. A parable: An allegorical brother about his patrimony, and as he representation of something real in life heard Jesus uttering words of wisdom or nature, from which a moral is drawn in regard to a superintending Provi- for instruction. The ground of a certain dence, supposed Ho might be able to rich man brought forth plentifully: The help him in his trouble; hence the re- man way rich and his ground brought quest he made of Him. Said unto Him: forth plentifully, not simply as the result It was customary to refer questions of of his own well direcied efforts, but all kinds to the rabbis for their counsel because of the attendant blessing of God. and decision, and though informal and Had he realized this truth fully, and extra-judicial, their opinions often car- been led thereby ty make a proper use ried with them great weight. Speak to of his possessions, all would have been my brother: The man unwittingly be- well. Here, however, was his defect. trayed his inward weakness. Instead of VERSE 17. He thought within himself: listening to what Jesus had said, so as to He pondered over matters in his own profit by it, bis mind was taken up with mind, simply from a worldly standpoint. his money troubles, and this fact shapes It was natural and proper that he should his words. Divide the inheritance: The consider as to what was to be done with petitioner was a younger brother. The his possessions. He, however, left his oldest brother, according to existing cus- relatious and obligations to God wholly tom and law, was the chief heir, and he out of the question, which should have generally divided with the rest. In this been the ruling consideration in the discase, it seems, he had refused to do 80, or position to be made of bis possessions. at least not in a way satisfactory to the What shall I do: Others are perplexed younger.

about getting possessions, but he about VERSE 14. Man: The use of this disposing of them. My fruits : The reterm itself conveys a decided reproof. sults of his industry. A judge or a divider: It had been cus- VERSE 18. This will I do: He comes tomary among the Jews for a long series to a definite conclusion. Pull down my of years, to appoint judges and also di- barns: Barns were the places provided viders in certain cases, and to this cus- for storing away for safe keeping and tom, doubtless, the question of Jesus future use, the fruits of industry. Those refers. Over you: Jesus refuses to com- this man had were not large enough to ply with his request, doubtless to rebuke answer his present purposes. Hence he him for introducing worldly matters into resolved to pull them down and build an occasion of special religious interest, larger ones. There will I bestow: Hoard, and because it did not belong to His not use, the first element in a covetous mission to meddle with secular affairs of rich man's folly. My fruits and my goods : this nature.

He speaks of them as 'my fruits, and my VERSE 15. He said unto them: Though goods, another element in a covetous Jesus denied the request of the man, rich man's folly. He forgets that he is yet He took occasion from it to address only a steward of God, and as such has the multitude on a most vital subject. great responsibilities resting on him. Take heed and beware: These are strong VERSE 19. Soul: What proper conwords of warning and caution, indica- ception had this man of his soul or life? ting the momentous nature of the nat- None at all. Thou hast much goods : ter in hand. Covetousness: The word This language shows great stupidity, inhere used in the original is very expres. dicating, as it does, the thought that sive. It means an inordinate desire to material objects can satisfy the needs of

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